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dents such exercise ? We claim that the Base-Ball system best subserves the interests of the Student in this respect, because, 1st, it is less expensive. The items of expense in College sports have, from year to year, been constantly increasing, till, at the present date, they form no small part of the four years expenditures. It is becoming to the student, then, and at no time more so than at the present, to retrench in every possible expense. Boating has proved itself an expensive sport. The necessary outlay for proper uniforms for a single barge, with its annual tax for painting, repairing, housing, is an outlay beyond the bounds of economy, to say nothing of racing shells, purchased at a fabulous price, and with corresponding expenses in flags, transportation of crack-crews, and racing expenses, even if we are fortunate enough to win the wager race, and steer clear of such disasters as have befallen us at Worcester. It is a common complaint of clubmen, that the taxes necessary to support the race-crew, are ruinous. The whole outlay, on the contrary, requisite in a Cricket or Base-Ball club, is clearly within the sporting means of all. The bases, bats, signal-flags, stands for umpire, scores, uniforms and all, are not costly, and even where the extra expense for grounds and storage is assumed, the taxes are comparatively light.
Another and more potent reason in favor of field-sports, is the reasonable amount of time they demand. Exercise for a student is indispensable, but it should be enjoyed as a means, not as an end. Sufficient exercise for the physical wants is unavoidable, but enough to interfere with the mental training is injudicious and injurious. It is desirable to make study the chief object, and exercise subsidiary,—not to make exercise of the first importance, and study secondary. It is one of the peculiar advantages of Cricket, or its rival field-sport, that they can be practiced at those odd times when nothing else seems appropriate; at the intermittent rests between recitations, when one wishes to do something, and is yet unwilling to give up a long period from his studies. These little vacuums of an hour, or of two hours, the boating system overlooks. To become a skillful oarsman, a student must devote a much greater portion of time, frequently infringing on the best half of his study hours. It is not the mere exercise of pulling round the buoy that eats up so many hours, though that, at the present distance of the boat-house from College, is no trifling demand in time, but it is the hour for Gymnasium exercise, the hour for the morning trot in great-coats, in the reducing process, the extra pulls for wind in the barge; all of these combined, which take away the best hours of the day, and all of this subsidiary exercise is demanded of him who would hope to become one of the race-crew. The chosen few of the Base club, the “ first nine” on the other hand, succeed to, and maintain that position without infringing on study hours, nor intefering with necessary literary employments. But it is objected to all field sports, that they are not so dignified as that pertaining to the yacht and race boat. It may be true, in this country, and we claim that they have not been fairly compared and tested. A great investment of money in any undertaking, adds a certain dignity, which it would not possess without. It is not the mere yacht, nor boat-race, that attracts the attention of the masses, but the money expended in such races. A horse-race is considered more dignified, more especially adapted to manly sport, than either, for, in races of that character, the stakes are the attraction.
Boating, in this country, is distinctively the exercise of the richer class: those who give a tone, a character to the projects with which they are connected; the field sports have not, as yet, the reputation they enjoy in England. There the Cricket is held in equal estimation with the Boating crew. The position of " first nine” of all Ergland, is considered more honorable than that of the leading crew of the winning boat of the University. Here, Base-Ball takes the place, in some measure, of the Cricket club of England, and the base and bat succeed the Cricket club and Wicket. Beside, we have no advantages here at Yale for boating. Every one knows the peculiarities of our harbor, with its low tide and mud, its high tide, cross gales and deep seas, the inconvenient boat-house, quite a mile from College, almost another to the Commodore's stake-boat, on racing days, not to mention the poor opportunities for spectators, and consequent meagre attendance. High winds and rainy days, uncomfortably prevalent in this vicinity, are a decisive bar to boating. High winds and anything short of downright pouring, are allowable in the sports of the field. The Faculty have presented the classes in college with adequate grounds, and those of the City Clubs are often times kindly offered, securing positions at once economical and convenient.
We have endeavored to show some of the advantages of the fieldsports, knowing well the utter distaste of students to undertake any kind of exercise except that which the enthusiasm of the moment presents, yet, may not an enthusiastic lover of field exercise hope that, with the decline or utter extinction of boating, a class of exercise may be more generally sustained, which reconciles a proper attention to study with itself, and may be enjoyed at less expense, with equal dignity, and with greater advantages.
B. C. C.
-never dream so faithful grew,-
Still I sit in patient waiting for my gathered fleet to start. November 18th, 1861.
8. W. D.
CONTEMPLATE the human species, where you may, and you will hardly find another class so entirely anomalous as College students. For, not only as a class are they distinguished from all other bodies of men, not only does each individual differ in a marked degree from his fellows, but he exhibits in himself methods and habits most peculiar, and often inconsistent. At one time, he is the most serious and reflective of persons; at another, he is altogther frivolous and inconsiderate. He is one person in College, and another out of it; and, in reality, acts as many parts as though College life were a play, in which the actors were expected to appear in different characters, as scene followed scene in rapid succession. For some of these anomalies we can give a reason; of others, we can say no more than that they are characteristic of student life. In one capacity, for instance, the stu-. dent seeks improvement, in another, is equally intent on amusement. And since, to make the way more clear for his own amusement, he comes often to ignore the existence of any community, other than his own, some of his actions are necessarily obnoxious to those who do not so clearly realize the fact of their non-existence. Thus he will secrete the gate, tear down the sign, or make a general havoc upon the grapery of some unguarded citizen. And while the citizen, on the morrow, talks angrily of thieves and villains, and uses language far from complimentary to the occupants of the neighboring shrine of learning, the other party will, quite likely, try his power of
argument, by pen or voice, to prove the claims of law and honor upon the individual. Nor does he for once realize the moral incongruity of the theory of to-day and the practice of yesterday.
Again, he is a student of language, and as such, strives to discover all its power and refinement. And yet words, which, as the vehicles of noble thought and sentiments, he is, at one time, accustomed to study and admire, at another, for the sake of mere amusement, he drags forth from their legitimate places in the modes of language, and thrusts them, most ruthlessly, into relations at once grotesque and singular, which are an utter profanation of all the sanctities of language. Of necessity, he understands the skillful and legitimate use of words better than most other people, and yet he employs, by an instinctive preference, set phrases and local cant, to an amount altogether incred. ible.
The student has, also, a profound reverence for high authority, and the associations of antiquity, wherever they inhere. As they are congenial to his pursuits as a scholar and seeker after all the truths of the past, it is but natural that he should, in his tributes to them, be eloquent and sincere. But he quite often makes mockery of all such veneration, when he can thereby subserve a tendency to satire and amusement. Relations, the most ludicrous and absurd, are sought,
wherein to set off these memories and personages of the past. When in this mood, antiquity is either provokingly slow or ludicrously fast, and great names are treated with the utmost familiarity. Just as if Socrates, Luther, or Burke, were sitting down to a free and easy converse with the student, and while enjoying the delicate aroma of a modern weed, should talk quite jocosely of the last lark, or other merry reminiscence. This is, to be sure, an exaggeration; but it is no more than an exaggeration, suggesting, as it does, actual characteristics which may be found, at one time or another, in the circles of student life.
We also observe the student, at one time, observing a dignity and manly bearing quite conventional, and at another, employing the utmost freedom and nonchalance in his intercourse, and throwing off and discarding all that reserve and formal ceremony which invariably appear among cultivated people in the outside world. In the presence of his instructor in the class-room, be is modest and diffident, to a marked degree. But, for this diffidence he extorts a rich reward, wben those individuals in the College world, who are below him in order of time, concede to his claims of dignity and greater experience, and the world at large attribute to him powers and acquisitions which he never possessed. But when he is in the company of his fellow-students, who may with truthfulness be said to know him better than he knows himself, all such pretensions stand him in poor stead for tbe sober reality. And hence it is but a necessity, that he should here display a still different phase of action,—that only one which flows placidly with the general current of College life,—and so be at once natural and ingenuous. Thus the student is a sort of mental kaleidoscope, displaying to different persons, according to the stand-point from wbich he is viewed, a variety of characters, each symmetrical in itself.
I would mention still another instance of the incongruous nature of student character. It is the idea and wish of every student, that his College life should be as little alloyed as possible with anything that might mar its worth as a home of happy associations, and of a high social development. And yet, he is prone often to judge of actions and intentions with such criticism as could neither be prompted by friendship or charity. Intuitively quick to sympathize with those with whom he is brought in more immediate contact by the force of circumstances or of common sympathies, he is equally ready to make ridicule of the peculiarities or deficiencies of others. Thus the student exhibits the seeming paradox of being, of all persons, the most social and unsocial, the most charitable and uncharitable, and of friends, the most constant and inconstant.