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TRIBUTED ARTICLES. - Continued

PAGE CONTRIBU' 'ED ARTICLES.- Continuerl.

PAGE

icks or Personalities.

H. V. Coryell 183 Chinese Friendship for America.
padway, Twenty Years on.

Gully, The Mistress of the.

228
Theodore Stearns 352 "Heather, The, in His Blindness''.

354

sh League Greeley, Opportunities for the.

India, Wild Life in......

485

J. F. Thornton, Jr. 528 Karnak, In the Halls of...

398
siness, Why I Gave Up Teaching for.

Minnesota, In Picturesque..

436
Kenneth Goesbeck 645 Newfoundland's Shores, On.

656
siness, Why I Remain in........E. K. Robinson 646 “Northern Lights, Under",

102
tternut Ethics..
Margaret Raymond 564 October in New England.

185
esar, Rendering to (Virtues of the

Skin, Feathers, and Fur..

264

Negro)

Archibald Rutledge 605 Workers, Patient, in Far-Away Lands..

66

lifornia, Democracy in..

R. L. Buell 178 Plants, Immigrant Stations for....L. E. Theiss 360
11 Himself, Did He?........A Puzzled Minister 483

Play, Teaching the World to..........E. S. Brown 689
nada, Politics and Parties in.

Poetry:
D. M. Le Bourdais 468

Answer to a Timid Lover..Bernice L. Kenyon 183
nadian Elections, The......D. M. Le Bourdais 637

Billy Peg-Leg's Fiddle.

Bill Adams 309

erokee Log Cabin, Born in a... Ned Red Bird 232

Digby.

Hermann Hagedorn 609

icago Fire, The-Fifty Year's After.

Haven

H. T. Pulsifer 61

W. B. Shaw 176 Home Hunger.

.H. T. Pulsifer 166

icago Stockyards Strike, The,

I Shall Not Mind.

..Marion C. Smith 128

Sherman Rogers 681 Lilacs...

.Harry Lee 514

ina Famine, Personal Glimpses of a.

Medora Nights..

Hermann Hagedorn 26

W. T. Ellis 95

Northwest Corner, The.. Winifred V. Jackson 527

inese Flotsam...

Meade Minnigerode 348

Personal Equation, The.... .C. W. Stork 361

médie-Française, The, and the Molière Ter-

Poet, A, Grows Old and Dies....E. L. Davison 218

centenary

.Philip Carr 562

Portrait....

.Bernice L. Kenyon 468

mmutation, An Episode in.

So Much of Beauty.

Willard Wattles 647

A Philosophic Commuter 262

Thoughts Upon a Walk with Natalie, My

nversations, Imaginary.... Winifred Kirkland 527

Niece, at Houghton Farm....H. T. Pulsifer 388
nte, Italy's Tribute to... K. R. Steege 511 Police, State, Tournament..... Katherine Mayo 558
ente, The Greatness of....

.M. F. Egan 225

Politics, International, in the Berkshire Hills.
-Y, A Great, for the Country.

W. J. Abbot 52
Katherine Mayo 558

Providence, Peregrinations About.
partment Store, The, Invades "Four Cor-

Newton Fuessle 695
....J. F. Thornton, Jr. 693

Quite So!

.Meade Minnigerode 701

plomacy of Trust, The.

.E. H. Abbott 639

Race Problem, The-Rumor and the Truth.

sarmanent, What the French Statesmen

Archibald Rutledge 64

Have to Say About.. Stéphane Lauzanne 86 Religion, What Life in the Country Has

Do You Know What That Means?"

Taught Me About...

....L. E. Theiss 653

E. W. Bok 298

Rialto, The Grey-Room of the..Newton Fuessle 227

st, The Far, and the Conference,

Rio Grande, The Valley of the Lower.
K. S. Latourette 426

T. H. Price 525
ght Forces on One Job (Guarding the Mexi-

Roman Question, The...

C. H. Meltzer 250
can Border).

Duncan Aikman 643

Roosevelt Country, The..... Hermann Hagedorn 254
ir Play for the World... Katherine Mayo 650

Root, Elihu-A Study of the Man and His
thers Go to School, When.... Sherman Roger's 604

Ways...

Andrew Ten Eyck 429
ce-Fighters, The New.. .Newton Fuessle 174

Rubber's Right of Way..

..E. S. Babcox 18
shing, Municipal.

Ladd Plumley 218

Rural Unrest, The Cure for........C. W. Holman 566
otball, In Lehalf of.

X. B. Wood 261
Saint-Saëns, Camille.

C. H. Meltzer 683
ance, A Mountain Lodging in......Philip Carr 648

Serpents of the Trail... ... Archibald Rutledge 22
ance, Forty Days in.

Francis Rogers 214

Ships, The Relative Importance of Capital,
anco-German Relations, A New Phase in.

and Aircraft..

F. J. Cleary, U. S. N. 392
Pierre de Lanux 600

Simango, Kamba, The Story of (From Kraal
rman Menace, The, to France.

to College)

Natalie Curtis 61
General Taumieb 251

Simplicity, Honesty, Honor E. H. Abbott 462
rmany Was Defeated When America De-

Skiing, The Knack of..

Elon Jessup 610
elared War, Says General Buat.

Smoked Out....

O. E. Maxwell 534

Stéphane Lauzanne 13

Snap-Shots of My Contemporaries. Lyman

blins, The, Will Get You.... E. H. Abbott 551

Abbott:

vernment, Do the People Care About Their?

Hale, Edward Everett-An American Abou

F. M. Davenport 613

Ben Adhem

300

eenhorn, A, at the Gate....Natalie De Bogory 523

My Father-The Friend of Children.

55
nga Din Complex, The.. Kingsley Moses 179

Washington, Booker T.

181
ello, Pop!''

Laura S. Portor 391
Snow, Airplane....

.P. V. Collins 3+
sitancy, In Praise of. Laura S. Portor 167

Stop-Now Policy, The...

.E. H. Abbott 508

nor to Whom Honor Is Due....C. M. Chester 213

Teach, Why I Gave Up Business to.

asionist or Idealist?.

E. H. Abbott 421

Morris Bishop 303

lia, Troubled..

P. W. Wilson 698

Tokugawa, Prince, Heir of Japan's Last Sho-

lustry and the Golden Rule....Kingsley Moses 20

sun...

..Nancy V. Austen 514

er-Racial Commission, An, at Work.

Tools, You Can't Work Without.
R. R. Moton 59

Kingsley Moses 358
lan Standpoint, The.... C. H. Meltzer 289

Top o' the World..

.Wallace Hutchinson 90

hn at the Conference:

Transport by Air-Is It a Success?

Japan and Her Neighbors....K. Shidehara 340

Ladislas d'Orcy 556

The Promise of Democracy in Japan.

Tuberculous Children, Outdoor Treatment for

Y. S. Kuno 340

(“Dr. Sun Asks for No Fees'') Photographs 568

I. The Strategic Position of Japan.

Unemployed, One of the. ..J. McM. Hamlin 107

Julian Street 341

Unemployment-What One Large Company

nalism, Preparing College Women for.

Did About It..

C. R. Walker, Jr. 346

Burges Johnson 128

Valley, The Toughest Town in the..James Race 149
sas Miners and the Law.......H. J. Haskell 680

Wages, The Liquidation of..........R. H. Tingley 660
It le-Drum Concerto, That....Fullerton Waldo 619

Washington Conference, With the, from the

$11 Papers. Lyman Abbott:

British Standpoint.

P. W. Wilson 338

bmbition, An Impossible

87

Webster, Daniel-When

He

Spoke on the

in Inspiring Life (J. A. Allen)

124
Mountain...

Rebecca M, Samson 521
hother, Who Is My?....

423

White Coal for Black. ..J. W. Harrington 91

Desire, The Unquenchable

13

Why I Gave Up Business to Teach.

Warum?

677

Morris Bishop 303
aal, From, to College: The Story of Kamba

Why the Who's Are Who..

E. P. Butler 561
imango

Natalie Curtis 61
Wood Facing His Task...

Walter Robb 512
quer Box, The.
.Meade Minnigerode 139

Yellowstone Park, The Cascade Corner of.

Iguage, Our Unknown. Beverley Nichols 165

W. C. Gregg 46.9

Pures, The Falling

.John Burroughs 344

You Can Fool Most of the People Most of the

7, The, in the Way..

.E. H. Abbott 597

Time

Edward Bright 390

on : "Ah, But You Should Have Seen It

fore the War!"

.H. E. Scarborough 94

THE BOOK TABLE:

bn, Whimsical.

Elisha' Flagg 480

hvity Preferred..
..C. W. Crampton 395

Aborigines, The Question of, in the Law and
Dowell, Edward. Hermann Hagedorn 686

Practice of Nations (Snow)

618

ne Own People' Contest Letters:

Action. We Want!..

Maria Moravsky 705

ly Cavaliers (First Prize)......Anne Marshall 97

Advertising, A Short Course in (Osborn)

29)

Tragedy of Race (Second Prize).

Advertising, Essentials of (Blanchard).

29

N. Usami 98

African Adventure, An (Marcosson).

356

le Robins' Minuet (Third Prize)........ Aries 98

Art, Works of, Belonging to the City of New

esingers, Pioneer.. Theodore Stearns 259

York, Catalogue of the..

104

ave-Apache Indians, The Plight of the.

Ballads, Story Telling (Olcott).

101

Natalie Curtis 30

Belgium, A History of (Cammaerts).

230

lère Tercentenary, The Comédie-Française

Books, Essays on (Brock).

104

and the..

Philip Carr 562

Books, New, for Children.

jument, Why is a National?....F. A. Waugh 130

Sidonie M. Gruenberg 570

herhood, Wanted-Motives for.

Business, American, Books on...... Alfred Lief 28
Ethel W. Cartland 223
Business Methods, American (Parsons)..

28
ies, Community.

Helen M. Scarth 574
Chemists, Famous (Tilden).

101
Heart Leaps Up''
Leonard Hatch 477 Children as Copy.

Christopher Morley 437
ro, The Virtue of the.... Archibald Rutledge 605 Columbia, Down the (Freeman)

572
th Dakota Resents?.
.W. C. Gregg 382 Democracy in America (Dowd).

266
th Dakota, The Political Storm in.

Divine Comedy of Dante Alighiere, The. Vol.
W. C. Gregg 220
III—The Paradiso (Langdon).

306
ice, The Strategy of...

E. H. Abbott 678

Dryden, John, The Poetry of (Van Doren). 104
ople, Mine Own”.

H. L. Watson 368

E. A. R., The Earlier.... Fullerton Waldo 531
erborough Colony, The Hermann Hagedorn 686 East. In the Eyes of the (Greenbie).

487
y, The Country, vs. the Country Pulpit.

Elders, The Discourse of the.........L. R. Morris 67
Martha B. and R. W. Bruère 430 England in the Nineties... R. D. Townsend 399
lippine Problem, Now is the Time to Solve

Europe, Modern (Hazen).

438
le...

Gregorio Nieva 135
Europe Since 1870 (Turner)

266
lippines, What Wood and Forbes Have

Fabre, Jean Henri, The Life of: The Ento-
Done in the....
.O. G. Jones 133 mologist (Fabre)

618

tures from Outlook Readers:

Fiction :

Africa, A Little Journey in...

304

Andivius Hedulio (White).

486

frican Gold Mine, Down in an..

530

Brass: A Novel of Marriage (Norris)...

68

TYE BOOK TABLE.- Continued.

PAGE

Council of Seven, The (Snaith).

571

Day of Faith, The (Roche).

487

Diantha's Quest (Knipe).

571

Donovan Chance, The (Lynde).

11

Eudocia (Phillpotts)

618

Gallant of Lorraine, A (Williams).

266

Gold Shod (Fuessle)..

486

Hermit of Turkey Hollow, The (Train). 400

If Winter Comes (Hutchinson)

186

In Blessed Cyrus (Richards).

571

Indiscretions of Archie (Wodehouse)

29

In the Tiger's Lair (Miller).

400

Laramie Holds the Range (Spearman). 14-1

Manslaughter (Miller)

618

Master of Man, The (Caine).

187

Maumbury Rings (McFadden).

29

Mrs. Farrell (Howells)..

186

Mr. Waddington of Wyck (Sinclair).

187

Niels Lyhne (Jacobsen).

438

Old Tobacco Shop, The (Bowen).

570

Pamela Pounce (Castle).

571

Partners of Chance (Knibbs).

571

Peter Pan and Wendy (Barrie).

487

Pirates, Book of (Pyle)..

570

Pride of Palomar, The (Kyne).

400

Puritan Twins, The (Perkins)

571

Quiet Interior (Jones).

306
Quin (Rice)

68
Success (Adams)

486
Thirteen Travelers, The (Walpole)

230
Threads (Stayton)

306
Three Soldiers (Dos Passos)

306
To Let (Galsworthy)

1 86

Topless Towers (Ashmun)

572

Willing Horse, The (Beith).

186

Foch: The Winner of the War (Recouly). 400

Folly of Nations, The (Palmer).

572

French Essays and Profiles (Henry)

306

French Writers, Some Modern (Turquet-

Milnes)

572

Glass of Fashion, The (A Gentleman with a
Duster)

305
Government, Industrial (Commons).

229
Graphic Arts, The (Pennell).

618
Great War, A Journal of the (Dawes)

143
India, Mysterious (Chauvelot)

111
Industry, Personnel Relations in (Simons). 28
Isabelle la Grande, Reine de Castille (Dieula-
foy)

230
James, William, Lover of Life.... John Erskine 355
James, William, The Letters of...

355
Japan, What Shall I Think of? (Gleason). 356
Job, The International Critical Commentary
on the Book of (Driver and Gray).

188
Land of Haunted Castles, The (Casey).

306
Let 'er Buck (Furlong)..

2.9

Life Immovable (Palamas)

104

Lines, Behind the.....

R. D. Townsend 113

London, Unknown, More About (Bell).

572

Mankind, The Story of (Van Loon).

571

Maples, Under the (Burroughs).

487

Medici, The (Young).

306

Memories and Notes of Persons and Places,

1852-1912 (Colvin)

657

Metchnikoff, Elie, Life of, 1845-1916 (Metchni-

koff)

487

Mind and Work (Myers).

28

Mirrors of Downing Street, The (A Gentleman

with a Duster)

305

Mirrors of Washington, The.

305.

Mirrors, Some Reflections on.........L. F. Abbott 305

Murray's (Sir Archibald) Despatches (June,

1916-June, 1917)

230

Mystic Warrior, The (Oppenheim)..

356

New England, New Light on............A. B. Hart 27

New England, The Founding of (Adams).

27

Nineties, Portraits of the (Raymond).

399

Novels, Among the Fall....... .R. D. Townsend 186

Novels, New, With a Special Interest.

R. D. Townsend 486

Novel, The American (Van Doren).

67
One Man's Life, In (Paine)....

487

Out of Their Own Mouths (Gompers).

68

Pacific Triangle, The (Greenbie).

572

Patagonia, Working North from (Franck). 266

Pictures, Looking at (Smith).

305

Poetry and People.

H. T. Pulsifer 265

Precepts and Judgments (Foch).

400

Principles of War (Foch).

400

Problems of a New World (Hobson)

306
Red Cross, American, Work Among the
French People (Ames).

188
Religion and Ethics, Dictionary of (Mathews
and Smith)

438

Renan, Ernest

.Lyman Abbott 103

Renan, Ernest (Mott)

103

Reorganization, Industrial, Some Experiments

in

..Lyman Abbott 229

Retail Selling, The Human Side of (Leigh)...... 29
Rhine, Watching on the (Markham).

188
Rogues, Remarkable (Kingston).

487
Russia, A New Window Into....

E. F. B. 437

Russia from the American Embassy (Francis) 437

Russian Bolshevik Revolution, The (Ross)........ 68

Ships, Lost, and Lonely Seas (Paine).

104

Silver Fields (Robinson)...

29
South Carolina, Historic Houses of (Leiding).. 618
Spain, Modern, A Picture of (Trend)

230
Spirit (E. P. S. H.)...

144

Sport of Our Ancestors, The (de Broke)

400

Sunny South, Seeing the (Faris).

400

Swaziland, Adventures in (O'Neil).

487

Taste, A Test of...

R. D. Townsend 617

Text, Type, and Style: A Compendium of

Atlantic Usage (Ives)

2:9

Tower of London, The (Bell)

68

Towns of New England and Old England, Ire-

land, and Scotland (Forbes)..

188

Trailmakers of the Northwest (Haworth). 144

Tudor Ideals (Einstein)...

Turkey (Williams)

438

Underbrush, Four Years in the (Novelist of

Note)

572

United States, Economic Development of the.. 28

United States, Local Government in the

(James)

Untried Door, The (Roberts).

Victorian Recollections.....

L. R. Morris 657

Ward, Artemus, The Life of (Martyn)

29
Where the Strange Trails Go Down (Powell).. 487

306

572
306

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SEPTEMBER 7, 1921

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IN THE WEST VIRGINIA COAL COUNTRY-WHERE MARTIAL LAW PREVAILS

THE NATIONAL
CHILD LABOR LAW

TEST is to be made before the
United States Supreme Court of

the constitutionality of the present Federal Child Labor Law. In the lower Federal court which declared the OwenKeating Child Labor Law unconstitucional two years ago a decision which vas upheld by the United States Supreme Court-a decision has just been rendered of the same general tenor relating to the present law. In this case, arising in North Carolina, Judge Boyd maintains that the regulation of labor is one of the powers retained by the individual States and not delegated to the Federal Government. He also holds that it is a violation of the rights of a State for Congress to attempt to regulate labor by the imposition of a tax, as in this case. It will be remembered that the law imposed a Federal tax of ten per cent on profits derived from manufactures in the making of which child labor had been employed contrary to certain restrictions laid down by the law. These restrictions are practically the same as those in the Owen-Keating Law, and have been published in these columns repeatedly.

The real difference between the two laws is that the one already pronounced minconstitutional forbade the transportation of products of factories where the Testrictions as to child labor were not observed, while the present law imposes a tax on those products.

There is certainly an important sense in which the regulation of child labor is a National question. The situation is something the same as it is with the question of divorce. Each State has or may have its own law, and no National, consistent system of dealing with the question is now possible. Moreover, if one State has sound and efficient restriction of the evils of child labor and another Siate has little or no restriction, the manufacturers in the first State are obviously at a great commercial disadvantage as compared with those of the second. It is chiefly, we judge, on this latter argument that the case of child labor restriction by National action is based.

There has been a change in the personnel of the United States Supreme Court since the Owen-Keating Law was pronounced unconstitutional. That decision was made by a majority vote of five to four. Chief Justice White was then on the bench and voted with the majority. Now Chief Justice Taft is on

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the bench, and his stand may change the Supreme Court, taken as a body.

As we have often pointed out, the Supreme Court has approved the use of the Federal taxation power for other purposes than those of raising money, as, for instance, in the case of the manufacture of phosphorus matches. Such a tax as that on child labor products would come under the head of an indirect tax; the limitation of the Constitution that such indirect taxes must be uniform means, as has been generally held, that the same rate must apply everywhere on the same products.

The human aspects of the question need no exposition. That children of tender years should be safeguarded from overwork or from working at all in factories under certain conditions really means that they should be protected as regards health, education, and their development into good and desirable citi

army (for in a small way it was an army), most of its members well armed, could not but arouse terror and endanger public safety.

Earnest and most commendable exertions of the State authorities and labor leaders persuaded the leaders of this armed mob that they were doing their cause more harm than good, and before they reached Mingo the greater part of them were persuaded to return to their homes. Unfortunately, however, several hundred, perhaps a thousand, of the miners refused to retire and resisted a force of State troopers who advanced to enforce their withdrawal. A sharp interchange of shots took place and sev. eral miners were killed or woundedi.

Mining troubles have long existed in this part of West Virginia. The mines in that section are generally under control of owners who refuse to employ union workers. As the unions strong in near-by localities, and as the miners are mostly men accustomed to the use of the rifle and easily enraged, a very bad state of things has existed. The miners say that the system of paid mine guards in voglie in Logan and Mingo is contrary to law and oppressive. Attacks by the miners on mine guards are undoubtedly equally criminal. А Congressional investigation of the trouble is to begin at once.

The obvious conclusion is that law and order must be established, and the prime responsibility for that rests with the Governor of the State. It is equally true that once law and order are estab

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do to insure peace and justice in the world will appear at the Washington Conference.

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THE PERSONNEL OF THE
ARMS CONFERENCE: AMERICAN

ROBABLY no one expected President

P to .

A VILLAGE OF COAL MINERS' HOMES IN WEST VIRGINIA

son's Paris mistake and try personally to conduct negotiations for our Government in the forthcoming Conference. Il any such fears existed, they were imme diately dispelled by the announcement from the White House that Secretary Hughes would head our delegation. As such, he would naturally become President of the Conference. Aside from the appropriateness of this distinction to one who occupies the position of American Foreign Minister, Mr. Hughes bas certain qualifications for such a taskhis habits of mind are judicial, his action is deliberate if sometimes instant, his decision is firm as is his integrity, and, finally, his utterances have been terse, cautious, and to the point.

While the appointment of Mr. Hughes has been welcomed by all sorts of politi. cal opinion, President Harding's choice of the second member of the American delegation has not received such a compliment. And yet here again it was espected that Mr. Harding would not re peat Mr. Wilson's blunder in ignoring the Senate in the membership of the Paris Commission. It was expected that Mr. Harding would choose a delegate from the Senate, and, if so, the logical thing would be to ask the Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, Henry Cabot Lodge. No sooner was this choice announced, however, than the New York "World” declared that a "most serious blow to public confidence had been dealt," that "Senator Lodge has done more to disturb the peace of the world than any other man since the ab dication of the German Kaiser," and that Mr. Lodge “is a militarist and imperialist." The incitement for this extraordinary language seems to be found in a statement by Mr. Lodge during a recent Senate debate in which he said that we had cut to the bone our appropriations for expenditures "absolutely necessary for any government that means to protect itself against dangers which may come to any nation.” The majority of Americans, we believe, will not on this account share all the anxieties of the "World."

lished there should be impartial prose- gards the clauses about reparation, milicution of all violators of the law and tary restriction, economic and financial that the personal rights of the dispu- matters, and other things less important. tants on both sides should be upheld. From what responsibilities are we reBeyond this, the authorities should re- lieved? We are not in any way bound member that the general public, as well by the League, unless we so elect; we as worker and employer, have an inter- need not take part in reparation or est and a right in such matters, and that other commissions unless we choose; we industrial questions should be brought are not bound by the political, labor, under the principles of arbitration and and delimitation provisions, or by the conciliation, with due regard to the Treaty agreements as to Egypt, Shanrights of all the three parties to every tung, Turkey, Siam, Bulgaria, Morocco, industrial war-namely, the worker, the or Liberia. One comment made is that capitalist, and the public at large.

"Secretary Hughes has succeeded in do

ing what some persons have regarded as THE PEACE TREATY WITH

impossible. He has safeguarded the GERMANY

United States at every point and effecVORMAL peace relations between Ger

tually unscrambled the Versailles pact many and the United States will and the League Covenant." exist when the Treaty, signed at Berlin The Treaty negotiated is in accord on August 25 by the American Commis- with the Knox-Porter peace resolutions. sioner, Mr. Ellis L. Dresel, and the Ger- Austria and Hungary are dealt with man Foreign Minister, Herr Rosen, shall separately. be approved by our Senate and the Ger- It has been urged with vehemence in man Reichstag, and ratifications ex- some quarters that the present Adminischanged between the executives of the tration came into power largely through two countries. No doubt is felt as to the votes of Republicans who wanted to see Senate's ratification.

the United States enter the League with Thus formally will come to an end the the Lodge amendments attached. Just war entered into by this country to how far this is a fact it would now be assert its own rights, to stop German impossible to prove. More than that, it assaults on American life and property, would be futile. The situation has and to prevent German domination on changed and is changing all the time. sea and land.

Nothing is more mobile than the public What rights do we obtain under the mind as relates to large questions like treaty? Briefly, those stipulated for our this. The country at large wanted this benefit under the Treaty of Versailles, matter settled quickly and with full with the League Covenant eliminated. guaranties to American rights for the Specifically, this puts the rights of the future. This the President and SecreUnited States with respect to Yap and tary Hughes have accomplished. It was other German overseas possessions upon simply impossible at this time to take an equality with other Powers. So also up again the long, dubious trail of the our equal rights are protected as re- Versailles Treaty. What America may

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