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so late as Solomon, whilst many eminent authorities favor great deal better to select, sny, three, of tho most talonted a date earlier than the time of Abraham.

and best adapted to teach, and then divide tho wholo school

into three classes, primary, intermediato and adult? Q. What is the place assigned to the late Dean Stanley as Would we not thus avoid many of the cheeks and hinda theologian?

rances that we now experience, and altogether attain better A. We do not think that Stanley or his warmest ad results ? mirers have ever claimed any place for him as a theologiani.

A. The above question is one that will enlist tho attenDean Stanley's place is as a church historian. As such his

tion of so many readers of THE CHAUTAUQUAN, who are place is among the very highest. As no other man, perhaps,

workers in the Sunday-school, that we forbear to answer be succeeded in re-humanizing the Old Testament history.

in detail at present, in the hope that we may receive their Under the warm touch of his pen the characters and

views of the question before we sit down to the "Editor's events of the Old Testament are made to live before us again.

Table" of next month. We shall be glad to include in the

answer to this question any real points, pro or con, that Q. Is Egypt an independent country?

may be presented. We do not hesitate to say that there A. Egypt is a dependency of Turkey.

are advantages and disadvantages on both sides, and that, Q. Will the Editor's Table answer the following ques- | in our opinion, the excess of advantages is largely in favor tions and oblige a reader of THE CHAUTAUQUAN from the

of the custom that now prevails. first number: (1) When were envelopes first used for letters? (2) When was illuminating gas first used ? (3) Q. L'nder what circumstances was the name “Great UnWhen was kerosene first used for illuminating purposes ?

known " first applied ? (4) When and where was the first American newspaper A. When the "Waverley Novels” were first published the published? (5) When were steel and gold pens first used ?

author's name was withheld. During their anonymous (6) When were postage stamps first used in the United States ? (7) When were the Russian serfs emancipated ?

period it became the custom to speak of the author as the (8) When was first wood engraving?

Great Unknown. A. (1) Envelopes first used in 1839. (2) Gas first used in Q. I found rerently in a book of history an allusion to the Cornwall, England, 1792; in United States, Boston, 1822.

Lion of the North and to the Madman of the North. What

characters were referred to? (3) Kerosene for illuminating, 1826. (4) First American

A. The first is a title bestowed upon Gustavus Adolphus, newspaper, Publick Occurrences, Foreign and Domestick, Boston, 1690. (5) Steel pens, 1803; gold, 1825. (6) Postage

King of Sweden, who was the strong support of the Protesstamps in United States, 1847; in England seven years

tant cause during the Thirty Years' War. The second refers

to Charles XII, who was a most rash and impetuous charearlier. (7) Russian serfs emancipated in 1861. (8) Wood engraving dates from about 1423.

acter, often reaching the pitch of madness. Q. Can a man be a Christian and at the same time accept A friend writes: The answer No 18, pnblished in the Janthe theory of Darwin?

uary number of THE CHAUTAUQUAN, would convey, it A. Christ regarded man as made in the divine image.

seems to me, a very poor idea to a person who has been un. He taught the doctrine of a personal, omnipresent, superin able to find any other answer than that. tending God. Darwin teaches that man was made in the A design is first drawn, then the pieces of porphyry, mar. image of an oyster. His God is the pantheistic God, im

ble or glass are cut and fitted on the design. Next they are personal and so confounded and confused with nature that transferred to the object which they are to decorate, for exthe idea of human responsibility is impossible. It is diffi- ample, a table top, and there set in cement. Afterwards cult to see how a mind capable of making distinctions and

the inequalities in the surface are removed by grinding. appreciating differences can accept both.

Finally, the surface is highly polished. Beautiful designs, Q. Is it not a fundamental error in our higher educational flowers, portraits, and neary every thing which pencil or institutions that too much is attempted? Should they not brush has produced, have been copied in mosaics. The most rather seek to make specialties than to aim at universal scholarship?

delicate shadings are produced by matching the tints of A. As a rule extremes should be avoided. Doubtless many

marble, etc., and at a short distance some mosaics look like

the finest paintings. A very good example can be seen in of our colleges are open to the criticism of attempting too

Independence Hall, at Philadelphia, Pa. much. They seek to impart a scholarship which would

Answer to No. 33: The Great Bronze Door was designed cover almost the entire range of human knowledge. The

and modeled in Rome, in 1858, by Randolph Rogers, and inevitable result is that when attainments are so spread

cast in bronze in Munich, 1860. It fills the main doorway out they are merely superficial. The fact that God has

from the grand portico into the rotunda. Its height is given gifts to men different in kind and degree, are hints

nineteen feet, width nine feet. It weighs 20,000 pounds, that we are to pursue special lines of investigation. Many

and cost $28,000. There are two leaves to this door, each a man has talent for science or mathematics to whom

leaf being divided into eight panels, and there is also an. language-study is an enigma, and vice versa. Again, it is

arched transom panel. Each division contains a scene equally true that those who carry the specialist idea to

in alto-relievo, Each panel is finished on the back by a an extreme are just as much in error. Depth sometimes implies corresponding narrowness. Specialty and "hobby" simple star enclosed in a plain moulding. The events por

trayed on the door constitute the principal events in the may be synonomous. We think it quite probable that it is

life of Columbus and the discovery of America. a weak point in the German university system that it lays

No. 34: Four paintings by Colonel John Trumbull, ortoo much stress upon the idea of specialty in knowledge.

dered by Congress in 1817, and the fourth completed in 1824; The attempt to educate the mind in a particular line, ignor

each costing $8,000. (1) "Declaration of Independence, ing cognate knowledge, is self-thwarting. The laws of

July 4, 1776." (2) Surrender of Burgoyne, October, 1771." mind-development are like thote of the body. The muscles

(3) Surrender of Cornwallis, October, 1781." (4) "Resignaof the arm are capable of the highost development when

tion of General Washington, December 23, 1783." There those of the body are developed also. Likewise mental

are also four other paintings: (1) “Embarkation of the Pilgrowth must be syinmetrical.

grims from Delft-Haven, in Holland, July 21, 1620," by Q. Is there iiot a very mistaken idea prevalent concern.

Weir. (2) “Baptism of Pocahoutas, 1613," by Chapman. ing the Sunday-school of to-day in having so many classes with a corresponding number of teachers? It seems to me

(3) "Discovery of the Mississippi River by DeSoto, May, that we have gone to a wild extreme in this respect, a

1511," by Powell. (4) “Landing of Columbus, October 12, teacher for every half dozen scholars. Would it not be a 1492,” by Varderlyn.



HUMOROUS POETRY.* To which she replied, as the donkey she A brace of sinners, for no good,


Were order'd to the Virgin Mary's "Ah, yes, a relation-by marriage!" Who at Loretto dwelt, in wax, stone,

shrine, Said Stiggins to his wife, one day, “We've nothing left to eat; My Wife and I(Anonymous).


And in a fair white wig look'd wonIf things go on in this queer way, "Pray, why does the great Captain's

drous fine. We shan't make both ends meet."

Fifty long miles had those sad rogues The dame replied in words discreet, Resemble Venice?" Duncomb cries.

to travel, "We're not so badly fed, “Why," quoth Sam Rogers, “I suppose

With something in their shoes much

worse than gravel; If we can make but one end meat, Because it has a bridge of size (sighs)." In short, their toes so gentle to amuse, And make the other bread."

—“Wellington's Nose" (Anonymous.) The priest had order'd peas into their -"Domestic Economy" (Punch).

shoes: Chloris, I swear, by all I ever swore,

A nostrum famous in old Popish times Which is of greater value, prythee, say, That from this hour I shall not love For purifying souls that stunk The bride or bridegroom ?-must the

thee more.

truth be told?
“What! love no more? Oh, why this

A sort of apostolic salt,

Which Popish parsons for its powers Alas, it must! The bride is given away,

alter'd vow?'

exalt, The bridegroom's often regularly sold. Because I can not love thee more-than

For keeping souls of sinners sweet, -"A Conjugal Conundrum" (Punch). now!

Just as our kitchen salt keeps meat. _The Surprise" (Sir Thomas Moore.) The knaves set off on the same day, “A fool,” said Jeanette, “is a creature I

Peas in their shoes, to go and pray: hate!' Swans sing before they die—'t were no

But very diff'rent was their speed, I

wot! “But hating,' quoth John, "is im

bad thing,

One of the sinners gallop'd on, moral;

Did certain persons die before they sing. Swist as a bullet from a gun; Besides, my dear girl, its a terrible fate

-"Bad Poets" (Coleridge). The other limped as if he had been

shot. To be found in a family quarrel!” -"Family Quarrels" (J. G. Saxe). Beneath this verdant hillock lies, One saw the Virgin soon - peccavi Demar, the wealthy and the wise.

cried **Here, reader, turn your weeping eyes,

His heirs, that he might safely rest,

Had his soul white-wash'd all so

clever; My fate a useful moral teaches;

Have put his carcass in a chest,

Then home again he nimbly hied, The hole in which my body lies

The very chest in which, they say, Made tit, with saints above, to live Would

not contain one-half my

His other self, his money lay.
And, if his heirs continue kind

In coming back, however, let me say, _"The Orator's Epitaph" (Brougham.) To that dear self he left behind,

He met his brother rogue about half I dare believe that four in five

wayWhat's the news?-Why, they say Will think his better half alive. HIobbling, with out-stretched hands and

bending knees; Death has killed Dr. Morrison.

-"On a Usurer(Swift). Damning the souls and bodies of the The pill-maker? Yes. Then Death will

peas: be sorry soon.

His eyes in tears, his cheeks and brows THE PILGRIMS AND THE PEAS.

in sweat, "The Death of Dr. Morrison" (Bent

There is a knack in doing many a thing, Deep sympathizing with his groaning ley's Miscellany).

feet. Which labor can not to perfection bring:

Therefore, however great in your own "How now," the light-toed, whiteMen dying make their wills--but wives

wash'd pilgrim broke,

eyes, Escape a work so sad;

!" Why should they make what all their Pray do not hints from other folks des- "ods curse it," cried the other, “ 'tis no



My feet, once hard as any rock,
The gentle dames have had ?
A fool on something great, at times,

Are now as soft as any blubber. “Woman's. Will(J. G. Saxe).

may stumble,

"Excuse nie, Virgin Mary,that I swear

And consequently be a good adviser: As for Loretto I shall not get there; To win the maid the poet tries,

On which, forever, your wise men may No! to the Dev'l my sinful soul must And sometimes writes to Julia's eyes;


fumble, She likes a verse -but, cruel whim,

For damme if I ha'nt lost every toe.

And never be a whit the wiser. She still appears a-verse to him.

"But, brother sinner, pray explain The Poet Foiled(Punch). Yes! I advise you, for there's wisdom How,'tis that you are not in pain:

What pow'r hath work'd a wonder in't,

for your toes: As my wife and I, at the window one Never to be superior to a hint

While 1, just like a snail am crawling, day, The genius of each man, with keen. Now swearing, now on saints devoutly

bawling, Stood watching a man with a monkey, ness view

While not a rascal comes to ease my A cart came by, with a “broth of a boy,” | A spark from this, or t’other, caught,

woes? Who was driving a stout little don. May kindle, quick as thought,

“How is't that you can like a greyhound key. A glorious bonfire up in you.

go, To my wife I then spoke, by way of a

Merry, as if that naught had hap

pened, burn ye?!) joke, A question of you let me beg

"Why,” cried the other, grinning, “you “There's a relation of yours in that Of fam'd Columbus and his egg,

must know, carriage."

Pray, have you heard ?"Yes.”—0, then, That just before I ventured on my if you please

journey, * "l'umorous Poetry of the English Lan: I'll give you the two Pilgrims and the I took the liberty to boil my peas."

To walk a little more at ease,
guage,'' Published by Houzhten, Mitilin
Co., Boston, Mass.

- Peter Pindar.

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lor Comedietta,” by the author of "The Story of Honor

Bright," Games, etc., etc., will make the record 1882 the The January number, brightest of the bright, has come most brilliant of any in the annals of magazine literature to us fairly overwhelming in its varied budget of excellen for the young. Parents who desire for their children the cies. Few people are aware of the great ability and liberal highest cultivation, should not fail to take this magazine, expenditure which have brought Wide-Awake to its high as it affords, in the most economical and convenient way, position. What we would now call especial attention to is, the greatest possible educational privileges. that in addition to all this energy and ability, there has been exercised in its management, from the very first, a con CHAUTAUQUA BOOK-A-MONTH scientious adherence to the highest moral teaching. We

READING CIRCLE. notice that the Congregationalist, of Boston, says:

"D. Lothrop & Co.'s magazines for young people are not only 1. Many people who cherish strong desires after the readpure and educational in the best sense, but they are the ing of useful and improving books find great difficulties in most popular in the language." We would freely endorse their way. Mothers, with hands busy in family duties, the opinion expressed by this influential religious journal, | long for a mental culture which will lift their thought and and at the same time ask particular attention to the Wide conversation above the range of their household toil; Awake, which has fortunately been secured as the organ of fathers, whose lives have been so occupied with business the Chautauqua Young Folks' Reading Union. Now, then, that they have been unable to obtain an education; parents what does this magazine promise for "our girls and boys ?" who see their children advancing in knowledge, and wish Girls, now-a-days, read with avidity so much that is that they might, in some measure, keep pace with them, written for their brothers as well as for the older members and make the home attractive with the atmosphere of inof the family, that it is a trifle hard to set aside anything in telligence; young men in the factory, the office, or on the this delightful January number before us, as exclusively farm, who wish to supplement their earlier studies, or to their own. The same may be said of the reading for boys. supply the deficiency of them; young ladies who have finHowever, there is enough richness for all without robbing ished their school life, but desire still to go forward in the any. So to begin: "The Hudson to the Neva,'' by David a "quirement of knowledge; these and many more classes of Ker, is pronounced one of the most brilliant travel serials people have a longing to read good books, and to obtain the ever prepared for young folks. “Their Club and Ours," by benefits which come only from acquaintance with literature. a boy of fourteen, describes in the most graphic way possi 2. These people often find their aspirations after knowlble the school life of a merry party of boys and girls. So edge checked by circumstances. The field of learning is so much for the two serials. Rev. Edward E. Hale has a vast that they know not which of its many paths to choose. beautiful opening story, “Asaph Sheafe's Christmas." They desire not so much a thorough mastery of any one Amanda B. Harris tells how Christmas cards are made. branch of science, as a general acquaintance with various Six exquisitely illustrated poems follow, linked together. subjects. They do not have access to large libraries, nor acThen jolly short stories by Margaret Eytinge, Sophie May, quaintance with cultured people, so that it is difficult for and others. Rev. E. E. Hale begins a new year with his

them to ascertain just what works are adapted to their club of bright boys and girls in his "To-Day Papers.” Ar needs. Their time for reading is limited, and therefore they thur Gilman initiates his twelve articles on "How to Use must, if possible, obtain much in little, and read a few the Dictionary.” Besides all this, there is a beautiful books of moderate size, instead of the extended treatises. Christmas Carol by Christina Rosetti. Then comes the They do not possess either the facilities or the time to mark Chautauqua Young Folks' Reading Union Supplement, out a course of reading for themselves, and if they read at crowded with good things. The Magna Charta Stories, all to profit, must follow some course selected by another. edited by Arthur Gilman, progress splendidly. Amanda 3. To meet the wants of many people, the Chautauqua B. Harris has the loveliest of out-of-door papers, called Literary and Scientific Circle was originated a few years "Door Yard Folks.” No young citizen can complain of ago. Its need has been shown by its success, since it now not knowing the laws of our land, if they take the Wide- numbers nearly thirty thousand enrolled members. At the Awake, for through this medium Benjamin Vaughan suggestion of its founder, another Reading Union has now Abbott teaches the most important of our laws. The girls been instituted as a department of the C. L. S. C.-The are taught to make the daintiest of things for their rooms, Chautauqua Book-a-Month Reading Circle. It aims to in “Ways to Do Things," so that no girl can fail of lovely supply the needs of a large class of people, who desire a surroundings. The "Health and Strength Papers" give course of reading less extensive than that of the C. L. S. C. timely suggestions as to the building up of that rugged Its works are a little more recreative and popular in their health so much desired for our youth of to-day. Hezekiah style, and chosen rather for reading than close study; and Butterworth gives us a charming paper on "Handel, the with the design of supplementing the C. L. S. C. for some, Father of the Oratorio." Then the "Wise Blackbird" an and of substituting an easier line of literature for others. swers the questions proposed by the young subscribers on 4. The plan of the Chautauqua Book-a-Month Reading all subjects that interest them. The postoffice brings in Circle is somewhat indicated by its name. It embraces a letters that help make young writers who thus learn early course of thirty-six volumes, one for each month during three to express themselves. But we must stop. This gives a years, in the various departments of literature; so arranged faint impression of the contents of the January number of that it may be accomplised by reading twelve to twenty the Wide-Awake for 1882. As to the February number, we pages each day. There are few people who can not spare have no time to time to even hint of its contents, which the time requisite for such a course of reading, especially if more than make good the promise of its predecessor. Let the books chosen are interesting in their subjects, and atno one fail to see it. During the year there will appear a tractive in their style. long “Roman-Hispano Story," by Rev. Edward E. Hale. 5. The works selected for the course include the history "Wild Flower Papers," by Amanda B. Harris. "Illus of the most important nations, and a few of the greatest trated Folk Lore Ballads," valuable as studies in customs / epochs; biographies of the men most famous for their and costumes." "Old Time Cookery and a suit of Home- achievements in statesmanship, conquest, and literature; a spun" papers, descriptive of early days and ways, written few choice books of travel in the unfrequented portions of at one of the oldest homesteads in New England. "A Par the earth; some works of popular science; the great essays

of the greatest essayists; and a small number of the works is your occupation? (7) With what religious denomination of fiction, the masterpieces of romance, several of them his are you connected? (8) Do you, after mature deliberation, retorical pictures of past ages. A course of reading embrac- solve, if able, to prosecute the three years' courso of study ing so wide a range in so small a compass, must necessarily presented by the Chautauqua Book•a-Month Reading Circle? be limited in the number of its selections from any one au 12. The books of the course may be ordered through thor, however distinguished; but it is hoped that the works PHILLIPS & HUNT, 805 Broadway, New York, or WALDEN & selected inay lead many of the readers to seek a closer ac STOWE, Cincinnati. In ordering please to stato particularly quaintance with their writers.

the editions desired, since in most of the works more than 6. To those who unite with the Chautauqua Book-& one edition is published, one being a cheap pamphlet form, Month Reading Circle, a series of outline memoranda is and the other a bound volume for the library. furnished; a sheet for each volume of the course, contain 13. The works selected for reading during the year 1863 ing blanks for the reader's report, questions, outlines, and are as follows: suggestive hints concerning the book; furnishing a guide

CHAUTAUQUA BOOK-A-MONTH READING CIRCLE COURSE while reading, a reminder of what has been read, and a re

OF READING FOR 1882. port of the work done. This is to be filled up and mailed to January-"The History of the United States." By T. W. the office of the Circle at Plainfield, N. J. Upon the com Higginson. $1. pletion of each year's course of reading a certificate will be With this is recommended (but not required) the study sent to the reader, signed by the Department Secretary,

of Chautauqua Text-Book No. 21, “American History."

10 cents.) Rev. J. L. Hurlbut, and the Office Secretary, Miss K. F.

February—“The Life of George Washington." By WashKimball.

ington Irving. Abridged for popular use. One volume. 7. While "a book a month" is the general plan of the 12mo. $2.50. course, it may not be rigidly followed. Students may com March—"The Geologic Story Briefly Told.” By Dr. J. mence at any time, may read in what order, and at what D. Dana. $1.40. rate of progress they find convenient, and will receive their April—“The Autocrat of the Breakfast Table."

By 0. certificates for each year's reading as soon as the books are

W. Holmes. 18mo. $1.50. Illustrated. 12mo. $2. real and the books received. The course may be pursued

May—Readings from English History." By J. R. Green.

$1.50. by readers alone, each by himself, or in groups or “circles,”

(With this is recommended the study of Chautauqua according to the plan of the C. L. S.C.

Text-Book No. 4, “ English History," 10 cents.] 8. The special works named in the course have been

June-Lord Macaulay's Essays on "Milton," "Addison," selected with care, and it is desirable to read them as and “Warren Hastings.” Cheap edition, paper. Three chosen. Yet members who prefer to read other works in the

vols. Each, 25 cts. same general lines of study may do so, if the substituted (We recommend readers to obtain Macaulay's Essays, works are as extensive as those appointed. Those who wish

complete in three volumes; a valuable and standard work

for the library. $3.75.] to make such substitutions are requested to communicate with the Department Secretary, Rev. J. L. Hurlbut at the

July-" Eothen: Travels in the East." By A. W. King

lake. Cheap edition, paper, 10 cents. office of the Circle, Plainfield, N. J., inclosing stamp or August—" Henry Esmond: (A Story of the Times of postal card for answer. All members are invited to address Queen Anne]. By W. M. Thackeray. Cheap edition, paper, the Superintendent with questions concerning the books,

15 cents. 12mo edition, cloth, $1.25 their subjects, or the general plan of the course.

September—"The Era of the Protestant Revolution. By 9. The business office of the Circle will be at the same

F. Seebohn. $1. place with that of the Chautauqua Literary and Scientific

October—“Culture and Religion:" By J. C. Shairp. Cheap Circle, Plainfield, N. J. Miss K ? Kimball, the Secretary

edition, paper, 15 cents. Cloth-bound edition, $1.25.

November—" Self-Help.” By S. M. Smiles. Cloth-bound of the C. L. S. C, will act as Serrt viry and Treasurer of the edition, $1. “Book-a-Month Circle," and will receive names for mem December—"John Halifax, Gentleman." By D. M. ship, and members' fees.

Craik. Cheap edition, paper, 15 cents. Cloth-bound edition, 10. To defray the expenses of correspondence, printing,

$1.25. etc., a fee of fifty cents per annum is required of all who join

Superintendent: J. H. VINCENT, D. D. the Circle. This amount will cover all the expenses of

Address all correspondence concerning the Chautauqua membership, except the books of the course, and will entitle

Book-a Month Reading Circle" to the Department Secre

tary, Rev. J. L. HURLBUT, Plainfield, N. J. to all its privileges, and to the certificate for each year':

Send for circulars, report names for membership, and reading. It should be remitted to Miss Kate F. Kimball, make payments of fees to the Secretary and Treasurer of the Plainfield, N.J., by New York or Philadelphia draft or post

C. L. S. C., Miss KATE F. KIMBALL, Plainfield, N. J. office order. Do not send postage stamps if it can be

Order the books of the course, or inquire concerning them, avoided. In sending, please to state specifically that it is

through PHILLIPS & HUNT, 805 Broadway, New York; or for membership in the “ Book-a-Month,” that it may not be

WALDEN & STOWE, Cincinnati and Chicago. mistaken for the C. L. S. C. Members of the C. L. S. 1'. may take the entire “Book-a-Month” course for the three years by one payment of fifty rents, and upon its completion will receive the “Book-a-Month” seal to their C. L. S. C.

From October 1, 1881, in clubs of five or more at diplomas.

one time, we will send The CHAUTAUQUAN for 1881-82, 11. Persons desiring to unite with the Chautauqua Book

at $1.35. a-Month Reading Circle should forward to the office answers to the following questions: (1) Give your name in

THE CHAUTAUQUAN for 1881-82, and ASSEMBLY full (2) Your post.tfice address, with county and State.

Daily HERALD for season of 1881, $2.25. (3) Ar- you marrime or single? (4) What is your age? Are

Full sets of ASSEMBLY DAILY HERALD for season of you between twenty and thirty, or thirty and forty, or forty 1881, $1.00. and fifty, or fifty n l sixty, etc.? (5) If married, how many We have received more postage stamp: than we will be children living under the age of sixteen years ?* (6) What

able to use for the next two years.

We therefore must de

cline toereive any more on subscriptions to THE CHAU* We ask this question to a certain the possible future intellectual TA'QUAN. Send drafts on New York, Philadelphia, Baltiand moral influence of this "Circle” on our homes.

more or l'ittsburgh, or Postoflice Money Order:


THE C. L. S. C.

President: J. H. Vincent, D. D.

Counselors: Lyman Abbott, D. D. ; Bishop H. W. Warren, D. D. ; J. M. Gibson, D. D.; W. C. Wilkinson, D. D.

Office Secretary: Miss Kate F. Kimball. General Secretary: Albert M. Martin, A. M.


3. Sci.

1.-AIM. This new organization aims to promote habits of reading and study in nature, art, science, and in secular and sacred literature, in conDection with the routine of daily life ( especially among those whose educational advantages have been limited), so as to secure to them the college student's general outlook upon the world and life, and to develop the habit of close, connected, persistent thinking.

2.-METHODS. It proposes to encourage individual study in lines and by text-books which shall be indicated; by local circles för mutual help and encouragement in such studies; by summer courses of lectures and 'students' sessions” at Chautauqua, and by written reports and examinations.

3.-COURSE OF STUDY. The course of study prescribed by the C. L. S. C. shall cover a period of four years.

4.--ARRANGEMENT OF CLASSES. Each year's Course of Study will be considered the "First Yearfor new pupils, whether it be the first, second, third, or fourth of the four years' course. For example, "the class of 1885," instead of beginning October, 1881, with the same studies which were pursued in 1880-'81 by the class of 1881," will fall in with the class of '81,' and take for their first year the second year's course of the '84 class. The first year for "ihe class of 1884" will thus in due time become the fourth year for the class of 1885."

5.-STUDIES FOR 1881-82.* The course for 1881-82 comprises readings in: 1. History. 2. Literature. ence and Philosophy. 4. Art. 5. Religion.

The required books for the year are as follows: 1. HISTORY.-Man's Antiquity and Language. Dr. M. S. Terry (Chautauqua Text-Book.) Price 10 cents. Outlines of General History. Dr. J. H. Vincent. (Chautauqua Text. Book.) Price, 10 cents. Mosaics of History. Selected by Arthur Gilman, Esq., of Cambridge, Mass. (CHAUTAUQUAN.) Readings from Mickenzie's Nineteenth Century. Books First and Second. (Franklin Square edition) Price, 15 cents

2. LITERATURE.--Art of Speech. Part II. "Oratory and Logic(Dr. L. T. Townsend.) Price, 50 cents. Illustrated History of Ancient Literature, Oriental and Classical. Dr. Quackenhos. Price, $1.00. English History and Literature. Chautauqua Library Vol. III. (To be ready in 1882.)

3. SCIENCE AND PHILOSOPHY. - Popular Readings íoncerning Mathematics, Political Economy, Geoligy, Chemistry, Laws of Health, and Mental and Mural Phil. osophy. (CHAUTAUQUAN.)

4. ART.- Outline Lessons on Art. Miss De Forest. (Chautauqua Text-Book.) Price, io cents. A Short History of Art, Miss De Forest. Price, $2.

5. Religious. - God in History. (CHAUTAUQUAN.) Religion in Art. (CHAUTAUQUAN)

6. ADDITIONAL.-(For Students of Class 1882.) Hints for Home Reading, Dr. Lyman Abbott. The Hall in the Grove. Mrs. Alden. (About Chautauqua and the C. L. S. C.)

The following is the distribution of the subjects and books through he year: October and November.

Art of Conversation. (Ch.) (Ch. stands for The CHAUTAUQUAN.] Illustrated History of Ancient Literature. (utline Lessons on Art. (De Forest.) (Continued.) A Short History of Art. (De Forest.) Christianity in Art. (Ch.) Mosaics of History. (Ch.)

Readings about Mental Science. (Ch.) Coristianity in Art. (Ch.s

Health at Home. (Ch.)
Readings about Geology. (Ch.)


Mosaics of History. (Ch.)
Man's Antiquity and Language. [Terry.) Readings about Political Economy. (Ch.]
Outlines of General History. (Vincent.] Readings from Mackenzie's Nineteenth
Mosaics of History. (Ch.).

Readings about Geology. (Ch.)

Readings about Philosophy. (Ch.] Mosaics of History. (Ch.]
Christianity in Art. (Ch.)

Art of Speech. Part II. Townsend.)

Readings about Political Economy. (Ch.)
Mosaics of History. (Ch.]

God in History. (Ch.)

Mosaics of History. (Ch.)
Mustrated History of Ancient Literature, English History and Literature. (Chau-

Oriental and Classical, (Quackenbos.) tauqua Library, Vol. VII.]
Readings about Mental Science (Ch.1 Readings about Mathematics. (Ch.)
Laws of Health. (Ch.)

Readings about Chemistry. (Ch.)
Christianity in Art. (Ch.]


Mosaics of History. (Ch.)
Mosaics of History. (Ch.)

Readings about Chemistry. (Ch.) 6.--THE WHITE SEAL SUPPLEMENTARY COURSE. Persons who desire to read more extensively in the lines of study for 1881-82 are expected to read, in addition to the required” books for the year, the following: Conflict of Christianity with Heathenism. By Dr. Ulhorn. Outline Study of Man. By Dr. Hopkins, History of Germany. By Charlotte M. Yonge.

Persons who pursue the “White Seal Course of each year, in addition to the regular course, will receive at the time of their graduation a white seal to be attached to the regular diploma.

7.-SPECIAL COURSES. Menibers of the C. L. S. C. may take, in addition to the regular course above prescribed, one or more special courses, and pass an examination upon them., A series of special courses in the several departments of study will be in due time announced, and pupils will receive credit and testimonial seals to be appended to their regular di

ploma, according to the merit of examinations on these supplemental courses.

8.-THE PREPARATORY COURSE. Persons who are too young, or are not sufficiently advanced in their studies, to take the regular C. L. S. C. course, nay adopt certain preparatory lessons for the two years.

For circulars of the special and preparatory courses, address Dr. J. H. Vincent, Plainfield, N. J.

9.-INITIATION FEE. To defray the expenses of correspondence, monthly reports, etc., an annual fee of fifty cents is required. This amount should be forwarded to Miss K. F. Kimball, Plainfield, N. J., (by New York or Philadelphia draft or post-office order.) Do not send postage-stamps if you can possibly avoid it.

N. B.-In sending your fee, be sure to state to which class you belong, whether 1882, 1883, 1884, or 1885.

10.--APPLICATION FOR MEMBERSHIP. Persons desiring to unite with the C. L. S. C. should forward answers to the following questions to Dr. J. H. VINCENT, PLAINFIELD, N.J. The class graduating in 1885 should begin the studies of the less sons required. October 1881. They may begin as late as January 1, 1882.

1. Give your name in full. 2 Your post-office address - with county and State. 3. Are you married or single? 4. What is your age? Are you between tw nty and thirty? or thirty and tort!, or forty and fifty, or fifty and sixty, etc.? 5. If married, how many children living under the age of sixteen years?* 6. What is your occupation? 7. With what religious denomination are you connected? 8. Do you, after mature deliberation, resolve, it able, to prosecute the four years' course of study presented by the C. L. S. C.? 9. Do you promise to give an average of three hours a week to the reading and study required by this course? 10. How much more than the time specified do you hope to give to this course of study?

11.-TIME REQUIRED, An average of forty minutes' reading each week day will enable the student in nine months to complete the books required for the year. More time than this will probably be spent by many persons, and for their accommodation a special course of reading on the same subjects has been indicated. The habit of thinking steadily upon worthy themes during one's secular toil will lighten labor, brighten life, and develop power.


MEMORANDA. The annual examinations" will be held at the homes of the members, and in writing. Memoranda will be forwarded to them, and by their written replies the Committee” can judge whether or not they have read the books required.

13.-ATTENDANCE AT CHAUTAUQUA. Persons should be present to enjoy the annual meetings at Chautauqua, but attendance there is not necessary to graduation in the C. L.SC. Persons who have never visited Chautauqua may enjoy the advantages, diploma, and honors of the "Circle.”' The Daily ASSEMBLY HERALD is published on the grounds during the Chautauqua Assembly. Send $1 for the Daily HERALD to Theodore L. Flood, Meadville, Pa. Back numbers for 1881 can be supplied.

14.- LOCAL CIRCLES. Individuals may prosecute the studies of the C. L. S. C. alone, but their efforts will be greatly facilitated by securing a "local circle” of two or more persons, who agree to meet as frequen*ly as possible, read together, converse on subjects of study, arrange for occasional lectures by local talent, organize a library, a museum, a laboratory, etc. All that is necessary for the establishment of such "local cir cles" is to meet, report organization to Dr. Vincent, Plainfield, N.J., and then prosecute the course of study in such a way as seens most likely to secure the ends contemplated by the C. L. Š. C.

Twelve days are set apart as days of especial interest to every mem-
ber of the C. L. S. C., and as days of devout prayer for the further-
ance of the objects of this society. On these days all members are
urgently invited to read the literary and scriptural selections indi-
cated,to collect some facts about the authors whose birthdays are thus
commemorated, and to invoke the blessing of our heavenly Father
upon this attempt to exalt His word, and to understand and rejoice in
His works. The selections to be read on the memorial days are pub-
lished by Phillips & Hunt, and by Walden & Stowe, in a small volume
-Chautauqua Text-Book No. 7 "Memorial Days.” Price, 10 cents.

"We study the word and the works of God."
“Let us keep our heavenly Father in the midst."
"Never be discouraged.”

The center of the Chautauqua Literary and Scientific Circle is the
HALL OF PHILOSOPHY in the beautiful grove at Chautauqua, which
was dedicated August 17. 1878, by Bishop R. S. Foster, in the presence
of a large, devout, and enthusiastic audience. It is the purpose of
the managers of Chautauqua to have St. Paul's Grove fitted up with
rustic seats, statuary, fountains, etc., and make it a place of beauty
and inspiration to all members of the Circle.

18.-FIRST YEAR. Persons desiring forms of application, or information concerning the Circle, should address Dr. Vincent, Plainfield, N. J.

19.-"THE CHAUTAUQUAN." The organ of the C. L. S.C. is THE CHAUTAUQUAN. Issued monthly, from October to July. Price, $1.50. Send subscriptions to Theodore L. Flood, Editor and Proprietor, Meadville, Pa.

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*The additional books for the “White Seal Course" for 1881-82 are: “Conflict of Christianity with Heathenism,' by Dr. Ulhorn; "Owline Study of Man," by Dr. Mark Hopkins; “History of Germany," by Charlotte Yonge.

* We ask this question to ascertain the possible future intellectual and moral influence of this "Circle" on your homes.

† These mottoes are issued on large cards by Prang & Co., of Boston, Mase. Eacha motto sells at $1.

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