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mind is. It is when we come to the Church of England that the difficulty arises. In her, taking her as a whole, both these advantages are absent. There are some of us, however, who on this point are quite at one with the Roman Catholics. We are utter disbelievers in simple Bible teaching-not only in its value when given, but in the possibility of giving it. I say this, I should like to add, of simple Bible teaching, not of Bible teaching without the qualifying adjective. All denominational teaching that is worth anything must be Bible teaching. A teacher in an Anglican or a Roman Catholic school who knows his business has no need to trouble himself about catechisms. From the Bible, properly understood and explained, he can draw everything that he wants. But simple Bible teaching is commonly Bible teaching with most of what makes it valuable left out. I know that in law it need not be so. I know that the authors of the Act of 1870 meant to exclude only formularies, and not the doctrines embodied in them. But I know also that this theory has never been tested in & court of law; and I have a strong suspicion that a teacher in a Council school who was found explaining such texts as 'This is My Body' or 'Whose sins ye remit, they are remitted to them,' in the sense in which the words are understood by Roman Catholics or High Churchmen, would either be sent about his business or be transferred to some more congenial' atmosphere. It would not be regarded as 'simple’ Bible teaching. Nor do I for a moment say that it would deserve the name. The Bible is not a simple book, and the teacher who so regards it will very soon come to grief in his exposition of it.

Further than this, there is the question of authority. Even the present Government has found the need of some method of determining what simple Bible teaching is. Possibly, had the Progressives retained their majority, Mr. McKenna would have entrusted the drafting of a simple Bible creed to the London County Council. As it is, he has preferred to draw from some convenient pigeon-hole a forgotten syllabus put out by the discarded London School Board. Now, I have a greatfrespect for the late Mr. W. H. Smith, who was, I believe, the chief author of this immortal document; but I know of no Divine commission in virtue of which I can accept his account of what is essential (as distinct from what is merely additional and ornamental) - in Bible teaching. To High Churchmen the source as well as the matter of teaching is important, and to take it from a wrong source is in effect to ignore the right source. This doctrine may be narrow, obscurantist, reactionary-insulting to God and degrading to man. But, for all that, it is a doctrine actually held by a minority-small, indeed, but still appreciable of the English people. They can be put down, of course, if the majority choose to take the trouble ; but the trouble

· I have heard that the late Professor Huxley was also engaged in the preparation of the syllabus which the First Lord of the Admiralty has introduced into his Bill, but I have not at band the means of verifying this statement.

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would be considerable, and I see no reason to suppose

that

any Government that this country is likely to see in power would go the length necessary for the purpose. If they are not put down, they will continue to make themselves heard whenever an occasion offers itself—and it will offer itself pretty often. If the education controversy is settled in a way that they think unjust, they will be a standing element in parliamentary or municipal elections, and come to be everywhere recognised as a force cutting across the ordinary party lines and confusing every political calculation. That Parliament can disregard their demand for equality and pass a Bill which they will think radically unjust I do not dispute. If Liberals think proper to set up a new form of religious preference, if Nonconformists think proper to set up a new form of ecclesiastical establishment, it is in their power to do it. What is not in their power is to insure that this one-sided compromise will work. What seemed more reasonable on paper than the Act of 1902 ? What was more open to ridicule than the scruples of men who drew nice distinctions between payments out of taxes and pay. ments out of rates ? What could be better founded than the statement that not one parent in a hundred thousand had ever raised

any objection to the religious teaching given in Church schools ? Yet what has been the history of that Act, regarded as an educational settlement? The Liberal Government, a majority of the Bishops, and, very possibly, a majority even of the clergy and laity of the Church of England seem disposed to repeat the experiment with the parts reversed. Have they any reason to suppose that the second experiment will do more for peace than the first? The believers in equality as the only possible foundation for a just and lasting settlement of this long controversy will not be strong enough to prevent its adoption : that I concede at once. Will they be strong enough to wreck it when adopted? Upon that point I cannot speak; but this I think I can say: If they fail to wreck it, it will not be for want of trying

D. C. LATHIBUBY.

The Editor of THE NINETEENTH CENTURY cannot undertake

to return unaccepted MSS.

INDEX TO VOL. LXIII

The titles of articles are printed in italics

ABB

A Bleusinian Mysteries in Modern

Greek Folklore, 651-660
Actors, playgoers, and dead-heads,'

305-310
Affonso Henriquez, King of Portugal,

and his successors, 63-76
African natives, How to tempt them

to work, 133-137, 386-397
Ali (Ameer), Anomalies of Civilisa.

tion : a Peril to India, 568-581
Allen (E. K.), The Public Trustee,

297-304
Amundsen (Captain) and the North-

West Passage, 245–253
Anderson (Sir Robert), Criminals and

Crimea Rejoinder, 199-208
Angling in Hampshire, 787-793
Arnaouts, The, Muslim-Christians of

Cyprus, 751-762
Atheism of Shelley, The, 794-810

OHU
Birmingham University and the pro.

fession of journalism, 327–340
Board of Trade Commission on British.

Canadian trade, 595-606
Bradley (Rose M.), Matty of Spital-

fields, 398-410
Bread-winners and Free Trade, 173-

185
British Empire, The, its Imperial

mission, 151-165
British Navy, The, and the Estimates,

517-533
British Trader in Canadaan Eng-

lish-Canadian View, 595-606
British Two-Power Fleet, A, 485-500
Buxton (Noel), Diplomatic Dreams

and the Future of Macedonia, 722–
733

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YAMPBELL (LADY MARY, Vis.

travels, 428-437
Policy of the Emperor William Canada, The British Trader inan
II., 26-37 ; the Naval Policy of English-Canadian View, 595–606
Germany, 835-851

Cape railways and State management,
Barnes (J. H.), The Drama of To-day 501-516

and the Public's Attitude thereto, Carmen Sylva, see Roumania (The
305-310

Queen of)
Battleship-building in England and Catholic doctrine and modern criticism,
Germany, 835-851

311-326
Battleships, Modern, and their arma- Character, The relation of history to,
ments, 903-925

254-271
Baughan (E. A.), · The Ring' in Eng. Charles the First and his Puritan

lish and Music-Drama of the libellers, 454 475
Future, 438-446

Cheyne (Dr. T. K.), The Decline of the
Beer House Act and increase of Kingdom of Judah, 811-818
drunkenness, 712-721

Childers (Hugh), The Pall Mall
Belgian Congoland and native labour, Murder of 1682, 272–284
133-137, 886-397

Children and servants, rational methods
Belgian Poet of Yesterday, 4- of training, 447–453

Charles van Lerberghe, 411-427 Child's Recollections, A, 282–244
Biblical criticism and the history of Church, Imperial Conferences' of
the Israelites, 811-818

the, and their Significance, 888–902
Birch (Miss Una), The Comte de Churchill (Lord Randolph) on Cob-
Saint-Germain, 111-126

denite Free Trade, 869-871
Birchenough (Henry), James Knowles, Churchill (Lord Randolph) as a Tariff
687-688

Reformer, 854-864

CHU

GRE
Churchill (Mr. Winston) on progress in Educational Crisis, The, 534-567
Uganda, 394-395

Elementary Schools, Equality and,
Civilisation, Anomalies of : a Peril to 1031-1038
India, 568-581

Eleusinian Mysteries, Echoes of the,
Cobdenite Free Trade and Tariff Re. in Modern Greek Folklore, 651-660
form, 869-887

Elkind (Dr. Louis), The Emperor
Coke family, The, of Norfolk, 973-986 William II. and Social Reform,
Coke (Lady Mary), Extracts from the 38-47
Journal of, 428-487

Empire Day, 1019-1021
Coke of Norfolk, Fresh Light on, 625– Empire, The Heart Disease of the,
686

48-61
Collins (J. Churton), The Universities English trade and German rivalry,

and a School of Journalism, 327– 835-851
840

Esher (Viscount), General Gordon : a
Commonwealth journalist, A, 454 Personal Reminiscence, 926–935
464

Eugenics as a Social Force, 962-972
Congo, French, and the negro labour Extremist's View of an Educational
question, 133-137, 386–397

Compromise, An, 697-706
Conway (Sir Martin), Suffragists,

Peers, and the Crowd, 825-834
Cooper (). Astley), Olympic Games, FAIRY Mythology, The, of Europe
1011-1021

in its relation to Early History,
Coopers' Hill College and Indian 221-231
forestry, 687-650

Fairy Prince, The, 138–143
Corrance (Henry C.), A Vindication of Fear in the Home and the Household,
Modernism, 811-326

447-453
Crackanthorpe (Montague), Eugenics Fly-Fishing, 787-793
as a Social Force, 962-972

Forest conservation in India, 637-650
Crawfurd (Oswald), Portugal, 62-79 Free (Rev. Richard), Settlements or
Creighton (Mrs.), Women's Settle- Unsettlements ? 365-380; reply to,
ments, 607-618

607-613
Criminals and Crime : a Reply by an Free Trade, as it affects wage-earners,

Ex-Prisoner, 80-89; a Rejoinder, 173-185
199-208

French lyrics by a Belgian poet, 411-
Cromer (Lord) and Orientals, 743–750 427
Cromer (Lord) on Gordon and the French Protestantism and Huguenot
Gladstone Cabinet, 674-682

enamel-workers, 98-110
Cross (J. W.), James Knowles, 688–

690
Curzon of Kedleston (Lord), The True GAX, the poet, and the Duchess of
Cyprus, A Muslim Christian Sect in, German child's reminiscences, A, 232-
751-762

244
German naval aspirations as affooting

Denmark, Holland, and Great
of ,

Britain, 26–37
Drama of To-day, The, and the

German Social Democracy and the
Public's Attitude thereto, 805-310

Kaiser, 38-47
Drink, poverty, and the death-rate,

Germany, The Naval Policy of, 835–

851
707-721
Dunraven (The Earl of), Labour and

Gill (Rev. H. V.), Sone Recent Earth-
Tariff Reform, 173-185

DRAMA, National encouragement

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quake Theories, 144-150
Gods of Greece, The, 341

Goffin (Ms) and native labour on the
EARTHQUAKE Theories, Some Congo, 183–137, 386–397
Recent, 144-150

Gordon and the Gladstone Cabinet,
Eastern and Western ideas, Divergence Lord Cromer and, 674-682
between, 748–750, 1022–1030

Gordon (General) :
Eccentric Beauty,' An, of the Eigh. Reminiscence, 926-935
teenth Century, 771-786

Gordon (General) and Zobeir Pasha,
Education Bill, The, and the Bishop 936-948
of Manchester, 697-706

Government under the party system,
and Training Colleges, 566-567 18-25
and Voluntary Schools, 534-549 Greece, The Gods of, 341

Personal

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KE Party, 18-25

Greek Folklore, Modern, Echoes of Inebriates and the Licensing Bill, 582

the Eleusinian Mysteries in, 651- 594
660

Infants, Rearing of, Instruction to
Gregory (Miss Alice), Midwifery as a Mothers on, 763–770

Profession for Educated Women, In Memoriam : Sir James Knowles,
90-97

683-696, 984-986
Ireland, Boycotting and cattle-driving

in, 48-61

787-
793
Harrison (Frederic), James Knowles, House, 973-986
694-696

JES

ESSOPP (Dr.), A Great Norfolk
Hawkes (Arthur), The British Trader

Johnston (Sir Harry H.), How to
in Canada-an English-Canadian Make the Negro Work, 133-137 ;
View, 595-606

criticised, 386-397
Heart Disease of the Empire, The,

Journalism, The Universities and a
48-61

School of, 327-340
Henson (Canon Hensley), The Educa- Judah, The Decline of the Kingdom
tional Crisis : A Cross-Bench View,

of, 811-818
550-567
Herbert (Arthur Stewart), The Fairy
Mythology

of Europe in its Relation
to Early History, 221--231

EBBEL (T. E.), Parliament and
Heredity and race improvement, 962–
972

Keene (H. G.), Conflict of Civilisa-
Historical basis of fairy mythology,

tions in India, 1022-1030
221-231

Khartoum, The New, 127-132
History and Character, 254-271

Knowles (James): a Tribute from
Hoare (H. W.), The Impotence of

some Friends, 683-696, 984-986
Socialism, 186-198; reply to, 342–

Knowles (Sir James), The Gods of
353; A Rejoinder, 661-673

Greece, 341
Hodgson (W. Earl), Fly-Fishing, 787-

Königsmarck (Count Carl John) and

the murder of Thomas Thynne,
793

272-284
Huguenot enamel-workers, 98-110
Hume (Major), his book Through

Portugal reviewed, 62–79
Hurd (Archibald..., A. British Two- LA

ABOUR and Tariff Reform, 178–
485-500

185
Hutchinson (James G.), Can the Work. Labour party, The, and Socialist

ing Classes Save?-1 Workman's ideals, 186–198
View, 285–296

Ladies' Settlements and parish clergy-
Hyde (Lady Catherine), Duchess of men, 365-380, 607–613
Queensberry, 771-786

Lagden (Sir Godfrey), How to make

the Negro Work, 386-397

Lathbury (D. C.), Equality and
'IMPERIAL Conference of the Elementary Schools, 1031-1038

Church and its Significance, An Lerberghe (Charles van), A Belgian
888-902

Poet of Yesterday, 411-427
Imperial preference and fair trade, Lethbridge (Sir Roper), Lord Ran.

Lord Randolph Churchill's opinions, dolph Churchill as a Tariff Re.
354-364

former, 354-364 ; The Evolution
Imperialism and the mission of the of Tariff Reform in the Tory
British Empire, 151-165

Party, 869-887
Independent Labour

Labour Party, Pro- Liberal Government, The, and its
gramme of the, 346-353

critics, 1-17
India, Conflict of Civilisations in, Licensing Bill, The, and habitual
1022-1030

drunkards, 582-594
India, Igypt, and Eastern

and Licensing Bill, The, Will it Promote
Western ideas, 743-750

Sobriety? 707-721
Indian Forest Service, The Recruit. Lords, The House of, and the Cabinet,
ment of the, 637-650

831-834
Indian natives and Western civilisa- - and Suffragists, 825–834
tion, 568-581

Louis XV. and Count Saint-Germain
Inebriates and heredity, 966–969

111-126

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