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“And hunger both, from labour,-at the hour

“Of sweet repast: they satiate, and soon fill, 215 “ Though pleasant; but thy words, with grace divine

Imbued, bring to their sweetness no satiety.”

To whom thus Raphael answer'd heav'nly meek:
“Nor are thy lips ungraceful, sire of men !
Nor tongue ineloquent; for God on thee
“ Abundantly his gifts hath also poured;
“ Inward and outward both, his image fair :

Speaking, or mute, all comeliness and grace
Attends thee, and each word, each motion, forms.

“ Nor less think we in heaven of thee on earth 225 “ Than of our fellow-servant, and inquire

Gladly into the ways of God with man:
“For God, we see, hath honour'd thee, and set
“On man his equal love. Say therefore on ;
“For I that day was absent, as befel,
“Bound on a voyage uncouth and obscure,
“ Far on excursion toward the gates of hell;
“Squar'd in full legion (such command we had)
“ To see that none thence issued forth a spy,

“Or enemy, while God was in his work; 235 “Lest he, incensed at such eruption bold,

“ Destruction with creation might have mix’d.
“ Not that they durst without his leave attempt :
“But us he sends upon his high behests

“For state, as Sov'reign King; and to inure 240 “ Our prompt obedience. Fast we found, fast shut,

“ The dismal gates, and barricadoed strong;
“ But, long ere our approaching, heard within
“ Noise, other than the sound of dance or song;
“ Torment, and loud lament, and furious rage!
“ Glad we return'd

up to the coasts of light
“ Ere sabbath ev’ning : so we had in charge.
“ But thy relation now; for I attend,
“ Pleas'd with thy words, no less than thou with mine."

So spake the godlike Power; and thus our sire : 250 “For man to tell how human life began


“ Stood on my

“ Is hard; for who himself beginning knew?
“ Desire with thee still longer to converse
“ Induc'd me.

“ As new wak'd from soundest sleep,
“ Soft on the flowery herb I found me laid
255 “ In balmy sweat; which with his beams the sun

“Soon dried, and on the reeking moisture fed.
“Straight toward heaven my wond'ring eyes I turn'd,
" And gaz'd awhile the ample sky; till, rais’d
“ By quick instinctive motion, up I sprung,

, 260 “ As thitherward endeav'ring, and upright

feet. About me round I saw
Hill, dale, and shady woods, and sunny plains,
“And liquid lapse of murm’ring streams ; by these,

“Creatures that liv'd and mov'd, and walk'd, or few; 265, “ Birds on the branches warbling: all things smil'd

“ With fragrance, and with joy my heart o'erflow'd.

Myself I then perus’d, and limb by limb “ Survey'd ; and sometimes went, and sometimes ran “ With supple joints, as lively vigour led : “ But who I was, or where, or from what cause, “ Knew not: to speak I tried, and forthwith spake; “My tongue obey'd, and readily could name “ Whate'er I saw. * Thou sun,' said I, 'fair light!

“And thou enlighten'd earth, so fresh and gay! 275'« « Ye hills, and dales, ye rivers, woods, and plains,

ye that live and move, fair creatures ! tell,
Tell, if ye saw, how I came thus, how here?
“Not of myself; by some great Maker then,

“In goodness and in power pre-eminent:
280 “Tell me, how I may know him, how adore,

««• From whom I have that thus I move and live,
". And feel that I am happier than I know.'

“ While thus I call’d, and stray'd I knew not whither
From where I first drew air, and first beheld
“ This happy light; when, answer none return’d,
“ On a green shady bank, profuse of flowers,
“ Pensive I sat me down : there gentle sleep


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“ First found me, and with soft oppression seized

My drowsed sense, untroubled, though I thought
“ I then was passing to my former state,

Insensible, and forthwith to dissolve :
“When suddenly stood at my head a dream,
“ Whose inward apparition gently mov'd

“My fancy to believe I yet had being, 295 “And liv'd. One came, methought, of shape divine,

And said, 'Thy mansion wants thee, Adam ; rise,
"First man, of men innumerable ordain'd
“First father! call'd by thee, I come thy guide

* * To the garden of bliss, thy seat prepar’d.' 300 “So saying, by the hand he took me, rais'd,

“ And, over fields and waters, as in air,
“ Smooth sliding without step, last led me up
A woody mountain, whose high top was plain-

“ A circuit wide, enclos'd with goodliest trees,
305 “ Planted with walks and bowers; that what I saw

“Of earth before, scarce pleasant seem'd. Each tree,
• Loaden with fairest fruit, that hung to th' eye
Tempting, stirred in me sudden appetite

“ To pluck and eat; whereat I wak’d, and found 310 “ Before mine eyes all real, as the dream

“ Had lively shadow'd. Here had new begun

My wand'ring, had not he, who was my guide

Up hither, from among the trees appear’d

“ Presence Divine ! Rejoicing, but with awe, 315 “ In adoration at his feet I fell

“ Submiss: he rear'd me, and, 'Whom thou sought'st I am,'
“ Said mildly ; 'Author of all this thou seest
" Above, or round about thee, or beneath.
“• This Paradise I give thee; count it thine
"i" To till and keep, and of the fruit to eat:
"Of every tree that in the garden grows
“Eat freely with glad heart; fear here no dearth :
" " But of the tree whose operation brings

"Knowledge of good and ill, which I have set 325 “ “ The pledge of thy obedience and thy faith,



“Amid the garden by the tree of life,

(Remember what I warn thee !) shun to taste,
“And shun the bitter consequence : for know,
• The day thou eat'st thereof,—my sole command

Transgress'd, -inevitably thou shalt die;
“From that day mortal; and this happy state
""Shalt lose, expellid from hence into a world
“Of woe and sorrow.' Sternly he pronounc'd

“ The rigid interdiction, which resounds
335 “ Yet dreadful in mine ear, though in my choice

“ Not to incur: but soon his clear aspect
“ Return'd, and gracious purpose thus renew'd:
". Not only these fair bounds, but all the earth

«• To thee and to thy race I give; as lords 310 “Possess it, and all things that therein live,

“Or live in sea, or air-beast, fish, and fowl.
“. In sign whereof, each bird and beast behold
“. After their kinds; I bring them to receive
“ From thee their names, and pay thee feälty
"With low subjection: understand the same
"Of fish within their watry residence ;
“Not hither summon'd, since they cannot change
“Their element, to draw the thinner air.'

As thus he spake, each bird, and beast, behold
Approaching, two and two-these cow'ring low
“ With blandishment-each bird stoop'd on his wing.
“I nam'd them as they pass'd, and understood
“ Their nature; with such knowledge God endu'd

My sudden apprehension. But in these 355 " I found not what methought I wanted still ;

“ And to the heavenly Vision thus presum'd:

".0, by what name,—for thou above all these, " " Above mankind, or aught than mankind higher,

“ . Surpassest far my naming !-how may I 360

"Adore thee, Author of this universe,
“* And all this good to man? for whose well-being
“ « So amply, and with hands so liberal,
“Thou hast provided all things. But with me




"I see not who partakes. In solitude 365 “• What happiness ? who can enjoy alone ?

" • Or, all enjoying, what contentment find ?'

“ Thus I presumptuous; and the Vision bright, “As with a smile more brighten'd, thus replied:

66. What call'st thou solitude? Is not the earth 370 “ “ With various living creatures, and the air,

Replenish’d, and all these at thy command “• To come and play before thee? Know'st thou not “ • Their language and their ways? They also know,

. And reason not contemptibly: with these 375 “. Find pastime, and bear rule ; thy realm is large.'

So spake the Universal Lord, and seem'd
“So ord’ring: I, with leave of speech implor’d,
“ And humble deprecation, thus replied:

" • Let not my words offend thee, Heavenly Power ! 380 “My Maker, be propitious while I speak!

" Hast thou not made me here thy substitute,
". And these, inferior far, beneath me set ?

Among unequals what society
“Can sort, what harmony, or true delight?
«« Which must be mutual, in proportion due
"Giv'n and receiv'd; but, in disparity,
«« The one intense, the other still remiss,


« Cannot well suit with either, but soon prove

« • Tedious alike. Of fellowship I speak, 390 “Such as I seek, fit to participate

“. All rational delight; wherein the brute
"Cannot be human consort: they rejoice
«« « Each with their kind, lion with lioness;

“So fitly them in pairs thou hast combin'd; 395 Much less can bird with beast, or fish with fowl

“. So well converse; nor with the ox the
". Worse then can man with beast, and least of all.'

“Whereto the Almighty answer’d, not displeas'd :

" • A nice and subtile happiness, I see, 400 “Thou to thyself proposest, in the choice

“« Of thy associates, Adam! and wilt taste

ape :

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