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"You gave, with words of so sweet breath composed,
As made the things more rich."

Accipe, per longos tibi qui deserviat annos :
Accipe, qui pura norit amare fide.

Lat. OVID.

Est nulli cessura fides: sine crimine mores:
Nudaque simplicitas, purpureusque pudor.
Non mihi mille placent: non sum desultor amoris :
Tu mihi si qua fides cura perennis eris.
"Scorn me not, Chloe: me, whose faith well tried
Long years approve, and honest passions guide :
My hopeless soul no foul affections move,
But chaste simplicity and modest love:
Nor I, like shallow fops, from fair to fair
Roving at random, faithless passion swear,
But thou alone shalt be my constant care."

Accusare nemo se debet nisi coram Deo. Lat. Law maxim."No man is bound to accuse himself, unless it be before God." No oath is to be administered, whereby any person may be compelled to confess a crime, or accuse himself. The law will not force any man to say or show that which is against him.

Acerrima proximorum odia. Lat. TACITUS.-"The hatred of those, who are near to us, is most violent." A contest between relatives is generally conducted with more acrimony than a dispute between strangers. The phrase may also be applied to that violence of rage which generally belongs to a civil war.

Acme. Gr." The highest point, the highest degree." "His fame was now supposed to have reached its acme."

Acquérir méchamment et dépenser sottement. Fr. prov."To acquire wickedly and spend foolishly." Ill got, ill spent.

Acribus initiis, incurioso fine. Lat. TACITUS.- "Alert in the beginning, but negligent in the end." Applied to a business vigorously conducted in the first instance, but where the exertion falls off as the affair draws nearer to a conclusion.

Acta exteriora indicant interiora secreta. Lat. Law maxim.— "By the outward acts we are to judge of the inward secrets." We can only decide on men's intentions from their conduct.

Actio personalis moritur cum persona. Lat. Law maxim.—“ A personal action dies with the person." In case of a trespass or battery, the death of one or other of the parties puts an end to the action.

Actis aevum implet, non segnibus annis. Lat. OVID.-" He fills his space with deeds, and not with lingering years." Applied to a character distinguished for a number of brilliant actions accomplished in the course of a short life.

Actum est de Republica. Lat.—“It is all over with the Republic." A phrase used to intimate that the constitution is in extreme danger. Actum ne agas. Lat. TERENCE.-"Do not overdo what has been already done." The work which is finished may be endangered by the touches of a superfluous anxiety.

Actus Dei nemini facit injuriam. Lat. Law maxim.-"No one

shall be injured through the act of God." As, if a house be set on fire by lightning, the tenant shall not be responsible for the damage.

Actus legis nulli facit injuriam. Lat. Law maxim.—“The act of the law does injury to no man." If land, for instance, out of which a rentcharge is granted, be recovered by elder title, the grantee shall have a writ of annuity, because the rent-charge is made void by course of law.

Actus me invito factus, non est meus actus. Lat. Law maxim.— "An act done against my will is not my act." If a person be compelled, for instance, through fear or duress [imprisonment], to give a bond, or other writing, the deed is rendered void by the compulsion.

Actus non facit reum, nisi mens sit rea. Lat. Law maxim.— "The act does not make a man guilty, unless the mind be also guilty." Unless the intent be criminal, the deed cannot be attainted of criminality.

Acumen. Lat.-"The point or edge of anything :" but metaphorically used to signify "sharpness, shrewdness, smartness, subtilty, cunning, sharpness of intellect, skill, accuracy of discrimination."

Ad absurdum. Lat.-"To an absurdity." "This is certainly reducing Protestantism ad absurdum."

Åd aperturam libri. Lat.-" At the opening of the book, or opening the book at random."

Ad calamitatem quilibet rumor valet. Lat..-"Any rumour is sufficient against calamity." When a man is distressed, a breath may complete his ruin.

Ad arca aperta il giusto pecca. Ital. prov.-"The just man may sin with an open chest of gold before him." Opportunity makes the thief. Ad captandum vulgus. Lat.-"To insnare the vulgar, to captivate the masses."-A lure thrown out to captivate the mobility. N.B. Often used in an abridged form, thus, Ad captandum. Ad eundem. Lat.-"To the same.' In passing from one university or law society to another, it is said that he was admitted ad eundem, to the same precise rank which he held in the association or corporation of which he was previously a member.


Ad finem. Lat.-"At, or towards, the end, conclusion."

3rd chapter, ad finem."

"See the

Ad Graecas Kalendas. Lat.-"At the Greek Kalends." The Kalends formed a division of the Roman month, which had no place in the Greek reckoning of time. The phrase was therefore used by the former to denote that the thing could never happen.

Ad humum moerore gravi deducit et angit. Lat. HORACE.— "Nature oft sinks us under a load of woe."

Or :

"Deep grief dejects, and wrings the tortured soul."


[She]" wrings the sad soul, and bends it down to earth." Ad hoc. Lat. For this purpose, thing, matter, object." Ad infinitum. Lat.-"Without end." "Errors in reasoning on morals and on mind go on multiplying each other ad infinitum." Ad interim. Lat.

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For the mean time."

opinions as ad interim truths."

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"They hold their own

Ad internecionem. Lat.-"To universal slaughter-e'en to the

death." "The Ministers proposed to tax Cape wine ad internecionem," that is, to an extent amounting to an absolute prohibition.

Ad invidiam. Lat.-"Invidiously; enviously; spitefully; maliciously."

Ad libitum. Lat.-" At one's pleasure, at pleasure." In music it is used to signify those ornamental graces which are left to the taste of the performer. Ad nauseam. Lat.-"Enough to make one sick." "The same ideas reäppear ad nauseam," that is, till they are absolutely sickening or nauseating.

Ad ogni cosa è rimedio fuora ch' alla morte. Ital. prov.-"For everything there's a remedy but death." There's a salve for every sore.

Ad ogni uccello il suo nido è bello. Ital. prov.-" With every bird its own nest is charming." This may mean either "the natural affection for home," or the preference bestowed on "the place of our nativity." Ad omnia alia aetate sapimus rectius:

Solum unum hoc vitium senectus adfert hominibus-
Attentiores sumus ad rem omnes, quam sat est.

Lat. TERENCE."In everything else we are made wiser by age: but this one vice is inseparable from it, that we are all apt to be more worldly, more fond of moneymaking, more close-fisted, more grasping, than is either needful or becoming."


Ad perditam securim manubrium adjicere. Lat. prov.— throw the helve after the hatchet." Over shoes, over boots. To be in despair. Ad populum phaleras. Ego te intus et in cute novi. Lat. PERSIUS." Away with those trappings to the vulgar; I know thee both inwardly and outwardly." I know the man too well to be deceived by ap


"Away! these trappings to the rabble show:

Me they deceive not; for thy soul I know,
Within, without.”

Ad poenitendum properat, cito qui judicat. Lat.-"He who comes too speedily to a decision [and acts on the impulse of the moment], is not long ere he repents of it."

Ad quaestionem juris respondeant judices, ad quaestionem facti respondeant juratores. Lat. Law maxim.-"Let the judges answer to the question of law, and the jurors to the matter of fact."

Ad quod damnum. Lat.-"To what damage." A writ, which ought to be issued before the king grants certain liberties, such as a fair or market, ordering the sheriff to inquire what damage the county is liable to suffer by such grant. The same writ is also issued for a similar inquiry with respect to lands granted to religious houses or corporations, for turning highways, &c.

Ad referendum. Lat.-"To be left for future consideration, to be further considered." "The French and English Ministers took notice of the request, ad referendum." N.B. “Ad referendum" is a phrase that was

introduced into diplomacy by the Dutch, and is now become proverbial, to express slowness in deliberation, and a want of promptitude in decision. Lat.-"To the purpose." "The arguments were not ad rem." Ad summam. Lat. HORACE.—“In short ; in a word; in conclusion; to sum up the matter."

Ad rem.

Ad tristem partem strenua est suspicio. Lat. PUBLIUS SYRUS. Suspicion is ever strong on the suffering side." When we play a losing game, we are apt to suspect all those who are around us of treachery.


Ad unguem. Lat. HORACE." With perfect accuracy; literally, to the [pared] nail." "He did not think it necessary to write ad unguem." HORACE describes one of his characters as "ad unguem factus homo," that is to say, as a man of the most polished manners.” A metaphor, taken from workers in marble, who try the smoothness of the marble, and the exactness of the joinings, by drawing the nail over them. We should say, in our own idiom, a perfect gentleman."

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Ad usum fidelium. Lat.-"For the use of the faithful, of the Roman Catholics." N.B. The Church of England as well as the Church of Rome designates her sons and daughters as "THE FAITHFUL." See the Church Catechism.


Ad valorem. Lat.- According to the value."

Ad vivum. Lat.-"To the life." "We have a picture of him ad vivum, by a master."

Adawlut. Hindostanee. "Justice; equity'; a court of justice in India." Adde parum parvo magnus acervus erit. Lat. prov.-"Add, keep adding, little to little, and soon will you have a good hoard." A good motto for the SAVINGS' BANKS.

Addenda. Lat.-" Additions; things to be added; additional matter appended to the body of a work" [literary composition, book].

Addictus, or, addicti jurare in verba magistri. Lat. HORACE. A person, or persons, blindly addicted to the tenets, opinions, of his or their master, teacher" [literally, bound or compelled to swear to the opinions of a teacher].

"Sworn to no master, of no sect am I;

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As drives the storm, at any door I knock,

And house with MONTAIGNE now, and now with LOCKE."

N.B. Addicti" were properly those debtors whom the Praetor [a legal officer of ancient Rome] adjudged to their creditors, to be committed to prison, or otherwise secured, until satisfaction was made. Soldiers, however, were also called "addicti," in allusion to the military oath, which they took when enrolled. We have a pleasant use of the word in SHAKSPERE: Leave off all thin potations, says Falstaff, and addict thyself unto sack.

Adeo in teneris consuescere multum est. Lat. VIRGIL.-" Of so much value, of such avail, is custom [the practice of good habits, the initiation into good habits] in the tender years of childhood: of such importance is it to be accustomed to what is right and proper from the very dawn of existence." Train up a child," says Solomon, "in the way he should go; and when he is old, he will not depart from it." Compare POPE:

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"Just as the twig is bent, the tree's inclined."

Adeon' homines immutari ex amore, ut non cognoscas eundem esse? Lat. TERENCE.-"Is it possible that man should be so perfectly changed by love, that you cannot know him to be the same individual ? "

Adhuc sub judice lis est. Lat. HORACE.- "The contest is still bebefore the judge." The matter in question, the point, is even yet, as yet,


Adieu. Fr.-" Good-bye, farewell." "There is something beautifully pious and tender in that word of sad import Adieu!"" that is to say, may GOD guard you! to GOD I commit you: literally, "to GOD,” ‘A DIEU. Adieu pour toujours. Fr.—“Farewell for ever."

Adieu jusqu'au revoir. Fr.-"Farewell, good-bye, till I see you again, till we meet again.”

Adieu paniers, vendanges sont faites. Fr.-"Farewell, basket, the grapes are gathered; 'tis all over, there's an end of it." A proverbial phrase, applicable to means or implements which have become useless through failure, or from our having been anticipated or disappointed in our views.

Adjutant. "One who assists the major of a regiment, and hence formerly called aid-major."

Admiranda tibi levium spectacula rerum.


"A mighty pomp, though made of little things." Adolescentem verecundum esse decet. Lat. PLAUTUS.-"It becomes a young man to be modest." Reserve and modesty are the flowers with which youth should be decorated.

–Adulandi gens prudentissima laudat

Sermonem indocti, faciem deformis amici. Lat. JUVENAL.— "A certain class of individuals, most deeply versed in flattery, the arts of flattery, praise the discourse, conversation, of an ignorant friend, and the face, countenance, of a hideously ugly one." They attack each man on his weak side.

"For lo! where versed in every soothing art,

The sycophant assails his patron's heart-
Finds in each dull harangue an air, a grace,
And all ADONIS in a gorgon face."

Advenae. Lat.- "Settlers in a country," literally, strangers, foreigners, comers to a place or country.

Aedepol, nae nos aeque sumus omnes invisae viris,


Propter paucas, quae omnes faciunt dignae ut videamur Lat. TERENCE."In troth, we wives are all equally obnoxious to, slighted by, our husbands, and very unjustly, because of the faults of a few, on account of the faults of some few of our sex, who make the world judge hardly, harshly, of us all, who make us all appear undeserving of their esteem." The ordinary complaint of wives.

Aegritudinem laudare, unam rem maxime detestabilem, quorum est tandem philosophorum ? Lat. CICERO." What kind of philosophy is it to extol melancholy, the most detestable thing in na ture ?"

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