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ure to the superiority of the education which Another interesting feature has been the use that country offers her business men. The of the two thousand wagons in New York young German who goes into business has City belonging to the Adams, American, the opportunity of being as thoroughly trained United States, and other express companies. as the young German who goes into chem- The wagons carry this sign on their sides : istry or engineering. It is the partnership between business and science which has made
$4,000,000 BY NOV. 24. Germany the tremendous power she has be
Y. W: C. A. come in the business world. In this country,
Biggest Money-Raising Movement in World's while there has been great regard for educa
History. The Fund Needs Your Help. tion, there has been a disposition to undervalue special training for business men, with
HEADQUARTERS, 25 BROAD STREET. the result that a good deal of ground has
Still another feature has been the use of been lost; that there is widespread ignorance
many show windows. One sees therein such of commercial possibilities in other parts of
signs as the following: the world, and that the inability of Americans to use the business opportunities pre
WE HAVE CONTRIBUTED TO THE sented in South America and the Far East,
Y. W: C. A. and other sections of the world, has become a reproach to the intelligence of the country.
HAVE YOU? Mr. Schiff is quoted as saying, “ Business is
The money should be forthcoming. becoming a profession." He might have
' said, Business has become a profession." “It seems fitting,” he added, “ that the leaders of business in the greatest business cen- Since Baron Haussmann remodeled Paris ters of the country should through their in the days of Napoleon III at a cost of greatest business organization, the Cham
$500,000,000 no such
“LE GRAND PARIS" ber of Commerce of the city of New York,
stupendous alterations aid in establishing a college of commerce as M. Marcel Delanney proposes have been and administration second to none in the considered for the French metropolis. world."
M. Delanney is Prefect of the Seine. It has been suggested that the site of the His scheme involves, according to cable old City College, on Lexington Avenue and despatches, the widening of many streets, Twenty-third Street, should be used for the the destruction of unsightly shanties and purposes of the new institution ; and that an the erection in their places of model adequate building, both for education and as houses to be paid for in part out of a museum, should be erected there with the $40,000,000 already appropriated for this $700,000 already pledged. It ought not to purpose by the Municipal Council, the limitbe difficult to secure the money necessary to ing of the height of buildings to the width of put this project into effect.
the street on which they are situated, and the laying out of forty-seven additional public
gardens, making a total of 128 of these instiThe campaign to raise four million dollars for tutions or more than London has. the Young Men's Christian Association and · Le Grand Paris," as Delanney calls his
the Young Women's Chris- proposal, also involves the development of THE WAY TO
tian Association of New York the suburbs, where there will be a sudden RAISE MONEY
City was cleverly inaugu acquisition of space after the fortifications rated by the announcement that certain rich have been destroyed. A large appropriation donors had already been “rounded up,” has already been made to wipe out these and by their munificent gifts had made possi- fortifications, which serve only to ble half the sum to be collected. The collec- provide lairs for the riffraff of Paris ; but tion of the other half has gone merrily and the Prefect of the Seine wants a further successfully forward. The methods have $100,000,000 to construct parks and flowerbeen picturesque.
Several clocks have been beds where the old defenses now are. He erected, some at very high altitudes, so as to would convert the open spaces about the be legible from a great distance to report the city and the hills of the Seine, Marne, and returns. The clocks are illuminated at night. Oise Rivers into huge gardens connected
by a promenade about twenty-five miles in an orderly and stable government in Mexico. length.
The spirit of the Monroe Doctrine, which At present there are nearly two hundred this country is not yet ready to abandon, inhabitants to the acre in Paris, twice as forbids. many as in London. The construction of We cannot safely or effectively intervene “ Le Grand Paris” would give the city alone. Such intervention would be resented nearly six times as much territory as it has by Mexicans of all parties, by the Central at present, reducing this congestion and American republics, and almost certainly by thereby lowering rents and the cost of liv- the South American republics, as a confirmaing. It is worth noting that M. Delanney tion of their suspicions that the United States proposes wielding the power of excess con- is a selfish and aggrandizing country. demnation, so often an issue in American The problem seems to be hopelessly communicipal elections. By taking over more plicated and difficult.
seems,” bespace than is needed for promenades and cause in our judgment it is very much simpler parks, and selling this at an increased figure than it appears. We think there is a method when the improvements have been consum- of solution at hand which is practical, efficient, mated, the city might reduce the cost of these and open to none of the objections enumerimprovements.
ated above. We state this solution briefly, as follows:
Let the President of the United States call WHAT NEXT?
upon Brazil, Argentina, and Chile, the three
greatest states of Latin America, to join this A SOLUTION OF THE MEXICAN
Government in framing a policy for estabPROBLEM
lishing order in Mexico and in sending a In a notable speech made last week the commission of four special Ambassadors, British Prime Minister announced that the one Chilean, one Brazilian, one Argentinian, Government of Great Britain not only would and one citizen of the United States, to refrain from doing anything to thwart the Mexico to see that that policy is carried out. United States in its Mexican policy, but Let us in this joint way say to Mexico that would respect the right of the United States the North and South American continents to determine the solution of the Mexican cannot tolerate the disorder in Mexico, which problem, and expressed confidence that the injuriously affects the entire world ; that solution would be one of intelligence and human life must be protected; that property fairness.
He frankly said that this attitude must be respected ; that the constitutional of Great Britain had been very greatly fos- laws of Mexico must be observed; and tered by Mr. Bryce, the former British Am- that popular rights as they are outlined bassador at Washington, who knows the upon the statute-books of Mexico must be American people and the spirit of the Ameri- maintained. can Government better than any other living It is said that intervention by the United Briton. At this writing it is clear that the States would create a long and disastrous rule of President Huerta cannot last much
Certainly the combined armies and longer. Whether he resigns or not, his navies of Chile, Brazil, Argentina, and the Government, for some weeks hanging upon United States can enforce upon Mexico any the mistaken hope of European and Brit- policy of justice which those four great ish support, must eventually fill to the nations determine upon. Great Britain and, ground.
we believe, the European nations would But the fall of Huerta is not the end of readily and happily assent to this plan. It the problem. It is only the very beginning. would not only stop bloodshed, pillage, and It is the negative part. The positive and injustice in Mexico, but it would create constructive part is yet to come.
throughout the entire length and breadth of America cannot safely or justly leave indefi- Latin America the conviction that the United nitely the persons and property of Ameri- States has at heart not its own selfish intercans and Europeans unprotected on Mexican ests but the welfare, joint and neighborly, of territory. We have left them unprotected the two American continents. quite long enough.
The Panama Canal is about to be opened, We cannot safely or wisely invite the Eu- and the United States is making every effort ropean Powers to join with us in establishing to promote friendship, for political, social,
and commercial reasons, with Latin America. doubt glad to, return to your business interests Here we have a great opportunity to put an
in Peoria and your paper. end to an intolerable annoyance at our own
Senator James Hamilton Lewis, to whom border and to develop a spirit of fraternity the authorship of this letter has been ascribed, and co-operation with the Latin-American denies its authenticity, and explains that it is peoples. We know the difficulties of con- the forged creation of one of his former emcerted action by nations. We know that the ployees. He has said that it was based in European concert has often been sadly out part on the memory of a stenographer who of tune. And yet does not the idea of an
had taken down some correspondence he had American concert for the settlement of Pan- with Mr. Pindell, the editor aforesaid ; but American affairs, which shall succeed in a
he does not give the true correspondence, or kind of work in which the European concert
specify the culprit. If such an offense as has so often failed, appeal to the imagina
Senator Lewis is said to have charged was tion as well as to reason and common sense ?
committed, the Senator owes it not so much to himself as to the American people to submit
to the public the evidence on which his THE PINDELL INCIDENT charge is based. Whether the letter is spuThere are two ways in which the foreign public service that many politicians hold.
rious or not, however, it expresses a view of service of the United States can be viewed.
Moreover, in a statement made by Mr. · One is presented in the subjoined extract
Bryan, the Secretary of State, this same view from what purports to be a letter from a
of the diplomatic service is reflected. After United States Senator of Illinois to an editor
explaining that the President knew Mr. Pinof the same State:
dell personally, his character, his ability, his It is up to the Administration to appoint an
exceptional fitness for the duties of such a Ambassador to St. Petersburg, but it is a position which, if offered to you, would not necessitate
place, and that Mr. Pindell did not seek the your losing control of, nor association with, your appointment, or anticipate that it would be paper.
offered to him, Mr. Bryan continues : Now, the idea of Secretary Bryan is, that if you would accept the place of Ambassador to
In response to the offer he frankly stated that St. Petersburg, and all the honor that goes with
he would be glad to serve the Administration in the position, you could resign in a year-say
any way in which the President thought he Oct. 1, 1914-and return to your paper before
could serve successfully, but that he did not feel losing track of your business affairs, and yet
that he could conscientiously obligate himself have the great honor attached to the place.
to serve the full ordinary term of a foreign There will be no treaties to adjudicate and no
appointment, because he did not feel that he political affairs to bother with, for the Adminis
could leave his business so long. The Presiiration will see to that for a year, and you would
dent asked him to accept it for as long a time not be tied to St. Peters burg, but would have
as he could stay, and he consented.
This is a full statement of a matter which trips to Berlin and Vienna and the other capitals of Europe, and also Stockholm, and perhaps to
has been grossly misrepresented. The Presi
dent will not allow malicious representations to Copenhagen, and all the attendant delights that
interfere with his right to nominate to the Sengo with such trips. You would meet with the delightful compan
ate the best-qualified men within his choice for ionships of the English and other officers con
conspicuous and responsible positions. nected with the various legations at St. Peters- According to this view, the fit person for a burg, and would be socially and officially
diplomatic post of such importance is not a treated, as my letters to those abroad would serve you.
man of experience in the foreign service of I think you have a little daughter. Think the United States, for Mr. Pindell, whom what it would mean to her all the remainder of
Mr. Bryan apparently includes among " the her life to say that her father had been Minister
best-qualified men," has had no experience to Russia, and of all the honor and prestige that will go with it to the third and fourth genera
in the diplomatic service. According to tions.
this view, the purpose is not to make the If you will accept this position for a year, public service paramount by selecting a man kindly wire me at once. I have the Secretary
who will take up that service with the exon the telephone and am writing this letter after the most confidential conference with him. pectation of making it his prime concern, but
No diplomatic matters will be taken up during to allow the public service to become secyour service, and you will have all the honors of ondary by selecting a man who will not be having been Ambassador to Russia; but if you
expected to let the public service interfere accept this position it must be with the understanding that you will resign on the 1st of Octo
with his private business ; for it is specifically ber, 1914, and then you will be able to, and no stated that, in view of his private business,
Mr. Pindell would accept his appointment d'Affaires and representing the United States only “ for as long a time as he could stay." at an important conference, then, after being
That this view has been expressed with recalled by President Cleveland during his reference to the post at St. Petersburg, which second Administration, reappointed by Presimore than any other diplomatic position in dent McKinley Secretary of the Embassy at Europe calls for the exercise of wisdom based London, appointed by President Roosevelt on diplomatic experience, makes the expres- to the Conference in Rome which resulted in sion of it all the more significant.
the establishment of the International InstiContrasted with this view is another that tute of Agriculture, again by the same Presican best be conveyed by a brief rehearsal of dent to the important Algeciras Conference, the careers of men who have exemplified it. then in turn by the same President Ambas
Dr. Andrew D. White, who had been a sador to Italy and Ambassador to France, professor of history, was appointed by Presi- then, after being recalled by President Taft dent Grant United States Commissioner to
reason connected with the public Santo Domingo, then by the same President service, made Chairman of the American Honorary United States Commissioner to the delegation to the Pan-American Conference Paris Exposition, then almost immediately at Buenos Aires, and then Special Ambasafterwards Minister to Germany, then by sador to Chile. President Harrison Minister to Russia, then So we might continue with the account of by President Cleveland member of the Vene- the careers of such men as George von zuela Commission, then by President Mc- Lengerke Meyer, William Woodville RockKinley Ambassador to Germany, where he hill, Oscar S. Straus, and Thomas J. O'Brien. remained five years, meantime being a men- In such a list, too, should be included Maurice ber of the Peace Commission at The Hague. F. Egan, who was appointed Minister to
Whitelaw Reid, after having twice declined Denmark by President Roosevelt, kept at diplomatic appointments, was appointed by the same post by President Taft, and has President Harrison Minister to France, by been retained in the diplomatic service by President McKinley Special Ambassador to President Wilson. Queen Victoria's Jubilee, by President In the careers of such men as these is McKinley member of the Peace Commission presented a view of the diplomatic service that terminated the Spanish War, by Presi- of the United States which can be compared dent Roosevelt Special Ambassador to the to that expressed in the Pindell incident only Coronation of King Edward VII, and again by the way of contrast. by President Roosevelt as Ambassador to According to this view, the allurement of England.
the diplomatic service lies not in the opporDr. David Jayne Hill, who had studied at tunity of a pleasant sojourn in European the Universities of Berlin and Paris, and who, capitals without undue interference with one's after serving as a college president, spent private business, but in the opportunity of nearly three years in studying public law in
rendering great service to one's country, and Europe, and was then Professor of European thereby great service to the cause of good Diplomacy in the School of Comparative international relations. Jurisprudence and Diplomacy at Washington, In the Pindell incident the President has was appointed by President McKinley Assist- been given an occasion for making clear his ant Secretary of State, then by President choice between these two views. It does Roosevelt Minister to Switzerland, then by the
not seem possible that there should be any same President to the Netherlands, then by doubt as to which view he will choose. the same President Ambassador to Germany, meantime serving the cause of international
A SIGNIFICANT STRAW peace at the Hague Conference and on the Hague Tribunal.
A meeting of some New York State legisHenry White, who had studied not only at lators was held last week in New York City, a home but abroad, was appointed by Presi- meeting in itself not important, but which as a dent Arthur Secretary of the American Le- straw that shows which way the wind blows gation at Vienna, then transferred to the may be full of significance. According to reLegation at London, then promoted by port, twenty-six of the Assemblymen recently President Cleveland to the Secretaryship of elected met, and fifteen others sympathized the Legation, repeatedly acting as Chargé with the meeting, but were prevented from
attending and telegraphed their regrets. These forty-one may be enough, if they act together, to hold the balance of power in the Assembly. And what gives significance to the gathering is the fact that they include men classed in each of the three political parties—Democratic, Progressive, and Republican—and that they met, as reported, to organize and to plan how they could best co-operate to rid the parties of boss rule and the State of corrupt government.
Added significance is lent to this meeting by the apparently well-authenticated report that Mr. Glynn, the present Governor of the State, is planning to urge on the Legislature when it meets both a genuine Direct Primary Law and a Workman's Compensation Law.
There is really occasion for only two parties in this country, and there are only two fundamental issues ; and these two issues are so closely connected as to be only different aspects of the same issue.
Lord Macaulay has well pointed out that there are men who are tempermentally attracted by the charm of habit, and other men who are temperamentally attracted by the charm of novelty. The first are conservatives; the second are liberals.
There are also men who are temperamentally attracted by the power and efficiency of strong organization, and other men who are attracted by the joys of an unhampered individual liberty. The first are Nationalists, the second are anti-Nationalists.
Generally, though not always, the conservatives are anti-Nationalists, the liberals are Nationalists. The conservatives think that the progress toward democratic government and toward centralized government, which has gone on simultaneously in America, has gone quite far enough. They fear that further progress toward a strong government will end in the destruction of individual liberty. The liberals think that individual liberty and the general welfare will both be conserved by a strong government, because they believe that the people are quite competent so to manage a strong government as to make it promote both the general welfare and individual liberty. This distinction, based on difference of opinion, is in this country somewhat obscured by the fact that opposition to boss rule involves not only an intellectual view but also a moral conviction ; but in the main this distinction may serve to differentiate the great body of conservatives from the great body of liberals. The con
servatives believe in government of the people by their representatives; the liberals believe in government of their representatives by the people, the representatives being merely the instruments for carrying out the people's will.
The various planks in the Progressive programme—the short ballot, the direct primary, the initiative, the referendum, the recall are simply measures proposed to increase the power of the people in the government of the country.
Not all who believe in such an increase believe in all these methods. If the Progressive party must wait until it can convince the people of the wisdom of all the planks in its platform, it may have to wait a long time. But if all the men in all parties who believe in government by the people, and therefore in a strong government, can come together to press forward one means after another which promises to make the government stronger and give the people more power in the government, the progress may be much more rapid; certainly the issue will be much clear.
The agreement of forty-one Assemblymenelect last week to devise means to overthrow boss rule is an important indication, and not the only one, that men of the progressive and Nationalist temperament are beginning to come together, not so much because they are agreed on the same measures as because they are animated by the same spirit and are pursuing the same end. It gives some hope that the day may not be far distant when we shall no longer have two factions in both the old parties, one conservative and anti-Nationalist, the other liberal and Nationalist ; but two parties, one holding fast to the traditions of the past and opposed to any increase in the power of the people, the other inspired by hopes of the future and eager for a government not by the few, however chosen, over the many, but by the many, employing the few as their servants to carry out their will.
What is to become of the Progressive party as an organization we do not know. But we very much hope to see all those who believe in the capacity of the plain people, and in a government absolutely controlled by them, co-operating in a united endeavor for a strong government under popular control.
The meeting in New York is a straw which indicates that the winds are blowing in that direction.