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bly to place such a law upon the statute- which they desire. Very many wealthy Filipibooks of the islands. Early last summer the
nos who are large landowners dislike to have
the less fortunate people secure lands, preferring Commission adopted a resolution and for
to keep them tenants, as this makes it possible warded it through the Governor-General to to hold them in peonage, or in a state closely the Secretary of War, urging that this matter approximating it. be brought before the United States Con
The Director of Lands furthermore adminis
ters some seven million dollars' worth of sogress. Whether through fear that Congress
called Friars' lands, purchased by the insular would pass the desired law, or through a Government from religious corporations in sudden 6 conviction of sin," or through a order that they may be resold to their occudesire to convince the new Governor-General
pants. As in the case of public lands, wealthy of their ability for self-government, we do
Filipinos have repeatedly tried to prevent poorer
people from purchasing holdings in the Friars' not know, but we are glad to record the fact lands which they themselves wrongfully claim. that the Philippine Assembly has now placed In commenting upon his own appointment, itself on record as opposed to both slavery
Tinio said that he knew nothing about the work. and peonage.
John R. Wilson, Assistant Director of Lands, The text of the new law has
has also resigned, and it is improbable that any not yet re ched this country, but we pre- competent person can be found for the salary sume that it does not radically differ from of this position to tell Tinio what to do. that which the Commission has so long urged In an address delivered last week before upon the Assembly.
the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences, Still more worthy of attention than the ex-President Taft heartily supported the stand action of the Philippine Assembly in regard taken by Mr. Worcester. Mr. Taft pointed out to the abolition of slavery is the course which that the policy of the present Administration in the new Governor-General has pursued since turning over to the Filipinos the majority of the removal of Cameron Forbes. Dean C. places on the Commission was fraught with Worcester, who has resided in the Philip- grave danger to the peace of the islands, from pines for eighteen years, and who for the the fact that these appointive commissioners, past thirteen years has filled with great credit who serve as the upper house of the Philippine the important office of Secretary of the In- Government, have control over the nonterior of the islands, has returned to this Christian tribes of the islands, most of which country with decided views as to the wisdom, are bitterly and traditionally hostile towards or rather unwisdom, of the policies instituted the Christianized natives. by Governor Harrison. Within fourteen days after Governor Harrison's arrival at Manila, Mr. Worcester is reported as saying :
The Congress nominally elected the other Arrangements were completed to dispense
day in Mexico, but really ordered elected by with the services of several of the most com
Huerta, was for
MEXICO: THE DICTATOR petent bureau chiefs and assistant chiefs of the
mally opened on
AND HIS CONGRESS insular Government. The resignations of Cap
Thursday of last tain Charles Sleeper, Director of Lands, and of
week. Colonel Henry McCoy, insular Collector of
All reports take it for granted that Customs, were the first requested. The vacancy
this Congress, made up largely of officials and created by Captain Sleeper's removal was im- military men designated by Huerta, will be mediately filled by the appointment of Manuel totally subservient to his will, and that it will Tinio, a bright young Filipino of good charac
indorse his despotic acts of the past and conter, but absolutely lacking in knowledge of public land matters and administrative experi
firm his orders for the future. Huerta's ence which would fit him to conduct a business address was delivered in person. It consisted enterprise of anything approaching such very of an elaborate defense of his action in drivlarge dimensions. The Bureau of Lands has charge of the entire
ing out the old Chamber of Deputies and public domain, including agricultural and min- imprisoning scores of the members; the eral lands and the foreshore, and excepting ground of justification asserted was that the forest lands only. It has been stated in the Deputies were in sympathy with the rebels public press that the appointment of a Filipino to this position meant a radical change in the
in the north, and that their Chamber was public land policy. It is greatly to be feared honeycombed with treason to the country that this is the case. Hitherto the policy has as well as to the provisional President. been to give the poor man—the poor Filipinos Huerta asserted his constitutional right to who make up the bulk of the Christian population-and the ignorant wild man all possible
act with “a certain measure of energy,” and assistance in securing homestr for free patents
also declared that in an emergency the or in purchasing the usually pull tracts of land highest patriotism overshadows ordinary law.
He even likened himself to Napoleon, say- ain's action in sending three war-ships to ing, “ The words of great Bonaparte that Mexican ports near the property of British the law is not violated when the country industries and the request for protection by is saved shall always be true.” Huerta has Lord Cowdray, head of the Pearson oil comdriven Manuel Adalpe from his Cabinet and panies operating in Mexico. It is hard to sent him out of Mexico under the polite pre- judge just what is going on under the diplotense of a vague foreign special embassy. matic surface, but reports lean to the belief Adalpe presumably was not subservient that the European Powers, while unwilling to enough.
act unless in case of actual outrage to their There was no evidence last week of agree- subjects, are beginning to be impatient at the ment between President Wilson and General lack of any positive advance in the attempt of Huerta. Mr. Lind remained at Vera Cruz ; the United States to bring about by.moral Mr. O'Shaughnessy, Chargé d'Affaires, at pressure an endurable or stable condition in the capital. Whatever negotiations had been Mexico. going on between General Carranza and Mr. William Bayard Hale came to an abrupt Eggs must come down,” is the war-cry of ending. It is reported that Mr. Hale, for the thousands of women in the Housewives President Wilson, tentatively suggested a plan
League who for
HUMPTY DUMPTY AND of gathering together fair-minded Mexican
several weeks have
THE HOUSEWIVES leaders not actively concerned in the present
been bending all strife to act something as the Council of their energies toward the downfall of Humpty “ Elder Statesmen” in Japan acts—this Dumpty. The women are fighting particupresumably in case Huerta should resign or larly for a reduction in the price of the coldCarranza,obtain the upper hand.
storage egg, for by the law of supply and as reported, declined to approve the idea demand fresh eggs are bound to be at a or anything else that did not look to his premium at this time of year; but the coldown supremacy if he meets with military storage product, according to the women, has
been selling at a price far above what would Whatever favorable views our Administra- assure the dealers of a decent profit, because tion may have formed toward Carranza were the dealers have felt that they must charge probably weakened by the reports of whole- all that the “ traffic would bear.” sale military executions by the insurgents. According to the embattled householders, Such reports followed the recent seizing of the eggs which were bought for storage at Juarez by the rebels. Even more horrible from 18 to 22 cents a dozen last April have reports followed the news last week of the been selling at from 35 to 50 cents a dozen, capture by the rebels of Victoria, the capital and they maintain that 32 cents all that of the State of Tamaulipas. But at the end should ever be paid for such varieties. In of the week even the report as to the capture Pittsburgh eggs have already dropped to of Victoria was denied. Victoria is only that figure, owing partly to the agitation about one hundred and fifty miles from fanned by the League, but mainly to the fact Tampico, an important port on the Gulf. that the ten million dozen now in storage Tampico itself is, in a direct line, not much will reach the eight months' age limit estabover two hundred and fifty miles from the lished by a Pennsylvania law on December 1. capital. The fighting at Victoria emphasizes In several other localities prices have dropped, , the peculiar character of the fighting in but as this issue of The Outlook goes to. Mexico. It is not war on a large scale and press Humpty Dumpty, representing the with a correlated strategic plan, but a number general market price, has not been budged of little wars, so to speak, at centers widely from his high seat. removed in an enormous territory.
A picturesque feature of the food war has one week the rebels drive the Federals from been the boycott threatened by the houseJuarez, on almost the most northern point of wives. Mrs. Alfred Dunk, of Detroit, Presithe border between Mexico and the United dent of the Ohio Federated Women's Clubs, States, and the next week we hear reports notified Mrs. Julian Heath, of New York of the capture of Victoria, perhaps five hun- City, the President of the Housewives' dred miles southwest of Juarez.
League, that at a word from the latter The possible future tension of the interna- 25,000 Detroit women would cease buying tional situation was indicated by Great Brit- and eating eggs, and Mrs. Heath claims that
thousands of women in other cities east of stipulating that his name should be withheld; Kansas City would follow suit.
a stipulation which reflects credit on the Whether the League wins its fight or not, man, but which in the case of such great its campaign has been valuable through the sums is almost impossible of fulfillment. enlightening effect it has had upon the pub- Colonel Payne is the son of the late United lic. For one thing, many people have learned States Senator Henry B. Payne, of Clevethat a "number one cold storage egg is land, was graduated from Yale College, saw often better than the so-called “ fresh"article. extensive service during the Civil War, and The League's indorsement of the egg that has finally was put in command of an Illinois been kept at a nearly freezing temperature regiment. He has long been associated with has removed much of the odium that formerly the Standard Oil Company. attached to the very term by which such eggs are designated. Furthermore, a great many housekeepers have learned that they can What will eventually be one of the greatest themselves put by a supply of eggs against a scenic highways in the world is under conperiod of high prices, thanks to a commodity
struction along the
A SCENIC HIGHWAY which can be purchased at any drug-store,
west bank of the
ON THE HUDSON namely, water-glass.
Hudson River. Even among those who have traveled up and down
the Hudson by boat or train few have any The Outlook recently announced a great gift idea that within fifty miles of the biggest city for medical research in connection with the of the New World there is to be found in
Johns Hopkins ravine and wooded hill, promontory, crag, and ANOTHER GREAT GIFT FOR
University. This river, the rugged beauty of the wilderness. MEDICAL EDUCATION
gift has been This great highway, when finished, will supplemented by another of $4,350,000 to extend from New York City to Albany-one the Cornell University Medical School in hundred and thirty-three miles. Less than New York City. The name of the donor eighteen miles of this road remain unbuilt, has not been made public, although he is most of which is now planned for. Portions understood to be Colonel Oliver H. Payne, of the road can be used locally ; but only who, it is said, has previously given four mill- when these eighteen miles are completed will ion dollars in varying amounts to the same it become a highway of National character. school. This latest gift insures for the benefit The most important unbuilt section is of the school an annual income of $200,000, in the Highlands of the Hudson ; and it which is to be used, not for building purposes, is at this point that the scenery is most but to provide for running expenses. It will impressive. Though no photograph, of enable the institution materially to enlarge its course, can really represent the contrast of faculty and to secure the services of men of color, the shifting lights, the almost dramatic the first standing. The school is now ade- contrast between the river and the massive quately housed for its present work; and the cliffs and overhanging ledges, the photograph advance in the requirements for entrance is which appears in the illustrated section of this likely to keep its members down. A recent number of The Outlook conveys some idea article by Dr. Flexner in the “ Atlantic of the sort of views that will delight the eye Monthly” emphasizes the need of more ex- of one who drives along this section of the acting requirements from students proposing road. The spot from which this picture was to take courses in medical work. The Cor- taken can be reached only by a climb over nell Medical School requires for entrance the rocks and through underbrush. Other places A.B. degree or a certificate of three years' on the site of the road within a mile of this work in some college of established position, point are now absolutely inaccessible-except or the ability to pass examinations based on by balloon. From the place on the site of this amount of work in some college.
the road where the camera stood that took Colonel Payne's gifts to the Cornell School that photograph one will be able to see the have been on a large scale, and, like the road ahead, winding about the precipitous other gifts for medical education and research, face of Storm King, the mountain on the left contribute directly to the highest welfare of of the picture. A horizontal line drawn from the country.
During the last fifteen years the top of the distant mountain seen across he had given four million dollars, always the river would intersect the face of Storm
King at just about the point where the “ The Seal Cylinders of Western Asia,” pubproposed road, carved out of perpendicular lished by the Carnegie Institution four years cliffs, will reach its highest altitude above the
ago. His pastoral work began in Kansas in river.
1859; and he has long been known as a The successful completion of this road, man of very earnest religious faith and of which passes through territory rich in Revo- progressive theological views. A.keen critic, lutionary associations, now awaits final action abhorring slovenly work and carrying the by the Federal Government. Inasmuch as instincts of the scholar into his profession, two former Superintendents of West Point- he has not lacked the sympathy which evokes General Mills and General Scott—have the best in men, nor the keenness of insight indorsed a suitable crossing of the Reser- which recognizes ability and promise behind vation that would not bring travelers near imperfect workmanship. the ground of the Military Academy, it is At the ripe age of seventy-nine he retires, taken for granted that no objection will not from original work, but from routine be raised by the United States Government. work; and furnishes a fine example of youth Some of the wildest scenery lies within this of manner, mind, and spirit surviving in adGovernment Reservation. The most difficult vancing years by reason of many interests portion to construct lies to the north of and a vigorous intellectual life. the Reservation, but this cannot be built to any purpose until provision is made for building the road through Federal terri- Members of the American Academy of Arts tory.
Most of the right of way through and Letters and of its parent organization, private lands has been already given as a
the National Institute of
A PILGRIMAGE donation to the people. The Orange County
Arts and Letters, returning Supervisors have voted to acquire the re
from the annual joint meetmaining right of way. All that needs now to ing of these bodies, held in Chicago, Novembe done is for Congress to appropriate the ber 13 to 15, are loud in their praise of the comparatively small sum that is necessary for hospitality of that city and of its unfeigned supplying the missing link- -a matter of three interest in literature and the arts. Eugene miles or less. It is to be hoped that Con- Field's jest about “making culture hum” is gress will promptly do its part.
not one that by any stretch of the imagination could be applied to New York, and
Chicago can well look with equanimity upon The Independent announces that, after the gibes of her Eastern rival when she herforty-five years of work at the editorial desk,
self has the substance as well as the appearDr. William Hayes Ward, so ance of progress in things intellectual. It is long its editor-in-chief, is to to be doubted whether any other city, Boston
become its Honorary Editor, not excepted, could have provided a more to be freed from all routine office work, but attractive programme of welcome in honor to continue to write editorials and reviews, of representative men of letters, artists, and and to publish in the near future a series of composers. On the 13th, in the beautiful articles, the fruit of his ripe experience, sculpture gallery of the Art Institute—one entitled “What I Believe and Why.". Dr. of the most admirable working schools of Ward has united the tastes and pursuits of a art in the country—there took place a dinner scholar with the work of the editorial direc- of greeting by seventeen literary, educational, tion of the “Independent.” He has been a and artistic societies or clubs ; the absent man of tireless industry, and has kept up the Mayor was represented by the City Counhabits of an original student in two or three selor, and the chairman was Mr. Charles L. departments during his long and active life. Hutchinson, the public-spirited President of He was Professor of Science in Ripon Col- the Institute, one of the leaders of Chicago's lege before he became an editor, and has “ Friends of American Art," who are buildlong been a recognized authority on Assyri- ing up its foremost gallery by notable purology. He was director of the Wolfe Ex- chases. Another feature of the occasion was pedition to Babylonia in 1884-5. He has the inclusion in the annual exhibition of picbeen the author of many articles and several tures of canvases specially solicited from books on Oriental archæology, his most im- members of the two visiting bodies, which portant work being an illustrated volume on contributed to make the display one of un
usual excellence in its showing of American them more and more possible as time goes on, painting
and the perplexed and anxious present becomes the secure and radiant future, when all the
poems and novels, the pictures and statues, shall The compliment to the composers was unique.
be as good as those we should each like to
create. When I tell over to myself the names On the afternoon of the 14th, in Orchestra
of the Chicagoans who have done fine and Hall, there was given a pro- beautiful things already in those kinds, I begin MUSIC AND LITERATURE
gramme selected by Mr. Fred- to envy the aspiration you will find among them.
erick Stock, the accomplished And President Wilson struck a keynote in conductor of the Chicago Symphony Orches- his letter : tra, composed exclusively of works by mem- I should like to be present to say how sinbers of the musical sections of the visiting cerely I believe in the usefulness of the two organizations, and including pieces of large bodies joining in the meeting. It is of no small interest by George W. Chadwick, Arthur
import to the country that such influences for
upholding ideal standards of creative art should Foote, Edgar Stillman Kelley, conducted in be encouraged. The commerce and material each case by the composer ; and others by development of the country are of deep conseEdward MacDowell, Horatio Parker, and quence to it, but above all must rise the objects Victor Herbert, conducted by Mr. Stock; who
we have in view. If those objects are disinter
ested and touched with insight, our greatness concluded with his own “ Festival Hymn.”
will bear greater distinction and enjoy the The perfection of the orchestra, even with greater spiritual soundness and health. scant rehearsals, and the intimateness of the beautiful hall, contributed to the enjoyment well-contrasted and creditable pro
Civic experts lately descended upon the city gramme. The cordial appreciation of this
of Washington with a plan for establishing a musical treat by the audience should go
model government in
WASHINGTON AS A far to stimulate and encourage American
the District of Columbia.
LABORATORY composers. It revealed the sustaining musi
Mayor-elect Mitchel, of cal atmosphere of Chicago, so largely the
New York, Governor-elect Walsh, of Massacreation of German influence.
chusetts, and Henry Bruère, of the New The joint literary sessions on the mornings
York City Bureau of Municipal Research, of the 14th and 15th were crowded to the
conferred with the President and submitted doors of Fullerton Hall with an audience that
their plan, for the fulfillment of which they responded with marked attentiveness and hope to obtain a Congressional appropriation often with applause to the vital and suggest
of $15,000. ive addresses on Architecture by Mr. Hast
“ The Federal Government, with the city ings ; on Literature by Dr. Crothers, Pro- of Washington as a laboratory, will be able to fessor Lounsbury, and Mr. Burroughs; on
give momentum to the development of effiChoral Singing by Mr. Chadwick; on Opera
cient city government which can be provided in English by Mr. De Koven ; and on the
in no other way ” —this is the claim of the Drama by Mr. Gillette. Most of the addresses
would-be surveyors. rippled with humor, and if any came to
A thorough misunderstanding of the yawn he remained to enjoy. Beneath the plan and scope of the enterprise has been humor, however, one felt the serious convic- responsibie for much irritation among citizens tion of the speakers as they made their telling
of the capital, which has been clearly reflected points. Poetry was represented by Mr.
in the local press; there are also those whose Madison Cawein. Mr. Augustus Thomas
civic pride revolts at the idea of laying open responded happily as the recipient of the to the public the very serious social and Institute's gold medal for Drama, and a
administrative defects of the city which, to fine letter from President Wilson placed
the eye of the casual observer, is the most the purposes of the organizations on the
beautiful in the United States. high plane of ideality. The visitors left Washington has a paternal form of govChicago feeling that they had discovered
ernment. Its citizens
disfranchised; in that city a deep and genuine interest in
executive authority is vested in three Comletters and the arts. Mr. Howells expressed
missioners appointed by the President, while the thought of all in these words from a very
the rôle of City Fathers is filled by the meminteresting letter:
bers of a Congressional committee. Chicago is very near, near every heart that
Authority is absurdly apportioned. Were loves great and generous things, and believes a diagram of the city government plotted, it