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A. Frances Burney, afterwards Madame d'Arblay. Her bacco and alcohol must both go. The word "doomed” is first book was “Evelina." Upon this and "Cecilia" her written on the “weed” as well as the distillery: fame rests.

Q. Why is Philadelphia called the "City of Brotherly Q. I would like to ask your opinion, Mr. Editor, as to the Love,” and Boston the “ Hub of the Universe ?" propriety of using a violin in a church concert. In the A. Brotherly love' is the literal signification of the country where I live this instrument has been so much in

Greek for Philadelphia.” Oliver Wendell Holmes is said to the service of the Devil, in dances and low company, that

have humorously called Boston the" Hub of the Universe." I am shocked to see it used in a church dedicated to God.

A. Satan has never been granted an exclusive right to Q. Is there any scriptural authority for the observance of the sweetest and noblest of all the musical instruments.

Christmas day? We are glad to learn that in the country where our corres

A. The day is not of New Testament origin nor of divine pondent lives, having been made to serve the Devil so long, appointment. Its observance is traced as early as the third the violin is at last allowed to sing the praises of God. century. The date of the Savior's birth is not known, but When we can wrest all the noble and beautiful things

in an age given to festivals one was naturally appointed to which he has prostituted from his clutches, we shall render

commemorate his birth. The observance arose with the Satan's service very unattractive.

Western Church, and was afterwards adopted by the EastQ. Is it not probable that the telephone will in time, to a great degree, supplant the telegraph?

Q. A menuber of the class of '83 asks the following: “ If A. That depends on whether the telephone is ever eman

a shower of rain is falling in England, and another at the cipated from the control of monopolies, especially the same

same time in New Zealand, how can the earth gravitate

toward the raindrops in opposite directions at the same monopoly that so largely controls the telegraph.

time?! Q. Where can I get information concerning the organ

A. The fact that a body is acted on by the force of gravity ized effort in our country to reform the civil service?

does not imply that it yields to that force, or is moved by it A. Write to the Civil Service Reform Association, of toward the mass which attracts. If a body is placed between New York City. Mr. Dorman B. Eaton is a prominent two masses which attract it equally, it will remain stationmember of the society.

ary. Q. Do the learned Christian men of the world, as a rule, Q. Our circle is very much interested to know what is accept the theory that the world is older than the Mosaic meant by the “Pilgrimage made by Marius to the shrine of account makes it?

the Great Mother, in Asia Minor," mentioned in The A. No; the foremost scholarship of the world, Christian

CHAUTAUQUAN. Who is the Great Mother? and non-Christian, unites with Moses in declaring “In the

A. The Great Mother was the fabled Mother of the Gods, beginning God created the heaven and the earth."

called also Cybele and Rhea. She fled to Crete to escape her

husband, Saturn, who had devoured all her children, and Q. What is the rule of newspapers, etc., in regard to pub

while there gave birth to Zeus (Jupiter). She then relishing reports of sermons, lectures, and other speeches; do they obtain the consent of the author, or are such produc

turned and presented her husband with a stone, carefully tions public property? I write shorthand, and often take folded in clothes; this he instantly swallowed, thinking it notes of a sermon which I would like to send to some paper to be the child. By this and the devotion of the shepherds, for publication. Often it is very inconvenient to ask per

the child was saved. These shepherds gathered around the mission of the author.

young god and drowned his cries by songs and the sound of A. Editors and publishers differ in their practice in such

horns. For this act Cybele made them priests. The mysmatters, just as men differ in politeness and courtesy.

terious mother then migrated to Sicily. Her high priest Courtesy requires, in every case, tacit or avowed consent of

appeared at the Eternal City and established the religion the author. In the case of the shorthand writer, no minis

among the Romans.

On his departure many persons ter or lecturer would object to his taking notes for his private use; but to take the labor of another without his con

vowed pilgrimages to her shrines in the East. Her wor

ship was especially acceptable to the Roman matrons; and sent, and make it a means of financial profit, would be

at one time this eunuch priesthood was the most popular renothing short of stealing. The copyright law ought to

ligion at Rome. It was to this goddess that Marius vowed apply to such conduct.

a sacrifice. Q. I know an attorney who makes a profession of the religion of Christ in a very earnest manner on Sundays, and who is pointed out on the streets as an example of a devout

In compliance with the request of many members, we Christian lawyer; and yet I have seen him very many times give answers to the October questions for further study, as in court before the jury making an earnest and eloquent follows. The eleventh question being the one that has plea for the acquittal of a rascal client whom he knew from

given the most difficulty, we give two of the answers rethe evidence alone to be guilty. Can a truly Christian man do this?

ceived, at length; the others are briefly indicated : A. We answer no. God recognizes no such duty as some

1. Q. What is meant by the stone ages ? A. That period lawyers claim to see in their relation to their clients. A

of pre-historic times when men used no metals, but made Christian lawyer may defend the guiltiest man on the earth,

all their implements entirely of stone. and see that justice is not denied to him, but to rob justice

2. Q. What are the Theban dynasties in Egyptian hisis as much under the condemnation of heaven as any other tory? A. Tue XI, XII, and XIII, at the beginning of the robsery.

Middle Empire. And the XVIII, XIX, and XX at the be

ginning of the New Empire. The Theban dynasties from Q. Is it not high time for a crusade against tobacco? Will not THE CHAUTAUQUAN exert its influence to rouse Chris

1525 to 525 B. C. were the brightest periods in Egyptian tian ministers and all good people to make war upon this history. twin brother of alcohol?

3. Q. Who was Memnon, whose statue now exists on the A. THE CHAUTAVQUAN hails with joy every reform, Plain of Thebes ? A. A king of Ethiopia, who led an army every movement to improve society or the individual. The of his subjects to Troy. The Greeks, in later ages, conlatest and most cheerful news touching the tobacco question founded him with the Egyptian king Amenophis III, to is that the students of the Naval Academy at Annapolis, and whom colossal statues were erected near Thebes. of Oberlin College, Ohio, have been forbidden its use. It is 4. Q. The winged bulls that guarded the entrances to Ashopeful when these centers of education take the lead. To- syrian palaces were symbolical of what? A. The bull's

ples? A. The Roman temples were usually built to face CHAUTAUQUA NORMAL EXAMINA

body signified strength; the lion's feet, power; the human 15. Q. How were the buried cities of Herculaneum and head, intelligence; the eagle's wings, swiftness.

Pompeii discovered, and what progress has been made in 5. Q. Why were painting and sculpture forbidden anong uncovering them? A. Herculaneum, in 1709, on the octhe Jews? A. All early art represented deity. Under the casion of the deepening of a well. A very small part of the Mosaic law they considered it a breaking of the second com city has yet been uncovered. The ruins of Pompeii were mandment.

first noticed in 1689; attention again called to them in 1748, 6. Q. Give brief descriptions of the Parthenon, the Erech in sinking a well, and the first extensive excavations were theum, and the Propylea. A. The Parthenon was a white made in 1755. More than one-third of the city has been pentelic marble temple, of the pure Doric order, adorned exposed. with statues and bas-reliefs by Phidias, regarded as master 16. Q. Briefly describe the Roman catacombs. A. They pieces of ancient art. The Erechtheum is the double temple are ancient underground cemeteries. (A full description is of Neptune and Athene, and is of the Ionic order; some of given in the November and December numbers of THE the porticoes were supported by caryatides. The Propylea CHAUTAUQUAN). was the gateway to the Acropolis; a broad flight of marble 17. Q. Who was Orpheus? A. A mythical poet, who, steps led up to a portico supported by six Doric columns. with his lyre, enchanted everything that had life, and even There were five entrances, the middle one a carriage road. trees and rocks, so that they would follow him.

7. Q. Who was Mau solus? A. The king of Caria, about 18. Q. What is meant by mosaics, and how are they 355 B. C.

formed? A. A mosaic is the representation of a design by 8. Q. Describe his tomb. A. It was a rectangular building, the fitting together on a ground of cement of numerous surrounded by an Ionic portico, and surmcunted by a pyra

small pieces of stone and glass, of various colors, and genmid crowned with a statue of Mausolus.

crally of cubical form. 9. Q. What was the great Pan-Athenaic festival? A. 19. Q. What is the Vatican at Rome? A. The residence: Erechtheus instituted a festival under the title of Athena;

of the Pope. It is the largest palace in Europe. Thesus, who united all the Attic tribes into one body, made 20. Q. Give a short description of Westminster Abbey.. this the common festival, and called it Pan-Athenaa.

A. It has the form of a Latin cross. Its extreme length is. 10. Q. What are the Pergamos Marbles? A. Works of five hundred and eleven feet, its width across the transept. art recently excavated at Pergamos. The most noted are two hundred and three feet, and the height of the roof is. reliefs representing the battles between the Gauls and the one hundred and two feet, a loftiness unusual in English Giants.

churches. 11. Q. What were the requirements of the Roman ritual that led the Romans to adopt certain forms for their temthe rising sun, on the day sacred to the god to whom the

TION, 1881. temple was dedicated. A round temple would have no proper facing, and so the square form was adopted. When The following are the graduates: Rev. B. F. Austin, St. the officiating priests were offering sacrifices they were re Thomas, Ont.; M. Alma Anderson, Bloomington, Ill.; Mrs. quired to face the east, and also to make use of the other J. S. Anderson, Waterford, Pa.; Fanny L. Armstrong, 13. points of the compass, so that temples of the square or ob- Camp St., New Orleans, La.; May Atwater, Saginaw City, long form were vastly more convenient. When the di Mich.; Sarah Billings, Sinclairville, N. Y.; John L. viners swung their rods from side to side, or over their Brown, Wellsville, N. Y.; Ella M. Brew, Akron, O.; Mrs. heads, vaulted arches and circular temples were adopted. J. S. Brown, Wellsville, N. Y.; Miss A. E. Burrows, Sagi(Answer of De Ette Howard, Janesville, Wisconsin). naw, Mich.; Mrs. C. S. Brumagim, Summerdale, N. Y.;

Their knowledge of the gods they derived from certain Mrs. J. F. Brooks, Oberlin, O.; Ella L. Barkeville, 24 E. signs in the sky. Those who studied and watched for these Centre St., Akron, O.; John Currie, East Carlton, N. Y.;. signs were called augurs. At first they marked out a Mrs. S. E. Carpenter, 220 Clinton St., N. Y.; Sibyl A. Cashey, square piece of ground from which they watched the skies; | Akron, O.; Miss Florence Clark, Ft. Wayne, Ind. ; afterward temples were built for them. These temples Frank Church, Akron, O.; James L. Case, Akron, O.; were square, and divided into four regular squares, and at Letitia Caldwell, 508 W. 8th St., Erie, Pa.; A. Caldwell, their point of intersection the augur took his stand. Signs 508 W. 8th St., Erie, Pa.; Rev. W. W. Case, Akron, O.; appearing in the left were of good luck; in the right, bad Anna Clark, Ridgway, Pa.; Lizzie A. Constable, Athens, luck. The corner stone lay so that the building faced the 0.; Chas. W. Crakshaw, 409 E. Center St., Akron, O.; rising sun. (Answer of a member whose name was not Chas. N. Church, 118 Carroll St., Akron, O.; Mrs. Lytie given).

P. Davies, Machias, N. Y.; W. Irving Dice, Akron, O.; 12. Q. Describe the Appian Way and the Cloaca Maxima. Tillie Ewing, 125 N. Broadway, Akron, O.; Retta E. Eaton, A. The Appian Way, constructed by Appius, the Censor, Fairview, Pa.; Sophia Echoren, 122 Grand St., Akron, O.; was the oldest and most celebrated of Roman roads. The Sarah E. Eaton, Fairview, Pa.; Rev. H. C. Farrar, Gloverspavement was solid blocks, so joined as to appear as one ville, N. Y.; Mrs. H. C. Farrar, Gloversville, N. Y.; Addie smooth stone. It extended originally from Rome to Capua, Fish; Mrs. C. L. Fish, Willink, N. Y.; Jennie A. Gouldy, but was eventually continued to Brundusium. The Cloaca Newburgh, N. Y.; EmmaJ. Gleason, Hartstown, Pa.; Flora Maxima was the trunk drain of the sewers of Rome. It Gleason, Farmdale, O.; Harvey S. Getz, 402 S. Forge, Akwas formed of three tiers of concentric arches. Its vault ron, O.; Alice Heath, Kirksville, Mo.; Miss Eliza F. Hamwas of massive masonry, and was high enough to admit a mond, Pa.; Will J. Hoover, box 1275, Bradford, Pa.; Delcart loaded with hay.

phie Haynes, Chenew, Ill.; J. M. Hervey, 96 Wylie Ave., 13. Q. What was the Arch of Titus erected to commemo Pittsburgh, Pa.; Julia B. Hayes, Oakfield, N. Y.; Lama A. rate? A. His conquest of Jerusalem and Judea.

Haygood, 45 McDonough St., Atlanta, Ga.; Mrs. A. W. 14. Q. When and under what circumstances was the Hayes, Oakfield, N. Y.; Mrs. Maggie B. Hervey, 96 Wylie Torso of the Belvedere Hercules discovered?

A. It was Place, Pittsburgh, Pa.; Oak C. Herrick, Akron, O.; Henry found at the beginning of the sixteenth century, during W. Hargelt, 608 Bowery St., Akron, O.; M. D. Jackson, the making of excavations on the site of the theatre of Hinsdale, N. Y.; Mrs. M. D. Jaekson, Hinsdale, N. Y.; Pompey at Rome.

Carrie E. Jones, Akron, O.; Mrs. M. J. Judd, Newark Val

ley, N. Y.; Anna Kidder, Akron, O.; Fred D. Kidder, 478 W. Goodier, Mansfield, Mass.; Chas. J. Hooper, Southville,
S. Main St., Akron, O.; Nellie M. Kirkland, Dewittville, Mass.; Lizzie Hemennay, Westboro, Mass.; Addie V.
N. Y.; George A. Kirkland, Dewittville, N. Y.; Mrs. A. J. Hodges, Foxboro, Mass.; Mary W. Houghton, Holliston,
Kerr, Mercer, Pa.; Roslia S. Cook, Dewittville, N. Y.; Mass.; Mrs. Cordelia W. Hayes, Natick, Mass.; Helen M.
Ella E. Little, Canton, Pa.; Marion Metcalf, Elyria, O.; Hills, South Framingham, Mass., Eva G. Jones, box 128,
Walter H. Means, n, O.; Mrs. Carrie McDowell, Dick Stoneham, Mass.; Katharine A. Lent, Allston, Mass.;
sonburg, Pa.; Minnie L. Mallery, Hartfield, N. Y.; Mary Lizzie M. Lewis, Marlboro, Mass.; Mary A. Lloyd, South
C. Morrison, 121 Park Place, Akron, O.; Carrie McMillen, Framingham, Mass.; Chas. F. Light, Nepouset, Mass.;
-50 E. Middlebury St., Akron, O.; Emma S. Norton, Ma Mrs. C. K. Langer, Hyde Park, Mass.; Mrs. S. A. Morrill,
rengo, Ill. ; Lilian A. Nason, Townville, Pa.; Mrs. A. D. Foxboro, Mass.; Mary L. Moreland, Fitchburg, Mass.; Miss
Olds, North Evans, N. Y.; Sarah Penn, Mercer, Pa.; Joseph E. Murray, Beaufort, South Carolina; E. J. Mitchell, West
Phelps, Belgrave, Ontario, Canada; Mabel M. Perkins, Newton, Mass.; Mattie C. Payson, Foxboro, Mass.; Mary
Machias, N. Y.; Mrs. L. R. Pearson, 12 Belleview Avenue, M. Peckham, Westminster, Mass.; Miss Eliza J. Puffer,
Cincinnati, O.; Mrs. May V. W. Radcliff, Westburgh, Pa.; Saxonville, Mass.; Mary A. Ranger, 18 Ash Street, Lowell,
D. N. Rosencrans, 167 Public Square, ('leveland, O.; Rev. N. Mass.; Mrs. Geo. Rice, South Framingham, Mass.; Mrs. Y.
J. Rubinkam, 929 Franklin St., Phil'a, Pa.; Mrs. N. J. Rubin E. Ruggles, Milton, Mass.; Daniel Redfield, Holyoke, Mass.;
kam, 929 Franklin St., Phil'a, Pa.; Rev. E. A. Sabin, Speeds- | Mrs. M. E. Safford, South Framingham, Mass.; Miss Eva
ville, N. Y.; Mrs. E. A. Sabin, Speedsville, N. Y.; Edwin 0. Tuck, Magnolia, Mass.; Christine P. Trommer, North
L. Sliney, Westerville, O.; F. P. Sigler, Osceola, Iowa; Mrs. Scituate, Mass.; Hannah Varnum, 111 Salem Street,
F. P. Sigler, Osceola, Iowa; Welthie F. Scofield, Hartfield, Lowell, Mass.; Rev. N. J. Whittaker, Lowell, Mass.
N. Y.; Hallie Steadman, Townville, Pa.; Jeannette Sloane, The best examination paper was presented by Katharine
Chillicothe, O.; Abbie M. Scott, Sinclairville, N. Y.; Laura A. Lent, Allston, Mass.; the second in rank by Rev. P. D.
E. Shaffer, Akron, O.; Jessie S. Stow, Hillsdale, Mich.; | Cowan, Wellesley, Mass.
Lena W. Smith, Columbus, Pa.; Effe Shoaf, 702 S. High
St., Akron, O.; Laura A. Schenck, Fenton, Mich. ; Lucy M. THE PRIMARY TEACHERS.
Shattuck, Six Mile Creek, Erie Co., Pa.; Miss M. S. Tipton,
Paris, Ky.; May Thorp, Belfast, N. Y.; Clarence B. Treat, Miss Jennie B. Merrill reports as follows: The successful
East Hartford, Conn.; Miss Ella P. Thompson, Maysville, candidates at the "Primary Teachers?" competitive exam-
0.; Mrs. F. W. VanVrodenburgh, Ischua, N. Y.; Mary ination held at Chautauqua, August 18, 1881, were as fol-
Walworth, Mt. Holyoke Seminary, S. Hadley, Mass.; Em-lows:
ma L. Wyman, Wilbraham, Mass.; Mrs. Ida G. Wilson, Mrs. J. G. Allen, Rochester, N. Y.; Miss E. J. Crothers,
Franklin, Pa.; Mrs. C. A. Willard, Findley's Lake, N. Y.; New York, N. Y.; Mrs. J. H. Crozier, Oil City, Pa.; Mrs.
Mrs. H. Jane Whipple, Saegertown, Pa.; Warren W. C. W. Foulk, Springboro, Pa.; Miss M. J. Gifford, May-
Walsworth, 155 Harrison St., Syracuse, N. Y.; A. J. Whip. ville, N. Y.; Mrs. E. C. Lambert, Jacksonville, Ill. ; Mrs.
ple, Saegertown, Pa.; Mrs. F. E. Woods, 940 West Avenue, T. H. Murdough, Mansfield, Pa.; Mrs. F. P. Sigler, Osceola,
Buffalo, N. Y.; Clara G. Williamson, Clayton, N. J.; Miss Iowa; Mrs. B. T. Vincent, Philadelphia, Pa.
H. M. Winslow, Hinckley, Ill. ; Cornell M. Walsworth, Miss Martha J. Gifford wrote the prize paper.
Nottingham, O.; Kent B. Wait, Hudson, O.; A. O. Welsh, The successful candidates at the "Primary Teachers'"
Randolph, o.

competitive examination held at Framingham, Mass., Sept. THE FIRST HONOR

1, 1881, were as follows: Is awarded to Miss Mary Atwater, teacher in the Metho Miss A. H. Bean, Newtonville, Mass.; Miss N. B. Besse, dist Episcopal Sunday-school, Saginaw City, Mich.

Lowell, Mass.; Miss G. E. Besse, Lowell, Mass.; Miss M.

Q. Brown, Newburyport, Mass.; Miss A. 0. Cheney, MilIs awarded to Rev. N. J. Rubinkam, pastor of the Inde- ford, Mass.; Miss J. M. Daniels, Framingham, Mass.; Miss pendent Reformed Church, Philadelphia, Pa.

M. E. Drew, Lowell, Mass.; Mrs. M. E. Hawks, South

Deerfield, Mass.; Mrs. J. A. Johnson, Holliston, Mass.; THE THIRD HONOR Is awarded to Rev. Joseph Phelp, pastor of the Methodist

Mrs. S. B. Jones, Stoneham, Mass.: Miss L. R. Jones,

Aitken, S. C.; Miss G. A. Rodliff, Lowell, Mass.; Miss A. Church, Belgrave, Canada.

I. Rodliff, Lowell, Mass.; Miss M. C. Sheldon, W. Newton,
NORMAL CLASS OF 1881.

Mass.; Miss F. H. Sprague, Lowell, Mass.; Mr. E. M.
White, Boston, Mass.; Mrs. W. P. Hancock, Milford,

Mass.
NEW ENGLAND ASSEMBLY, SOUTH FRAMINGHAM, MASS,

Misses J. M. Daniels, M. E. Drew, L. E. Lee, and A. I. Emma F. Angell, Walpole, Mass.; Roxa F. Beard, Fram Rodliff, each receive 100 per cent. ingham, Mass.; Rev. Lyman D. Bragg, Whitonsville, Miss Daniels wrote the prize paper. Mass.; S. R. LeBosquet, Southville, Mass.; Henry D. Barber, Worcester, Mass.; Mrs. J. F. Bashford, Auburndale,

ARAB HUMOR. Mass.; Mrs. C. T. Borden, Mansfield, Mass.; Susie H. Bean, Newtonville, Mass.; Mrs. P. D. Cowan, Wellesley, Mass.; Abu Nuwâs, the court poet and jester, of the Caliph HarMabel B. Coffin, box 52, Hyde Park, Mass.; Mrs. E. W. oun Alraschid, is a peculiar character. The author of the Clark, Lowell, Mass.; Rev. P. D. Cowan, Wellesley, Mass.; following article in Temple Bar, made his acquaintance in Edward Day, Milford, Mass.; Emma A. Davis, box 52, Cairo, where he heard an Arab story-teller reciting some of Southboro, Mass.; Mrs. R. A. Davidson, box 725, Newton the legends here given: ville, Mass.; R. C. Day, South Framingham, Mass.; Miss Abu Yuwâs had once, according to his habit, gone too far, Mary G. Day, South Framingham, Mass.; Miss E. Ellen and seriously offended the Caliph by some impertinent an: Lloyd, South Framingham, Mass.; Mrs. Gieo. B. Fisk, Hol swer. Jaafer, “the Barmecide,” Haroun's vizier and insepliston, Mass.; L. Laureatte Fairbanks, Marlboro, Mass.; arable companion, did his best to make peace, and finding W. W. Fairbanks, Marlboro, Mass.; Ella W. Fisk, Fram. the monarch one day in a good humor while at the bath; ingham, Mass.; Nellie V. Frost, Nepouset, Suffolk County, induced him to send for the culprit. Jaafer good-naturedly Mass ; Abbie J. Gannett, North Scituate, Mass.; Rev. E. met the wag before he went into his master's presence, and

THE SECOND HONOR

warned him to make the most of this opportunity for recon among the Moslems to single combat, and either killed or ciliation, and to be upon his very best behavior. After took prisoner every one who accepted his challenge. At prostrating himself on the ground, and suing for pardon, he length the Caliph, who had been informed of Abu Nuwas's took his seat immediately opposite the Caliph, the "trough,” cowardice on the previous day, ordered him to go forth and or marble water-basin, being between them. Haroun was rid them of the Grecian warrior. The poor jester, in exthe first to speak:

treme terror, endeavored in vain to excuse himself, but obAbu Nuwas," said he, “I used to think you a wit; what tained consent to enter the commissariat tent and make a made you give such witless answers? Are you an ass ?” good meal before he fought. Instead, however, of eating then

“Oh, no, Prince of the Faithful,'' was the reply, "there is and there, he packed up and took with him a good supply a trough between the ass and me!"

of edibles and a flask of wine, and rode out towards the The monarch could scarcely believe his own ears; but fierce champion who had overcome the Caliph's bravest started up and left the place without completing his bath. soldiers. While still at a safe distance he cried out: This time Abu Nuwâs's head was very insecurely attached "O bravest of the warriors of the age! I have a proposito his neck, and even Jaafer's eloquent appeals on behalf of tion to make to thee, which will profit thee much." the graceless wag were for some time unavailing; nor was "Out with it then," said the other. the latter's own ingenious explanation that he meant noth "First let me ask thee, hast thou a blood feud against ing more than "that asses ate out of a trough, while he me?' himself used a dish,” of any use at all. All the concession “No," said the Greek. which the prime-minister could ultimately obtain was that “Do I owe thee aught?"' continued Abu Nuwâs. the offender should be thrown into a pit where a savage “Surely not,'' said the Greek. bear was kept, and left there for twenty-four hours. The "Then what is the use of our fighting and killing each order was executed, but as Abu Nuwâs had induced other? Let us come behind yonder hillock and breakfast Jaafer to take a store of wine, provisions, and candles with off some capital roast fowls which I have brought with me. him, he contrived to stave off the too pressing advances of Then we will go back, each to his tent; you especially must

require rest, and I am sure you have killed and taken caphis companion, and when the Caliph came to gaze upon the

tive knights enough for one day!.corpse of his peccant jester, he found him drunk, and play H: amused, the champion consented, and after an amiaing upon a tambourine, and endeavoring to induce the beast ble meal together, they parted and rode off to their respecto dance.

tive camps.

“Your majesty bade me rid you of him," said he to the His peccadillos, as might be expected, often made him Caliph in explanation, and I have done so most effectually: acquainted with the inside of a prison, and it was his wont Let the next guard when it turns out follow my example. during these temporary periods of seclusion to solace him As might have been expected, and as a story I have alself with singing to the accompaniment of his lute. On one

ready told shows, our hero was very lax in his observances

of the duties of his religion. occasion, a fellow-prisoner regarded his performance with

Smitten, however, once with conscientious scruples, Abu so much interest and emotion, that the poet said to him: Nuwas, determined upon making the pilgrimage to Mecca,

“My brother, art thou not a connoisseur in music, or and presenting himself before Alraschid, said: haply a poet thyself? or art thou merely a lover separated

“Prince of the Faithful! You know that I am a Moslem." from his love, that thou dost listen so mournfully, but feel

"I suppose so," said the Caliph; “what do you want?"

“I wish to make the pilgrimage to Mecca." ingly withal?”

“Well, the way is open to you." “Nothing of the kind," answered the unfortunate prisoner,

“But I have not money enough to go," pleaded the poet. * but you wagged your beard just like an old goat of mine at

"Then you are excused from the duty, by the canons of

our holy law," said the Caliph. home."

"Confound you!” said Abu Nuwas, "I came a-begging, On this Abu Nuwas began to scream and thump upon the not to ask for a legal decision!" dungeon door, and behave in so mad and boisterous a man A number of witty sayings are of course attributed to him,

but a few will be sufficient to indicate their nature and the ner that the jailer came to see what was amiss. Jaafer was

sort of thing which an Arab considers smart and amusing. sent for, and the poet brought before the Caliph, to whom “I would like to see the devil face to face,” said a very he related the incident. "I do not mind,” said he, "keep- ugly man to him one day. ing company with your majesty's bear, who, by-the-by, was "Then look in a looking-glass," was the reply. -30 loth to part with me that he retained part of my gar- politely asked, "Why do you grudge Gehenna such a face ?"

Again, seeing another ugly man praying in a mosque, he ments in his teeth, as the servants hauled me up; but to

" When do you think you will die?'' asked an acquaintlodge with such a boor will be the death of me.''

ance one day," because I should like to send a letter by you For another gross fault the Caliph ordered him to be to my deceased father." " Very sorry,” said Abu Nuwas; mounted on an ass with his face to the tail, tricked out in

“I shall not be passing his way; I am going up aloft.”

A very long-nosed man was quarrelling with his wife and the animal's trappings, and ridden round the town. To reproached her, saying, “You know how good-natured. I Jaafer, who met him and asked what had brought him to am, and how much I have put up with.” * Allah is witthis plight, he answered: “I have presented the Caliph ness that you speak the truth,” said Abu Nuwâs, who was with my best verses, and his highness has clad me in his

standing by, or you would never have put up all these

years with such a nose as that." own best clothes."

Once while seated in a friend's house an ominous noise Abu Nuwas does not appear to have been remarkable for was heard, and a crack appeared suddenly in one of the courage, unlike most of the old Arab minstrels, who often walls.

" What ails the house?") asked Abu Nuwas. combined the professions of the sword with the lyre.

"It is but celebrating Allah's praises," replied his host. It is told of him that he accompanied Haroun Alraschid “Then I am off,” remarked the poet,

" for it might proin one of his numerous raids against the Byzantine empe- ceed with its religious exercises and take to prostration ror. But when he found himself in action for the first time

next!" he acted upon the proverb that "discretion is the better part

The tales and jests related of Abu Nuwås are indeed in

numerable, but many of them turn on some verbal quibble, of valor," put spurs to his horse, and rode off to a neighbor- while more are scarcely in accordance with modern taste. ing hillock whence he could watch the fight in safety. As They exhibit him as a clever and witty, but unscrupulous evening came on the battle ended, and two armies returned rogue, with brilliant talents and an irrepressible tendency to their respective camps, and Abu Nuwas also sought his

to mischief. He was just the man to please the “good Har

oun Alraschid” in his cheerier moods, and no greater praise tent. The next morning there issued from the ranks of the of his tact and ready wit can be written, than the simple enemy a doughty champion who challenged the best man fact that he served such a master and yet died in his bed.

THE C. L. S. C.

courses.

President: J. H. Vincent, D. D.

Counselors: Lyman Abbott, D. D. ; Bishop H. W. Warren, D. D.; J. M. Gibson, D. D.; W. C. Wilkinson, D. D.

Office Secretary: Miss Kate F. Kimball.
General Secretary: Albert M. Martin, A. M.

ANNOUNCEMENT FOR 1881-1882.

1.--AIM. This new organization aims to promote habits of reading and study in nature, art, science, and in secular and sacred literature, in connection with the routine of daily life (especially among those whose educational advantages have been limited), so as to secure to them the college student's general ouilook upon the world and life, and to develop the habit of close, connected, persistent thinking.

2.- METHODS. It proposes to encourage individual study in lines and hy text-books which shall be indicated; by local circles for mutuallelp and encouragement in such studies; by summer courses of lectures and “students' sessions" at Chautauqua, and by written reports and examinations.

3.-COURSE OF STUDY. The course of study prescribed by the C. L. S. C. shall cover a period of four years.

4.--ARRANGEMENT OF CLASSES. Each year's Course of Study will be considered the First Year" for new pupils, whether it be the first, second, third, or fourth of the four years' course. For example, "the class of 1885,"' instead of beginning October, 1881, with the same studies which were pursued in 1880-'81 by the class of 1884," will fall in with “the class of '81," and take for their first year the second year's course of the '&t class. The first year for “the class of 1881"' will thus in due time become the fourth year for the class of 1885."

5.--STUDIES FOR 1881-82.* The course tor 1881-82 comprises readings in: 1. History. 2. Literature. 3. Science and Philosophy. 4. Art. 5. Religion.

The required books for the year are as follows: 1. HISTORY ---Man's Antiquity and Language. Dr. M. S. Terry (Chautauqua Text-Book.) Price 10 cents. Outlines of General History. Dr. J. H. Vincent. (Chautauqua Text- Book.) Price, 10 cents, Mosaics of History. Selected by Arthur Gilman, Esq., of Cambridge, Mass. (CHAUTAUQUAN.) Readings from Mickenzie's Nineteenth Century. Books First and Second. (Franklin Square edition.) Price, 15 cents.

2. LITERATURE.- Art of Speech. Part II. "Oratory and Logic" (Dr. L.T. Townsend.). Price, 50 cents. Illustrated History of Ancient Literature, Oriental and Classical. Dr. Quackenhos. Price, $.00. English History and Literature. Chautauqua Library. Vol. III. [To be ready in 1882.]

3. SCIENCE AND PHILOSOPHY. - Popular Readings concerning Mathematics, Political Economy, Geology, Chemistry, Laws of Health, and Mental and Moral Phil. osophy. (CHAUIAUQLAN)

4. Art.- Outline Lessons on Art. Miss De Forest. (Chautauqua Text-Book.) Price, 10 cents. A Short History of Art. Miss De Forest. Price, $2.

5. Religious. -Gud in History. (CHAUTAUQUAN.) Religion in Art. (CHAUTAUQUAN.)

6. ADDITIONAL.-(For Students of Class 1882.) Hints for Home Reading, Dr. Ly. man Abbott. The Hall in the Grove. Mrs. Alden. (About Chautauqua and the Ć. L. S. C.)

The following is the distribution of the subjects and books through

ploma, according to the merit of examinations on these supplemental

8.—THE PREPARATORY COURSE. Persons who are too young, or are not sufficiently advanced in their studies, to take the regular C. L. S. C. course, may adopt certain preparatory lessons for the two years.

For circulars of the special and preparatory courses, address Dr. J. H. Vincent, Plainfield, N. J.

9.-INITIATION FEE. To defray the expenses of correspondence, monthly reports, etc., an annual fee of fifty cents is required. This amount should be for warded to Miss K. F. Kimball, Plainfield, N. J., (by New York or Philadelphia draft or post-office order.) Do not send postage-stampe if you can possibly avoid it.

N. B.- In sending your fee, be sure to state to which class you be long, whether 1882, 1883, 1881, or 1885.

10.--APPLICATION FOR MEMBERSHIP. Persons dexiring, to unite with the C, L. S. C. should forward answers to the following questions to Dr. J. H. VINCENT, PLAINFIELD, N.J. The class graduating in 1885 should begin the studies of the less sons required, October 1881. They may begin as late as January 1, 1882.

1. Give your name in full. 2. Your post-ofice address, with county and State. 3. Are you married or single? 4. What is your age? Are you between tw nty and thirty? or thirty and forty, or forty and fifty, or fifty and sixty, etc.? 5. If married, how many children living under the age of sixteen years?* 6. What is your occupation? 7. With what religious denomination are you connected? 8. Do you, aster mature deliberation, resolve, if able, to proxecute the four years' course of study presented by the C. L. S.C.? 9. Do you promise to give an average of three hours a week to the reading and study required by this course? 10. How much more than the time specified do you hope to give to this course of study?

11.--TIME REQUIRED. An average of forty minutes' reading each week day will enable the student in nine months to complete the books required for the year. More time than this will probably be spent by many persons, and for their accommodation a special course of reading on the same subjects has been indicated. The habit of thinking, steadily upon worthy themes during one's secular toil will lighten labor, brighten life, and develop power.

12.-MEMORANDA. The annual examinations will be held at the homes of the members, and in writing. Memoranda will be forwarded to them, and by their written replies the Committee" can judge whether or not they have read the books required.

13.--ATTENDANCE AT CHAUTAUQL'A. Persons should be present to enjoy the annual meetings at Chautauqua, but attendance there is not necessary to graduation in the C. L.SC. Persons who have never visited Chautauqua may enjoy the advantages, diploma, and honors of the "Circle.”! The DAILY ASSEMBLY HERALD is published on the grounds during the Chautauqua Assembly. Send $1 for the DAILY Heraud to Theodore L. Flood, Meadville, Pa. Back numbers for 1881 can be supplied.

14.- LOCAL CIRCLES. Individuals may prosecute the studies of the C. L. S. C. alone, but their efforts will be greatly facilitated by securing a "local circles of two or more persons, who agree to meet as frequen:ly as possible. read together, converse on subjects of study, arrange for occasional lectures by local talent, organize a library, a museum, a laboratory, etc. All that is necessary for the establishment of such "local circles" is to meet, report organization to Dr. Vincent, Plaintield, N. J., and then prosecute the course of study in such a way as seems most likely to secure the ends contemplated by the C. L. Š. C.

15.--MEMORIAL DAYS. Twelve days are set apart as days of especial interest to every member of the C. L. S. C., and as days of devout prayer for the furtherance of the objects of this society. On these days all members are urgently invited to read the literary and scriptural selections indicated, to collect some facts about the authors whose birthdays are thus commemorated, and to invoke the blessing of our heavenly Father upon this attempt to exalt His word, and to understand and rejoice in His works. The selections to be read on the memorial days are published by Phillips & Hunt, and by Walden & Stowe, in a small volume -Chautauqua Text-Book No. 7 "Memorial Days." Price, 10 cents.

16.--OUR CLASS MOTTOES. + “We study the word and the works of God." “Let us keep our heavenly Father in the midst." "Never be discouraged.”'

17.-ST. PAUL'S GROVE. The center of the Chautanqua Literary and Scientific Circle is the HALL OF PHILOSOPHY in the beautiful grove at Chautauqua, which was dedicated August 17. 1878, hy Bishop R. S. Foster, in the presence of a large, devout, and enthusiastic audience. It is the purpose of the managers of Chautauqua to have St. Paul's Grove fitted up with rustic seats, statuary, fountains, etc., and make it a place of beauty and inspiration to all members of the Circle.

18.-- FIRST YEAR. Persons desiring forms of application, or information concerning the Circle, should address Dr. Vincent, Plaintield, N. J.

19.-"THE CHAUTAUQUAN." The organ of the C. L. S.C. is THE CHAUTALQUAN. Issued monthly, from October to July Price, $1.50. Send subscriptions to Theodore L. Flood, Editor and Proprietor, Meadrille, Pa.

the year:

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October and November.

Illustrated History of Ancient Literature. (Ch. stands for The CHAUTAUQUAN.) (Continued.] Outline Lessons on Art. (De Forest.] Christianity in Art. (Ch.) A Short History of Art. (De Forest.) Readings about Moral Science. (Ch.) Mosaics of History. [Ch.]

Laws of Health. (Ch.] Christianity in Art. (Ch.s

March. Readings about Geology. (Ch.) Mosaics of History. [Ch.] December.

Readings about Political Economy. (Ch.) Man's Antiquity and Language. [Terry. Readings from Mackenzie's Nineteenth Outlines of General History. (Vincent.] Century. Mosaics of History. (Ch.)

April Readings about Geology. (Ch.)

Mosaics of History. (Ch.) Readings about Philosophy [Ch.] Art of Speech. Part II. [Townsend.) Christianity in Art. [Ch.)

Readings about Polivical Economy. (Ch.] January

May. Mosaics of History. [Ch.)

Mosaics of History. (Ch.] God in History. (Ch.)

English History and Literature. (ChauIllustrated History of Ancient Literature, tauqua Library, Vol. III.]

Oriental and Classical. [Quackenbos. Í Readings about Mathematics. (Ch.] Readings about Mental Science (Ch.1 Readings about Chemistry. (Ch.] Laws of Health. (Ch.1

Fune.
Christianity in Art. (Ch.]

Mosaics of History. (Ch.]
February

Readings about Chemistry. (Ch.]
Mosaics of History. (Ch.)

6.—THE WHITE SEAL SUPPLEMENTARY COURSE. Persons who desire to read more extensively in the lines of study for 1881–82 are expected to read, in addition to the “required" books for the year, the following:

Contlict of Christianity with Heathenism. By Dr. Ulhorn. Outline Study of Man. By Dr. Hopkins. History of Germany. By Charlotte M. Yonge. Persons who pursue the White Seal Course' of each year, in addition to the regular course, will receive at the time of their graduation a white seal to be attached to the regular diploma.

7.--SPECIAL COURSES. Members of the C. L. S. C. may take, in addition to the regular course above prescribed, one or more special courses, and pass an examination upon them. A series of special courses in the several departments of study will be in due time announced, and pupils will receive credit and testimonial seals to be appended to their regular di

* The additional books for the “White Seal Course" for 1881-82 are: “Conflict of Christianity with Heathenism,” by Dr. Ulhorn; “Outline Study of Man," by Dr. Mark Hopkins; “History of Germany," by Charlotte Yonge.

* We ask this question to ascertain the possible future intellectual and moral influo ence of this “Circle" on your homes.

† These moltoes are issued on large cards by Prang & Co., of Boston, Mass. Each motto sells at $1.

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