Eve and Adam: Jewish, Christian, and Muslim Readings on Genesis and Gender

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Kristen E. Kvam, Linda S. Schearing, Valarie H. Ziegler, Valarie H Ziegler
Indiana University Press, 1999 - 515 strán (strany)
No other text has affected women in the western world as much as the story of "Eve and Adam". The story has engendered countless commentaries, has been used to argue the 'fallen' nature of humankind or to explain or exploit relations between the sexes, and has played a key role in justifying the ways of God toward man and woman. This remarkable anthology surveys more than 2,000 years of Jewish, Christian, and Muslim commentary on the biblical story that continues to raise fundamental questions about what it means to be a man or to be a woman. The selections range widely from early post biblical interpretations in the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha to three commentaries written especially for this volume. The editors have included early rabbinic texts, interpretations from the New Testament, and commentaries from the Church Fathers. There are excerpts from the Quran, from medieval Jewish commentaries, from Thomas Aquinas and other later figures, as well as representative texts of the Protestant Reformation. One section focuses on nineteenth-century America and the antebellum debate on slavery, the struggle for women's equality, and new religious movements such as Shakerism and Christian Science. Twentieth century texts from all three traditions conclude the volume. A special appendix focuses on race and Genesis 1-3 at the turn of the new millennium. The tale told through these texts is a remarkable one of the hold the story of "Eve and Adam" has had on the western imagination. The editors note that though the biblical account has been invoked throughout history to justify all manner of oppression, there is an equally rich tradition of egalitarian interpretation, well-represented in this book. Far from a collection of lifeless, historical documents, these texts are lively representatives of a debate that continues to animate men and women to this day.
 

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General Introduction I
1
Hebrew Bible Accounts
15
SELECTIONS AND COMMENTARY
22
Sent from the Garden
31
Adams Descendants
38
APOCRYPHA DEUTEROCANON AND PSEUDEPIGRAPHA
47
Jubilees c mid100S BCE
51
Life of Adam and Eve c late 100S400 CE
58
Christine de Pizan Letter of the God of Love 1399 CE
237
CHAPTER
249
Balthasar Hubmaier Freedom of the Will 1527 CE
262
John Calvin Commentaries on the First Book of Moses Called Genesis c 1555 CE
276
John Milton Paradise Lost 1667 CE
288
CHAPTER SEVEN
305
Fred A Ross Slavery Ordained of God 1857 CE
324
Josiah Priest Bible Defence of Slavery 1851 CE
332

JEWISH PHILOSOPHERS AND HISTORIANS
64
The Disobedience
85
Adam and Eve after Eden
96
Genesis pre600 CE
104
Egalitarian Texts
117
The Gospel According to Thomas c 50150 CE
120
CHURCH FATHERS
128
Ambrose Paradise c 375 CE
136
John Chrysostom Homilies on Genesis c 386 CE
142
Augustine The Literal Meaning of Genesis begun c 401 CE
148
CHAPTER FIVE
156
The Quran c 610632 CE
179
AlTabari Commentary on the Quran c late 800S CE
186
Ibn alArabi The Bezels of Wisdom c 1200S CE
200
Rashi Commentary on the Pentateuch c late 1ooos CE
208
Maimonides The Guide for the Perplexed c late 1100S CE
216
The Zohar c late 1200S CE
222
WOMEN MAKE THE CASE FOR EQUALITY
340
Elizabeth Cady Stanton editor The Womans Bible 1895 1898 CE
346
NEW RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS ON GENDER RELATIONS
356
John Humphrey Noyes History of American Socialisms 1870 CE
364
CHAPTER EIGHT
371
Council on Biblical Manhood and Womanhood The Danvers Statement
388
Joseph H Hertz editor The Authorized Daily Prayer Book 1945 CE
401
Sayyid Abu alAla Mawdudi Towards Understanding the Quran 19421972 CE
413
EGALITARIAN INTERPRETATIONS
419
Genesis 23 Reread 1973 CE and Not a Jot
439
Another Look at the Household Codes
456
Riffat Hassan The Issue of WomanMan Equality in the Islamic Tradition
464
Nancy Datan Forbidden Fruits and Sorrow 1986 CE
477
NINETEENTHCENTURY PREADAMITE APPROACHES
485
GENESIS AND WHITE SUPREMACY IN
496
INDEX
503
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O tomto autorovi (1999)

KRISTEN E. KVAM teaches at the Saint Paul School of Theology in Kansas City.

LINDA S. SCHEARING is a professor in the Religious Studies department at Gonzaga University in Spokane, WA.

VALARIE H. ZIEGLER is a professor in the department of Religious Studies at DePauw University in Greencastle, IN. She is author of The Advocates of Peace in Antebellum America.

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