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A

H MURRAY, DELT

KUTCHIN WINTER LODGES


ARCTIC

SEARCHING EXPEDITION:

A

JOURNAL OF A BOAT-VOYAGE

THROUGH RUPERT'S LAND AND THE ARCTIC SEA,

IN SEARCH OF

THE DISCOVERY SHIPS UNDER COMMAND OF

SIR JOHN FRANKLIN.

WITH AN APPENDIX ON THE PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY
OF NORTH AMERICA.

BY SIR JOHN RICHARDSON, C.B., F.R.S.

INSPECTOR OF NAVAL HOSPITALS AND FLEETS,

ETC. ETC. ETC.

IN TWO VOLUMES.

VOL. I.

PUBLISHED BY AUTHORITY.

LONDON:

LONGMAN, BROWN, GREEN, AND LONGMANS.

NOTICE.

In the Indian names which occur in the following narrative, u is to be sounded like oo, in "moon;" yu as "yule," or like "you ;" and i as in " ravine."

LONDON:

SPOTTISWOODES and SHAW,

New-street-Square.

CONTENT S.

CHAPTER I.

Page

Route assigned to the Expedition under command of Sir John Franklin. Names of the Officers. Erebus and Terror. Date of its sailing. Last Letters. Sir John Franklin's last Official Letter. Last Sight of the Expedition. Sir John Ross proposes a Search. Discussion of Various Opinions offered respecting the Fate of the Expedition. Plans of Search adopted. Main Objects of the Overland Searching Expedition. Instructions from the Admiralty

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CHAP. II.

Overland Searching Expedition. Routes through the In-
terior. Hudson's Bay Ships. Pemican. Boats. Boat
Party leaves England. Arrives at Winter Quarters.
Volunteers. Mr. John Rae appointed to the Expedition.
The Author and Mr. Rae sail from England. Land at
New York. Proceed to Montreal and La Chine. Canoe-
men. Saut Ste. Marie. Voyage to the North. Reach
Cumberland House

CHAP. III.

Pine Island Lake. Silurian Strata. Sturgeon River.
Progress of Spring. Beaver Lake. Isle à la Crosse
Brigade. Ridge River. Native Schoolmaster and his
Family. Two Kinds of Sturgeon. Native Medicines.
Bald Eagles. Pelicans. Black-Bellied and Cayenne
Terns. Cranes. Frog Portage. Missinipi or Church-

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