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But he, her fears to cease,
She, crown'd with olive green, came softly slidii
With turtle wing the amorous clouds dividing:
b Spangled host. A magnificent line : but these four introductory stanzas are not cq
c The star-led wisards. Wise men.-T. WARTON.
d From out his secret altar touch'd with hallow'd fire. Alluding to Isaiah vi. 6, 7.--Newton.
e Fears to cease. I believe cease is seldom used as a verb active.
f she strikes a universal peace through sea and land. Dr. Newton perhaps too nicely remarks, that for “Peace to str
No war, or battle's sound,
The idle spear and shield were high up hung ;
The trumpet spake not to the armed throng ;
But peaceful was the night,
His reign of peace upon the earth began :
Whispering new joys to the mild ocean,
The stars, with deep amaze,
Bending one way their precious influence ;
Or Lucifer, that often warn'd them thence ;
And, though the shady gloom
The sun himself withheld his wonted speed; 11 !! inaccuracy : yet he allows that “fædus feriro" is classical. But Roman phrascology is here 11 quite out of the question. It is not a league, or agreeinent of peace between two parties,
that is intended : a quick and universal diffusion is the idea. It was done as with a stroke. -T. WARTON.
Yet it will perhaps be generally supposed that Milton had tho“ feriro fædus,” which Stephens interprets“ pacem componere,” in his wind.—DUNSTER.
& The hooked chariot stood
Unstain'd with hostile blood. Liv, l. xxxvii. xli. “Falcatæ quadriga, quibus se perturbaturum hostium aciem Antiochus crediderat, in suos terrorem verterunt."-Bowle.
Nothing can be more poetically grand than this stanza. In all Milton's noblo poetry there are few passages finer than this.
The winds, with wonder whist. “ Whist" is silenced. In Stanyhurst's Virgil, “ Intentiquo ora tenebant," is translated, “ They whisted all.” B. ii. 1.-T. WARTON.
i While birds of calm sit brooding on the charmed wave.
And, though the shady gloom, &c.
And hid his head for shame,
The new-enlighten'd world no more should ne
The shepherds on the lawn,
Sat simply chatting in a rustick row;
Was kindly come to live with them belows:
When such music sweet
As never was by mortal finger strook ;
As all their souls in blissful rapture took :
Nature, that heard such sound',
Of Cynthia's seat, the aery region thrilling,
And that her reign had here its last fulfilling
I sawe Phæbus thrust out his golden hede
Vpon her to gaze:
It did him amaze.
k That the mighty Pan
Was kindly come to live with them below. That is, with the shepherds on the lawn. So, in Spenser's “ May,' in“ Lycidas :"
I muse what account both these will make,
When great Pan account of shepheards shall ask We should recollect that Christ is styled a shepherd in the sacred observes, that Dante calls him Jupiter, “ Purgat.” c. vi. v. 118; a literally adopted by Pulci, “Morgant. Magg.” c. ii. v. 2.—T. WAR
I Nature, that heard such sound. I suppose this is one of the stanzas which Warton deemed a conci
At last surrounds their sight
That with long beams the shamefaced night array'd ;
Are seen in glittering ranks with wings display'd,
Such musick ", as 'tis said,
But when of old the sons of morning sung,
And the well-balanced world on hinges hung ;
Ring out, ye crystal spheres;
ye have power to touch our senses so ;
And let the bass of Heaven's deep organ blow °;
For, if such holy song
Time will run back, and fetch the age of gold ;
m With unexpressive notes. So, in “Lycidas," v. 176:
And hears the unexpressive nuptial song. The word, which is the object of this noto, was perhaps coined by Shakspeare, “ As you Like it,'' a. iii. s. 2:
The fair, the chaste, and unexpressive she.-T. WARTON. This stanza is sublime, and in Milton's peculiar manner.
n Such musick. This stanza also is of equal excellence ; and so the stanza which follows.
o And let the bass of Heaven's deep organ blou. Here is another idea caught by Milton from St. Paul's cathedral while he was a schoolboy. Milton was not yet a puritan : afterwards, he and his friends the fanatics would not have allowed of so papistical an establishment as an organ and choir, even in heaven. -T. WARTON. I think, to name the organ, in speaking of the music of the spheres, is rather the bathos.
P And, with your ninefold harmony.
9 And speckled Vanity, &c. Plainly taken from the “ maculosum nefas" of Horace, “Od." v.4. 23.- Jos. Wartox.
Will sicken soon and die,
And leprous Sin will melt from earthly mou
Yea, Truth and Justice then
With radiant feets the tissued clouds down si
But wisest Fate says no,
The Babe yet lies in smiling infancy,
So both himself and us to glorify :
With such a horrid clang
While the red fire and smouldering clouds out
Shall from the surface to the centre shake;
Vanity dressed in a variety of gaudy colours. Unless he mea discase and corruption, and the symptoms of approaching death.—T
r And Hell itself till pass away,
And leave her dolorous mansions to the peering di
Cernatur, trepidentque immisso lumine Manes.-T. W
• Vith radiant feet. Isaak in. i : -" Hor beautiful upon the mountains are the feet ndeslim*--that publisheth salvation ; that saith unto Sion, TI IN
• Doron steering. The ull writers use this word simply for moving. Thus our authe DAS " ver. 110:
# Ile wall Ared trwamp of doom must thunder through the ' 12 of great energy, elegant and sublime.-T. Warton.