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I. From a * MS. in the Library of the late




of Saltoun, is a Gentleman of a good estate in Scotland, attended with the improvement of

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* Intitled, Short political Characters of the chief of the Lords and Commons of England, of the then Ministry, and the most noted Officers both by Sea and Land: Of the foreign Ministers, and Nobility and Gentry of Scotland before the Union of the two Kingdoms.


good education. He was knight of the shire for Lothian to that parliament, where the Duke of York was Commissioner in the reign of King Charles II. and openly opposed the arbitrary dehgns of that Prince, and the fatal bill of Acceffion; which obliged him wisely to retire, first to England, and then to Holland.

The Duke of York could not forgive his behaviour in that parliament ; they summoned him to appear at Edinburgh, which he not daring to do, was declared traitor, and his estate confiscated: he retired to Hungary, and served several campaigns under the Duke of Lorrain : be returned to Holland after the death of King Charles II. and came over to England with the Duke


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of Monmouth; bad the misfortune to Boot xhe mayor of Lime after his landing; and on it returned again Holland; and came over at the Revolution with the Prince of Orange.

He is fo zealous an asertor of the liberties of the people, that he is too jealous of the growing power of all princes; in whom he thinks ambition so natural, that he is not for trufting the best of princes with the power which ill ones may make use of against the people: believes all princes were made by, and for the good of, the people ; and thinks princes should bave no power but that of doing good. This made bim oppose King Charles ; indade King James; and oppose the gioing so much power to King William,


whom he never would serve ; nor dass be ever come into the adminis faration of this Queen: but stands up a four pillar for the constitution of the parliament of Scotland.

He is Gentleman steady in his principles, of nice honour, with abundance of learning : brave as the sword be wears, and bold as a ljon: a Jure friend, and an irres concileable enemy : would lose his life readily to serve his country; and would not do a base thing to Jave it. His thoughts are large as to religion, and could never be brought within the bounds of any particular sett. Nor will be be under the distinction of a W big or Tary; saying, those names are ufed to cloak the knaves of both.



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His notions of government, however, are too fine spun; and can bardly be lived up to by men subjeɛt to the common frailties of nature; neither will be give allowance for extraordinary emergencies : witness the Duke of Shrewsbury, with whom he had always been very intimate; yet the Duke coming to be Secretary of fate a second time, purely to save his country, this Gentleman would never be in common charity with him afterwards. And my Lord Spencer, now, Lord Sunderland, for voting for the

army, was used by that man much after the same manner.

He hath wrote some very good things; but they are not publish'd in his name : he hath a very good genius. A low, thin man, of a


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