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79. Q. What is said of the origin of the principal indus Britain bear rule? A. Fully one-seventh of the surface of tries of England ? A. It is foreign.
the globe, and one-fourth of its population. Her posses80. Q. Until long after the middle of the eighteenth cen sions abroad are sixty times larger than the parent state. tury how was commerce strangled ? A. By the impossi 100. Q. How many different British colonies are there? bility of conveying goods from one part of the country to A. There are thirty-eight separate colonies, or groups of another.
colonies. 81. Q. Shortly after the middle of the last century for what did a passion arise in England which ultimately
LOCAL CIRCLES.*: passed into a species of mania ? A. The formation and improvement of canals and highways.
The Required Reading for the month of March is books 82. Q. By what inventions were some of the obstacles first and second of Mackenzie's Nineteenth Century; and that barred the progress of England to manufacturing great- in THE CHAUTAUQUAN, Mosaics of History, Mental Philosness removed ? A. Watt's steam-engine, Compton's spin-ophy, Christianity in Art, and Political Economy. In this ning-mule, Cartwright's power-loom, and Whitney's cot number of THE CHAUTAUQUAN are elsewhere printed one ton-gin.
hundred questions and answers, based on the Required 83. Q. Name four of the great inventions of the nineteenth Reading in Mackenzie's Nineteenth Century. The work century that are victories of peace. A. The steam-ship, for the month we suggestively divide into four parts, one the locomotive, the electric telegraph, and the steam print- for each week: ing press.
FIRST WEEK.-1. The Nineteenth Century, book first, 84. Q. In what departments for the amelioration of the ills chapter first, The Opening of the Century, and chapter secof mankind has wonderful progress been made during the ond, Napoleon Bonaparte. present century? A. The healing of bodily diseases, the 2. Questions and Answers on the Nineteenth Century, practice of surgery, and the treatment of the insane.
from No. 1 to No. 25, inclusive. 85. Q. Name three of the more recent discoveries or in 3. Mosaics of History, in THE CHAUTAUQUAN. ventions. A. Friction matches, the sewing-machine, and SECOND WEEK.-1. The Nineteenth Century, book first, photography.
chapter third, The Congress of Vienna; book second, chap86. Q. What was the first of the great associations ter first, Social Condition of Great Britain; chapter second, formed for sending the Christian religion to heathens? A. The Reform Bill. The Baptist Missionary Society.
2. Questions and Answers on the Nineteenth Century, 87. Q. What is said of the formation of all the great mis from No. 26 to No. 50, inclusive. sionary societies of Europe and America? A. They were 3. Mental Philosophy, in THE CHAUTAUQUAN. formed during the first quarter of the present century, and THIRD WEEK.-1. The Nineteenth Century, book second, missionary work was organized into a system.
chapter third, The Redress of Wrongs—I; chapter fourth, 88. Q. In all how many Protestant missionaries are there The Redress of Wrongs-- II; chapter fifth, Chartism; chapnow at work in heathen countries? A. Two thousand, and ter sixth, Our Wars. the churches sustain the work by an annual contribution of 2. Questions and Answers on the Nineteenth Century, about one million sterling.
from No. 51 to No. 75, inclusive. 89. Q. What is said of the cost of Christianizing the in 3. Christianity in Art, in THE CHAUTAUQUAN. habitants of the Sandwich Islands, a people that had sunk FOURTH WEEK.-1. The Nineteenth Century, book secto the lowest depths of degradation? A. Its entire cost has ond, chapter seventh, The Victories of Peace-I; chapter been two hundred and fifty thousand pounds, greatly less eighth, The Victories of Peace-II; chapter ninth, Christian than the cost of one ironclad ship of war.
Missions; chapter tenth, The Charities of the Nineteenth 90. Q. What is the greatest of all fields of missionary labor? Century; chapter eleventh, Our Indian Empire; chapter A. India. Thirty-five societies carry on their operations twelfth, Our Colonies. among the swarming millions who own British rule.
2. Questions and Answers on the Nineteenth Century, 91. Q. What is one of the noblest traits of the nineteenth from No. 76 to No. 100, inclusive. century? A. The growth of organized voluntary effort to 3. Political Economy, in THE CHAUTAUQUAN, and Poor relieve the suffering and raise the fallen.
Richard. 92. Q. What is said of the charitable societies of London? A. London has upwards of five hundred charitable socie
What was said at the conference of the conductors and ties, which expend annually about one million sterling,
officers of local circles, at Chautauqua, in August of last voluntarily contributed by benevolent individuals.
summer, will be found full of interesting suggestions. An 93. Q. When, and from whom, did the East India Com
extended report of the same is given in this number of THE pany obtain a charter and commence trading with India ?
CHAUTAUQUAN. A. In 1600, from Queen Elizabeth.
Montclair, N.J., has a progressive local circle that meets 94. Q. What career was unwillingly thrust upon this
once a week, on Thursday evenings. The meetings are held company established for purely commercial purpose? A.
at the residences of the members. The circle was organized A career of military conquest in India. 95. Q. What is the extent of the territory of the British
with a membership of twenty-three.
The exercises are
conducted by a leader appointed monthly. possessions in India ? A. It is equal in area to that of all Europe, excepting Russia. 96. Q. What uprising of the natives occurred in 1857
The Sullivan, Ohio, local circle was organized in March, which was attended with great barbarities on both sides?
1880. The regular meetings are held every Tuesday evening.
The present officers are: Mrs. Rosetta M, P. Menn, PresiA. The Sepoy rebellion. 97. Q. What is the population of the territory over which
dent, and Miss Celia L. Pritchard, Secretary. The meetings
are opened with singing and prayer. Each member reads British rule extends in India? A. About two hundred and forty millions.
some portion of the lesson assigned. The president asks the 98. Q. Where are the largest colonial possessions of
* All communications from local circles intended for The CHAUGreat Britain ? A. On the North American continent.
TAUQUAN should be addressed to Albert M. Martin, General Secre99. Q. Over what proportion of the world does Great tary of the C. L. S. C., Pittsburgh, Pa.
leading and most important questions. The members of the that big rocker of yours, listening to you all.' Thus you circle spend from one to two hours together at a meeting. see the long voyage of 15,590 miles was profitably varied by The memorial days have been observed by meeting and reading the books and papers he had received up to the reading extracts from the authors. An essay read by the time of his departure, and 'while on the ocean sailing' the president, Mrs. Mann, on Bryant Memorial Day, was Circle was not forgotten. So it is Chautauqua is wafted to specially interesting. The class is small, but earnest and the distant seas, and the land of the Celestials." enthusiastic in the work.
A local circle was organized in Winchester, Ill., last OcAt Hastings, Mich., there is a local circle composed of five tober, comprising seven members, with Miss Maggie Husmembers, all women. One of the members writes as follows: ton as President, Mrs. W. C. Day, Secretary, and Miss Belle “We have no officers, meet every week informally, and Eddings, Treasurer. Meetings are held regularly every two read and talk over the different subjects before us, and find weeks, and occasionally an extra meeting is appointed much profit and enjoyment. None of us would willingly when the members are not quite up with the work. The give up our study, I am sure, as we realize the benefit de- secretary says, “We are delighted with the reading, and rived from reading a prescribed course carefully selected, spend many profitable hours discussing interesting topics." with valuable notes and suggestions, as is the C. L. S. C. We do not find that a course of reading is 'a course of regimen
We have before us a printed report of a recent meeting of for dwarfing the mind,' as some have said, but rather a
the Hillsboro, Ohio, local circle, which shows the organigrand guide to mental culture and progress. Surely to bave zation to be in a flourishing condition. Forty members were the mind fixed upon a few topics attentively is far more
present, and about twenty visitors. At the close of the reprofitable, both to mind and character, than promiscuous
view exercise Dr. Starr gave an interesting talk on scenes study."
in the European cathedrals, mentioning among others Mel
rose Abbey, near which was the home of Sir Walter Scott. The third lecture of the second annual course of free lec A selection from Ruskin, entitled Choice Books, Good tures under the auspices of the C. L. S. C., of Cincinnati, | Company," was finely rendered by Miss Mattie Van Cleve. Ohio, and vicinity, was given at the Seventh Presbyterian | The meeting was held at the residence of Dr. and Mrs. H. S. Church of that city, on Friday evening, January 20th, by Fullerton, who, by unanimous vote of the members present, Prof. John Mickleborough, principal of the Cincinnati Nor were made honorary members of the circle. mal School. The audience was very large, and the lecture throughout was listened to with the most earnest attention. On January 5, death entered the Memphis, Tenn., local The subject of "Man's Antiquity and Language"' was ably circle for the first time, and robbed it of one of its most presented by the lecturer under the following heads:
active and zealous members. Miss Mattie W. Baker, late I. Geological evidences of man's antiquity. A number of vice president of the local circle, was removed in the prime specimens from the Society of Natural History were used to of her youth and usefulness. Belonging to the class of 1884, illustrate the subject. Among the specimens were an ele
she joined the circle in October, 1880, and entered into the phant's tooth, head of an ape, skeleton ofa bat from Ceylon, bones of the horse and deer, and casts of various famous work with all the enthusiasm of her nature, manifesting a skulls, including one of a flat-headed Indian and of the fos- desire, not only for her own improvement, but a warm insil known as the Neanderthal skull.
terest in the welfare of the circle. No accumulation of II. Philological evidences of nian's antiquity. Languages other duties ever prevented her performing the task assigned compared.
III. Physiological relations of man to lower forms of ani her, with profit and pleasure to the members and credit to mal life. Man's superior endowments, etc.
herself. It is seldom we are called upon to mourn a more The next lecture of the course will be delivered at the Y. lovely character. Her pastor, who was intimately acM. C. A. Hall, February 23d, by Dr. G. D. Watson, of New-quainted with her, paid her a well deserved tribute when port, Ky., on the subject, "Science in the Bible."
he said of her, "She united the characters of the 'Sisters of
Bethany." From a letter addressed to Dr. Vincent we take the following interesting history of a local circle: “In the fall of The Franklin, Pa., local circle was organized in October, 1879 four busy 'Brooklynites' joined the C. L. S. C. Three of 1878, with Rev. S. J. M. Eaton, D. D., President, and Miss the party were young women under thirty, teachers in three Anna M. Dale, Secretary and Treasurer. It now sends different public schools in Brooklyn, the fourth a young man greeting to its sister circles throughout Christendom. It has who had not yet attained his majority, holding a responsible kept on its way steadily since the origin of the parent Circle business position in New York. Living neighbors to each in 1878. In not a single instance has it failed to hold its other we found it convenient to meet on Monday evenings regular semi-monthly meetings, and in not a single instance and read and study together. Speaking for our little circle has the president of the circle failed to be present to conduct I can say we have all found Chautauqua helpful, and al- | its exercises. Its members have kept up promptly with the though business duties have pressed heavily, often causing reading each month, except in two instances, when the us to fall behind in the work of the C. L. S. C., we have books were not out in season. During the past years the managed to make up back work during our summer vaca exercises have been a regular and close review of the readtion, so that October found us ready and anxious to take a ing, with conversations on the same. Occasionally there fresh start. Until last April our band remained unbroken, have been essays and papers on historical characters that and then our youngest and most faithful worker left home have been under review, with a lecture on important subto take, as a matter of health, a long sea voyage to China. jects. When possible, the subjects have been illustrated by In a letter mailed from Hong Kong, and begun on the pictures and object lessons. Connected with these meetings, China Sea when ninety days out, he writes: “The jib-boom in opening and closing, there have been devotional exercises. is a very comfortable resort, but I like the main cross-tree As the older members approach the close of the four years' best, where I often take my Chautauqua books and spend course, the conviction deepens as to the immense practical a couple of hours. Every Monday evening since leaving I value of the Circle, and its studies. There is also a feeling of have devoted to C. L. S. C. work, as we used to when our devout thankfulness to the Great Giver of kpowledge and little circle met. It is not nearly as interesting to sit the Revealer of truth that the way has been opened up to cooped up in a bunk with a swinging lamp near your nose, privilege and enjoyment and satisfaction in the pursuit of reading 'Art of Speech,' as it would be stretched out in knowledge through the Circle.
C. L. S. C. NOTES AND LETTERS.
An officer of the Oberlin, Ohio, local circle writes: “This being a college town, and many literary societies connected with the college, they seem to take in our young people, and our circle is composed mostly of middle aged people. Several of us are mothers, and we went into it to be better mothers and companions for our children. My three little boys are members of a small reading circle, and are also interested in my reading when it is anything they can com: prehend. Our reading this year has been rather large for them, but I have so much enjoyed our art work that I have told them in a way that they could understand about it. We do a good deal of writing in our circle. For instance, in connection with our art book, an artist would be assigned to a member to present a sketch of his life and principal work-, or some noted palace or cathedral, or any of the "questions for further study.'"
A member of the class of 1884, writes from Maine, as follows: "We have no local circle, no triangle, not even a straight line-only a dot, and that a very small one. sue my studies alone but hope for company by-and-by. Several persons in town are reading a part of the books, and I hope before another year begins to be able to report a circle here."
A member of the C. L. S. C. writing from Bermuda says: “We have formed no regular local circle, but as I am an inmate of a family which contains three members besides myself, it might almost be called one, as the Chautauqua reading is the center about which the whole household revolves. I suppose it answers the same purpose so long as ideas are stirred up somehow. I enjoy it all, but fear I read too much to retain it all. One can not help getting interested, and as I have plenty of time I get all the books I can on the same subjects. We do not read together as we all go at different paces, and it takes a good many books to have a volume for everybody. I have to read my White Seal course to keep busy until the first volume is disengaged, and in odd minutes, while waiting in the carriage, I try to commit the outlines."
The stockton, Me., local circle numbers ten members. The names of the officers are: Miss Lillie Simmons, President; Miss Lena Randall, Vice President; Miss Lillie Staples, Secretary. The secretary writes as follows: "The circle meets every Friday evening at half-past six, and never closes until later than nine, and then with reluctance. Our meeting opens by reading from the Bible, the selection being chosen and read by the lady at whose home we meet. After this comes the recitation of whatever lessons may be in the week's course, and as every member is assigned a part, each becomes both teacher and pupil. When there are essays and questions for further study' we do not each attempt to prepare ourselves on all, but each takes eitheran essay or a question, obtains all the information possible, and reads it at the meeting, after which the papers are exchanged and copied into our note books kept especially for this purpose.”
We have before us a letter from Santiago, Chili, asking for further enlightenment in reference to the Chautauqua reading organizations, in which the writer says: "We have under our care one hundred or more girls and boys this year, and will probably have as many more the coming year, and desire to avail ourselves in their training of whatever is best for mind and heart of the plans and methods from home."
The Secretary of the Brushland, N. Y., local circle, re The following letter speaks in behalf of the practical side ports as follows: “We have eight names on our roll, and of the after-school idea of the C. L. S. C.: "I enjoy the C. all seem to be very much interested in the readings. Our ot L. S. C. very much. It gives me courage to feel that, alficers consist of a president, secretary and leaders. The though I am forty-five years old, I am a scholar, and am in secretary holds office for three months, while the others a school, and really learning something. My chance for change at each weekly meeting. The president's duty is school education was but little. After I was twelve years to appoint leaders, one to each subject, to conduct the reci. old I staid at home and worked summers, and then had tations at the next meeting. The president also appoints a only three or four months of schooling in winter, and for president for the next weekly meeting. We have adopted that had to walk a mile and a half through unbroken snow this plan that every one may have an equal share of work to roads. Do you wonder that the C. L. S. C. comes to me like do. As we did not organize until about the middle of De. a God-given gift? Those that have been scrimped as I can cember, we have been obliged to take very long lessons in appreciate what it is to have a course of reading laid out for order to get up with the reading as it is distributed in The them. I do get discouraged at times when the work is hard CHAUTAUQU'AN, and some of our members declare that and I am so tired I can not understand what I am reading. they 'never studied so hard in their lives' as they have since I hope to go to Chautauqua for a week next summer. That they became members of the C. L. S. C. The meetings are seems to me to be the nearest heaven I shall ever get on held at the homes of the different members."
A local circle at Lafayette, Ind., has a membership of The "History of the World,” published in The Chauthirty-six. The organization has been named the “Vincent TAUQUAN as a part of the Required Reading last year, still Local Circle." The membership represents churches of lingers in the memory of many for very significant reasons. three denominations, and includes a Presbyterian minister One member writes, “I used to skip the dates, when on orand the pastor of a Methodist church, five city school teach- dinary occasions I usually devoured them. I never realized ers, two lawyers, one physician, several business men, and before that Noah's family was such a multum in parvo single and married women. The meetings are held twice affair; his sons seemed interminable. Do not consider it each month in the Y. M. C. A. rooms. The ollicers are: treason if I say I was thankful when the last bit of 'Ham' President, Prof. John A. Maxwell; Vice President, Mrs. was disposed of." Ada B. Falley; Treasurer, Mrs. F. V. Erisman; Secretary, Miss Lilian G. Smith. The secretary reports as follows: Some of the many ways in which the C. L. S. C. has "We have two kinds of members, regular and annual. The proven a help and a blessing are stated in the following exregular members are those who pledge themselves to read tracts from recent letters: A member of the class of 1883, the four years' course. The annuals are those who read writes: "The C. L. S. C. has been of untold good to me. what they can, but do not wish to pledge themselves to a On account of ill health for the past six years I have been four years' course. So far some of our annual members are unable to attend school. During the four years previous to proving themselves to be invaluable helpers."
the past year I was a contirmed invalid, being contined to
bed or lounge the greater part of the time. In that condi- C. L. S. C. LOCAL CIRCLE LEADERS" tion my first year's work in the C. L. S. C. was mostly ac
CONFERENCE.* complished. At present I am enjoying comfortable health, and I am happy to say that I consider the C. L. 8. C. as an
DR. EATON: I suppose this meeting was called chiefly important element in my recovery; it not only directed my
for the purpose of comparing notes, and will therefore be a thoughts in a new channel, but by the interest it awakened
kind of experience meeting on the part of officers of local in me, it in a great measure enabled me to forget my suffer
circles. We will be very glad to have remarks or suggesings." Another member of the same class says: “Your
tions from any person present, either in regard to the value Circle, or rather the books I have read, were instrumental in
of local circles or the best means of conducting them, or the causing me to consider the subject of religion, and I am glad best ways of making them interesting and profitable. to say I am at present a member of the - church here.
MR. TURRILL: I have been attempting to help in one of The C. L. S. C. has been much to me. It has shown me
the local circles of Cincinnati. We organized last October how little I know; my eyes seem opening to a new world.”
with twenty-one members. We agreed to meet on the first A lady member writes from Indiana: “I find the course
Friday of each month. We were to do our studying at home has been invaluable in Sunday-school work and home, and
and to meet and compare notes. A few days before the there is where I am most interested. Eleven years have I meeting a copygram notice was sent to each member rebeen looking for something systematic in the way of read- minding him of the meeting, and asking him to bring at ing, and I am happy to say that the C. L. S. C. fills every
least two questions from the required reading in THE CHAUwant. I am a better mother, wife, friend, and neighbor by
TAUQUAN, and also to prepare some short statement from trying to keep 'God in the midst,' and 'never getting dis- eight to twenty minutes on a special point of interest, if he couraged.'" One of the class of 1882, writes: "The three
chose to do so, or to be ready with a reading on some author, years' work and reading of the C. L. S. ('. is and will be of
Of course this did not happen at every meeting; but the obgreat benefit and use to me as superintendent and chaplain ject was to get every member interested. We were very of this school. Though my duties are arduous and cares
nearly equally divided as regards gentlemen and ladies. innumerable I need the recreation of the C. L. S. C."
We met at different houses. We almost always had a full
meeting, although we had some very cold weather. When The C. L. S. C. is carried into Africa. From Swellendam, Cape Colony, South Africa, the principal of a girls' public ficer any member who could answer a question would do so,
we had the query box questions read by the presiding ofschool writes as follows: “I am one of a little band of
or some person was called upon to answer it, or the PresiAmerican teachers in South Africa, and I write this at the
dent would answer it himself. On these questions the page request of the minister of the Dutch Reformed Church in this place for information in regard to the course of reading could be read if not thought of at the time. We also had
of THE CHAUTAUQUAN was designated so that the answer arranged by the C. L. S. C.” The information has been
essays and papers and music. We had no visitors except sent, and we shall hope for interesting C. L. S. C. reports
members of the family where we met. We call it the Cunin the future from this part of the globe.
mingsville Circle of Cincinnati. We had three addresses An Ohio member says of the C L. S. C.: “Iu is a great or readings toward the close of the year. We had an adand good work, this instituting a regular course of solid dress from Rev. Mr. Walden and from another individual reading and study throughout the country, and the good whose name I do not recall; and Mrs. Alden, who is our and culture that will arise from it can not be estimated, pastor's wife, read us a part of her book she is preparing for especially as it is so much carried on by the mothers of our the Circle. It was very interesting indeed. Those are the land, and for that reason will, of course, affect the children only public exercises we had, the lectures and the reading. in the years to come."
Our work was done principally at home. A teacher pays the following tribute to the C. L. S. C. DR. EaTox: Did you have any examination of the readcourse: “I am very enthusiastic on the Chautauqua sub ing for the month ? ject, and am doing all I can to increase the interest and MR. TURRILL: Yes, sir; each Friday evening we met Circle. I consider the course as of a great benefit to me. I we reviewed the work of the previous month. The whole am a teacher, and want to advance in my profession. I
time occupied by the meeting would not be over an hour feel that my mental horizon is expanding since I began and a quarter. I was the only one the first year. I joined the course."
down here at the old tent, about the time Rev. Dr. Bugbee A lady member writes as follows: "I have enjoyed the
did. The second year we had eleven or twelve members. reading in the C. L. S. C. course very much, and I feel it Last year we started off with eight or ten old members, and has been a great benefit to me. I have tried to do it as thor- obtained enough new ones to make twenty-one. oughly as I could so I might remember as much as possible,
MR. ROGERS: I am confident that no one thing would but I feel that each topic which we have taken up is like a
help local circles so much as having every branch of our great river in which I have just dipped my fingers; still I
studies put into the shape of the small text-books such as must have gained something, as I find there are great
we had on English History, and such as is now prepared on streams of knowledge close to everyone's hand.”
the History of Art. Our circle at Dundee, New York, num
bers thirty-three on the roll, but I can not say that more In the December number of The CHAUTAUQUAN, page than twenty-three are really reading. We have meetings 174, is printed a letter from Prof. J. L. Corning, giving in- each Saturday evening. At the close of each, I announce formation in regard to pictures of ancient cities. He names the lesson for the coming meeting. In reviewing the lessons a number of publishers from whom he states he has no doubt I have found those questions of Mr. Martin in THE CHAUmany electrotypes could be procured at a moderate ligure. TAUQUAN were just the thing needed. If we could have The inquiry is made as to the full address of the publishers them, or something similar, on every branch it would be a referred to, and Prof. Corning furnishes them as follows:
great blessing to local circles so far as my local circle expeE. A. Seemann, Kunst-Verlag, Leipsig, Germany; Edward rience extends. We do not find much encouragement in Halleberger, Verleger “Ueber Land und Meer,” Stuttgart, Germany; Paul Neff, Verlags-Buchhandlung, Stuttgart,
* Meeting of leaders of local cireles held in the Hall of Philosophy, Germany; Ernst Wachsmuth, Kunst-Verleger, Berlin, Ger- Chautauqua, Tuesday, August 16th. 1881, at 1 o'clock p. m., the many.
Rev. Dr. S. J. M. Eaton presiding.
observing the Memorial Days. Somehow we have not suc A VOICE: Was it a success ? ceeded with them very well.
MR. HARRIS: It was a success so far as we are able to A VOICE: Our Memorial Days are the most interesting we know. have, and every year they grow more and more so. At our A VOICE: Did a person ask questions of individual memfirst Milton Day there was very little to be said, but our last bers ? was so full of Milton that we could hardly find time to put MR. HARRIS: Yes, sir. The president asks the questions. it all in.
A Voice: I represent the circle in Galion, Ohio. We MR. B. F. SEITNER: Three years ago my wife, two other find the questioning part successful with some. Rigid quesladies, and myself, began reading the C. L. S. C. course. tioning in the field of history had the very desirable effect of We read by ourselves the first two years, and found it was bringing out information on the part of readers, but another doing us so much good we felt rather ashamed we were not effect of it was that out of thirty-five members at the start carrying the same blessing to others. I spoke to the pastor we have left only about eighteen or nineteen. But it was of our church, and he seemed willing to have a circle organ- | good stuff that was left behind, I think. I would like to ized; it was given out, and, to our great surprise, some fifty | know whether there is any intermediate way between rigid at once enrolled their names. We bave held meetings the examination and reading without any examination? first Tuesday of every month. Our meetings have been DR. EATON: I would state the experience I have had. increasing in interest from month to month. Our plan has We have no constitution; we have regular officers. We been to have a review of the books read the previous month. meet twice a month. We have regular class drills on everyWe have an executive committee, composed of three mem thing that is read in the course of the year. We occupy bers, that has entire control of the interests of the circle. about an hour and a half each evening, and we go over the *This committee meet and project ahead for three months whole of the reading very closely. We examine very parwhat we shall review and how. We have selected, so far as ticularly, but we obviate the difficulty suggested by simply possible, the very best men in the community to make asking the questions generally, not personally, and all perthose reviews. We have recognized the fact that it would sons are requested to answer. They answer at the same have been perhaps more profitable to have had some of the time, and if there be persons present who are not able to members of the circle drawn out, but we found such diffi answer the questions they are not under any embarrassdence among them, especially the first year, that it was diffi ment. They learn the answers whatever they are, and I cult to do it. We had Mr. Hancock, the superintendent of have heard members say they learned more from the classour schools, give a review of the "Art of Speech." We have drill than they did at home. made our meetings public. We have inserted a notice of A VOICE: Don't you find that a very few do all the answerthe meetings in our papers, and sent postal cards to different ing? persons in the community who are interested in literary DR. EATON: Oh, no. Sometimes that is the case where matters, and also to young men and women not interested the questions are very difficult to answer. Sometimes twoin such things. We recognize the fact if we want to inter thirds or three-fourths answer. est the young men and women in the community in literary A VOICE: When you get the correct answer do you have matters we must also enlist those whose influence goes for the class repeat it? something. We have found that by getting such persons to DR. EATON: No, sir; we take up the lesson, as for inmake reviews we have enlisted them. By having our meet stance, the History of the World, and go over that as a ings public we have brought in a great many that have be teacher in school would examine his class, bringing out come members who otherwise would not have joined the every point there is in it; or, if it is something different, Circle. We have held our meetings at the church. We had merely literary, we just ask in regard to the general drift a conference at first as to whether we should meet at the as in the extracts from ancient classics of last year. In adchurch or at private houses. The majority decided to meet dition to that we have had essays on subjects assigned at at the church, because it was common ground, and all would one meeting to be read at the next meeting, as in history, on know where the circle was to meet. Our meetings have been some notable historical character. We have also had some earnest and profitable.
lectures. My observation is that members of the circle have A VOICE: Where is your circle?
kept up this systematic study. We have in our town a great MR. SEITNER: At Dayton, Ohio. We do not go around many not connected with the circle who are reading, and from one church to another. The majority of our members my observation is that those are generally behind. There are Baptists.
is not the inducement to keep up, and not the stimulus that A VOICE: I would like to know of any classes where they is given to the regular members of the circle. have recitations.
A VOICE: In our circle we have had an executive comDR. Eaton: You mean a regular examination on the mittee that would appoint a person who would prepare reading?
questions upon the lesson for the next meeting. These A VOICE: Yes, sir.
questions, twenty-five or thirty in number, are passed A VOICE: I would like to ask how the reviews were con around on slips of paper at the beginning of the meeting, ducted-whether in the form of an address, or class-drills ? | and each person is expected to answer the questions that
MR. SEITNER: Sometimes as a class-drill, and sometimes come to him. If not, he reads the question and some one as an address, stating the facts and salient points in the else answers it for him. The questions are numbered, so reading,
that it gives a thorough review of the subject under considMR. TURRILL: My reviews were from these small Chau eration. We have taken that course with the most importauqua text-books. Each member would have a book open tant subjects. in his hand and look at those initial letters and read them Rev. 0. S. BAKETEL: I have had two circles this year off.
We had a circle in Manchester, N. H., that was very interMR. HARRIS: The question was asked whether any classes esting, and I removed in the spring to Methenen, Mass., had recitations. We have a small circle in Crawfordsville, where they had a circle. I found what worked well in one Indiana. We have weekly meetings, Tuesday afternoons place was not likely to work so well in another. In Man.at two o'clock. Those meetings have been conducted upon chester our plan of organization was very simple. Everythe recitation principle altogether. The whole of the work body was admitted that wanted to come. We had memthat was done during the year was done upon that principle. bers of the class from all denominations. We conducted