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“ In various habits, on the Appian road,
" Or on the Emilian; some from farthest south,
“ Syene, and, where the shadow both way falls,

70 Meroë, Nilotic isle; and, more to west, " The realm of Bocchus to the Black-moor sea ;“ From the Asian kings, and Parthian among these;“ From India and the golden Chersonese, “ And utmost Indian isle Taprobane, “ Dusk faces with white silken turbans wreathed;From Gallia, Gades, and the British west;Germans, and Scythians, and Sarmatians, north “ Beyond Danubius to the Tauric pool. 6 All nations now to Rome obedience pay;

80 To Rome's great emperor, whose wide domain, “ In ample territory, wealth, and power,

Civility of manners, arts, and arms, “ And long renown, thou justly mayst prefer “ Before the Parthian; these two thrones except, “ The rest are barbarous, and scarce worth the sight, “ Shared among petty kings too far removed: These having shown thee, I have shown thee all “ The kingdoms of the world, and all their glory. “ This emperor hath no son, and now is old, “ Old and lascivious, and from Rome retired “ To Capreæ, an island small, but strong, “ On the Campanian shore, with purpose there “ His horrid lusts in private to enjoy, “ Committing to a wicked favourite “ All public cares, and yet of him suspicious, “ Hated of all, and hating. With what ease, “ Endued with regal virtues as thou art,

Appearing, and beginning noble deeds,

Mightst thou expel this monster from his throne, “ Now made a sty; and, in his place ascending, “ A victor people free from servile yoke! “ And with my help thou mayst; to me the power

Is given, and by that right I give it thee. Aim therefore at no less than all the world; “ Aim at the highest : without the highest attained, " Will be for thee no sitting, or not long,



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On David's throne,-be prophesied what will."

To whom the Son of God, unmoved, replied: “ Nor doth this grandeur and majestic show “Of luxury, though called magnificence, “ More than of arms before, allure mine eye, “Much less my mind; though thou shouldst add to tell “ Their sumptuous gluttonies, and gorgeous feasts " On citron tables or Atlantic stone,

(For I have also heard, perhaps have read); “ Their wines of Setia, Cales, and Falerne, “ Chios, and Crete, and how they quaff in gold,

Crystal, and myrrhine cups, embossed with gems “ And studs of pearl ;-to me shouldst tell, who thirst And hunger still. Then embassies thou showst “ From nations far and nigh: what honour that, “ But tedious waste of time, to sit and hear “ So many hollow compliments and lies, “Outlandish flatteries? Then proceedst to talk “Of the emperor, how easily subdued, “ How gloriously! I shall, thou sayst, expel A brutish monster:- what if I withal • Expel a devil who first made him such? “Let his tormentor, Conscience, find him out;

130 “ For him I was not sent, nor yet to free “ That people, victor once, now vile and base; “ Deservedly made vassal; who, once just,

Frugal, and mild, and temperate, conquered well, “ But govern ill the nations under yoke,

Peeling their provinces, exhausted all

By lust and rapine; first ambitious grown “Of triumph,—that insulting vanity; “ Then cruel, by their sports to blood inured “ Of fighting beasts, and men to beasts exposed; 140 “ Luxurious by their wealth, and greedier still, “And from the daily scene effeminate. " What wise and valiant man would seek to free “ These, thus degenerate, by themselves enslaved? " Or could of inward slaves make outward free? “ Know, therefore, when my season comes to sit On David's throne, it shall be like a tree

“ Spreading and overshadowing all the earth;
“Or as a stone, that shall to pieces dash
“ All monarchies besides throughout the world; 150
And of my kingdom there shall be no end:
“ Means there shall be to this; but what the means,
“Is not for thee to know, nor me to tell.”

To whom the Tempter, impudent, replied :
“ I see all offers made by me how slight
“ Thou valuest, because offered, and rejectst:
“ Nothing will please the difficult and nice,
“ Or nothing more than still to contradict:
“ On the other side, know also thou, that I
" On what I offer set as high esteem,

160 “ Nor what I part with mean to give for naught: “ All these, which in a moment thou beholdst, “ The kingdoms of the world, to thee I give,* For, given to me, I give to whom I please“No trifle; yet with this reserve, not else,“ On this condition;-if thou wilt fall down, And worship me as thy superior lord, “ (Easily done,) and hold them all of me; “ For what can less so great a gift deserve?'

Whom thus our Saviour answered with disdain: 170 “I never liked thy talk, thy offers less ;* Now both abhor, since thou hast dared to utter “ The abominable terms, -impious condition: “ But I endure the time, till which expired " Thou hast permission on me. It is written, “ The first of all commandments, “Thou shalt worship “ The Lord thy God, and only him shalt serve;' “ And darest thou to the Son of God propound “ To worship thee accursed? now more accursed “ For this attempt, bolder than that on Eve,

180 And more blasphemous; which expect to rue. “ The kingdoms of the world to thee were given! “ Permitted rather, and by thee usurped; “ Other donation none thou canst produce.

If given, by whom but by the King of kings, “ God over all supreme? If given to thee, “ By thee how fairly is the Giver now

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Repaid! But gratitude in thee is lost
Long since.

Wert thou so void of fear or shame As offer them to me, the Son of God,

190 “ To me my own, on such abhorred pact, “ That I fall down and worship thee as God?• Get thee behind me; plain thou now appearst “ That evil one, -Satan for ever damned.”

To whom the Fiend, with fear abashed, replied: “ Be not so sore offended, Son of God !• Though sons of God both angels are and men, “If I, to try whether in higher sort “ Than these thou bearst that title, have proposed " What both from men and angels I receive,“ Tetrarchs of Fire, Air, Flood, and on the Earth, “ Nations besides from all the quartered winds, – “God of this world invoked, and world beneath: “Who then thou art, whose coming is foretold “ To me most fatal, me it most concerns: “ The trial hath indamaged thee no way, “ Rather more honour left, and more esteem; “Me naught advantaged, missing what I aimed. " Therefore let pass, as they are transitory, “ The kingdoms of this world ; I shall no more Advise thee; gain them as thou canst, or not: And thou thyself seenist otherwise inclined “ Than to a worldly crown; addicted more “ To contemplation and profound dispute; “ As by that early action may be judged, “ When, slipping from thy mother's eye, thou wentst Alone into the Temple; there wast found

Among the gravest Rabbis, disputant “ On points and questions fitting Moses' chair, “ Teaching, not taught; the childhood shows the man, " As morning shows the day. Be famous then

By wisdom; as thy empire must extend, “ So let extend thy mind o'er all the world “In knowledge,-all things in it comprehend. All knowledge is not couched in Moses' law, “ The Pentateuch, or what the Prophets wrote: “ The Gentiles also know, and write, and teach



“ 'To admiration, led by Nature's light;
" And with the Gentiles much thou must converse,
Ruling them by persuasion, as thou meanst.

230 “ Without their learning, how wilt thou with them, “ Or they with thee, hold conversation meet? “ How wilt thou reason with them, how refute “ Their idolisms, traditions, paradoxes? “Error by his own arms is best evinced. “ Look once more, ere we leave this specular mount, “ Westward, much nearer by south-west, behold! “ Where on the Ægean shore a city stands, “ Built nobly; pure the air, and light the soil; “ Athens, the eye of Greece, mother of arts

240 And eloquence, native to famous wits, “ Or hospitable, in her sweet recess, “ City or suburban, studious walks and shades. " See there the olive grove of Academe, “ Plato's retirement, where the Attic bird 6. Trills her thick-warbled notes the summer long ; “ There flowery hill Hymettus, with the sound “ Of bees' industrious murmur, oft invites “ To studious musing; there Ilissus rolls “ His whispering stream: within the walls then view 250 “ The schools of ancient sages; --his, who bred' “ Great Alexander to subdue the world,

Lyceum there, -and painted Stoa next:" There shalt thou hear and learn the secret power “ Of harmony, in tones and numbers hit “ By voice or hand; and various measured verse, “ Æolian charms, and Dorian lyric odes, " And his who gave them breath, but higher sung, “ Blind Melesigenes, thence Homer called, “Whose poem Phoebus challenged for his own:

260 “ Thence what the lofty grave tragedians taught “ In Chorus or lambic, teachers best Of moral prudence, -with delight received “ Iu brief sententious precepts,—while they treat “ Of fate, and chance, and change in human life;

High actions and high passions best describing: “ Thence to the famous orators repair,


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