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throw it out, never to return. Any retardation would make CÆSAR AND COLUMBUS.*
an ellipse; any acceleration, an hyperbola.
Another way of looking at it: The point of nearest ap-

Christopher Columbus was the last of the great dreamers proach to the sun is called the peribelion. Given any defi who dreamed in earnest the dream of the Crusade. He nite perihelion, say ten millions of miles, and only one was a pure idealist, while he was the most illustrious man parabola is possible; but there might be myriads of myriads of action" of his time, the pioneer of that daring band who of ellipses and hyperbolas. So that by the doctrine of proba- | made discovery their holy warfare, and who seemed to see bilities, there are myriads of myriads of chances to one their way across the “Sea of Darkness” to a “New Jerusaagainst a parabolic orbit. In the small part of an orbit sub lem" in the great continent of the West. He forms the vital iected to our observation, parabolas, hyperbolas, and ellipses link between the romantic enterprise of medieval Europe closely resemble one another; so that we are thrown back and the larger romance of the Elizabethan adventurers, upon general considerations such as I have adduced. If we

who gave a new vision to the imagination, and a new knew of any reason on the part of the Almighty for launch theatre to the commerce and politics of mankind. ing a comet into a parabolic path, and keeping it therein by This crusading fervor of Columbus, which fed the fire of force, we could believe that such a thing existed. As to his patient enthusiasm for Western discovery, is quite too hyperbolas, a few such orbits are thought to have been little regarded in popular estimates of his character and found. Then of those which are generally treated as para life. Far from being wholly a man of the new age, like bolas, some may by possibility turn out to be hyperbolas. Prince Henry of Portugal, absorbed in the practical work of Tu sum up: many of the orbits are certainly ellipses, most discovery and in the future which it opened to commerce, of the rest are probably so, and a few may be hyperbolas. he was a man who nursed his spirit on the heroic traditions DO THE COMETS RETURN?

of the bygone generations. He struck his roots more deeply, Those which move in ellipses do. Those which move in

perhaps, than any other man of his time into the age which hyperbolas do not, unless perchance they wander into the

was ending, while he believed that God was making him neighborhood of other systems, and are deflected into new an instrument in opening an entirely new era in the hispaths. Of their return to our system on this condition, there

tory of the world. And it is always thus. The men who is hardly the faintest prospect. Of those which come back make new eras are always the strongest links between the

Those who mark the great steps of to the sun, some are gone scores, some hundreds, perhaps past and the future. some of them thousands of years. But in due time they progress are those who maintain the unbroken continuity will reappear to the generations that come after us in the of the history of our race. He was a “Hebrew of the Helong vista of time. Thus Halley predicted that one whose brews," who brought the Gentiles in as free citizens of the period he had found to be seventy-five years, would return

Kingdom of Heaven. long after his death, and he called on posterity to remember

The westward expeditions of Julius Cæsar stand in a very that the prediction had been made by an Englishman.

real relation to the expeditions and discoveries of ColumMay we not hope that the Hand which thus guides

bus. They are divided by more than fifteen centuries, but terial world according to material laws, will graciously and in

no event of kindred character and importance lies between perfect consistency with the laws and the freedom of spiritual them. Columbus stands next to Cæsar as the author of an being, direct our career through the ages of the ages! Let

immense enlargement of the boundaries of the civilized

world. not our personal insignificance awaken distrust of his care.

Cæsar and his house traced the western boundaries The hand that stretches abroad the orbit of a comet, traces

of Europe, and brought its foremost modern races on to the the outline of a leaf. To him nothing created is small, as

theatre of civilization. Columbus traced the bounds of the nothing is great. What is the length and what the breadth

great world, and gave to man the full possession of his of the universe to him whose presence pervades immensity? sphere. Between the two lies the middle age, the most noThe universe,

table facts of whose history, from our present point of view, Which lies amid the night as lies a pearl

are the conquests of Charlemagne and the Crusade. But Hid in the tresses of a Hindoo bride.

the conquest of Cæsar opened the way for something more Oh, realm of darkness, evermore engulfing our barque of

than civilization. St. Paul, in his consuming desire to push

westward the conquests of the Gospel, was moved by the light! Appalling infinitudes, lit by no star-gleam, ye are

same impulse. It is certainly a very noteworthy fact that the abode of him who hath said, “I dwell in the thick dark

the liberal party in Rome, of whose traditions Cæsar was Dess." Heaven, even the heaven of heavens, can not con

the heir, seems to have been impelled by strong instinct tain him. The universe flashes upon the cloud of infinite

westward among the hardy peoples with whom lay the fuspace the mighty legend, "God is great," and the cloud an

ture of humanity; whither the same impulse in a diviner swers back in thunder tones, "Nothing is great but God."

form urged the chief of the Apostles, to preach that Gospel

whose miss it is not to destroy men's lives, but to save.t But now the dawn came. Yonder in the east were four Allowing for the difference of scale, the conquests of planets in a magnificent group-fiery Mars, and belted Cæsar produced much the same kind of stir at Rome which Jupiter; Saturn, gorgeous with rings and satellites; and the expedition of Columbus aroused in Europe. It was in Venus,

a high sense, in both cases, the great sensation of the time. "Fairest of stars, last in the train of night,

Nothing stirs man like the expansion of the horizon of his
If better thou belong not to the dawn,
Sure pledge of day that crown'st the smiling morn

* The Nineteenth Century.
With thy bright circlet."

+ Space is precious, or I would quote at length the remarkable The bridegroom sun was coming, and earth put on her speech which Tacitus puts into the mouth of the Emperor Claudius beautiful attire. All her garments were myrrh, and aloes, ( Ann xi. 24), in which this policy is very nobly developed. The traand cassia. Northward, the forests of pine and fir breathed

dition of an inclusive policy, which was handed down through forth their balm. Southward, tropical gardens dripped with

Marius, Cæsar, and the imperial house, was not suffered to perish.

A greater than Claudius wrought out the idea on a wider theatre dew. The air was heavy with odors; and flower censers, ex

when Gregory the Great struck the key-note of the inclusive policy haling sweetest incense, swung to and fro. Near at hand a

of the Latin Church. Gregory's letters to Augustine (Bada, B. i. bird began to carol his morning song.

Thus ended niy ch. 27-30) have a closer relation to that speech of Claudius than mar "Night with a Comet.” (Applause.]

at first sight appear.

THE DAWN.

life. It seems to lift humanity bodily to a higher platform,

LAVENGRO. and to give to it the command of a wider world. It is like the opening of a new spring to the vital fountain; it sends A DREAM OR DRAMA; OR, A SCHOLAR, A GYPSY, the life-blood at once surging more swiftly through the

A PRIEST. frame. We may say with confidence that whatever, by reenforcing the vital springs, bestows new power on man, is

CHAPTER IV. the best benediction that can reach him. And it was this Years passed on, several years; during this period I had increased which Columbus bestowed on Western Europe. Men's considerably in stature and in strength, and, let us hope, improved hearts beat with new energy and exultation; life seemed in mind, for I had entered on the study of the Latin language. The more large and free; it leaped to a new vantage-ground,

very first person to whose care I was intrusted for the acquisition of and surveyed with thrilling joy the wide and splendid hor

Latin was an old friend of my father, a clergyman who kept a semiizon which was unveiled.* Like David, man gives thanks

nary at a town the very next we visited after our departure from “the

Cross.” Under his instruction, however, I continued only a few to God at such times, “who has brought him out into a

weeks, as we speedily left the place. “Captain," said this divine, large place.” For, above all things, man needs room to when my father came to take leave of him on the eve of our departgrow. The sphere of his tasks is too narrow for the range ure, “I have a friendship for you, and therefore wish to give you a of his power. A great joy possesses him when he gets his piece of advice concerning this son of yours. You are now removing eye on a wider, fairer realm beyond it, where enterprise him from my care; you do wrong, but we will let that pass. Listen may have free course and imagination boundless range. If

to me: there is but one good school book in the world-the one I use hope saves us as immortals, imagination saves us as citi

in my seminary-Lilly's Latin Grammar, in which your son has alzens of this world. That which enables man to breathe and

ready made some progress. If you are anxious for the success of

your son in life, for the correctness of his conduct and the soundwork more freely in the anguish (angustiæ, narrows) of the

ness of his principles, keep him to Lilly's Grammar. If you can by present is the range of his imagination through wider

any means, either fair or foul, induce him to get by heart Lilly's and brighter worlds. It would be curious to trace the

Latin Grammar, you may set your heart at rest with respect to him; influence of Continental travel-the vision of snow-peaks I, myself, will be his warrant. I never yet knew a boy that was inin the upper air, and all the breadth and splendor of the duced, either by fair means or foul, to learn Lilly's Latin Grammar by mountain lands, to which we of the nineteenth century heart, who did not turn out a man, provided he lived long enough." make our pilgrimage-on that enlargement of ideas and

My father, who did not understand the classical languages, received habits which is so marked a feature of our times. Murray's

with respect the advice of his old friend, and from that moment handbooks are in a way sacred books for our generation.

conceived the highest opinion of Lilly's Latin Grammar. During

three years I studied Lilly's Latin Grammar under the tuition of But they too had their beginning in the higher regions.

various schoolmasters, for I traveled with the regiment, and in every Shelley, Coleridge, and above all Byron, • are the true

town which we were stationary I was invariably (God bless my fathers of the romance of travel, which is the mild form in father!) sent to the classical academy of the place. It chanced, by which we take our romance in these easy and wealthy good fortune, that in the generality of these schools the grammar days.

of Lilly was in use; when, however, that was not the case, it made

no difference with my educational course, my father always stipula+ Peter Martyr writes to Pomponius Lætus: . "I feel a wonderful

ted with the masters that I should be daily examined in Lilly. At exultation of spirits when I converse with intelligent men who have the end of three years I had the whole by heart; you had only to rereturned from these regions. It is like an accession of wealth to a

peat the first two or three words of any sentence in any part of the miser. Our minds, soiled and debased by the coumon concerns of life and the vices of society, become elevated and ameliorated by

book, and forth with I would open cry, commencing without bluncontemplating such glorious events.

dering and hesitation, and continue till you were glad to beg me to

leave off, with many expressions of admiration at my proficiency in LOVING FACES.

the Latin language. Sometimes, ho'vever, to convince you how well I merited these encomiums, I would follow you to the bottom of the

stairs, and even into the street, repeating in a kind of sing-song meas"Every one that loveth is born of God.”-I John iv. 7.

ure the sonorous lines of the golden schoolmaster. If I am here Common to all races,

asked whether I understood anything of what I had got by heart, I Common to us all,

reply—“Never mind, I understand it all now, and believe that no one Are the loving faces,

ever yet got Lilly's Latin Grammar by heart when young, who reFaces great and small.

pented of the feat at a mature age.”

And, when my father saw that I had accomplished my task, he Faces of our mothers,

opened his mouth, and said, "Truly, this is more than I expected. Lighting up our home;

I did not think that there had been so much in you, either of appliFaces of our brothers,

cation or capacity; you have now learnt all that is necessary, if As the world we roam.

my friend Dr. B-—'s opinion was sterling, as I have no doubt it

You are still a child, however, and must yet go to school, in Faces, loving faces,

order that you may be kept out of evil company. Perhaps you may Lifting up their light,

still contrive now you have exhausted the barn, to pick up a grain With a thousand graces,

or two in the barnyard. You are still ignorant of figures, I believe, Shining in the night;

not that I would mention figures in the same day with Lilly's Gram

mar." Lighting up with glory

These words were uttered in a place called in the north, or in All this darkened earth,

the road to the north, to which, for some time past, our corps had Telling us the story

been slowly advancing. I was sent to the school of the place, which Of our heavenly birth.

chanced to be a day school. It was a somewhat extraordinary one,

and a somewhat extraordinary event occurred to me within its For, in holy faces,

walls. Faces full of love,

It occupied part of the farther end of a small plain, or square, at We may find the traces

the outskirts of the town, close to some extensive bleaching fields. Of our God above.

It was a long low building of one room, with no upper story; on the

top was a kind of wooden box, or sconce, which I at first mistook for So to all the races,

a pigeon-house, but which in reality contained a bell, to which was So to us and all,

attached a rope, which passing through the ceiling, hung dangling By these loving faces

in the middle of the school-room. I am the more particular in menGod to us doth call.

tioning this appurtenance, as I had soon occasion to scrape acquain

was.

tance with it in a manner not very agreeable to my feelings. The was wilder, and less cultivated, and more broken with hills and master was very proud of his bell, if I might judge from the fact of hillocks. The people, too, of these regions, appeared to partake of his eyes being frequently turned to that part of the ceiling from something of the character of their country. They were coarsely which the rope depended. Twice every day, namely, after the dressed; tall and sturdy of frame; their voices were deep and gutmorning and evening tasks had been gone through, were the boys tural; and the half of the dialect which they spoke was unintelligirung out of school by the monotonous jingle of this bell. This ring ble to my ears. ing out was a rather lengthy affair, for, as the master was a man I often wondered where we could be going, for I was at this of order and method, the boys were only permitted to go out of the time as ignorant of geography as I was of most other things. Howroom one by one; and as they were rather numerous, amounting, at ever, I held my peace, asked no questions, and patiently awaited the least, to one hundred, and were taught to move at a pace of suitable issue. decorum, at least a quarter of an hour elapsed from the commence Northward, northward, still! And it came to pass that, one mornment of the march before the last boy could make his exit. The ing, I found myself extended on the bank of a river. It was a beauoffice of bell-ringer was performed by every boy successively; and it tiful morning of early spring; small white clouds were floating in so happened that, the very first day of my attendance at the school, the heaven, occasionally veiling the countenance of the sun, whose the turn to ring the bell had, by order of succession, arrived at the light, as they retired, would again burst forth, coursing like a raceplace which had been allotted to me; for the master, as I have al horse over the scene--and a goodly scene it was. Before me, across ready observed, was a man of method and order, and every boy had the water, on an eminence, stood a white old city, surrounded with a particular seat, to which he became a fixture as long as he contin lofty walls, above which rose the tops of tall houses, with here and Qed at the school.

there a church or steeple. To my right hand was a long and massive So, upon this day, when the tasks were done and completed, and bridge, with many arches and of antique architecture, which trarthe boys sat with their hats and caps in their hands, anxiously ex ersed the river. The river was a noble one; the broadest that I had pecting the moment of dismissal, it was suddenly notified to me, by hitherto seen. Its waters, of a greenish tinge, poured with impetuthe urchins who sat nearest to me, that I must get up and ring the osity beneath the narrow arches to meet the sea, close at hand, bell. Now, as this was the first time I had been at the school, I was as the boom of the billows breaking distinctly upon a beach detotally unacquainted with the process, which I had never seen, and, clared. There were songs upon the river from the fisher-barks; and indeed, had never heard of till that moment. I therefore sat still, occasionally a chorus, plaintive and wild, such as I had never heard not imagining it possible that any such duty could be required of before, the words of which I did not understand, but which, at the me. But now, with not a little confusion, I perceived that the eyes present time, down the long avenue of years, seem in memory's ear of all the boys in the school were fixed upon me. Presently there to sound like "Horam, coram, dago.” Several robust fellows were were nods and winks in the direction of the bell-rope, and, as these near me, some knee-deep in water, employed in hauling the seine produced no effect, uncouth visages were made, like those of upon the strand. Huge fish were struggling amidst the meshesmonkeys when enraged; teeth were gnashed, tongues were thrust princely salmon,-their brilliant mail of blue and silver flashing in out, and even fists were bent at me. The master, who stood at the the morning beam; so goodly and gay a scene, in truth, had never end of the room, with a huge ferule under his arm, bent full upon greeted my boyish eye. me a look of stern appeal; and the ushers, of whom there were four, And, as I gazed upon the prospect, my boson began to heave and glared upon me, each from his own particular corner, as I vainly my tears to trickle. Was it the beauty of the scene which gave rise to turned, in one direction and another, in search of one reassuring look. these emotions? Possibly; for though a poor ignorant child--a balf

But now, probably obedience to a sign from the master, the wild creature-I was not insensible to the loveliness of nature, and boys in my immediate neighborhood began to maltreat me. Some took pleasure in the happiness and handiworks of my fellow-creapinched me with their fingers, some buffeted me, whilst others tures. Yet, perhaps, in something more deep and mysterious the pricked me with pins, or the points of compasses. These arguments feelings which then pervaded me might originate. Who can lie were not without effect. I sprang from my seat, and endeavored to down on Elvir Hill without experiencing something of the sorcery escape along a double line of benches, thronged with boys of all of the place? Flee from Elvir Hill, young swain, or the maids of ages, from the urchin of six or seven, to the nondescript of sixteen Elle will have power over you, and you will go elf-wild !-so say the or seventeen. It was like running the gauntlet; every one, great or Danes. I had unconsciously laid myself down upon haunted small, pinching, kicking, or otherwise maltreating me as I passed by ground; and I am willing to imagine that what I then experienced

Goaded on in this manner, I at length reached the middle of the was rather connected with the world of spirits and dreams than with room, where dangled the bell-rope, the cause of all my sufferings. I what I actually saw and heard around me. Surely the elves and should have passed it--for my confusion was so great, that I was genii of the place were conversing, by some inscrutable means, with quite at a loss to comprehend what all this could mean, and almost the principle of intelligence lurking within the poor, uncultivated clod! believed myself under the influence of an ugly dream-but now the Perhaps to that ethereal principle the wonders of the past, as conboys, who were seated in advance in the row, arose with one nected with that stream, the glories of the present, and even the hisaccord, and barred my further progress; and one, doubtless more tory of the future, were at that moment being revealed! Of how sensible than the rest, seizing the rope, thrust it into my band. I many feats of chivalry had those old walls been witness, when hosnow began to perceive that the dismissal of the school, and my own re tile kings contended for their possession?-how many an army from lease from torment, depended upon this self-same rope. I therefore, the south and from the north had trod that old bridge?--what red in a fit of desperation, pulled it once or twice, and then left off, nat and noble blood had crimsoned those rushing waters?—what strains urally supposing that I had done quite enough. The boys who sat had been sung, ay, were yet being sung on its banks?--some soft as next the door, no sooner heard the bell, than rising from their seats, Doric reed; some tierce and sharp as those of Norwegian Skaldagthey moved out at the door. The bell, however, had no sooner lam; some as replete with wild and wizard force as Finland's runes, ceased to jingle, than they stopped short, and, turning round, stared singing of Kalevala's moors, and the deeds of Woinomoinen! Honor at the master, as much as to say, "What are we to do now?" This to thee, thou island stream! Onward may thou ever roll, fresh and was too much for the patience of the man of method, which my pre green, rejoicing in thy bright past, thy glorious present, and in vivid vious stupidity had already nearly exhausted. Dashing forward hope a triumphant future! into the middle of the room, he struck me violently on the shoulders And, as I lay on the bank and wept, there drew nigh me a man with his ferule, and snatching the rope out of my hand, exclaimed, in the habiliments of a fisher. He was bare-legged, of a weatherwith a stentorian voice, and genuine Yorkshire accent, “Prodigy of beaten countenance, and of stature approaching to the gigantic. ignorance! dost not even know how to ring a bell? Must I myself' "What is the callant greeting for?" said he, as he stopped and surinstruct thee?" He then commenced pulling at the bell with such veyed me. **Has onybody wrought ye ony harm?" violence, that long before half the school was dismissed the rope "Not that I know of," I replied, rather guessing at than underbroke, and the rest of the boys had to depart without their accus standing his question; "I was crying because I could not help it? I tomed music.

say, old cove, what is the name of this river!" But I must not linger here, though I could say much about the “Hout! I now see what you was greeting at--at your ain ignorschool and the pedagogue highly amusing and diverting, which, ance, nae doubt--'tis very great! Weel, I will wa fash you with rehowever, I suppress, in order to make way for matters of yet greater proaches, but even enlighten ye, inc? you seem a decent nian's interest. On we went, northward, northward! and, as we advanced, bairn, and you speir a civil question. Yon river is called the Tweed; I saw that the country was becoming widely different from those and yonder, over the brig, is Scotland. Did ve never hear of the parts of merry England in which we had, reviously traveled. It Tweed, my bonny man?"

"No," said I, as I rose from the grass and proceeded to cross the relics of his crew, "Overboard now, all Bui's lads!" Yes, I remenbridge to the town at which we had arrived the preceding night; “I ber all about thee, and how at eight of every morn we were all gathnever heard of it; but now I have seen it, I shall not soon forget it!" ered together with one accord in the long hull, from which, after the

litanies had been read (for so I will call them, being an Episcopalian, the five classes from the five sets of benches trotted off in long files,

one boy after the other, up the five spiral staircases of stone each CHAPTER V.

class to its destination; and well do I remember how we of the third It was not long before we found ourselves in Edinburgh, or rather sat hushed and still, watched by the eye of the dux, until the door in the Castle, into which the regiment marched with drums beating, opened, and in walked that model of a good Scotchman, the shrewd, colors flying, and a long train of baggage-wagons behind. The Cas intelligent, but warm-hearted and kind dominie, the respectable tle was, as I suppose it is now, a garrison for soldiers. Two other Carson. regiments were already there; the one an Irish, if I remember right, And in this school I began to construe the Latin language, which I the other a small Highland corps.

had never done before, notwithstanding my long and diligent study It is hardly necessary to say much about this Castle, which every of Lilly, which illustrious grammar was not used at Edinburgh, nor body has seen; on which account, doubtless, nobody has ever yet indeed known. Greek was only taught in the fifth or highest class, thought fit to describe it-at least that I am aware. Be this as it in which my brother was; as for myself, I never got beyond the may, I have no intention of describing it, and shall content myself third during the two years that I remained at this seminary. I cerwith observing, that we took up our abode in that immense building, tainly acquired a considerable insight into the Latin tongue; and, or caserne, of modern erection, which occupies the entire eastern to the scandal of my father and horror of my mother, a thorough side of the bold rock on which the Castle stands. A gallant caserne proficiency in the Scotch, which, in less than two months, usurped it was

—the best and roomiest that I had hitherto seen-rather cold the place of the English, and so obstinately maintained its ground, and windy, it is true, especially in the winter, but commanding a that I still can occasionally detect its lingering remains. I did not noble prospect of a range of distant hills, which I was told were spend my time unpleasantly at this school, though, first of all, I had "the hieland hills," and of a broad arm of the sea, which I heard to pass through an ordeal. somebody say was the Firth of Forth.

“Scotland is a better country than England," said an ugly, blearMy brother, who, for some years past, had been receiving his edu eyed lad, about a head and shoulders taller than myself, the leader cation in a certain celebrated school in England, was now with us; of a gang of varlets who surrounded me in the play-ground, on the and it came to pass, that one day my father, as he sat at table, first day, as soon as the morning lesson was over. “Scotland is a looked steadfastly on my brother and myself, and then addressed far better country than England, in every respect." my mother: “During my journey down hither, I have lost no op "Is it?” said I. "Then you ought to be very thankful for not havportunity of making inquiries about these people, the Scotch, ing been born in England." amongst whom we now are, and since I have been here I have ob "That's just what I am, ye loon; and every morning when I say served them attentively. From what I have heard and seen, I should my prayers, I thank God for not being an Englishman. The Scotch say that upon the whole they are a very decent set of people; they are a much better and braver people than the English." seem acute and intelligent, and I am told that their system of edu “It may be so," said I, "for what I know-indeed, till I came here, cation is so excellent that every person is learned-more or less ac I never heard a word either about the Scotch or their country." quainted with Greek and Latin. There is one thing, however, con “Are ye making fun of us, ye English puppy?” said the blear-eyed nected with them which is a great drawback-the horrid jargon which lad; “take that!" and I was presently beaten black and blue. And they speak. However learned they may be in Greek and Latin, thus did I first become aware of the difference of races and their their English is execrable; and yet I'm told it is not so bad as it was. antipathy to each other. I was in company the other day with an Englishman who has re "Bow to the storm, and it shall pass over you." I held my peace, sided here many years. We were talking about the country and the and silently submitted to the superiority of the Scotch-in numbers. people. 'I should like both very well,' said I, 'were it not for the This was enough; from an object of persecution I soon became one language. I wish sincerely our Parliament, which is passing so of patronage, especially amongst the champions of the class. “The many foolish acts every year, would pass one to force these Scotch English," said the blear-eye i lad, "though a wee bit behind the to speak English.' 'I wish so, too,' said he. “The language is a dis- | Scotch in strength and fortitude, are nae to be sneezed at, being far grace to the British government; but, if you had heard it twenty ahead of the Irish, to say nothing of the French, a pack of cowardly years ago, captain !-if you had heard it as it was spoken when I scoundrels. And with regard to the English country, it is na Scotfirst came to Edinburgh!!!:

land, it is true, but it has its gude properties; and, though there is "Only custom," said my mother. "I dare say the language is now ne'er a haggis in a' the land, there's an unco deal o'gowd and siller. what it was then."

I respect England, for I have an auntie married there." "I don't know," said my father; “though I dare say you are right; it The Scotch are certainly a most pugnacious people; their whole hiscould never have been worse than it is at present. But now to the tory proves it. Witness their incessant wars with the English in the point. Were it not for the language, which, if the boys were to pick olden time, and their internal feuds, highland and lowland, clan with: it up, might ruin their prospects in life,-were it not for that, I clan, family with family, Saxon with Gael. In my time, the schoolshould very much like to send them to a school there is in this place, boys, for want, perhaps, of English urchins to contend with, were which everybody talks about-the High School, I think they call it. continually fighting with each other; every noon there was at least 'Tis said to be the best school in the whole island, but the idea of one pugilistic encounter, and sometimes three. In one month I one's children speaking Scotch--broad Scotch! I must think the witnessed more of these encounters than I had ever previously seen matter over."

under similar circumstances in England. After all, there was not And he did think the matter over; and the result of his delibera much harm done. Harm! what harm could result from short choption was a determination to send us to the school. Let me call thee ping blows, a hug, ind a tumble? I was witness to many a soundup before my mind's eye, High School, to which, every morning, the ing whack, some blood shed, " a blue ee,'' now and then, but nothing two English brothers took their way from the proud old Castle more. In England on the contrary, where the lads were comparathrough the lofty streets of the Old Town. High School-called so, tively mild, gentle and pacific, I had been present at more than one I scarcely know why; neither lofty in thyself nor by position, being death caused by blows in boyish combats, in which the oldest of the situated in a flat bottom; oblong structure of tawny stone, with victims had scarcely reached thirteen years; but these blows were in many windows fenced with iron netting-with thy long hall below, the jugular, given with the full force of the arm shot out horizontally and thy five chambers above, for the reception of the five classes, from the shoulder. into which the eight hundred urchins, who styled thee instructress, But the Scotch--though by no means proficients in boxing (and were divided. Thy learned rector and his four subordinate dominies; how should they box, seeing that they have never had a teacher ?)thy strange old porter of the tall form and grizzled hair, hight Boee, are, I repeat, a most pugnacious people; at least they were in my and doubtless of Norse ancestry, as his name declares; perhaps of the time. Anything served them, that is, the urchins, as a pretence for blood of Bui hin Digri, the hero of northern song-the Jomsborg a fray, or, Dorically speaking, a bicker; every street and close was at Viking who clove Thorsteinn Midlangr asunder in the dread sea bat feud with its neighbor; the lads of the school were at feud with the tle of Horunga Vog, and who, when the fight was lost and his own young men of the college, whom they pelted in winter with snow, and two hands smitten off, seized two chests of gold with his bloody in summer with stones; and then the feud between the Old and New stumps, and, springing with them into the sea, cried to the scanty Town!

One day I was standing on the ramparts of the castle on the south ers. He was no slinger, or flinger, but brandished in his right hand' western side which overhangs the green brae, where it slopes down the spoke of a cart-wheel, like my countryman Tom Hickathrift of ir to what was in those days the green swamp or morass, called by old in his encounter with the giant of the Lincolnshire fen. Protected the natives of Auld Reekie the Nor Loch; it was a dark, gloomy day, | by a piece of wicker-work attached to his left arm, he rushed on to and a thin veil of mist was beginning to settle down upon the nrae the fray, disregarding the stones which were showered against him, and the norass. I could perceive, however, that there was a skirm and was ably seconded by his followers. Our own party was chased ish taking place in the latter spot. I had an indistinct view of two half way up the hill, where I was struck to the ground by the baker, parties--apparently of urchins--and I heard whoops and shrill cries. after having been foiled in an attempt which I had made to fling a. Eager to know the cause of this disturbance, I left the castle, and handful of earth into his eyes. All now appeared lost, and Auld descending the brae reacheu the borders of the morass, where was a Toon was in full retreat. I myself lay at the baker's feet, who had runnel of water and the remains of an old wall, on the other side of just raised his spoke, probably to give me the coup de grace-it was an which a narrow path led across a swamp. Upon this path, at a little. awful moment. Just then I heard a shout and a rushing sound; a distance before me there was a bicker.” I pushed forward, but had wild-looking figure is descending the hill with terrible bounds; it is a scarcely crossed the ruined wall and runnel, when the party nearest lad of some fifteen years; he is bare-headed, and his red uncombed to me gave way, and in great confusion came running in my di hair stands on end like hedgehogs' bristles; his frame is lithy, like' rection. As they drew nigh, one of them shouted to me, Whia are that of an antelope, but he has prodigious breadth of chest; he wears ye, mon ? are ye o' the Auld Toon?" I made no answer. “Ha! ye a military undress, that of the regiment, even of a drummer, for it is are o' the New Toon; De’il tak ye, we'll moorder ye;" and the next wild Davy, whom a month ago I had seen enlisted on Leith Links to moment a huge stone sung past my head. "Let me be, ye fule serve King George with drum and drumsticks as long as his services bodies," said I, “ I'm no of either of ye, I live yonder aboon in the might be required, and who, ere a week had elapsed, had smitten castle.” “Ah! ye live in the castle; then ye're an auld tooner; with his fist Drum Major Elzigood, who, incensed at his inaptitude, come gie us your help, man, and dinna stand there staring like a had threatened him with his cane. He has been in confinement for dunnot, we want help sair eneugh. Here are stanes."

weeks, this the first day of his liberation, and he is now descending For my own part I wished for nothing better, and, rushing forward, the hill with horrid bounds and shoutings; he is now about five I placed myself at the head of my new associates, and commenced yards distant, and the baker, who apprehends that something danflinging stones fast and desperately. The other party now gave gerous is at hand, prepares himself for the encounter. But what way in tneir turn, closely followed by ourselves; I was in the van, avails the strength of a baker, even full grown?-what avails the deand about to stretch out my hand to seize the hindermost boy of the fence of a wicker shield? what avails the wheel-spoke, should there enemy, when, not being acquainted with the miry and difficult paths be an opportunity of using it, agai::st the impetus of an avalanche or of the Nor Loch, and in my eagerness taking no heed of my footing, a cannon ball ?-for to either of these might that wild figure be comI plunged into a quagmire, into which I şank as far as my shoulders. pared, which, at the distance of five yards, sprang at once with head, Our adversaries no sooner perceived this disaster, than, setting up a hands, feet and body, all together, upon the champion of the New shout, they wheeled round and attacked us most vehemently. Had Town, tumbling him to the earth amain. And now it was the turn my comrades now deserted me, my life had not been worth a straw's of the Old Town to triumph. Our late discomfited host, returning purchase. I should either have been smothered in the quag, or,

what on its steps, overwhelmed the fallen champion with blows of every is more probable, had my brains beaten out with stones; but they kind, and then, led on by his vanquisher, who had assumed his arms, behaved like true Scots, and fought stoutly around their comrade, namely, the wheel-spoke and wicker shield, fairly cleared the brae of until I was extricated, whereupon both parties retired, the night be their adversaries, whom they drove down headlong into the morass, ing near at hand.

“Ye are na a bad hand at finging stanes," said the lad who first addressed me, as we now returned up the brae; "your aim is right

CHAPTER VI. dangerous, mon, I saw how ye skelpit them, ye maun help us agm thae New Toon blackguards at our next bicker.”

Onward, onward ! and after we had sojuurned in Scotland nearly So to the next bicker I went, and to many more, which speedily

two years, the long continental war had been brought to an end, followed as the summer advanced; the party to which I had given

Napoleon was humbled for a time, and the Bourbons restored to a my help on the first occasion consisted merely of outlyers, posted

land which could well have dispensed with them; we returned to about half way up the hill, for the purpose of overlooking the move

England, where the corps was disbanded, and my parents with heir ments of the enemy.

family retired to private life. I shall pass over in silence the events Did the latter draw nigh in any considerable force, messengers

of a year, which offer little of interest as far as connected with me were forthwith dispatched to the auld toon," especially to the filthy

and mine. Suddenly, however, the sound of war was heard again. alleys and closes of the High Street, which forth with would disgorge Napoleon had broken forth fro:n Elba, and everything was in conswarms of bare-headed and bare-footed “callants," who, with ges

fusion. Vast military preparations were again made, our own corps tures wild and “eldrich screech and hollo," might frequently be seen

was levied anew, and my brother became an officer in it; but the pouring down the sides of the hill. I have seen upwards of a thou

danger was soon over, Napoleon was once more quelled, and chained sand engaged on either side in these frays, which I have no doubt forever, like Pro netheus, to his rock. As the corps, however, were fuil as desperate as the fights described in the Iliad, and which though so recently levied, had already become a very fine one, were certainly much more bloody than the combats of modern Greece thanks to my father's energ-tic drilling, the governinent very in the war of independence: the callants not only employed their

properly determined to turn it to some account, and, as disturbhands in hurling stones, but not unfrequently slings, at the use of ances were apprehended in Ireland about this period, it occurred to which they were very expert, and which occasionally dislodged teeth, them that they could do no better than despatch it to that country. shattered jaws, or knocked out an eye. Our opponents certainly

In the autumn of the year 1815 we set sail from a port in Essex; labored under considerable disadvantage, being compelled not only we were some eight hundred strong, and were embarked in two to wade across a deceitful bog, but likewise to clamber up part of a

ships, very large, but old and crazy; a storm overtook us when off steep hill before they could attack us; nevertheless, their determi Beachy Head, in which we had nearly foundered. I was awakened nation was such, and suc i their impetuosity, that we had sometimes early in the morning by the howling of the wind, and the uproar on difficulty enough to maintain our own. I shall never forget one

deck. I kept myself close, however, as is still my constant practice bicker, the last, indeed, which occurred at that time, as the authori on similar occasions, and waited the result with that apathy and inties of the town, alarmed by the desperation of its character, stationed difference which violent sea-sickness is sure to produce. We shipped forth with a body of police on the hillside, to prevent in future any

several seas, and once the vessel missing stays--which, to do it jussuch breaches of the peace.

tice, it generally did at every third or fourth tack--we escaped almost It was a beautiful Sunday evening, the rays of the descending sun by a miracle from being dashed upon the foreland. On the eighth were reflected redly from the gray walls of the castle, and from the day of our voyage we were in sight of Ireland. The weather was black rocks on which it was founded. The bicker had long since now calm and serene, the sun shone brightly on the sea and on cerconimencea, stones irom sling and hand were flying, but the callants tain green hills in the distance, on which I descried what at first of the New Town were now carrying everything before them.

sight I believed to be two ladies gathering flowers, which, however, A full-grown baker's apprentice was at their head; he was foaming on our nearer approach, proved to be two tall white towers, doubtwith rage, and had taken the field, as I was told, in order to avenge less built for some purpose or other, though I did not learn for what. his brother, whose eye had been knocked out in one of the late bick We entered a kind of bay, or cove, by a narrow inlet; it was a

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