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LIBERAL, licentious, frank.
MEINY, attendants composing the houseLIGHTLY, usually
hold; retinue. LIMB-MEAL, limb by limb.
Mell, meddle. LIMBECK, alembic.
MEMORY, memorial. LIMBO, borders of hell; bell.
MERE, simple, only; absolute. LINE, draw, paint.
MERELY, simply, absolutely, entirely. LINE-GROVE, linden, lime.
Mess, party of four, "lower messes' List, boundary; v. listen; please.
those who sat below the salt. Lists, enclosed space where tournaments Metal, used frequently for mettle.
were held, or the surrounding barricades. METE-YARD, yard measure. LITHER, soft, pliable.
METHEGLIN, a mixture of various ingreLIVELIHOOD, liveliness, vigour.
dients, of which the main was honey. LIVERY, "delivery, or grant of possession." MEw, keep shut up. LOACH, small fish.
MICHER, truant. LOCKRAM, cheap sort of linen.
MICHING MALLECHO, concealed mischief LODE-STAR, polc-star.
(mich=skulk; mallecho, probably from LODGE, lay flat.
Spanish malhecho=evil action). Loffe, laugh.
MICKLE, much. LOGGATS, small logs : the game consisted Milch, draw tears.
of throwing loggats at a stake fixed in MILL SIXPENCES, coined by a millor the ground.
machine. LONG STAFF SIXPENNY STRIKERS, "fellows MIND, call to mind.
that infest the road with long stafís and Minim, at one time the shortest note in knock men down for sixpence" (.).
music. LONGLY, longingly.
MIRABLE, admirable. Loored, luffed, brought close to the wind. MISER, a miserable wretch. LOON, Lown, a stupid rascal.
MISERY, avarice (D.); S. gives ordinary LOUTED, flouted, mocked.
signification. LOVE-IN-IDLENESS, pansy.
MISPRISE, underrate; mistake. LUCE, pike.
MISPRISION, undervaluing ; mistake. LUNES, fits of frenzy.
Missive, messenger. LURCH, lurk, rob.
MISTHINK, judge wrongly, think wrongly LUXURIOUS, unchaste.
of. LYM, sporting-dog.
MOBLE, cover up the head. MACULATE, spotted, stained.
MODERN, common, trivial, worthless. MAGOT-PIE, magpie.
MODESTÝ, moderation (D.). MAINED, maimed.
MOLDWARP, mole. MAKELESS, mateless.
MOME, blockhead. MALKIN, diminutive of Mary.
MOMENTANY, lasting for a moment. MALT-HORSE, heavy dray horse ; used as MOON-CALF, a deformed creature, mon. a term of reproach.
ster. MALT-worm, lover of ale.
Mop, grimace. MAMMERING, hesitating, muttering.
MORAL, meaning. MAMMET, puppet.
MORALIZE, interpret, expound. MAMMOCK, rend in pieces.
MORISCO, inorris-dancer. MANAGE, management, administration ; MORRIS-PIKE, moorish pike. training (horse); career, course.
MORT O'THE DEER, certain set of notes MANDRAGORA, MANDRAKE, supposed blown by the huntsmen at the death of
when torn from the ground to utter the deer. groans; a powerful narcotic.
MORTAL, fatal, deadly. MANKIND, masculine, mannish.
MORTIFIED, lifeless, inert, insensible; "the MANNER, "taken with the," caught in the mortified man "=ascetic (D.). act.
Mose IN THE CHINE, disease of horses. MANNINGTREE Ox, fairs were held at this Motion, puppet-show, puppet. place.
MOTIVE, moving agent ; cause. MAN-QUELLER, murderer.
MOTLEY, parti-coloured dress worn by MARCH-PANE, sweet biscuits, made of fools. sugar, flour, and almonds.
Mouse, to tear in pieces, devour (as a cat MARE, RIDE THE WILD, play see-saw.
a mouse) (D.), mousing the flesh of MARGENT, margin. MARTLEMAS, Martinmas, November 11th. Mow, grimace. MARY-BUDS, marigold.
Moy, piece of money. MATE, confound, stupefy.
MUM-BUDGET, a cant word implying MAUGRE, in spite of.
silence. MAZARD, MAZZARD, head.
MUSCADEL, a rich wine.
Muss, scramble after things that aro MEASURE, slow dignified dance.
thrown down. MEASLES, leprosy.
QUIDDITS, quiddities, legal subtleties.
R, "for the dog," because of the sound
being like a dog's snari. Rabato, ruff, band; originally a turned
back collar. RABBIT-SUCKER, sucking rabbit. Race, flavour ; natural disposition (S.);
breed. RACE“ OF GINGER," root. RACK, floating vapourous clouds ; v. move
like clouds. RAMPALLIAN, a term of low abuse. RANK, row; “ rank to market" interpret "
pace. RAPTURE, fit. RASCAL, lean deer, unfit to hunt. Rash, strike (applied particularly to the
stroke of a boar). RAT, “Irish rat," it was believed in Ire.
land that rats could be rhymed to death. RAUGHT, reached. Ravin, devour. RAWNESS, hasty, unprepared manner. RAYED, defiled, dirtied (S.). RAZE, race, root; package (? S.). RAZED, slashed. READ, REDE, counsel. REAR (rere) MOUSE, bat. REBATE, render obtuse, blunt. REBECK, stringed instrument. RECEIVING, "ready apprehension." RECHEAT, notes sounded on the horn to
call the dogs off. RECORDER, a kind of flute, or flageolet. RED LATTICE, pertaining to the ale-house,
formerly distinguished by its coloured
REST, set up one's rest," to be fully
determined ; a metaphor borrowed from
sound of artillery.
or mock marriages.
aside the law.'
to speech" (J.).
"make up one's mind fully" (D.).
derate ; respectful, formal.
Sack, a dry Spanish wine.
den ; name probably that of his master.
the armies of the Trojans ; building in
Venice bearing sign of.
mell, i. e. sea-mew.
scrip and scrippage."
seasons him his
SLIP, counterfeit coin ; noose in which enemy," my blessing season this in
greyhounds were held, before they were thee," confirm (D.); mature (S.).
let loose to start for the game. SECT, sex ; section, cutting.
SLIVER, slip, portion broken off. SECURE, SECURELY, SECURITY, rashly con. SLOP, SLOPs, loose trousers, or breeches. fident, etc.
SLUBBER, to do things in a slovenly way; SEEL, close the eyes; the eyes of hawks to obscure “by smearing over.'
were seeled by passing a fine thread or SMATCH, taste, smack. small feather through the eyelids.
SMOOTH, flatter. SEEN, skilled ; "well seen in music."
who sneaks from bis SEIZED, possessed (legal term).
glass. SELDOM-WHEN, rarely.
SNEAP, snubbing, rebuke; check, nip. SELF, same, self-same; "that self hand." SNEEK-UP, go and be hanged. SEMBLABLE, likeness.
"take in snuff" = take SEMBLATIVE, resembling ; appearing, offence. seeming (S.).
Soiled, high fed. Sennet, set of notes, or flourish, on the SOLIDARE, small coin. trumpet.
SONTIES, supposed corruption of saints, or SENSELESS, without feeling, perception. sanctity. SENSIBLE, having feeling, sensation, per. Sooth, truth; sweetness. ception.
SOOTH, SOOTHER, flatter, smooth over ; SERE, catch in a gunlock : "tickle of the flatterer.
sere," a gun which explodes on the least SOP O'THE MOONSHINE, "old dish of eggs touch on the sere. (See Wright, quoted by in moonshine: i. e. broken and boiled in S.)
salad-oil till the yolks become hard, and SERPIGO, eruption.
eaten with slices of onion” (Douce). Sessa,“ probably a cry exciting to swift SORE, buck of the fourth year. running" (S.).
Sorel, buck of the third year. SEVERAL, private, "inclosed pasture, as SORT, company; o. choose ; suit, fit; con. opposed to common land."
trive (S.). SEWER, the attendant who set on and SOUSED, pickled. removed dishes.
Sowl, pull by the ears. SHALE, shell.
SOWTER, cobbler, name of a hound. SHARD, hard wing-case, “shard-borne," SPAN-COUNTER, a player throws a coin, or
“sharded"; fragment of broken pot. counter, to try and hit another, or come tery.
within a span of it; sometimes played SHARKED, "collected in a banditti-like with marbles.
SPAVIN, disease of horses. SHEER, clear, transparent; nothing but, SPECULATION, power of vision, “specula.
tors, observers " (S.). SHENT, scolded, reproached, disgraced. SPECULATIVE, visual (D.); "speculative SHIP-TIRE, head-dress in some way resem
instruments. bling a ship.
SPERR, make fast. SHIVE, a small slice.
SPILL, destroy (D.). SHOTTEN, " having cast its spawn" (D.). SPILTH, spilling. SHOUGH, shaggy dog.
SPIRIT OF SENSE,"'utmost refinement of sen. SHOVE-GROAT, SHOVEL-BOARD, game in sation"; "sense or sensibility itself” (S.). which coins were
to reach a SPLEEN,caprice, humour; impetuous haste; certain mark.
“hate ; any uncontrollable impulse, fit; SHRIEVE, sheriff.
fire, eagerness” (S.), SHRIFT, confession.
SPLEENY, ill-tempered, peevish (D.); SHROWD, shelter.
eager, headstrong (S.). SIB, akin.
SPLINTER, put into splints. Siege, seat; rank.
SPRAG, sprack, alert. SIGHTLESS, invisible; unsightly.
SPRIGHTED, haunted. Silly, simple, rustic, harmless.
SPRINGHALT, a kind of lameness in horses. SIMPLICITY, foolishness.
SQUARE, quarrel. SIMULAR, counterfeited.
SQUASH, unripe peas pod. SINK-A-PACE. See Cinque-pace.
Squiny, squint. SIR-REVERENCR, save-reverence.
SQUIRE, square, or measure, Sith, SITHENCE, since.
STAIN, disgrace; stain to all nymphs" = Sizes, portions, allowances.
that sullies by contrast (D.); v. taint, SKAINS-Mates, sword-mates (S.); skain = dim, disfigure.
scapegrace" (Staunton); "swaggering. STALE, decoy ; stalking-horse. companions" (Nares).
STALKING-HORSE, a real or artificial horse, Skill, matter, it skills not."
behind which the shooter hid himself SKIRR, scour.
from the game. SLAB, moist and glutinous.
STANIEL, an inferior kind of hawk. SLEAVE, soft floss silk used for weaving. STARRED, fated by the stars. SLEEVELESS, useless, fruitless.
START-UP, up-start. SLEIDED, raw, untwisted, “sleided silk." STATE, chair of state.
STATION, mode of standing; state of rest, TENT, probe a wound. Tent being a roll as opposed to motion.
of lint, used as a probe. STATUTE-CAPS, woollen caps, worn, as de. TERMAGANT, a Saracen. god.
creed by statute, by all but the nobility, TERMLESS, " beyond the power of words." after a certain age, on Sundays and (D.). holidays.
TESTER, a coin worth sixpence. STELLED, “quenched the stelled fires," TETCHY, touchy starry ; fixed (S.)
THARBOROUGA, corruption of Thirdbor. STERNAGE, steerage.
ough; constable, or constable's assistant. STICKLER, umpire.
THRASONICAL, boastful. STIGMATIC, one who has been stigmatised, THREAD AND THRUM, "the thread is the
branded; stigmatised with deformity. substance of the warp, the thrum the STIGMATICAL, marked with a stigma of small tuft beyond, where it is tied." deformity.
THREE-MAN BEETLE, implement for pileSTINT, stop:
driving. Srithy, smithy.
THROSTLE, thrush. STOCCADO, a thrust in fencing.
THRUM. See Thread. STOCK. See Stoccado.
THRUMMED, made of thrums, or of very STOMACH, arrogance, anger ;
coarse cloth. courage; inclination ; v. resent (D.). THUNDER-STONE, thunder-bolt. Stout, bold; unbending, obstinate (D.); TICK-TACK, sort of backgammon (D.) over bearing (S.).
TICKLE, ticklish, precarious(ly). STRAIGHT-PIGHT, straight-pitched, straight- TIKE, common sort of dog. built, upright (D.).
Tilth, tilled land; tillage. STRAIN, lineage; disposition.
TIMELESS, untimely. STRAIT, close-fitted.
Tire, head-dress; v. pull, tear, seize STRAITED, puzzled.
eagerly, as birds of prey their food. STRANGE, foreign; shy.
Tod, twenty-eight pounds of wool. STRANGELY, wonderfully; distantly, like a stranger.
TOKEN'D, shewing plague tokens, spots. STRANGENESS, coyness, shyness.
Tom O' Bedlam, the Bedlam beggars were STRAPPADO, a torture which broke and men who had recovered sufficiently to be dislocated the arms and joints.
let out of Bedlam, and were licensed to STRATAGEM, calamity, dire event.
go begging; many impostors were about STRICTURE, strictness.
who had never seen the inside of a mad. STRIKE, blast by secret influence, “then house. no planets strike."
TOPLESS, not to be topped, surpassed. STROND, strand.
TORTIVE, tortuous. STROSSERS, trossers, trousers.
Touch, test by the touchstone. SUBSCRIBE, yield, submit.
Touse, drag, tear, pluck. SUBTILTIES, “ when a dish appeared un. Toys, "there's toys abroad"="rumours,
like what it really was, they called it a idle reports," "tricks, devices," subtilty" (Steevens).
in the world" (S.). SUCCESS, succession ; result, consequence. Toze. See Touse. SUGGEST, prompt, tempt.
TRADE, traffic; in the " gap and trade". SUMPTER, horse or mule to carry baggage. practised method, general course" (1.). SUPER-SERVICEABLE, over-officious.
TRAIN, artifice, stratagem. SUPPLIANCE, supply, gratification, pastime TRAMMEL, confine, tie up. (S.); "suppliance of a minute."
Tranect, probably from Italian traghetto SUR-REINED, over-worked.
- ferry (S.). SWEETING, a kind of apple.
TRASH, "trash for overtopping," lop, crop SWINGE-BUCKLER, a roisterer.
(S.); Nares decided that it was some SWINGED, whipped.
kind of strap, or implement to hold back
a hound; according to Madden (quoted TABLE, palm of the hand; tablet.
by S.) when the hound was running, TABLE-BOOK, memorandum-book.
the long strap, dragged along the ground, TABOR, a small drum.
handicapped the overtopping bound." Take, blast, bewitch.
TRAY-DRIP, a game played with cards and TAKE IN, conquer.
dice; success in it depended upon throwTAKE UP, borrow; obtain on credit.
ing a trois (treys). Tall, valiant.
TREACHER, traitor. TALLOW-KEECH. See Keech.
TRENCH, cut, carve. TANLING, one tanned by the sun.
TRIBULATION, probably name of a puriTARRE, set on.
tanical society; or applied to the whole TARTAR, Tartarus.
sect of Puritans (S.). Task, tax.
TRICKING, dress, ornament. Tassel-GENTLE, tiercel, male goshawk. Tricksy, clever, adroit (D.); full of tricks TAXATION, , sarcasm, censure, vituper. and devices (S.). ation.
TRIGON, astrological term, signifying the Teen, grief, misfortune.
meeting of the three upper planets, which TENDER-HEFTED. See Heft.
were then called the "fiery Trigon."
" follies in addition, to boot ; same sense (S.). VANTBRACE, VAMBRACE, armour for the
VADE, fade. Vail, lower, "angels vailing-clouds" = "letting these clouds which obscured their brightness sink from before them (J.), clouds letting down, bearing down, angels (? S.). Validity, value. VANTAGE, advantage ; "to the vantage'
TROJAN, cant term for thief; "a fami.
liar name for any equal or inferior" (Nares). TROLL-MY-DAMES, TROLL-MADAM, TROU
MADAM, a game known in England as pigeon-holes, small balls being bowled into these from the farther end of the
board. TROPICALLY, figuratively. TRUNDLE-Tail, dog with a curly tail. TUCKET, Aourish, certain set of notes on
the trumpet TUN-DISH, funnel. TURK, turn Turk," undergo a complete
change (S. adds "for the worse "). TURLYGOOD, TURLYGOD, apparently
name for a "bedlam-beggar.' TWIGGEN, covered with wicker-work. TYPE, symbol
for embroidered (? S.).
turn fox out of bag." UNCLEW, UNCLUE, unwind. UNCOINED, "not counterfeit"; real, unre
fined, unadorned ; having received no
mischievous(ly), evilly (S.);
unhappiness," = wanton or mischievous
tricks (S.). UNHOUSELED, without receiving the
(D.); not yet used to advantage, turned
STIONABLE, opposed to convers-
siderate; "unrespective sieve,"
valued (D.), used at random (S.). UNSISTING, unresting (? S.). UNSQUARED, unfitted to the purpose.
" of vantage
VARLET, servant to a knight.
in which the prospect is not bounded in
by distinct objects" (S.) VASTIDITY, immensity. VASTY, vast. VAUNT, van, beginning. VAWARD, vanward. VÆNEW, VENEY, VENUE, thrust, attack,
bout in fencing. VENGEANCE, harm. VENTAGE, hole or stop in a fute. VERBAL, verbose, or plain-spoken. Vice, a personage in the old moralities,
sometimes dressed as a buffoon; armed at times with a wooden dagger, Vice's
dagger." Vie, wager, contend in rivalry. VIEWLESS, invisible. VILLIAGO (Villiaco), villain. VINEWEDST, most mouldy. VIOL-DE-GAMBOYs, a viol held between
the legs, bass-viol, violoncello. VIRGINALLING, playing with the fingers as
on a virginal. VULGAR, common, general,
"the vulgar air;" of common report, most sure and VULGARLY, publicly. WAFT, beckon ; turn, " wafting his eyes." WAFTAGE, passage by water. WAKE, to keep night revel. WANION, WANNION, with a wanion,"
apparently equivalent to with a ven
I. I'll watch him tame; " hawks
ed upo tay
signifigs er planets cry Trigan'