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come, and then with all possible haste returned to resume his part in the fight. The officer who behaved so nobly was the Marquis de Scordeck, a native of Switzerland.'

• The following most extraordinary story we give on the authority of a French medical officer, who accompanied Bonaparte in the Austrian campaign of 1809; for its truth we cannot vouch; but we feel pleasure in doing justice to a humane enemy. He says, " A young female emigrant, with her infant child, had taken

up abode at Augsburgh, having no idea that the French would ever reach her there. On their unexpected approach, she took her child in her arms to fly from the city : but unfortunately mistaking the gate, she fell in with the outposts of the French. On discovering her error, she fainted away; General La Courbe, moved with her distress, ordered her to be conducted to the town to which she intended to go, and sent a guard to protect her. Unluckily the child was forgotten, and the unhappy mother, in her alarm and confusion, did not perceive that it was left behind. A grenadier took charge of it; he discovered where the mother had been carried, but his duties prevented him for a long time from restoring to her this precious deposit, and in the mean time he made a leather bag, in which he always carried the child wherever he went. Whenever there was any engagement with the enemy, he dug a hole in the ground, in which he deposited his little charge, and returned after the battle, and resumed his burthen. At length an armistice was concluded, and the grenadier made a collection amongst his comrades, which amounted to twenty-five louis; this he put into the pocket of the child, and found out' and restored it to its mother. Though all the army knew of this good action, I was never able to learn the name of this virtuous grenadier."

A bon mot of the late Earl Howe about being afraid, when his ship was on fire, is well known : but we meet with another here which is not so common.

• When Earl Howe was Captain of the Magnanime, during a cruize on the coast of France, a heavy gale of wind obliged him to come to an anchor. It was on a lee-shore, and the night was extremely dark and tempestuous. After every thing was made snug, the ship rode with two anchors a-head, depending wholly on her ground-tackle. The Captain at this time was laid up with the gout, and was reading in his cabin, when the Lieutenant of the watch came abruptly in, and told his Lordship, in a hurried manner, that the anchors came home. They are very much in the right of it," answered the Captain coolly : “I don't know who would stay out in such a night as this." '

Many details occur respecting the great battles of Trafalgar and Waterloo, but they appear to us not new, or not materially adding to our knowlege of the events of those important days : the former as completely annihilating the naval power of Bonaparte, as the latter crushed his military and consequently his political ascendancy. The seven engravings are slight but spirited etchings.


Art. 16. A Gazetteer of the most remarkable Places in the World:

with brief Notices of the principal historical Events, and of the most celebrated Persons connected with them. To which are annexed References to Books of History, Voyages, Travels, &c. intended to promote the Improvement of Youth in Geography, History, and Biography. By. Thomas Bourn, Teacher of Writ.' ing and Geography at Hackney. The third Edition, corrected and greatly enlarged. 8vo. 18s. bound. Mawman, &c. 1822.

So many Gazetteers exist and are perpetually recurring, and they are such ungainly objects of a Reviewer's attention, that we should not perhaps have been induced to take notice of Mr. Bourn's compilation, had not the favor with which it has been received by the public, and the peculiar features of its character, seemed to require that we should give it a place in our Catalogue. We think, indeed, that Mr. B.'s particular object in forming it, and the great labor and reading which must have been made subservient to it, deserve the success which it has experienced, and the good opinion which we now readily pronounce on it. We are told in the Preface that

• This Gazetteer has been compiled with a view of imparting more historical, biographical, and miscellaneous information, than is generally found in such works; and of thus exciting the attention and facilitating the improvement of young persons in the agreeable and useful science of Geography. It does not profess to notice every place in the world, but those only which are most worthy of attention. The Gazetteers of Brookes, Crutwell, Walker, &c., profess to give an account of all the places in the world; and, though the author does not wish to depreciate the labours of his • predecessors, he cannot help observing, that several places, which he considers of importance, are omitted in those works, though they will be found in this.'

Mr. Bourn adds that he has avoided long accounts of public buildings and descriptions of natural scenery, which he considers as both tedious to young persons and inadequate to convey accurate ideas of the objects themselves; for

“ That which was form'd to captivate the eye

The ear must coldly taste :" .but places where memorable events have occurred, where any, art has been invented, where eminent persons have been born or, have died, are easily remembered; and the curiosity of the intelligent pupil is excited by the inquiries of the judicious teacher, respecting the effects which those events or those arts have produced. upon the aspect of human affairs, and the influence which those, characters have exercised over mankind. The compiler has endeavoured to present characteristic sketches of the persons

noticed in this work, which will enable the reader to form a correct idea, of their moral and literary attainments, as well as of the rank they held among their contemporaries.

· The references to works of history, biography, voyages, travels, &c., from which the information has been derived, are not annexed


for the purpose of an ostentatious display of extensive reading, or for the sake of authority only, but to afford the inquisitive student an opportunity of obtaining further knowledge.'

The editor has referred to the Monthly Review not only on innumerable occasions in the body of the work, but in connection with the above passage in his preface, for a remark on the impression made on the mind by places which are connected with great men or great events; and he might have strengthened his and our opinion by some eloquent and beautiful observations of Cicero to the same effect.

The numerous poetical and entertaining quotations interspersed in this work make it almost a readable Dictionary; — "a PLEASING monster which the world ne'er saw." - Two or three short specimens will shew the writer's manner and method, and are all that we can afford room to quote.

• EISLEBEN, a town of Upper Saxony, N.W. of Leipzig, Germany, belonging to Prussia. It is famous for having given birth to the great Reformer Martin Luther. He was born here on the 10th of November, 1483, and was baptized on the following day; and called Martin, after the Saint to whom that day is dedicated in the Roman Calendar. He died here in 1546, on the 18th of February. The house in which Luther was born being destroyed by fire, a school was erected on the site, and on a statue of him, is this Latin distich: «« Hostis eram Papæ, sociorum pestis et hujus,

Vox mea cum scriptis nil nisi Christus erat.' "“I was an enemy to the Pope, and a plague to his followers: the name of Christ continually dwelt on my tongue, and was the theme of my writings." KEYSLER's Travels. — John Agricola, the founder of the Antinomians, was also born here in 1492. Gen. Dict.; Mosheim's Eccles. Hist.; Evans's Sketch; Robertson's Charles V.; Mon. Rev. xlix. 194. – 11. 40. E. 51. 32. N.'

EPWORTH, a village in the Isle of Axholm, in Lincolnshire, and the birth-place of John and Charles Wesley, the distinguished leaders of the Arminian Methodists. See DORT; Whitehead's Life of the Wesleys. — The father of the Wesleys was the first who wrote in defence of the Revolution. The work he dedicated to Queen Mary, who rewarded him for it with the living of Epworth. John was born here on the 17th of June, 1703. When he was six years old, he had nearly perished in his father's house, which had been set on fire by some wretches who hated their pastor. Christ. Obs. xvi. 86. — The title of Methodists was given them in the first instance by a fellow of Merton College, in allusion to an antient College of Physicians at Rome, who were remarkable for putting their patients under regimen, and were therefore called Methodistic. Themison was the founder of this sect, about 30 or 40 years before the Christian era; and it flourished, according to Alpinus, about 300 years. Le Clerc informs us, that the physicians of this sect were called Methodists, because they took it into their heads to find out a more easy method of teaching


and practising the art of physic. That Themison was a man of most extensive practice, is evidently implied in the words of Juvenal, in his 10th Satire :

«« How many patients Themison dispatched

In one short Autumn!" - GIFFORD.
"What crowds of patients the town-doctor kills,

Or how, last Fall, he rais'd the weekly bills." - DRYDEN.' In the article on Sawston, the aukward expression of riding on a double horse should be corrected; and for Lyson, read Lysons.

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CORRESPONDENCE. TO THE EDITOR OF THE Monthly Review. Sir, In the Appendix to vol. xcviii. p. 470. note, the Reviewer, by some error which may not have originated with himself, has ascribed to me an anonymous work entitled Varieties of Literature, which were written by the late Rev. William Tooke, well known for his curious knowlege of Russian history. The collection in question is chiefly drawn from German writers, and was published several years after the earlier volumes of Curiosities of Literature. Having just seen in a bookseller's catalogue, not only my name affixed to, but as a farther confirmation of my authorship, my portrait inserted into a copy purchased at Mr. Astle's recent sale, I am left without an alternative in requesting you to correct the erroneous assignment of these volumes.

• Should we ever possess a Dictionary of anonymous Works, an error like the present, sanctioned by your authority, would inevitably be added to others incidental to a work which requires such diversified knowlege of the secret history of our literature. Monsieur Barbier, in exultingly opening his own Dictionnaire des Ouvrages anonymes et pseudonymes, challenged a learned friend of mine to form one for England:

yet his four volumes, with all the care bestowed on them, are more deficient than we could reasonably suspect. I have long considered your Review as the solitary record of English literature for more than seventy years ; and the public may feel grateful that you persevere in the most useful, but now neglected duty of a literary journalist, – that of furnishing statements of the great bulk of: the productions issuing from British presses :- but, if impartiality is the first virtue of a journalist, it is only accuracy of intelligence which can secure confidence.

'I am, &c. I. D'ISRAELI.' The mistake above corrected, occurring simply in a note of reference, escaped the Editor's attention ; and the writer of the article was no doubt momentarily misled by the similitude of title in the two works : Curiosities of Literature, and Varieties of Literature.

The letter of • An Old Reader' has been received, and we shall have pleasure in “ meeting his ideas” as soon as an opportunity arises.

T. A.'s almost illegible tirade is unworthy of notice.

Anglus will find an account of M. Simond's Travels in Swiss serland in our last Appendir, published on the 1st of February, with the Number for January.



For MARCH, 1823.

ART. I. The Transactions of the Linnéan Society of London.

Vol. XIII. Part I. 4to. pp. 276. 21. 10s. ; and Part II. 4to.

pp. 365. 21. sewed. Longman and Co. 1821, 1822. NATURAL : history, in its application both to the

vegetable and the animal creation, supplies so much amusement, information, and edification, that we must not only applaud and congratulate those who study it, but recommend it to the cultivation of those who are yet strangers to its delights. The Linnéan Society of London includes the two branches of this pursuit, and affords to all readers a variety of specimens of the instruction which may thus be obtained, as well as of the diligence and accuracy of the votaries of this science. We have always pleasure, therefore, in attending to the Transactions of this body; and, as some time has elapsed since we were last called to report them, we return with renewed interest to their labors. Our account of vol. xii. will be found in the M. R. vol. Ixxxix. p. 284., and vol. xci. p. 257.

In the present volume, the first paper is intitled

Observations on the Natural History and Anatomy of the Pelecanus Aquilus of Linnæus. By Edward Burton, Esq. Availing himself of an opportunity of collecting several of these birds at the island of Ascension, where they abound in the month of September, Mr. Burton has been enabled to ascertain some particulars of their structure and economy, which have not been recorded by our more popular writers on ornithology. The bright-red fleshy bag under the throat of the male assumes, in its flaccid state, or when the bird is at rest, a granulated appearance : but, when distended during flight, it is smooth, and enlarges to the size of a hen's egg, being then probably filled with air, and destined to support the upper parts of the body in the longer and more extended movements of the male bird. A very striking disproportion is observable between the wings and the other extremities : an extraordinary expanse of wing being requisite for a bird which is frequently found at some hundreds of miles from any resting-place; and which seems to be incapable of walking, as REV. MARCH, 1823.



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