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worthy than the recent enterprise under the direction of
Bishop H. W. Warren, introducing the idea of the indusOURS HAS has been called an utilitarian age; sometimes so trial school in its most practical form, that of a school of called by way of disparagement, and again in commendation. carpentry, among the freedmen of the South. But we need a Compared with the past, certainly we live in a time when
such schools to every one in existence. It is time to the word utility, as applied to knowledge, has a larger mean- recognize that every calling implies training, discipline, de ing than ever before. The time was, and long continued, velopment. Not to provide for this kind of education is a when it was the policy of monk, priest and hermit, to failure to respond to the spirit of our age and institutions. monopolize whatever knowledge the world had, and jealously guard it from the masses. Things have changed. The THE PLEA of insanity has been set up in our courts of schoolboy, now, knows more than monk or priest used to justice as a defense for capital crimes with · alarming freknow. He may begin where Kepler, Newton, and Faraday quency during the past few years. The cases of Sickles, left off.
McFarland, Cole, and others, are still fresh in the public Two chief causes have operated to produce our age of mind, and to these is now added that of the assassin Guitesu. utility: one, that double revolution in Church and State Of late, also, much larger latitude has been accorded to the which proclaimed freedom of thought and conscience; the term insanity than formerly, by the so-called medical other, the breaking away from the old-time scholastic experts who have been called upon to testify in numerous studies, to walk the brighter paths of modern science. The instances, so that almost every kind of eccentricity, either tendency of scientific study is toward the practical. Its mental or moral, has been classified under some form of applications lead its students out into every industrial mental derangement, and is assumed to constitute sufficient pursuit.
ground for acquittal, when entered as a defense for the comIt is to be expected, then, that in such an age, in a coun mission of crime. No one denies that real insanity is a try like ours, the subject of industrial education will receive valid plea for irresponsibility of action; but it bas come to a large measure of attention. A people characteristically such a pass that whenever atrocious crimes are committed, ambitious to excel, endowed by nature with special indus- especially by persons of position or wealth, it is at once trial possibilities and advantages, can not ignore such a assumed that they must have been insane when the crime question. Mr. J. Scott Russell, speaking from the stand was committed, as no one in their position could be guilty point of an Englishman, has defined industrial education as of committing such foul deeds while sane in mind. History * that which shall render an English soldier better than a presents a record of a multitude of the most revolting crimes German; an English ship builder better than an American being committed by persons of position and wealth from ship builder; an English silk manufacturer better than a sheer cruelty and wickedness, and which were in no sense Lyons silk manufacturer, etc." Whilst the ambition to the result of insanity or madness in any form. This perexcel is a commendable one, it is to be hoped that the move sistent tendency in modern times to adjudge those insane ment for education in the industrial arts and sciences in who commit capital crimes arises from a vitiated sentimenthis country will have a higher motive than mere national | tality which regards all forms of evil as symptoms of superiority or promotion of wealth. It should keep in view, disease, and sedulously ignores the deep depravity of the as first in importance, the intellectual, moral, and social human heart. Hence, what is called moral insanity is often improvement of the masses. It is not to be wondered at nothing more than intensified depravity, and is not so much that this branch of education in the United States is yet in the result of a diseased brain as of a wicked heart. its infancy. Europe, by reason of her age, and the necessity It must be agreed by all who believe in human responsiplaced upon her to educate in this direction counts berbility that any one is blameworthy who allows himself to industrial schools by the hundred. Many of them, as the be overcome by evil passions which he could in any way polytechnic schools of Paris, the industrial schools of control. To acquire self-restraint is one of the first duties Switzerland, and others, have almost, in their methods and of all. But it must be admitted that what is often allowed results, attained to the ideal institution. Necessity has to pass for an "insane and uncontrollable impulse," betokencompelled the states of Europe to attain to better results in ing the existence of "emotional insanity," is nothing more the various industries. Their schools teach the agriculturist than the fierce outburst of passion which the individual has how to make the soil yield the most and the best; the never sought to control. But juries are told by lawyers and miner how to dig from the earth its mineral riches, and the “medical experts" that such outbursts constitute unmismetallurgist how to use them; the chemist how to combine takable evidences of emotional insanity, and as a result of and separate with the most useful results; the manufacturer such declarations the criminals are adjudged irresponsible. how best to convert the raw material into the finished pro- It is high time that such dangerous and hurtful sentiments duct. European experience, in this as in other things, has were abandoned, and that persons who commit heinous its instruction for us. shows how, by skilled labor, the crimes, led on by passions which they might have conproblem of a dense population upon an often ungenerous trolled if they would, but which they never sought to subsoil, can be solved. It may be that the same problem with due, should no longer be able to elude the demands of jusour vast domain and resources will not very soon press tice by pleading the flimsy pretext of mental or moral initself upon our attention. Nevertheless, we bave the higher sanity. There is a vast difference between the utter lack of problem of developing the capacities and powers of our self-control, occasioned by serious lesion of the brain, and industrial classes for the sake of the effect upon the man the occasional but fierce ebullition of passion which is the himself. We want skilled workmen in every field of result of the absence of any attempt at self-restraint on the American industry, for America's honor, for her material part of the individual. prosperity, but above all, for the American character. It is The idea prevails largely that in most cases where the gratifying to know that a good beginning has been made in plea of insanity has been entered in defense of criminals, schools of this kind. The Boston Institute of Technology, the evidences of mental derangement have been wholly or the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, in Troy, N. Y.; the almost entirely wanting, and that the instances cited have Sheffield Scientific School, the Polytechnic College of been cases of sham insanity only. As a result of this bePennsylvania, and the Harvard, Yale, and Columbia lief, public sentiment throughout the country has become Schools of Mines, are all institutions of excellence and are justly incensed against the insanity dodge, and any such doing good work. Perhaps nothing in this lino is more note- plea made in defense of criminals at once begets distrust
and indignation. There is great need that the whole mat- | country, and frequently serve to give an increased impulse ter of insanity as a defense for crime should undergo a most to manufacture and trade in the vicinity in which they are thcrough and careful examination, and that the laws of the held. The exposition at Atlanta, though devoted chiefly to land should be so amended that society may be able to pro the display of the cotton production of the South, included tect itself efficiently against both sane and insane criminals. also the agricultural, mineral, and other productions of that
section. Four large buildings and a number of smaller ones THE THEOLOGICAL arena, for a score or more of years, has were filled to repletion with the exhibits displayed in the been the scene of a severe and continued conflict. Every various departments, the number and variety of which phase of religious thought has in turn been assailed and could not fail to impress the beholder with the great redefended. The champions of Orthodoxy, Liberalism, and sources of the southern section of our country. Radicalism, have each been contending for the mastery, and The exposition attracted to Atlanta crowds of visitors for the success of their cause. This prolonged conflict has from all parts of the land. Representatives of the press, been the cause of much groundless alarm among timid re capitalists, business men (especially those interested in the ligionists, who, at every onset, tremble lest the “faith of production and manufacture of the great southern staple), their forefathers” should suffer harm at the hands of its commercial travelers and cotton spinners, were present opponents. Of one thing, however, all may rest assured, | in great numbers. In conjunction with the cotton exand that is, that the cause of truth is always helped, and hibits there was a display of all kinds of machinery used not hindered, by such conflicts and agitations. It is only the in the manufacture of cotton goods, such as has never before false and meretricious that is destroyed by the refining pro been brought together in this or any other country, and cesses of the ages, while truth, like the pure gold, remains, which served to show to what a high degree of perfection and shines the brighter for the fiery ordeals which it under the mechanical contrivances for the manufacture of all kinds goes.
of cotton goods have attained. It is well in this connection also to remember that Christ The Atlanta Exposition betokens a new era in the history was not the author of a creed, but of a religion, and that he of the South, and is indicative of the energy and enterprise never formulated a series of dogmas to be accepted by his which free and educated labor always begets in business followers as a universal rule of faith. Theological dognias channels. The capacity of the South for the production of are the institutions of men, and, like all human productions, cotton is practically unlimited. Last year, with only oneare susceptible of change or modification, and each succeed tenth of its area under cultivation, it produced about fivo ing age must formulate its own rule of faith with the eternal million bales. With the introduction of better methods of words of Christ as its fons et origo. It is an unfortunate fact agriculture, and the judicious use of fertilizers, within five that each sect or theological party considers its own special years the cotton crop could easily be increased to eight milforms of faith as constituting the sum and substance of lion of bales per annum, and even this large yield could, in Christianty, and if any of its special tenets are assailed it at subsequent years, be largely augmented to meet the everonce raises the cry that its opponents are seeking for the increasing demand. The South is possessed of the finest overthrow of the Christian religion, inasmuch as they can and most extensive region for the production of cotton on not conceive that the least tittle of their peculiar dogmas can the face of the globe, and in this department of industry be unessential to the existence of a true Christianity. We need fear no competition. The cotton crop is one of the would not desire to be understood as placing no stress on chief sources of profit to the South, and is now annually dogmas whatever, or as being unconcerned about their worth $250,000,000. Double that amount will doubtless be perpetuity, but we must insist that Christianity is wider yearly realized from the same source in the near future. than any or all creeds, and that any one of them might Not only is the South possessed of unequal advantages disappear entirely, and yet Christianity remain intact. The for the production of cotton, but it has also unsurpassed doctrinal essence of Christianity is found in the fundamen facilities for its manufacture, which will doubtless be tal dogmas which all orthodox Christian bodies accept in utilized at no distant day. The present system of conveying common, and which constitute a kind of spiritual consensus raw material from one to three thousand miles to the factoof Christian theology.
ries is both expensive and wasteful, and costs the South, in None of these fundamental concepts of the Christian faith, the aggregate, not less than $100,000,000 per annum. Thero which constitute the essentials of all true religion, have is no reason why the South might not compete successfully suffered the least harm from the prolonged agitations with the North, and even with England, in the manufacture through which they have passed. The doctrines of the of cotton. The water power of the Southern States is Church Universal concerning God, Christ, the Bible, the almost without limit, labor cheaper, and the cost of Church itself, Christian experience, and the future life, have living is less than at the North. A few cotton mills are remained unchanged amidst the changing times, and as far already in operation, and most of them, at least those at as they are embodied in the theology of the day, it will be Atlanta, Columbus, and Augusta, are doing a successful permanent; for from their very nature they are eternal, and business, and are paying handsome dividends on the capital are part and parcel, not of a creed, but of the Christian invested. But at present only 200,000 bales are manureligion itself. These doctrines which constitute the soul of factured in the South. If the Atlanta Exposition only gives evangelicalism, can only be destroyed by destroying Chris a new and powerful impetus to its manufacture in the South, tianity, which is impossible. Yet even some of these may it will amply repay all it has cost in time and money, need restatement to put them in complete harmony with the will wonderfully advance the business interests of the thought of the age, as the body must change at different Southern States, and will largely promote their future prosperiods of the lite in order to enable it to fulfill its functions perity. more perfectly. Such changes, however, are not indicative of death or destruction, but rather of more abounding and Dr. John Hall uttered his protest recently against desigvigorous life.
nating a church by the name of its pastor. “It is not Dr.
Hall's church,” he said; “I hate the very name. I am a THE ATLANTA EXPOSITION must be pronounced to have servant and not the owner of a church.” This is a Boston been in every respect a complete success. Industrial ex fashion. It is common to hear of Dr. Webb's church, Dr. hibitions have become quite common of late, and are in- Gordon's church, etc. It is a good reform, but it ought to dicative of the business enterprise and prosperity of the begin in Boston.
The Hartford Courant says: “Moncure D. Conway, the
well-known correspondent and magazine writer, is an adJoseph Cook was expected to reach Bombay about the vanced liberal, and preaches in London. An American refirst of December.
cently returned from Europe was asked if he heard Con
way. 'Oh, yes,' he said. "Were there many there?' 'Oh, In the First Baptist Church of Indianapolis is a band of
no. Only three persons and no God.' ! young gentlemen and ladies who are united under the title of " The Yoke-fellowg," who are doing a church work much
From the "Bird's Nest,” in Maryland, where dwell two needed everywhere. They recently held their second anni
or more of the members of the C. L. S. C., comes pleasant versary. The object of the “Yoke-fellows" is to visit young
words: “Father (the dear old man) and myself have not men in the city who have no associations, are compara- | only enthusiasm for the course, but a little deeper in our tively strangers or entirely so, and interest them in a
hearts wells up thanksgiving to our God. He surely does religious life, invite them to attendance upon church service, know that we are glad of those things, and he has sent to to the reading of the Bible, and finally to membership.
us after the gray hairs have come, and the school days are They commenced with but a very few members and workers,
over, the wisdom that we lacked. If the interrogation but now number seventy-five, and point with pride to the
should come to us: 'Are you loyal to the Circle?' our anwork they have done. Many strange young men in the swer would be, "To the heart's core.' It may be true that city have been brought into the Sunday-school and church.
our course of study is but cursory, that we get, as it It is worthy of imitation.
were, too much of the superficial, and do not go deep
enough into each subject. However that may be, beside Appleton's Journal has been suspended. It was started
the studying we have our homes to build, and not only the on its career in 1869 as an illustrated weekly, and after
houses but the hearts where the children grow up to manwards abandoned illustrations and became a monthly. It
hood and womanhood, whence they go out to make their was an historical and literary magazine of great merit.
homes-homes that shall be pure and true, that shall help to
keep our country free and a glory in all the earth. Then A stronger argument in favor of the Women's Silk Culture Association than any which they have yet advanced, day-schools to aid, and, as is the case with many of us,
we have society to look after, and help churches, and Sun
there was furnished by a dispatch from Cheyenne, Wyoming, the
is small means to do all this, and we can not be true helpother day. Four Italian merchants, it stated, passed
meets if we do not study and plan to save and aid the through that place in charge of 250,000 cards of wilk worms'
father and husband who shields us and fights the battles eggs, each card containing 30,000 eggs. The total value of
for us. Father and I will work with you as well as we can. the eggs was $250,000. They came from Japan, and were
We will get the shells, and we feel that God will give us en route for Milan. Now, the eggs raised in this country are
Father and I have been over the enof as good quality as those thus conveyed at such enormous
tire course, hearing each other recite, reading our papers to outlay of trouble and money around three-quarters of the
each other. We have enjoyed the study thoroughly." globe. If it pays the Italian middlemen to go to Japan, buy the eggs and transport them across this continent and two
Mr. Whittier, in a note to The Sword and Pen, says that oceans to Italy, it would surely pay the American farmer's
for the last two or three years the state of his health has daughter to raise the eggs and sell them in New Jersey.
compelled him to decline all requests for poems for public
occasions. “The spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak.' Somebody sends us this good item. We fought the In
Apart from this, at the age of seventy-four, the poetical dians from 1865 to 1879 at a cost of twenty-five millions.
machine is likely to be out of order, and the sound of the We appropriated two millions in 1870 for the peace policy grinding is low. Dr. Holmes is an exception: he, despite and have not exhausted it yet. Which costs the most? "Let us have peace.”
his years, could do admirably what thee asks." There have ci e across the ocean to settle in the United
We have received a unique C. L. S. C. circular from the States during the vear 1881, 132,635 persons. This is the
Rev. A. M. Courtenay, Secretary of the General Circle of largest influx of population from foreign countries in one
Baltimore, M. D. It represents nine local circles, in as year we have had in the history of the nation. Germany many different churches of the city, with their names heads the list with 188,255; next comes Ireland with 62,406,
printed, besides explaining the object and methods of the and then England and Sweden close together, the former
C. L. S. C., and on the back of the circular we find the
course of study with the names of the books to be read. sending 36,552 and the latter 35,335. The migrating im
Here are three items we copy: pulse has seized upon only one of the Latin countries, Italy, which contributes 13, 209. It is feebly felt in contented and
"The entire cost of the books will average less than two prosperous France, from which come only 3,908, and still
cents a day during the term of nine months.”
Think of that. Again it says: more feebly in Spain, which is by no means prosperous and is in a state of chronic discontent, for but 1,556 of her peo
“We wish to urge and to aid our young men and women ple are on the list.
to make acquaintance with the best literature, to cultivate
a pure taste, to improve their faculties, to acquire right aims The Newcastle (Eng.) Chronicle says of Moody and in life, to seek helpful society, and to make the most and Sankey: "In point of numbers, the present visit of Messrs. best of themselves." Moody and Sankey has been characterized by attendances For meetings they publish this plan: at least three times larger than those witnessed in 1873. “The classes may or may not meet, as they please, but the The aggregate number of persons addressed must have ex local circles will meet monthly, and the whole Baltimore ceeded the populations of both Newcastle and Gateshead Circle quarterly. At both of these there should be lectures, put together; but as many persons attended several of the addresses, class-drills, blackboard exercises, readings, etc., meetings, it is fair to assume that the number of different all confined strictly to a review of the reading of the month, persons who heard Mr. Moody preach and Mr. Sankey sing or quarter, as the case may be. The churches are grouped would reach about 100,000—the largest number that has in circles to increase the interest, to develop the social inever attended any series of services held in the district." fluence, and to secure for weaker charges the benefit of asso
ciation with others. The pastor of the first-named charge carefully consider this idea, and to communicate their views in each group is requested to call together the pastors and concerning it to you through THE CHAUTAUQUAN, on the several laymen from the other churches, to organize the subject. Please do not consider me in any way pragmatic, circle."
but simply very, very interested in the welfare of the C. L. We recommend this plan to members of the C. L. S. C. S. C. Yours, W. C. T." in other cities.
Madame Perree, who has been admitted to the practice of “ Home Protection" means a new political party-woman medicine, is the second woman so honored by the faculty of suffrage. No license, or local option, but total abstinence
Paris. She is married, and the mother of a family. An and prohibition. Some influential people are making an East Indian Princess recently sent a secret letter to the effort to unite all the temperance forces of the country under Queen, telling her of the incalculable good female physicians the “Home Protection "banner. If it is accomplished, the
were to work in the zenanas, where no male doctor was Women's Christian Temperance Union will deserve the allowed, and women suffered tortures through the ignorance honor of massing the forces.
The London World pays Mr. Oscar Wilde, who is now The C. L. S. C. has excited a good many people to imitate visiting the country, this compliment of caricaturing him
its organization. We have the Baptist, Law and Poand printing beneath this verse:
litical, and Book-a-Month societies, all at it. The more Albeit, nurtured in democracy,
the better. The C. L. S. C. has been planted, and it has And liking best that state Bohemian,
passed the first stage of its being. It is now developing,
hence it is in the second period, and there is every indi-
cation that its development will be healthy and vigorous.
When the first class of several thousand members graduates
next August, it will be hailed as the largest class that ever
received diplomas from an educational institution in this or
any other country.
At the meetings of the "Association for the Advance-
ment of Women,'' held in Buffalo last month, Mrs. Kate
Gannett Wells, of Boston, Mass., said: “THE CHAUTAU-
QUAN is simply adınirable. Its subscribers should count by
the best magazines of the country.” We might fill several thirteen to three, have decided against the admission of
pages of THE CHAUTAUQUAN with extracts like the above colored ildren to the schools attended by white children.
from letters we have received from our readers, but we forCongress ought now to enact a law that would give colored
bear. children the same privilege in white schools in the District of Columbia, that colored Senators and Representa
Prof. W. T. Harris, author of the admirable papers in tives have in the Senate and House. That would be poetic
THE CHAUTAUQUAN on Christianity in Art, has just finjustice.
ished a course of four lectures, in Boston, Mass., on the We have been hoping against hope for a number of years
· History of Education," given under the auspices of the that the chief executive of some state where a prohibitory
Massachusetts Society for the University Education of
Women. law was on the statute books, would boldly and couragously
His subjects were: 1. Education as Found in take the people at their word and require the officers to Savage Tribes, in China, in India. 2. Education in Persia, enforce the law. We now have the man, Governor St. John, Egypt, Phoenicia, Judea. 3. Education in Greece, Rome, of Kansas. The New England states must make obeisance
and in the Early Christian Times and in the Middle Ages. to Kansas. Governor St. John deserves the support of the
4. Education in Europe and in America, in Modern Times. people of his state in this fight, as well as the encourage
Our co-laborer on the CHAUTAUQUA ASSEMBLY DAILY ment he is receiving from the temperance and Christian press of the country. It will require just such blows as HERALD, Mr. C. E. Bishop, suffered a great bereavement this to break the power of the rum traffic, and we hope to recently in the death of his wife. She was the daughter of see other states with their governors falling into line and
the Rev. Henry Benson, and was born in England, January keeping step to the music of total abstinence and prohi- 19, 1839. She was a lady of much culture, a beautiful charbition.
acter, and possessed many noble qualities of soul. She made
a strong impression on society wherever she moved, by her We shall have splendid music at Chautauqua next example and the good influence she exerted upon all who August. Dr. Vincent has contracted for a powerful chorus associated with her. pipe organ to be built for and put up in the Amphitheater, whence its sweet strains will float out over Chautauqua The Rev. Dr. Talmadge has been converted to the plan of Lake. Geo. H. Ryder & Co., of Boston, Mass., are the renting most of the pews in the Brooklyn Tabernacie. We builders. The fame of their chorus organs is the pride of have observed that education has much to do with adopting musical people in Boston.
this custom. In the East it is more common than in the
Middle States or the West. “Free seats” is a good plan in A correspondent of Dr. Vincent writes from Patterson, N. some churches and in some communities, while there are J., as follows: “I desire to take the liberty of suggesting other congregations that utterly fail to pay their current that in addition to your admirable list of special courses you expenses on the "free seat” plan. Rented pews bring each add a well selected, clear, and comprehensive course of family together in the congregation. It has its advantages reading on law. Through the columns of THE CHAUTAU- just as the other system has. QUAN I would like you to invite all the young gentlemen members--in fact, all the members of the C. L. S. C.-to President Arthur is reported as being opposed to women
for postmasters. It is too late; public opinion is educated TO LOCAL CIRCLES:—Leaders of local circles are respectto look upon it as all right, and we trust the President is fully requested to forward immediately to Miss K. F. Kimmisrepresented. If not, he will be likely to hear from ball, Plainfield, N. J., answers to the following questions: several thousand women, and men too; they may cause him (1) How many years has your local circle been in operation! to change his mind. A woman should not be proscribed in (2) About what number of regular members, (recorded at the postoffice any more than in the public schools or de Plainfield, N. J.,) attended your local meeting last year? partments in Washington. The general government can (3) About what number of members, not connected with not afford to be placed in a false relation to intelligent and the local circle, attended your meetings each year? AD worthy women; it owes too much to this class of people to immediate reply will furnish important information, for snub them.
which I shall be very grateful. J. H. VINCENT,
Superintendent of Instruction of the C. L. S.C. Mr. John Bright, in a recent speech, urged that schoolchildren should be taught self-respect, respect of their playmates, respect of their parents, kindness to animals, a love
EDITOR'S TABLE. of truth, a love of industry, and an idea of what is meant by prudence. The “Look Up Legion" clasps hands with
(We solicit questions from our readers to be answered in this deMr. Bright across the sea. He has stated the mission of this
partment.] organization well in the things he mentions. Now, add “temperance" and "lending a hand" in all good work, and
Q. Why is a small "a" placed before Kempis in Thomas you have the creed complete.
A. The family name of a Kempis was Hæmerken (Little George Law, who died a millionaire, began life in Troy, Hammer). The name Kempis is from Kempen, the name N. Y., without a friend in the world. One day, while pass of his native village, and the letter “à” is the French preping along River Street, a hod-carrier, who was carrying osition still used in that language before names of towns bricks for the masons on an unfinished building, fell from and cities. the ladder and broke his leg. Young Law stepped up to the foreman and said: “Can I have that man's place?" number?
Q. Why do we give three chéers instead of some other "Did you ever carry a hod?” asked the foreman. "No."
A. Because one is not enough to express the enthusiasm "You will break your leg, and perhaps your neck." "I will and heartiness of the average American, and after the third run the risk," said George Law, and from this beginning he his throat is weary. This theory will do till some one became one of the wealthiest builders in the United States, comes forward with a better. always “running risks,” but for many years everything he
Q. Can you tell me where I can get information in form touched turned into gold.
of a book or extended article upholding the English side of
the Irish Question ? A hitherto unknown portrait of Luther has recently been A. The English magazines of years past have abounded discovered in one of the old churches of Leipsic, which is in able discussions of the question pro and con. Our inconjectured to have come from the family of Luther's eldest quirer will probably find the desired information in recent son, Paul. It bears on the lower margin the words: “D. volumes of any of the English quarterlies. The Nineteenth M. Luther, ætat. XLIX. 1532. Restaurator Libertatis Century of last year will furnish several articles on each Evangelii,” and in the upper corner two flaming suns, with side of the question. the inscription: “Vox Dei vera lux." The picture is Q. Is there not somewhere published in the form of sterstamped upon gilt letter. It is in an excellent state of eoscopic views, or otherwise, copies of celebrated paintings, preservation, and is said to be both a good likeness and a
sculpture, etc.? I have looked through all the collections
of this city, and can find nove. fine work of art.
A. We think they can be obtained of James W. Queen &
Co., 924 Chestnut street, Philadelphia.
A. The vapor of water in the air absorbs part of the light, “Will you excuse my offering a piece of serious advice? giving the blue tinge. It may be observed that the blue Whatever pleasure you may find in literature, beware of varies with the amount of vapor, becoming deepest when looking to it as a profession, but seek that independence to
the sky is seen between two rain clouds. With a very dry which every one hopes to attain by studying the branch of
state of the atmosphere the sky is almost gray. industry which lies most within your reach. In this case you Q. Where in the Bible is found the theory of Paul's marmay pursue your literary amusements honorably and hap tyrdom ? pily, but if ever you have to look to literature for an abso
A. After his last apprehension and imprisonment at lute and necessary support, you must be degraded by the
Rome he writes to Timothy in the second epistle that he is necessity of writing whether you feel inclined or not, and
no longer treated as an honorable state prisoner, but as a besides must suffer all the miseries of a precarious and de
felon. He tells him that he is ready to die, and the time of pendent existence."
departure is at hand. Beyond this we have the concurrent
witness of ecclesiastical antiquity. That literary capacity and culinary knowledge may be Q. Where did William the Conqueror die? There seems united in the same woman is no longer denied by the most
to be a difference of opinion among historians. captious misogynist. The days of inky fingers and ill-cooked
A. He died at Rouen, and was buried at Caen. dinners have gone by, and the woman of brains is often ad Q. In Miss De Forest's "Outline of History of Art” we mired as the best housekeeper of her circle. Mrs. Bayard
are told that the pyramids were probably built about the
time of Abraham. The Historical Chart says about the Taylor is known to her many friends not only as a woman
time of Solomon. Will you please inform a member of the of trained literary taste but as it domestic authority of dis C. L. S. C. through THE CHAUTAUQUAN which is correct? tinguished attainments. Her practical articles on German A. The word "probably' is very appropriately employed in Cookery," are commended to all who appreciate the science connection with this uncertain period of Egyptian history. and the refinements of the kitchen.
We fail to find any evidence or historical support of a date