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who had a respect for me, and in her presence reproached the partly by his own qualifications, and the assistance which two deceivers for their various impudent cheats, and espec he had derived, and still occasionally derived, from me, cut ially for this their last attempt at imposition; adding, that a wonderful figure in the House, and was speedily considif they did not forthwith withdraw and rid her sister and ered one of the most promising speakers. He was always & herself of their presence, she would send word by her maid good hand at promising-he is at present, I believe, a cabito her brother, who would presently take effectual means net minister. to expel them. They took the hint and departed, and we | "But as he got up in the world, he began to look down on saw no more of them.
I believe he was ashamed of the obligation under “At the end of three days we departed from Rome, but the which he lay to me; and at last, requiring no further hints maid whom the priests had cajoled remained behind, and it as to oratory from a poor servant like me, he took an opporis probable that the youngest of our ladies would have done tunity of quarrelling with me and discharging me. Howthe same thing, if she could have had her own will, for she ever, as he had still some grace, he recommended me to a was continually raving about her image, and saying she gentleman with whom, since he had attached himself to should wish to live with it in a convent; but we watched politics, he had formed an acquaintance, the editor of a the poor thing, and got her on board ship. Oh, glad was I grand Tory review. I lost castė terribly amongst the serto leave that fetish country and old Mumbo behind me!" vants for entering the service of a person connected with a
profession so mean as literature, and it was proposed at the CHAPTER LIV.
Servants' Club, in Park Lane, to eject me from that society. “Wearrived in England, and went to our country-seat, but the proposition, however, was not carried into effect, and I the peace and tranquility of the family had been marred, was permitted to show myself among them, though few conand I no longer found my place the pleasant one which it had descended to take much notice of me. My master was one formerly been; there was nothing but gloom in the house, for of the best men in the world, but also one of the most sensithe youngest daughter exhibited signs of lunacy, and was tive. On his veracity being impugned by the editor of a obliged to be kept under confinement. The next season I newspaper, he called him out and shot him through the attended my master, his son, and eldest daughter to Lon arm. Though servants are seldom admirers of their masdon, as I had previously done. There I left them, for hear- ters, I was a great admirer of mine, and eager to follow his ing that a young baronet, an acquaintance of the family, example. The day after the encounter, on my veracity bewanted a servant, I applied for the place, with the consenting impugned by the servant of Lord C- in something I of my masters, both of whom gave me a strong recoinmen said in praise of my master, I determined to call him out; dation; and, being approved of, I went to live with him. so I went into another room and wrote a challenge. But.
"My new master was what is called a sporting character, whom should I send it by? Several servants to whom I very fond of the turf, upon wbich he was not very fortunate. applied refused to be the bearers of it; they said I had lost He was frequently very much in want of money, and my caste, and they could not think of going out with me. At wages were anything but regularly paid; nevertheless, I length the servant of the Duke of B consented to take liked him very much, for he treated me more like a friend it, but he made me to understand that, though he went out than a domestic, continually consulting me as to his affairs. with me, he did so merely because he despised the WbigAt last he was brought nearly to his last shifts, by backing gish principles of Lord C-'s servant, and that if I thought the favorite at the Derby, which favorite turned out a regu he intended to associate with me, I should be mistaken. lar brute, being found nowhere at the rush. Whereupon, he Politics, I must tell you, at that time ran as high among the and I had a solemn consultation over fourteen glasses of servants as the gentlemen, the servants, however, being albrandy and water, and as many cigars—I mean between us most invariably opposed to the politics of their respective -as to what was to be done. He wished to start a coach, in masters, though both parties agreed in one point, the scoutwhich event he was to be driver, and I guard. He was quite ing of everything low and literary, though I think, of the competent to drive a coach, being a first-class whip, and I two, the liberal or reform party was the most inveterate. dare say I should have made a first-rate guard; but to start So he took my challenge, which was accepted; we went out, a coach requires money, and we neither of us believed that Lord C-'s servant being seconded by a reformado footman anybody would trust us with vehicles and horses, so that from the palace. We fired three times without effect; but idea was laid aside. We then debated as to whether or not this affair lost me my place; my master on hearing it forthhe should go into the church; but to go into the church-at with discharged me; he was, as I said before, very sensitive, any rate to become a dean or bishop, which would have been and he said this duel of mine was a parody of his own. Beour aim-it is necessary for a man to possess some education; ing, however, one of the best men in the world, on his disand my master, although he had been at the best school in charging me he made a donation of twenty pounds. England, that is, the most expensive, and also at college, “And it was well that he made me this present, for withwas almost totally illiterate, so we let the church scheme out it I should have been penniless, having contracted follow that of the coach. At last, bethinking me that he rather expensive habits during the time that I lived with the was tolerably glib at the tongue, as most people are who are
I now determined to visit my parents, addicted to the turf, also a great master of slang, remember whom I had not seen for years. I found them in good ing also that he had a crabbed old uncle, who had some health, and, after staying with them for two months, I reborough interest, I proposed that he should get into the turned again in the direction of town, walking, in order to House, promising in one fortnight to qualify him to make a see the country. On the second day of my journey, not befigure in it, by certain lessons which I would give him. He ing used to such fatigue, I fell ill at a great inn on the north consented, and during the next fortnight I did little else road, and there I continued for some weeks till I recovered, than give him lessons in elocution, following to a tittle the but by that time my money was entirely spent. By living method of the great professor, which I had picked up, lis at the ipn I had contracted an acquaintance with the mastening behind the door. At the end of that period, we paid ter and the people, and had become accustomed to inn life. a visit to his relation, an old gouty Tory, who at first re As I thought I might find some difficulty in procuring any ceived us very coolly. My master, however, by flattering a desirable situation in London, owing to my late connection predilection of his for Billy Pitt, soon won his affections so with literature, I determined to remain where I was, promuch that he promised to bring him into Parliament, and vided my services would be accepted. I offered them to the in less than a month was as good as his word. My master, master, who, finding I knew something of horses, engaged
me as a postillion. I have remained there since. You have It is what I call a storm. Do not fancy that by any harmnow heard my story.
lessness, insignificance or caution, you will escape such. “Stay, you shan't say that I told my tale without a per- The quest of quietness is a vain quest, in the world without peroration. What shall it be? Oh, I remember some or the world within. You need not think to say thing which will serve for one. As I was driving my chaise that you are such an inoffensive little being, you so shrink some weeks ago, on my return from L-, I saw standing from strife, you so long for peace, that surely the winds of at the gate of an avenue, which led up to an old mansion, a heaven will never blow rudely on your humble dwelling; figure which I thought I recognized. I looked at it atten never shake your windows and moan in your chimney and tively, and the figure, as I passed, looked at me; whether it turn your umbrella inside out. You are not so foolish as remembered me I do not know, but I recognized the face it that comes to. You know you must take your share of the showed me full well.
winter gales and sleet: always liking them less as you grow "If it was not the identical face of the red-haired priest older. whom I had seen at Rome, may I catch cold!
But you must take it in, for it is certain, that now and “Young gentleman, I will now take a spell on your then a howling storm will arise in the world of your spiritblanket-young lady, good night."
ual concerns, God knows why and how. Even if you had been far wiser than Solomon you could not have foreseen or
averted it: and in fact, you are not so wise as Solomon, but CONCERNING STORMS.
you sometimes make hasty speeches and do ill-considered
deeds. The moral storm must come as surely as the phys“It was not a blow on the head this morning. It was not ical: and you need no more look to keep quiet always within so bad as that. But it was a smart rap over the fingers. your heart than to have calm always around your eaves. And I found it painful enough."
The coming of the storm is as incalculable in the spiritual These were the words which my friend Milverton said to as in the material world. Ay, more incalculable: No telme, relating that day's experience of troublesome life. egram comes with a weather prognostic bidding you for the
Trouble is of infinite variety. Even after you have passed next few days or weeks be specially careful to keep your fifty years you may get a blow on the head or a rap over the temper and bridle your tongue, for that the condition of the fingers which will be entirely different in its sensation from atmosphere in which your soul lives, bodes a storm as any you had ever felt before. All troubles are disagreeable: brewing: no warning comes to bid you be prepared to subsome are very terrible: yet no two are alike; each has its mit patiently to the buffeting of a moral and social blast, own characteristic and distinguishable sting. And the which you had no share, earthly, in arousing. Everything sting is indescribable in words. You can not communicate is going on quietly and pleasantly and friendly; when sudto another what like it is; in suffering you are quite alone. denly there is thunder in the air, and the storm breaks bitAnd in fact, you do not try to communicate to any one terly and fiercely upon your defenceless head. Many things your inner experiences. If you had a bad headache, you go wrong all at once. The gossiping person, always telling would naturally say so to those nearest you. But the heart malignant lies, somehow of a sudden has his (or her) ache you keep to yourself. A cloud has overspread your thoughts turned upon you. Things said and done in all insky: you are jarred and unhappy through some painful nocence are by a little twist in telling made to appear not thought which has possessed you. But you are ashamed of at all to your advantage. A very little twist sometimes this, as you were not ashamed of the headache. You go suffices. I know a preacher who ministers in a historic away out for a solitary walk of many miles, hoping thus to church which Carlyle came to see a few years ago. The escape your trouble, or at least to endure it without worry great man asked who ministered in that church: and being ing anybody else. And though you live in a well-filled told, he said God bless him. But Mr. Mactattle diligently home, through these melancholy miles you are as truly disseminated throughout the parish that the words of the alone as you would be in the Great Sahara, in the vicinity sage were God help them: implying that the flock which of "Timbuctoo.
worshiped in that edifice needed help and pity in a special I think I have known every kind of trouble but the degree. No doubt they did, and do: but the sentiment exwant of money. That I have never known." I once heard pressed by Carlyle did not convey that sense. Then a cera good and tried man say just these words. Poor Campbell tain proportion of those who know you are sure to dislike you, the poet (who seems being quickly forgotten) had his years and they hasten to be down upon you when you seem to be of this special trouble. They came pretty near to killing down. This is not magnanimous. But many of the race ihim. And he records that he had found this cross so ago are not magnanimous. And I remark that among civilized nizing that he would say to misfortune, "Take any form and Christian nations the manner is just the same. Likebut that!”
wise that in the realm of rty politics the case is even so. You and I, kindly reader, have been thinking of certain But we pass from these: It is the microscope we are using, troubles which our experience of this life suggests as likely just at this moment. A man of mean nature quite honestly to come to us: possibly as being sure to come. And I have dislikes your doings: always disliked them: but he kept -ventured to assert that we shall not be so much afraid of silent when all was prosperous with you. Now, he opens these as we sometimes tend to be, if we boldly look them in his mouth and dips his little quill. One has remarked, in face, reckon them up and see the worst of them. For to a small community, how when a disaffected person writes bring things to book does almost invariably bring them to the local newspaper complaining that some public man down greatly: and it is the vague and undefined that has said or done this or that, quite a chorus of like letters COW us.
follow: human beings pluck up courage and have a kick There is a trouble of which young and inexperienced at the wounded lion. Now is the time to quarrel with the folk never think at all, which longer experience of the bishop: to tell lies about the principal. Your luck has way of this world shows to be very likely to come. For quite failed you for the time: nothing succeeds to which there is nothing whatsoever which experience makes more you put your hand. And under the circumstances the sad certain than the fact that this trouble has many times come likelihood is that you lose your head, and say and do things in past years. You would say there is no need for its ever which harm yourself and play into the hands of the advercoming at all. You would not think it likely. Yet it has saries. In lesser and greater matters, notably in the very some. And doubtless it will come.
least, many of the thanes will fall from what seems a fall.
ing cause. The petted and quarrelsome person whom you But to these shrinking mortals their own storm is sure to kept right with difficulty, of a sudden develops a special come: a great storm to their little strength and endurance. wrong-headedness. Doubtless, you too, are not so patient Revolutionary periods will arrive in their modest history in and forbearing as you are wont to be. And, with the ex which all things will go amiss: and the dear old way, which traordinary capriciousness and irony of events in this world, they wished might just go on as heretofore, will change, the day comes on which something you have said fifty will cease. And I iņclude in this apprehension of the storm times without causing complaint from any mortal, being which must come when it is due, the disquieting knowlsaid once more suddenly brings a nest of hornets about your edge, brought by experience, that a moral machinery which
For not only may one privileged man steal a horse is playing smoothly and efficiently and which has long done without rebuke while another may not look over the hedge so, may all of a sudden jar, creak, stand still, break down. without being accused of horse-stealing, but the self-same Only experience can make us understand the truth, so well man may at one season steal a team of horses amid general understood by the ageing, that the chance is great against approbation, and at another season be severely mauled for any considerable number of human beings going on for any looking over the hedge and being thankful he has nothing great length of time in harmonious and cordial coöperation. to do with horseflesh. It is a fact of not remote history that The little rift may come from the most unexpected quarter. a certain great man, by expressing views upon a certain Good sense and good nature may some day utterly desert subject which (though unsound) are in fact held by all edu one who has hitherto been invariably judicious and goodcated persons, and are most freely expressed in social life: natured. “We have gone on beautifully in this pleasant which, moreover, as fenced about by him could not possibly organization for six months; for two years; we are safe to do harm to any mortal: did (because the time was not op- go on beautifully for ever.” That is the reasoning of inexportune and things not quite ripe) raise a brief thoughperienced youth. But such as have lived longer, and come most furious hurricane which even he did not like at all. to understand the curious material with which you deal, And one remarked how, in those dark days, every spiteful dealing with human nature, are thankful that things go little creature (some hawks and many geese) hastened to smoothly, take great pains to avoid what may ruffle, make peck and hiss at the maimed eagle. It was a sorry mani the most of the present time and opportunity, but know that festation of what abides, under a little veneer, in many hu
time is on the side of change, and that pleasant things can man souls.
not always go on.
It is not that those will fail you, who You and I, friendly reader, are humble folk: quite con are old friends. One has no fear of that sad contingency, tent if we may be let alone to quietly do the work given us. no fear at all. That is an impossibility, in the case of the Yet the painful storm (it may appear to many as no more
few who are indeed old friends. Only the last great change than a storm in a teacup) will break loose upon remote can bring any change there. But you have to work a good nooks in the valley of humiliation, and will vehemently deal with people who are no more than acquaintances; shake even "Nature's unambitious underwood, and flowers whom you never would have chosen even to be such; but that prosper in the shade." One has known it prove a circumstances make many things inevitable.
And men specially trying and sorrowful experience to pass through. who have lived long have very strong reason for placing It has bent some weary heads to the very earth: and made no reliance on the sense and temper of the people with some weary hearts wish they were under it. But looking whom they are brought into professional or business relaout from the loopholes of retreat toward the high places of tions; little reliance (it must be sorrowfully said) upon this world, one has many times wondered how the mighty their truthfulness and consistency. You may find it necesof the earth, those who direct the great councils of nations, sary to make use of crooked sticks; to have transactions manage to live at all. For upon those heights the storm with men and women whom you know to have told maligrarely ceases: the furious storm of abuse, misrepresenta-nant falsehoods, whom you know to be little better than tion, and keen hatred, from this or that class whose inter fools. ests are menaced: not to name the earthquakes and con Ah, the wrong-headedness of many even among educated vulsions which are always imminent in the politics of even folk, and their capacity of taking offense, of taking the pet, fairly-settled nations. I remember a time, some years ago, of jibbing, of lying down in the harness, of kicking out a wintry time, when we had in this remote place two viciously! Any man who has to deal with a great many of months of ceaseless tempest: no weaker word than tempest his fellow-creatures is taught by experience to calculate on will convey the fact. Every afternoon, as it darkened, a certain percentage of cantankerous, quarrelsome, crotchround a dwelling set on a cliff above a wide and bleak sea, etty, and dishonest beings. Wherefore, precious above the wind began to howl: it produced moans and shrieks words is a sweet-natured, sensible, and truthful man or which you would have said no wind could make: stout woman. God be thanked, the race (Frederick the Great walls shook under it: and there were hours through which notwithstanding) has its percentage of these too. No you could hardly hear a voice. It appeared as though life greater blessing has been vouchsafed this writer in this life, would not have been worth having had that raging fury of than that he is brought into daily relation with not a few of the elements been appointed to abide in permanence. Yet them. even such, as concerns the moral tempest, is in these days Sometimes the current of things in general sets in a directhe life of some who have scaled ambitious heights: and tion which favors and encourages some evil tendency in who must stand out ceaselessly in the sight and hearing of human nature. This is notably so in the matter of procrasmany millions of men. I suppose their skins become tough. tination. For though it frequently happens that great One has heard of a great prime minister who gazed long trouble comes through putting off till to-morrow what ought upon a hippopotamus, and said, “How I envy that creature to be done to-day, yet now and then it happens, too, that the thickness of his hide!” I suppose, too, that they con something about which you were worrying yourself clears clude that upon the whole it is worth while to be so blown itself up wonderfully through being left alone, and things about, so blown up. Possibly they merely feel that they are come right of themselves which your best endeavors might in for it, and must go through: the sensation being like that have put further wrong. Not through willful procrastinaof one who found himself rolling along in a tumbril in the tion, but through unwilling delay, has help come, in the days of the Terror. One thing is certain: that in this world matter of this essay, to its writer, at this stage. He is going there are many souls, like Izaak Walton, studying to be to say just what he intended from the first; but fresh exquiet, who would not have that awful eminence at any price. perience has inade him feel, very vividly, how true is what
he intended to say as consolation to the reader who is to tional cases, will in due time blow over. In our days of igday beaten by a moral storm. It will blow.over. ing's norance and inexperience, we fancy that when the sky
For a fortnight this page remained without a line added. blackens in the moral world and the wind gets up, it will In all these years the like never happened the writer before. never be calm again. You know whether a storm abides You think this small matter; but it is not such to one for for ever in the outward world: and the two worlds are analwhom the burden is never lifted till the work has ended which ogous. It may blow hard upon earth and sea for a long has been once begun. But there came a great pressure and time: but the time comes to an end. “Is the weather ever worry of work, some of it most uncongenial; the driving to clear up, John?” was the question I heard put in my day passed over, leaving nothing to show; and there was boyhood by a country parson to his “man.” The cautious not a minute in which to collect one's thoughts, in which Scot forebore to prophesy. But he said what suggested to write a line. It was a painful experience: that is the much: “It has aye done so hitherto." fact. But good has come of it at the end. For I have seen I looked out this morning (though the morning be but and felt, with wonderful distinctness, how true it is that if midway in February) on a calm sea and a blue sky which you do but have patience, the storm passes away, and smiled like May: and I thought of the blackness and the things right themselves that seemed as if they would never wild waves of two days since. I recalled the long-departed have been right more. Here is my consolation under this season in which one of the most amiable of men, and the trouble, whicb is sure to come, and which some of us very most cautious, the incumbent of a rural parish, did, by pubspecially fear to see.
lishing in an official document a statement (which was That which I have called the storm will come; unless quite true) as to the ways of his female parishioners, make our luck is quite exceptional. And it may be very trying that parish for several weeks too hot to hold him. Then it while it lasts. But it will blow over; it will go down again cooled down to the normal temperature as of old. I thought as capriciously as it rose. Things had gone all amiss, in how a great preacher and orator, by making a speech which some degree through your own fault, but in tenfold greater stupid folk understood as meaning that you need not obey degree through your ill-luck. Just bow your head to the the Ten Commandments unless you liked, awaked a storm blast: and bear, as you may, the jarring of all your nature. which was furious for a little space: but which speedily Things will come right again. Only a good deal of experi- changed into the most sunshiny of summer weather. I reence will convince you that the storm must come. Only a membered how my friend Smith attended a meeting in the good deal of experience will assure you that the storm will city of St. Peter (near Melipotamus in Ethiopia), held in go. Just you cheer up: do not lose heart. We can stand honor of a retiring ruler of that little community; and heard very trying experiences, if we are sure they can not last
men speak kindly of one who had been very severely long. It is very painful, very discouraging, after all your mauled, verbally, while he reigned. There had been hard, faithful work, after all the thought you have given to breezes: that was the word employed, and it was a mild the avoiding of offense, to be so misapprehended, misrep one to express the fact. But the breezes had died away; resented, and vilified. Believe, it will all be made up for. and the calm was as of the evening of July. Those who to-day are doing you less than justice, will in a These things are sure. And they are consolatory.-Good little while do you much more. I am not speaking of those Words. human beings who by grave misconduct have passed under a cloud which is not likely to lift in this world: that is a
TO-DAY different case altogether, though I could suggest very strong consolation there too. I am speaking of ordinary decent folk, who have got into a painful scrape but will get out of
Why do we tune our hearts to sorrow it: who have brought a hornet's nest about their ears by
When all around is bright and gay, some doing whih at the very worst is far short of an unpar
And let the gloom of some to-morrow donable sin. The storm will go down as capriciously as it
Eclipse the gladness of to-day? got up. I have seen it do so twice since I paused in writing this essay.
When summer's sun is on us shining, And this is the consolation I suggest, in the endurance
And flooding all the land with light, and the prospect of this especial trouble. I might speak of
Why do we waste our time repining, our getting good through the storm breaking upon us.
That near and nearer creeps the night? Nothing on earth is more certain than that in divers ways we do: always providing we take the storm rightly: wisely,
We teach ourselves with scornful sadness humbly, patiently. Yet this is equally certain: that if on
That it is vain to seek for bliss, this page I went on that tack, the blight of the sermon
There is no time for glee and gladness would forthwith fall upon my page, and the average reader
In such a weary world as this. would turn away from it. There is a certain line of thought which, though it be true and real, yet suggests church and
The snare of doubting thoughts has caught us, church-time: and we all know extremely well what hap
And we to grim forebodings yield, pens to pages which set out that line of thought. It shall
And fail to learn the lesson taught us, not happen to this, if I can help it: the reader need not
By all the “lilies of the field.” have the smallest fear that anything more transcendental than the most worldly considerations shall be presented to him here. It might indeed be suggested, without rousing
They take no thought for each to-morrow, that peculiar pricking sensation of the extremest weariness
They never dream of doubt or sin, with which we are all familiar, that the storm teaches us to
They fear no dim forthcoming sorrow, take pains to avoid that in speech or conduct which raises
“They toil not, neither do they spin." the storm; and that the mortal who has got into a painful scrape learns at least to shun that which may get him into
Yet still they tell the same old story another like it. But the consolation for to-day is this one as
To us who crave in vain for ease, sured fact of experience: that the storm, in all ordinary cases,
That "Solomon in all his glory will not last long: that the storm, in all but the most excep
Was not arrayed like one of these."
esser mia” (Thou ought to be mine) were uttered in her ears,
followed him'as wife, friend, and fellow-soldier, never quitMrs. Jessie Mario White writes of the world-renowned and ting him unless torn away by the foe, even then escaping, recently deceased Garibaldi as follows:
guided back to him by her love. So she cherished, so susGiuseppe Garibaldi, the Italian patriot, soldier and states tained him, till the woman's strength was spent, and when man, was born at Nice, on the 4th of July, 1807. The little Rome's disastrous work was done, closed this life of devohouse upon the quay in which he first saw the light, and tion, following, flying with him, and dying in his arms. which his townsmen point out with pride to strangers, com With this helpmate to share his dangerous exploits, Garimands a view of the harbor of Nice, with the mountain-site baldi, commanding one of the three new vessels built by of its ancient castle and present cemetery, where the ashes the South American republic, commenced a series of daring of the brave Anita repose with those of his parents, rising enterprises, the mere index of which would occupy a column. westward. Mont Boron but indicates the lofty range of hills At San Simon, on the 10th of September, 1840, his first child that form its eastern ramparts, while southward the Medi was born, and called Menotti, after Ciro Menotti, the victim terranean sweeps from the horizon and nestles in its quiet of the Duke of Modena. Before his birth the mother had bay. His father was a sea captain, his grandfather a ship endured great fatigue and much hunger, and had several owner, and Giuseppe was born with that love of freedom falls from her horse, and Dr. Odicini has often related and adventure which a seaboard life engenders. But his that when summoned to attend her he found neither light gentle-hearted mother, Rosa Ragiudo, whose piety and ten nor food nor clothing for the new born babe, afterward a derness hover ever as a charm around his stormy life, had fine, stalwart fellow, who never knew an hour's illness in destined him for the priesthood, her one ambition being to his life. The government of Montevideo next made Garisee him a minister of that Church which in her eyes was of baldi commander of its squadron, then of its little army, and no sect or party, but her life and trust. So the education here he trained the vieux garde, whose blood has watered given him was adapted to these designs. Joseph profited every Italian battle-field, and of whom a few mutilated thereby as much as might have been expected, especially as members told of the battles fought for the liberties of a forhis studies were carried on in French, a language which he eign people, of which Garibaldi was so proud. Two battles always spoke perfectly, but which was distasteful to him he singled out from the rest as typical of Italian valor-San from a boy. He spent his time chiefly among the moun- | Antonio and Calatafimi. In the battle of San Antonio three tains, eagerly conning the Saracen traditions of "battles hundred Italians gained a signal victory and put to flight fought and won," or wandering by the olive-bordered gulf the cavalry and infantry of the enemy in overwhelming where Doria, with his handful of braves, defied the stranger force. Garibaldi's war-cry was, “Italy's honor is at stake!” myriads, and Caterina Segurana kept Turk and Gaul at bay, The South American government erected a monument to and preserved to the house of Savoy the castle and town of the fallen braves. On one side is written, “Thirty-six ItalNice, which but for her heroism would have been wrested ians killed on the 8th February, 1846.” On the other, "One then by Francis I, king of France, from the effeminate grasp hundred and eighty-four Italians killed on the battle-field of Carlo, but which remained to be bartered later by one of of San Antonio," and on the Italian banners in letters of Carlo's descendants. It was to these legends and historical gold inscribed, “Exploit of the 8th February, 1846, of the memories that Garibaldi owed his early aspirations for Italian Legion, under the command of General Garibaldi." Italy's future to be worthy of her heroic past.
In each review of the national militia the right was always
occupied by this legion. Garibaldi, in writing of it to a Many a story of noble daring and self-forgetfulness in friend, says, “I would not change my title of Italian Lewhich we recognize the hero of later years are still current gionary for the world in gold (il globo in ora.)" among his townsmen, and very soon it became evident to
AID FOR PIO NONO. his friends that his unresting energies would ill befit the But in 1847, rumors of the new hopes for Italy reached tonsure and the gown. A sailor he was to be. He had pri- Montevideo, and we can not refrain from giving the convately commenced his nautical career by a voyage to Genoa cluding sentence of Garibaldi's letter to the Nuncio of Pio in a little boat with a few daring comrades; but, betrayed Nono, then the idol of the liberals and the centre of their by a “spy,” his priestly tutor, and pursued by a corsair," aspirations: his own father, he was brought back to Nice, to find his If, then, to-day, men who have some practice in the use of arms mother sorrowfully preparing his sailor's outfit, with which, should prove acceptable to His Holiness, it is scarcely needful to in the brig Constantine, whose “wooden walls” in these
say that we shall gladly consecrate ourselves to the service of him days of iron-clads he still talked of with regretful pride, he
who is doing so much for the country and the Church. We shall, sailed for the Black Sea. As a member of Young Italy he
indeed, deem ourselves fortunate if we can contribute aught to the
work of redemption instituted by Pio Nono. We speak in the name was among the volunteers enlisted for the Savoy expedition,
of our companions, who gladly offer their blood and their hearts to and the result was that on the 5th of February, 1834, in the such a sacred cause. disguise of a watercress seller, he passed out of Genoa an MONTEVIDEO, October 12, 1817. exile. At Marseilles he saw his own name in print for the On the 15th of April, 1848, the Speranza, freighted with first time. The sentence of death had been passed on him sixty-three patriots, all young and accustomed to the batby King Charles Albert. From Marseilles, where he acted tle field-the remnants of San Antonio-set sail for Italy, as voluntary nurse in a cholera hospital, he went to Rio and, touching at the island of St. Palo, learned that the Janeiro, and soon espoused the cause of the republicans of Milanese had driven out the Austrians; that the bloodless. Rio Grande against their haughty Brazilian foes. Wishing revolution of Venice was achieved; that the King of Piedto extend the revolution to other provinces, the republic mont had sent his army to aid the Lombards, and that Italy offered aid to the inhabitants of the island of St. Caterina, was sending up her thousands to the holy war. Charles and in passing the narrow channel by which the island is Albert, instead of Pio Nono, was now the Italian pole star, approached, Garibaldi's vessel struck upon a rock and went and Garibaldi went straight to the king's camp. But the to pieces. Out of the seven Italians devoted to him, and king received him coldly. For weeks he was sent from Dan whom he strove in vain to save, not one survived; out of a to Beersheba without being able to point a musket at the crew of thirty, but sixteen. But it was on this island of St. Austrians. Then, when delay and party politics had renCaterina, parted from all early friends, that he found the dered the return of the Austrians inevitable, he was allowed young Brazilian, who from the moment the words “Tu devi to organize a corps of volunteers in Milan, and soon suc