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that he should take off his wig, and show how his ears had been mutilated. But this proposal was received with horror by the opposition. They asked, if gentlemen wished to add to the wrongs suffered by Captain Jenkins, in thus subjecting him to the humiliation of exposing his disfigured person to public view ? A war with Spain and the fall of Sir Robert Walpole were ultimately the consequences of the ferment excited in the nation by these complaints of the merchants. The removal of Sir Robert Walpole in February 1742 was not attended by any circumstances beneficial to the country. The leaders of the opposition were soon divided ; each man being influenced by the hope of obtaining his own private views; and after much intrigue and cabal, Henry Pelham, and his brother, the Duke of Newcastle, remained the ministers ; the first being placed at the head of the Treasury, and the second being made Secretary of State. The war which had been begun with Spain, soon involved us in a continental war with France. It was feebly conducted by the Pelhams, and terminated

RECOLLECTIONS

AND

REFLECTIONS,

PERSONAL AND POLITICAL,

AS CONNECT F.D WITH

Public Affairs,

DURING THE

REIGN OF GEORGE III.

By JOHN NICHOLLS, Esq.

MEMBER OF THE HOUSE OF COMMONS IN THE FIFTEENTH,
SIXTEENTH, AND EIGHTEENTH PARLIAMENTS

OF GREAT BRITAIN.

IN TWO VOLUMES.

VOL. II.

LONDON:

PRINTED FOR

LONGMAN, HURST, REES, ORME, AND BROWN,

PATERNOSTER-ROW.

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RECOLLECTIONS,

$ &c.

When I determined to offer to the public
my Recollections of the principal circum-
stances which had occurred during the reign
of George III., it was my intention to pre-
serve materials for the use of some future
historian ; but in stating the facts, and my
reflections on the same, I have often found
it difficult to make myself fully understood,
in
consequence

of my having confined myself to the period of the reign of George III.; many of the events of that reign being attributable to circumstances which had occurred during the preceding reign. I have therefore determined to carry back my Recollections and Reflections to the latter

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