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ness I have not lost my enthusiasm in this course, and have myself, and the communication kept up by means of the prevailed upon many friends where I have traveled in the
memoranda, is a break in the monotony of an invalid'swest, east and south, to take up this course of study. I hope life, even in this beautiful island. The Questions serve as to finish my reading with the rest of the class in the sum pins to fix the butterflies of ideas and facts in my mind, mer."
something definite to cling to, and objects of search that
are not aimless." One of the class of 1884 says: “Whether I succeed in getting a diploma or not I shall ever be thankful for this Mr. Charles H. Fogg, of East Cambridge, Mass., writes: course of reading. This getting back to the first of things in reference to the fate of Joan of Arc, as follows: "In the is what I have longed for all my life.”
readings in English history for the third week in May, it is
stated that Joan of Arc was burned in the Market Place at A member of the class of 1882 writes as follows to Dr. Rouen, on May 30, 1431. In the April, 1882, number of the Vincent: “The arrival of THE CHAUTAUQUAN, so full of London Art Journal is a sketch of Rouen by Margaretinspiration and incentives to study, awakens afresh feelings Hunt, continued from previous numbers, from which I of gratitude for the privileges of the C. L. 8. C. I am con quote the following: "That Joan of Arc lived after 1431 is scious of improvement in taste and memory, and such hun-proved by documentary evidence of the strongest kind, gering and thirsting after knowledge as I fear will never be and various places combine to furnish it. In the archives satisfied. I hope that when this course is completed we of Metz there is a contemporary account of her arrival in will still be permitted to look to you for direction in an that town on the 20th of May, 1436. She was recognized by other course which shall follow closely upon this."
her two brothers. The same paper states that she afterward
married a Sieur d'Armoise, a knight of good family, to A lady member says: “I write even at this late date to whom she bore two sons, and though it is said that the perask that my husband's name and my own may be enrolled son who assumed the name of the maid was only a worthfor our last year in the C. L. S. C. We have plodded less woman named Claude, is it likely that the Sieur d" through three years of study, and it has lightened the Armoise would have been deceived into marrying a wellshadow and brightened the sunshine. We have enjoyed known adventuress? This discovery was supplemented by studying and reading together and exchanging ideas and finding in the muniment chest of the family of des Arthoughts. I would not for worlds lose what we have gained, moises of Lorraine, a contract of marriage between Robert and above all, the habit of reading and study which it has des Armoises, knight, with Jeanne d'Arcy, surnamed "The brought us."
Maid.". The account further states that the town presented
her with two hundred and ten livres for services rendered durA member writes from one of the Eastern States as fol- ing the siege of 1429. And again, 'So sure were they that the lows: “I feel that Dr. Vincent is a public benefactor; Dame des Armoises was the veritable Joan, that they at truly he has been to me. I am a cripple, not able to stand once put an end to the masses which had been said for the the past three years, and with very little use of my hands, repose of her soul ever since her execution.' Possibly her save to write and feed myself. My great cry was, in the reappearance had some connection with the death of Reyear 1880, 'What can I do?' I chanced to find this course gent Bedford, which took place about the same time. ACof reading, and it has been a God-send to me. Though cording to the Cyclopedia Brittanica, in 1436 a person claimtroubled with weak eyes, I still find comfort in its readingsing to be Joan of Arc appeared, but afterward confessed by taking a little at a time. I rejoice in the good being herself an impostor.” In reply to this correspondent we done throughout the world in consequence of the C. L. S. C.” would say that we regard the death of Joan of Arc at the
stake in Rouen, as a thoroughly established historical fact, In the Questions and Answers of the May number of THE but there is no doubt English authorities would like to reCHAUTAUQUAN, there are some obvious mistakes in names the stain of this disgrace to their history were it pos that most readers will doubtless readily correct. In ques-sible. tions nineteen and twenty-one “Henry II” should read “Richard II,” and in question number sixty-eight “Henry"
LOCAL CIRCLES. should read “Edward.” Members of the C. L. S. C. will do well to note the correction with pencil in the margin of At East Liverpool, Ohio, the members of a local circle THE CHAUTAUQUAN.
meet every Friday afternoon. The present membership is
composed wholly of ladies. Much interest is manifested A mother, after alluding to the sudden death of her boy, and we hope another year will see a large circle in that place. says: "My object in taking up the C. L. S. C. course was to keep pace with that gifted boy, for I had always felt that Brocton, New York, twelve miles distant from ChautauI could not be left behind, and while he at school was read qua, has a local circle organized nearly four years since. ing Latin and Greek I at home was reading the same works The names of twenty-five members were enrolled the first in English, so that I might have an outlook from as near year, although the place contains less than three hundred the same standpoint as possible. I hardly had a thought inhabitants. It is expected the graduating class of this year but for him, and around him centered and clustered every will number fourteen. The secretary writes: "The present hope. With this great incentive gone you can readily see year, with its studies in Art, Mental Philosophy, Antiquity that it has been very hard to read or study, and for a long of Man, and all the nineteenth century embraces, finds us. time I had given up all hope of ever finishing, but friends with each weekly meeting more engaged and determined urged me on, and I find it is just what I need, and I often that the four years passing shall be but a prelude to the thank God that you ever thought of the plan of the C. L. courses to follow. By a cordial invitation from Mr. HolS. C."
brook, Longfellow's Day was observed at his pleasant home,
and the delightful evening will be long remembered. A A lady member writing from Bermuda Island, says: short history of the poet was followed by chosen poems and "During the last month I have been confined to a bed of recitations from his works, characteristic speeches were languishing and pain, but my Chautauqua course has been made by the gentlemen of the class, and a humorous sermon, the greatest comfort to me. Something to think of outside read in fine style by our host, concluded the exercises of
the evening. The president ordered the same reported to A local circle was organized at Panama, New York, in Ocyou with the following resolution: 'Resolved, That Dr.tober, 1878, with thirteen members. The officers for the Vincent is the fortunate man who has found the key to present year are: President, Mr. C. 8. Palmer; vice presisolve the democratic problem, how to do the greatest good dent, Miss Etta C. Pease; secretary and treasurer, Miss to the greatest number.'”
Julia M. St. John. These officers, with one other member,
Mrs. L. C. Graham, form the executive committee. The The Meriden, Conn., local circle, was organized April secretary writes as follows: "Our circle meets every Wed20th, 1881, with a membership of eighteen; the present num nesday evening, at the houses of the different members. ber is about seventy. Meetings are held the first and third The year's studies have been very interesting to all. The Monday evenings of each month, in the parlors of the Bap- executive committee meet the first of the month and select tist and Congregational churches, alternately. At the an teachers for the subjects of the month's reading. At the nual meeting, held April 3, 1882, the following officers beginning of the year it was planned that the members alwere elected for the ensuing year: William H. Perkins, ternate in teaching the Mosaics of History, in the order in president; J. H. Morton, vice president; Miss C. B. Under which the names appear on the roll. Sometimes the teacher wood, secretary, and E. E. Parkin, treasurer. The president appointed refused to act, but generally the plan is successand the pastors of the Baptist and Congregational churches ful. Mrs. W. L. Sessions has taught Christianity in Art. We .compose the instruction committee. This committee is also have had good copies of each of the pictures described in assisted by an additional committee of five in preparing THE CHAUTAUQUAN to study, and our teacher has prepared class exercises, entertainments, etc. The secretary writes: short papers on the artist whose picture is the subject of the “'Our method of conducting meetings is by reviews, talks, | lesson. These lessons have been exceedingly enjoyable and and short essays, generally from three to five minutes in profitable. All the teachers have done well, but special length, and assigned by leaders of reviews. We have also thanks are due to Dr. A. B. Rice, who, since the formation a question box. We take only the most important subjects of the circle, has been ever ready to do for, and add to, the for reviews. Rev. A. H. Hall, who has made a study of art interest and profit of the meetings; and to the president, for thirteen years, gives a talk on that subject of from who, in addition to the duties of his office, has been an able twenty to thirty minutes at each meeting. He always has and faithful teacher in the circle. We observed the Milton photographs and pictures in connection with his subject. For and Longfellow Memorial Days in an appropriate and intersinging in our meetings we have the Assembly Hymnal. esting manner. The members, with a number of invited We have celebrated but three memorial days—Opening, friends, met at Mrs. L. C. Graham's, on Monday evening, Bryant's, and Shakspere's. We have had five public lec- April 24th, to observe the Shakspere Memorial Day. Mrs. tures since Dr. Vincent's visit in September, and we intend W. L. Sessions read an interesting essay on William Shaksto have more next year. Our circle is growing, both in in pere, which was highly appreciated by all. The play ‘Merterest and in numbers. We send our best wishes to all cir- chant of Venice,' which had been previously selected, was cles, especially to those lately started, and sincerely hope read, the cast of characters having been assigned the differthey may have great success."
ent members. The play was well read, and proved very
entertaining." The Forestville, N. Y., local circle, numbers about nineteen members. Meetings are held weekly, and much inter The third annual reunion of the local circles of Cincinnati, est manifested in the work. A correspondent gives the fol- Ohio, and vicinity-ten in number-was held on the evenlowing account of the manner in which the circle observed ing of May 9, in the lecture room of St. Paul's Methodist the memorial day of Shakspere, at the residence of the pres- Episcopal Church, and the occasion will be remembered as ident, Mrs. Lizzie Johnson: “The exercises were opened among the “red letter days” of the C. L. S. C. of that city. with a few remarks by Mrs. Johnson, in reference to the his. The room had been appropriately fitted up for the occasion, tory of Shakspere and the age in which he lived. Then the the motto shining out of its gilding and wreath of green as members were called upon for favorite quotations from this though instinct with life: “Let us keep our Heavenly author, to which nearly all responded, showing themselves Father in the midst." A welcome surprise awaited the quite familiar with the same. The tragedy of Julius Cæsar gathered circles in the presence of Dr. Vincent, whose was next read by the class, and, as we have some fine read- | coming had not been previously announced. Mr. John G. ers, this part was made very interesting. The parts of An- O'Connell called the meeting to order, and the opening tony, Brutus, and Cassius were finely rendered. We had a prayer was offered by Dr. J. H. Vincent. The following few invited guests present. The ‘Wide Awake' Club, a so programme was then successfully carried out: Reading, ciety of younger people, numbering about twenty-five, were “A Leak in the Dyke," by Miss Ella Starr; vocal solo, also invited, and appeared to enjoy the evening. After par- | “O, had I Jubal's Lyre," by Miss Clara Looker; piano solo, taking of Mrs. Johnson's bountiful refreshments, we tarried by Miss Ella Kattenhorn; vocal duet, "See the Pale Moon," for a little social visit."
by Misses C. Looker and S. Craig; reading, “The Prayer of
Agasis,” by Miss Mary Grafing; reading, “The Echo," by In Newark, New Jersey, is a local circle composed of Mr. Charles Cist; vocal quartette, "Spring," by Misses twenty-five regular and seven local members. Meetings Looker and Craig, and Messrs. Johnson and Royal; essay, are held once a month, in one of the Sunday-school rooms. "A bit of Experience,” by Mrs. J. A. Johnson; recitation, The circle was organized in December, 1880, and for the “Sandalphon," by Miss Nellie Allan. Miss M. Standish present year has the following officers: President, Mr.
President, Mr. and Miss Werner, accompanied the songs with the piano, Hartshorne; vice president, Miss 8. H. Johnson; secretary, | At the conclusion of the exercises of the programme an earMiss Nancy Ray. The exercises consist of reviews and es nest call brought Dr. Vincent before the audience. After a says, interspersed with music and recitations. A number greeting of hearty applause the gentleman stated that for of questions are distributed during the month by the vice the first time in twenty-five years he had nothing to do last president to different members of the circle, who give the night, and so came from Mansfield, Ohio, to look into the answers at the meeting. Some of the ladies meet Thurs
faces of his friends of the Cincinnati C. L. S. C. He reday afternoons, at the homes of members, to read together, joiced to be present and listen to recitation and song, for and at the meeting of the circle they make use of what they the enterprise lies near to his heart. He believed in the C. have learned.
L. S. C., and as had been well expressed to-night, there is
no royal way to learning. To accomplish worthily any and is often remarked, that this local circle has been a powork involves toil and sacrifice. It is worth the while to tent educational force, and that the members have greatly practice to systemize, if only a few moments each day, and extended the scope of their attainments, and their capacity when ten minutes are gained it is easy to make it fifteen. for usefulness within the past two years. Many thanks are Fifteen minutes of concentrated effort will be a strong point due to Dr. Vincent and his co-laborers for fruits of their attained, and will take one well along in his educational work like these, that are springing up in every part of our
Some glorify culture, and some grace, but he glo- land." rified both. He disliked extremists, because he believed less could be accomplished of permanent good by that Mrs. E. L. Lybarger, of Spring Mountain, Ohio, a faithful class. He believed in sunshine, and also believed in the member of the C. L. 8. C., died May 13, 1882. She was presfarmer's service, but he had no faith in the one without the ent at the Assembly with a party from Coshocton County other. He believed in the divine and the human element, in 1879, joined at that time the class of '83, and was up with and the best work we have is the divine working through her reading and memoranda when taken sick ten weeks the human. To know, to love, and to will are three things previous to her death. that unite in power. From the energy that concentrates and does its very best, and yet trusts largely for the prom
A member of the Arlington, N. J., local circle, writes: ised help of God, we expect the best results in individual
“I wish to tell you that the Chautauqua army has repreand aggregate life. The C. L. S. C. seeks to keep the Heav
sentatives here. We have a circle, consisting of only four enly Father in the midst, and to coöperate in the works and members, but we are all in earnest, and find our work growword of God; it seeks to produce harmony of thought and
ing more pleasant and profitable each day. Our exercises life—a symmetrical culture. The speaker then produced
usually consist of the Questions and Answers, questions on the plan of study for the next four years, which he stated, the Mosaics, by some member, an essay on some topic sugwas the hest of all thus far, and the list of text-books would
gested by our reading, a short poem recited from memory by prove formidable to any except the resolute, brave and un
each member, and a familiar conversation on any interestdaunted spirits that compose the large fraternity of the ing topic we may choose. We find our views of life broadinterminable circle. After the close of Dr. Vincent's ad-ening, and our taste for thoroughly good reading deepening dress those present gathered in groups, and refreshments
every day. I consider each number of THE CHAUTAUQUAN were served. Rev. Dr. J. D. Starr and his wife were among
a gem. I believe the C. L. S. C. is destined to become & the audience as representatives of the C. L. S. C. of Hills
powerful educational factor." boro, Ohio, which circle was organized by Dr. Starr last year, and has a progressive membership of twenty-five members and a host of patrons. The officers of the general
A lady in Holyoke, Mass., a member of the class of '83, committee for Cincinnati and vicinity are as follows: Miss
writes thus: “Dear CHAUTAUQUAN-I have thought for E. C. O'Connell; president; Miss M. Standish, vice presi- several months when I greeted your fresh face I would write dent; Miss M. Dunaway, corresponding secretary; Miss
to you, but procrastination, that 'thief of time,' has preClara Looker, recording secretary; Miss Nellie Allen, treas
vented. I have often wondered if all the C. L. S. C. gave you so warm a welcome and thorough a reading, from title
page to last advertisement, as I do. I take a great interest A member of the High Street C. L. S. C., in Lowell, Mass.,
in the Notes and Letters, as I am like one who wrote in the writes: “The Rev. O. Street, pastor of the Congregational March number, 'There is here no local circle, no triangle, Church, from which this local circle takes its name, visited
not even a straight line, only a dot.' But I try to keep my the Chautauqua Assembly in 1880, and on his return de
little rush-light burning, and have often felt encouraged by scribed the religious features of this many-sided movement
the reading of what others were doing, and helped by knowin a Sabbath evening lecture. This awakened a great and
ing the methods they used. I can sympathize with those unexpected enthusiasm, and led to the organization of the
who do not remember as much as they wish to, and hope above named circle. Its meetings began with rotary read they may be agreeably surprised, as I was when I read over ings from one and another of the authors in the prescribed
the examination papers, to find I had remembered more course, without any organization beyond the simple enroll-than I thought. I found in an old copy of a geography, ment and reporting of the members at the central office.
printed forty years ago, the names of the English sovereigns After a few weeks it was found best to organize in a more
since the Norman conquest, in rhyme. Could you find it a formal way, and a president, secretary, committees, etc.,
place in your columns? Sometimes a rhyme helps one to were appointed, and then the work began in earnest. Topics
remember, or place in order names of persons or places. that demanded special examination were assigned for es
THE BRITISH SOVEREIGNS. says, of which there were several in an evening, and of a
“First William the Norman, high order of merit. A few evenings were devoted to lec
Then William his son;
Henry, Stephen, and Henry,. tures, which were solicited and obtained as a gratuity from
Then Richard, and John. friends who were interested in the enterprise. The lectures
Next Henry the Third;
Edwards, one, two and three; and illustrations in the field of ancient and modern art
And again after Richard, were especially rich in instruction. The last plan, which
Three Henrys we see, has had a trial of several months and proved highly suc
Two Edwards, third Richard,
If rightly I guess; cessful, and is now more popular than ever, is as follows:
Two Henrys, sixth Edward, The entire circle is made a rotary committee, each member
Queen Mary, Queen Bess.
Then Jamie the Scotsman; to take his or her turn in a fixed order in arranging for the
Then Charles whom they slew; thorough discussion of a topic according to some method of
Yet received, after Cromwell,
Another Charles, two; subdivision. Essays, as many as may be needful, are as
Next James the Second signed, and rarely are there any excuses or any failures.
Ascended the throne;
Then good William and Mary The topics are always derived from the appointed course of
Together came on. reading, and are dissected with so much care that the ad
Till Anne, Georges four,
And fourth William, all past, vantage of a lecture is secured without the monotony of
God sent us Victoriaone thinker or of one voice. It is most evident already,
May she long be the last !"
THE C. L. S. C.
President: Lewis Miller.
Counselors: Lyman Abbott, D. D.; Bishop H. W. Warren, D. D.;
Office Secretary: Miss Kate F. Kimball.
THE CHAUTAUQUAN will also contain, in the department of Required
Readings, brief papers, as follows: “Studies in Ancient Greek Life;" "Selections from English Literature;” “Readings from Russian Literature;" "Readings from the Literature of China and Japan;"! “Readings in Bible History:" "Readings in Biblical Literature;" "Readings in Geology;" "Readings in Astronomy;" "Readings in Physiology and Hygiene."
ADDITIONAL READINGS FOR STUDENTS OF THE CLASS OF '83. "Hints for Home Reading." By Dr. Lyman Abbott. Price, cloth,
$1; board 75 cents. “The Hall in the Grove." By Mrs. Alden. (A story of Chautauqua
and the C. L. S. C). Price, $1.50. “Outline Study of Man." By Dr. Mark Hopkins. Price, $1.50.
II. FOR THE WHITE SEAL.
COURSE OF READING, 1882-'83.
Persons who pursue the “White Seal Course" of each year, in adI. REQUIRED.
dition to the regular course, will receive at the time of their gradua
tion a white seal for each year, to be attached to the regular diploma. 1. Readings in the History and Literature of Greece, England, Rus
“History of Greece." By Prof. T. T. Timayenis. Vol. 1.
Comsia, Scandinavia, China, Japan, and America.
pleted. Price, $1.15. 2. Readings in Science: Geology, Astronomy, Physiology, and Hy- “William the Conqueror” and “Queen Elizabeth.” Abbott's Series. giene.
Price, 80 cents. 3. Readings in Bible History, and in Biblical and General Religious
"Outlines of Bible History.” By Bishop J. F. Hurst, D. D. Price, 50 Literature.
cents. II. WHITE SEAL.
"Chautauqua Library of English History and Literature." Vol. 1. 1. Additional Readings in Greek, English, and Biblical History.
Price, paper, 60 cents; cloth, 80 cents. 2. Additional Readings in English and American Literature.
“Outre-Mer.” By Henry W. Longfellow. Price, paper, 15 cents; III. WHITE (CRYSTAL) SEAL FOR GRADUATES.
cloth, 40 cents.
“Hamlet." Rolfe's Edition. Price, paper, 50 cents; cloth, 70 cents. Readings in History, Literature, and Science, in the line of the Re
"Julius Cæsar.” Rolfe's Edition. Price, paper, 50 cts; cloth, 70 cts. quired Course for the year. This is a Special Course for Graduates of the Class of 1882 who wish
III. REQUIRED.-FOR THE WHITE (CRYSTAL) SEAL, FOR GRADUATES of '82. to continue their connection with the Circle.
THE CHAUTAUQUAN Required Reading.
“Outre-Mer." By Henry W. Longfellow.
“Hamlet." Rolfe's Edition. I. REQUIRED.
"Julius Cæsar." Rolfe's Edition,
The following is the distribution of the SUBJECTS and Books through “History of Greece." By Prof. T. T. Timayenis. Vol. 1. Parts 3, 4, and 5. Price, $1.15.
[Ch. stands for CHAUTA UQUAN.] “Preparatory Greek Course in English." By Dr. W. C. Wilkinson. Price, $1. Chautauqua Text-Book, No. 5, “Greek History.”
"Readings in Astronomy." (Ch.) By Dr. J. H. Vincent. Price, 10 cents.
"English, Russian. Scandinavian,
"History of Greece." Vol. 1. "Recreations in Astronomy." By Bishop Henry W. Warren, D. D.
and Religious History and Lit
(Timayenis). Parts 3, 4, and 5. erature, (Ch.) Price, $1.10.
Chautauqua Text-Book, “Greek Readings in Bible History and Chautauqua Text-Book, No. 2, "Studies of the Stars.” By Bishop "Geology." Packard.)
Literature." (Ch.) H. W. Warren, D. D. Price 10 cents.
"Readings in English, Russian,
March. "First Lessons in Geology.”
.'"* By Prof. A. S. Packard, Jun. Price, Scandinavian, and Religious 50 cents.
History and Literature." (Ch.)
“Recreations “Readings in Geology." (Ch.)
in Astronomy." Chautauqua Text-book, No. 4, "English History." By Dr. J. H.
(Warren.) Vincent. Price, 10 cents.
"Readings in Astronomy." (Ch.)
Chautauqua Text-Book, "English Chautauqua Text-Book, No. 34, "China, Corea, and Japan.” By W.
"History of Greece." Vol. 1. History." (Vincent.) Elliot Griffis. Price, 10 cents.
(Tinayenis.) Parts 3, 4 and 5. “English, Russian, Scandinavian, "Evangeline." By Henry W. Longfellow. Price, paper, 20 cents. "Geology." (Packard.)
and Religious History and Lit
"English, Russian, Scandinavian, Hampton Tracts: "A Haunted House." By Mrs. M. F. Armstrong;
and Religious History and Lit- /"Selections from English Literaand “Cleanliness and Disinfection." By Elisha Harris, M. D.
ture.” (Ch.) Price 15 cents.
“Readings in Geology." (Ch.) THE CHAUTAUQUAN,+ price, $1.50—in which will be published,
“Physiology, Hygiene, and “Pictures from English History." By C. E. Bishop, Esq. "Preparatory Greek Course in
Home,' Hampton Tracts. “Chapters from Early Russian History.” By Mrs. M. S. Rob
English.” (Wilkinson.) "Readings in Physiology." (Ch.)
“English, Russian, Scandinavian, English, Russian, Scandinavian inson.
and Religious History and Lit
and Religious History and Lit"Passages from Scandinavian History and Literature." By
erature. (Ch.) Prof. L. A. Sherman, of New Haven, Conn.
“Studies in Ancient Greek Life." -Selections from English Litera(Ch.)
ture." (Ch.) “Sabbath Readings in Classic Religious Literature." Selected
"Readings from Russian Literaby Dr. J. H. Vincent.
January, 1883. *This work is accompanied by ten Geological Plates, 27%2x36 inches each, contain
“Evangeline." (Longfellow.). ing fifteen diagrams. Edited by Prof. A. S. Packard, Jun. The series of diagrams "Preparatory Greek Course in “English, Russian, Scandinavian, is arranged in the form of landscapes, and contains a number of original restorations
English.' (Wilkinson.) and Religious History and Litof American, Silurian, and Devonian animals, especially of Carboniterous, Jurassic,
"English, Russian, Scandinavian
erature.' (Ch.) and Tertiary Vertebrate animals, by Prof. E. D. Cope, H. F. Osborn, and the editor;
and Religious History and Lit- “Readings in Physiology." (Ch.)
erature, (Ch) with restorations in the text. Price for the ten diagrams and book (postage paid),
"Readings in Bible History and
June. $6. To members of the C. L. S. C., $5. All orders from members must be signed Literature." (Ch.) C. L. S. C. The book is "required," the diagrams are not, although every Local
Chautauqua Text-Book, "China,
February. Circle, every Church, and every family would do well to have them.
Corea, and Japan.”' (Griffis.)
"English, Russian, Scandinavian, THE CHAUTAUQUAN is a monthly magazine containing a portion of the "required"
“Recreations in Astronomy." and Religious History and Litreading. Ten numbers for the year, 72 pages a month. Price. $1.50 a year. For
erature." (Ch.) all the books address Phillips & Hunt, New York, or Walden & Stowe, Cincinnati or Chautauqua Text-Book, "Studies “Readings from the Literature of Chicago. For The CHAUTAUQUAN address, Theodore L. Flood, Meadville, Pa. of the Stars." (Warren.)
China and Japan." (Ch.)
its origin to the appearance of selfishness in human char
acter. For several centuries there have, now and then, Chautauqua for 1882.
appeared combinations of workmen to obtain increased We presume by the time this number of THE CHAUTAU- | wages. At the close of the last century a new impulse was QUAN is issued, many of our patrons will be busily engaged given to the formation of such societies by the introduction in making preparations to attend the great Assembly, in of machinery, the result of which has been to concentrate high anticipation of receiving much pleasure and profit the leading industries in great establishments and thereby therefrom. We are happy to be able to assure all such that to increase the difficulty of rising from the working to the their expectations will doubtless be more than realized. employing class. The present century has been one of The authorities have spared no expense or pains in putting trades unions. In England, on the continent, and in this the grounds in the best possible condition, and in preparing country, these organizations have sprung up among the ample accommodations for the many thousands who will workmen of almost every line of industry. From the local come from all sections of the land to this quiet but celebra- to tbe national, and even in a few instances the base has been ted retreat. The Hotel Athenæum will be completed, with broadened until these unions have become international, so facilities and accommodations of the highest order for its that it is a well-known fact that the labor forces of the world guests. In addition to this, pleasant rooms, and good, sub are thoroughly organized, as they deem it, in defense of stantial fare can be obtained at reasonable rates at many of their interests. A result of these societies is what is known the cottages on the grounds.
as "strikes," in which the membership of a union refuse to The programme arranged by Dr. Vincent for the Assem work save on the satisfaction of certain specific demands. bly of 1882, evinces the same masterly skill which has char To offset these a retaliatory measure, called a "lockout,” acterized his plans from the beginning. But few men
has been instituted by employers to deprive workmen on a possess the organizing and executive ability he has dis strike of the assistance of others, by throwing the latter out played from the beginning of these meetings. The persons of employment. And thus do we see two classes of society announced in the programme to participate in the exercises mutually dependent, with a common interest, each indisare a guarantee of the high character of the proceedings, and pensable to the other, ever and anon arrayed in this unnatof the success of the season. Bishop Simpson, John B. ural antagonism. Nor is it perceptible, thus far, that the Gough, Bishop Warren, Dr. Talmage, Bishop Foster, Drs. number and proportions of these labor disturbances have Patton, Buckley, Burlingham, Schaff, Bowne, and many been in any degree lessened. From the famous strike of the other celebrated personages, will deliver addresses on topics bronze workers of Paris in 1867, in quick succession, every of great interest to the masses. Besides this, the numerous
state and trade in Europe has felt the paralyzing influences special courses of instruction will afford students in almost of these labor struggles. In this country, since the wideevery department of learning ample facilities for pursuing spread strikes and “railroad war" of 1877, not a year has their favorite studies. The Schools of Theology, Language, passed but that some part of the country has been agitated and Music, and the Teacher's Retreat, are annually grow by the recurrence of something of the same sort, and toing in interest, and will doubtless be more largely patron- day we find ourselves once more in the midst of a contest ized this year than ever before. The Sunday-school depart- which already involves the workmen of several states. ment, which has been aptly styled “the back-bone of Iron and steel men, tanners, cigar and brick-makers, miChautauqua,” will contain features of unusual interest,
ners, dockmen, and others, in all, at this writing, not less and will fully keep pace with the advance made in all the than fifty thousand have caught the contagion and think other departments. The Normal Sunday-school course, as
this is the time to have their wrongs righted. If the physannounced for this season, gives promise of special excel
ical and mental suffering that must come to the homes of lence and interest. The Assembly of 1882 will also be mem the thousands of laborers deprived of their income, and the orable as the era of the graduation of the first class of the C. glow of the hot, revengeful passions engendered on both L. S. C., the members of which will be present in large
sides, were helpful to an amicable and just solution of these numbers, and will bear proudly to their homes the beautiful difficulties, there might be some hope. But alas! This latdiplomas, as certificates of their having successfully com
ter and chief evil of a strike is precisely what stands in the pleted the prescribed course of study. The commencement way of preventing another. And so our modern and boasted oration will be delivered by Bishop Warren, who is an en civilization is running to and fro, asking how all this viothusiastic Chautauquan, and also one of the counselors of lence, this demolition of property, and often destruction of the C. L. S. C. The Round-Table meetings of the C. L. S.
human life, can be averted in the future. C. will doubtless be unusually full this year, and
Without seeking to ascertain and remove the cause, no have never before been permitted to enjoy the “feast of rea attempt to reach a happy solution of this difficult question son and the flow of soul” which always especially charac
can be successful. This, of course, in the last analysis, will terizes this unique feature of the Assembly, will have the
be found to lie in that lack of moral principle and plain jusopportunity of engaging in these delightful exercises in 1882. tice which is manifested in the greed and oppression of emThe great moral movements of the times will receive their ployers, and in the rapacity and excessive demands of labor. usual recognition on days set apart for their especial consid
It is not necessary to discuss this phase of the subject, eration. The missionary and temperance causes will be further than to say that a larger conscientiousness in the represented by able advocates. A new temperance order, world is essential to the solution of all the problems of its styled “The Chautauqua Temperance Guild,” will be insti- civilization. But men as they are, it is safe to say that a tuted to aid in furthering the cause of temperance reform wide-spread ignorance, a failure to comprehend the relations throughout the land. In a brief editorial like this, however, of capital and labor, their mutual dependency and common only a very few of the many attractions of the Assembly of interest, must take a prominent place among the causes of 1882 can even be mentioned, much less described. If our the labor troubles. Out of this same ignorance springs that readers would know Chautauqua as it is, they must see it mutual misconception of motives, which, with roused pasfor themselves.
sions, makes each class regard the other as its natural foe.
Here, then, is the solution suggested by the cause itself. The Labor Troubles.
There is need of such an education of all concerned as will The problem of capital and labor is not a new one. It is enable them to see the economical bearing of such conflicts, coeval with the relation of servant and master, and traces and their hurtful effects upon society. Let both classes be