Elements of Mental Philosophy: Abridged and Designed as a Text-book for Academies and High Schools

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Harper & brothers, 1854 - 515 strán (strany)
 

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Section
33
Varieties of the sensation of sound
36
Relation between the sensation and what is outwardly signified
45
CHAPTER VI
46
Statement of the mode or process in visual perception
47
Of the original and acquired perceptions of sight
48
The idea of extension not originally from sight
49
Of the knowledge of the figure of bodies by ihe sight 38 Illustration of the subject from the blind
51
Measurements of magnitude by the
52
Of objects seen in a mist 41 Of the sun and moon when seen in the horizon
53
Of the estimation of distances by sight
54
Signs by means of which we estimate distance by sight
55
Estimation of distance when unaided by intermediate objects
56
Of objects seen on the ocean
57
ib 54 55 56 57 CHAPTER VII
58
Of habit in relation to the smell
59
of habit in relation to the taste
60
Or habit in relation to the hearing
62
Application of habit to the touch
64
Other striking instances of habits of touch
65
Habits considered in relation to the sight
66
Sensations may possess a relative as well as positive increase of power
68
of habits as modified by particular callings and arts
69
The law of habit considered in reference to the perception of the outlines and forms of objects
70
Notice of some facts which favour the above doctrine
71
Additional illustrations of Mr Stewarts doctrine
72
60 62 64 65 66 68 69 70 71 72 CHAPTER VIII
73
Of conceptions of objects of sight
74
of the influence of habit on our conceptions
76
Influence of habit on conceptions of sight 63 of the subserviency of our conceptions to description
77
Ol conceptions attended with a momentary belief
78
Conceptions which are joined with perceptions
81
Conceptions as connected with fictitious representations
82
SIMPLICITY AND COMPLEXNESS OF MENTAL STATES
83
73
88
74
89
76
91
77
92
Early classifications sometimes incorrect
97
A 2
101
Dependence of memory on attention
103
The beginning of knowledge 18 in the senses
104
There may also be internal accessions to knowledge
105
Instances of notions which have an internal origin
106
Other instances of ideas which have an internal origin Page 120 121 122 CHAPTER II
107
Import of suggestion and its application in Reid and Stewart
108
Ideas of existence mind selfexistence and personal ider tity
109
Explanation of the incoherency of dreams 1st cause
110
Nature of succession ard origin of the idea of succession
111
Origin of the notion of duration
112
Ilustrations of the nature of duration
113
Of time and its measurements and of eternity
114
The idea of space not of external origin
115
The idea of space has its origin in suggestion
116
Of the origin of the idea of power
117
Occasions of the origin of the idea of power
118
102
119
Origin of the ideas of moral merit and demerit
120
Of other elements of knowledge developed in suggestion
121
Suggestion a source of principles as well as of ideas
122
Consciousness the 2d source of internal knowledge its natyre
136
Further remarks on the proper objects of consciousness
137
Consciousnes a ground or law of belief 126 Instances of knowledge developed in consciousness 136 137 138
138
CHAPTER IV
140
Occasions on which feelings of relation may arise
141
Of the use of correlative terms 130 of relations of identity and diversity
142
DEMONSTRATIVE REASONING
143
11 Relations of degree and names expressive of them 132 111 Of relations of proportion
144
IV of relations of place or position
145
v of relations of time
146
vi Of ideas of possession
147
VII Of relations of cause and effect
148
Of complex terms involving the relation of cause and effect
149
Connexion of relative suggestion with reasoning
150
14 142 ib 143 144 145 146 147 148
151
Of the general laws of association
152
Resemblance the first general law of association
153
Of resemblance in the effects produced
154
Use of definitions and axioms in demonstrative resisc
186
The opposites of demonstrative reasonings absurd
187
Demonstrations do not admit of different degrees of belief
188
Of the use of diagrams in demonstrations
189
Definition of reasoning and of propositions
191
Page
201
202
203
CHAPTER XI
206
Of the nature of moral certainty
207
Of reasoning from analogy
208
Of reasoning by induction
209
Of combined or accumulated arguments 208 209
210
sitions
211
Care to be used in correctly stating the subject of discussion
212
Consider the kind of evidence applicable to the subject 213 199 Reject the aid of false arguments or sophisms
213
Fallacia equivocationis or the use of equivocal terms and phrases
215
Of the sophism of estimating actions and character from the cir cumstances of success merely
216
Of adherence to our opinions
217
Effects on the mind of debating for victory instead of truth
218
Imagination an intellectual rather than a sensitive process
219
The imagination closely related to the reasoning power
220
Definition of the power of imagination
221
Process of the mind in the creations of the imagination
222
Further remarks on the same subject 209 Illustration from the writings of Dr Reid
223
Grounds of the preference of one conception to another
224
Illustration of the subject from Milton 212 The creations of imagination not entirely voluntary
225
Illustration of the statements of the preceding section
227
215 Importance of the imaginaiion in connexion with reasoning
228
CHAPTER XIV
231
Of excited conceptions and of apparitions in general 218 Of the less permanent excited conceptions of sight
232
Of the less permament excited conceptions of sound 220 First cause of permanently vivid conceptions or apparitior s Morbid sensibility of the retina...
235
CHAPTER XV
244
231
248
232
249
Disordered or alienated association Lightheadedness
250
Insanity or alienation of the power of belief
256
Section
273
Remarks on the beauty of forms The circle
279
Of sounds considered as a source of beauty
286
Explanation of the beauty of motion from Kaimes
292
Emotions of cheerfulness joy and gladness
295
The sources of associated beauty coincident with those of human
298
Of colours in connexion with the sublime
304
General nature of emo ons of the ludicrous
310
CLASS II
318
Desires always imply an object desired
324
Instances of instincts in the human mind
330
CHAPTER IV
336
Practical results of the principle of imitation
342
CHAPTER V
358
23
362
Other reasons for checking and subduing the angry passions
365
CHAPTER VI
371
Illustrations of the filial affection
377
Of the connexion between benevolence and rectitude
383
Of patriotism or love of country
389
Further illustrations of the results of the absence of this principle
401
Feelings of obligation simple and not susceptible of definition 421
404
986 Of the origin of secondary active principles
408
approval
413
Classification of the moral sensibilities
414
392
418
Of the close connexion between conscience and reasoning
420
Further proof from the necessity of these foelingo
427
Feelings of obligation have particular reference to the future
430
Disordered action of imiiativeness or the principle of imitation
431
Diversities in moral decisions dependent on differences in
436
CHAPTER V
442
THE SENSIBILITIES OR SENSITIVE NATURE
449
CHAPTER II
461
Of sudden and strong impulses of the mind
467
Disordered action of the passion of fear
473
Of moral accountability in cases of natural or congenital moral
479
59
8
81
9
of reasoning in connexion with language or expression
235
CLASS I

Časté výrazy a frázy

Populárne pasáže

Strana 300 - AND I saw another mighty angel come down from heaven, clothed with a cloud : and a rainbow was upon his head, and his face was as it were the sun, and his feet as pillars of fire...
Strana 159 - Where the great Sun begins his state Robed in flames and amber light, The clouds in thousand liveries dight; While the ploughman, near at hand, Whistles o'er the furrowed land, And the milkmaid singeth blithe, And the mower whets his scythe, And every shepherd tells his tale Under the hawthorn in the dale.
Strana 297 - The voice of the Lord is upon the waters: the God of glory thundereth: the Lord is upon many waters.
Strana 181 - ... according to the deeds done in the body, whether they be good or whether they be evil...
Strana 176 - Lulled in the countless chambers of the brain, Our thoughts are linked by many a hidden chain. Awake but one, and lo, what myriads rise ! * Each stamps its image as the other flies.
Strana 114 - ... as we do from bodies affecting our senses. This source of ideas every man has wholly in himself; and though it be not sense, as having nothing to do with external objects, yet it is very like it, and might properly enough be called internal sense.
Strana 406 - God, but the doers of the law shall be justified : for when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these, having not the law, are a law unto themselves : which shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing or else excusing one another ;) in the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ according to my gospel.
Strana 382 - Lands intersected by a narrow frith Abhor each other. Mountains interposed Make enemies of nations, who had else Like kindred drops been mingled into one.
Strana 379 - The air was sweet and plaintive, and the words, literally translated, were these : ' The winds roared and the rains fell. The poor white man, faint and weary, came and sat under our tree. Ke has no mother to bring him milk ; no wife to grind his corn.' Chorus : 'Let us pity the white man ; no mother has he, etc., etc.
Strana 234 - Is this a dagger which I see before me, The handle toward my hand? Come, let me clutch thee : I have thee not, and yet I see thee still. Art thou not, fatal vision, sensible To feeling as to sight? or art thou but A dagger of the mind; a false creation, Proceeding from the heat-oppressed brain?

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