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Page Peter. This promulgation was a public fact, in all its cir- ; cumstances. Those who embraced the law of Christ, as promulgated by Peter, were all united in one faith, and communion. The authority of Peter and the other Apostles, sanc tioned by acknowledged miracles ............... .........5

CHAPTER II. The revelation and establishment of the Christian religion, is a";

series, and collection of public facts-exemplified in the history: of Christ, and in the ministry of his Apostles. The propagation of the law, and religion of Christ over Judea, and the Gen- . tile world, by the ministry of the Apostles, and of Apostolic men sent by them.-The Apostles make ecclesiastical laws, for the preservation of unity in faith, and for the regulation of . matters of discipline ..... ................... 56

CHAPTER III. A view of the designs and works of God, in the preparation and execution of the establishment of the Christian religion.– The Almighty had this work in contemplation, from the beginning of the world. He promised it to the ancient Patriarchs. – He foretold it by his inspired prophets.—He exhibited a type and model of this great work, in the institutions of the old law, and in the most remarkable events which occurred under the Mosaic dispensation.— All these were accomplished in the history of the life and mysteries of Christ, and in the institution and establishment of the Christian religion ........... 61

Blessings of Christianity diffused over all Nations.-Fall of man

from original justice to the state of sin.-Consequences.-Igno-
rance and concupiscence.-Philosophy could not afford a re-
medy to these evils.—The sacrifice of atonement.-Remission
of sin offered to all nations. The light of faith to dispel
ignorance of religious truths.-Excellence and sublimity of the
doctrines of the Christian faith.-Purity and sanctity of the
Gospel precepts, given to correct the corruption of the human
heart.-Motives to duty.-Efficacious graces administered by -
the sacraments.- Efficacy of the Gospel in the conversion of

......... 68



p. iii..? CHAPTER I. -

Page The formation and nature of the Church of Christ. - It consists of

two classes ; of the ministers of Christ, teaching and governing ;-and of the faithful, who are taught and governed. - The Church of Christ to be propagated over all nations, and to continue through all ages. The government of the Church constituted in the form of a kingdom.—The guardianship and dispensation of all the doctrines, precepts, and mysteries of the Christian religion, were committed by Christ to the mi. nistry, which he established in his Church.-Consequently it is by the ministry of the Church of Christ, that all nations are to be instructed in the true knowledge of the faith and law, which Christ delivered to his Apostles .................... 78

. CHAPTER II. On the marks of the true Church of Christ-UNITY and UNIVER

SALITY are essential properties and characteristic marks of the
true Church of Christ; the guardian of the truths and institutions
of Christianity.--Two or more religious societies, which have
not the same faith, or the same communion, or which are not
under the same ecclesiastical authority, cannot be both, nor all
of them the Church of Christ.- Unity in faith, in communion,
and ecclesiastical government, was universally introduced by
the Apostles, and Apostolic men, in the establishment and
propagation of Christianity in all countries ................ 87

On unity, and universality in faith, communion, and government,

considered in the Roman Catholic Church.Unity and univer-
sality are found in the Roman Catholic Church, at the present
time. They may be traced back, in the same Church, to the
first establishment of Christianity in all those countries, where
the Roman Catholic faith is now professed.-Proofs from a
reference to histories and liturgies............. ....... 93

Unity and universality, considered in respect to churches separated

from the communion of the Roman Catholic Church.- Unity
and universality are not found in all, or any of those particular
Churches which are separated from the Communion of the
See of Rome. . ......

.................. 101


Liturgies ....

......... 115

On the Trinity of Persons in one God, and the Divinity of Christ,

the Redeemer of Mankind .......

.......... 118

On the Sacrifice of the Mass. On the real Presence of the Body

and Blood of Christ, offered to God, in the Holy Sacrifice, and

received by the People, in the holy Communion; and on

Transubstantiation, or the Change of the Bread and Wine into

the Body and Blood of Christ ......

.................. 123

On Communion with the Saints in Heaven; on imploring their

Intercession, particularly that of the blessed Virgin Mary; also.

on Supplications for the repose of the Souls of the Faithful

departed .........

.......... 141

The Sign of the Cross used in acts of Religious Worship ...... 148

On the relative Veneration shewn to the Cross, on which Christ

suffered, and to other Crosses representing it .............. 150

On the ancient Ceremonies of Baptism .................... 154

Confirmation administered, not only by imposition of Hands and

Prayer, but also by the unction of Chrism, solemnly blessed

by the Bishops of the Church ........

........ 159

The particular Confession of Sins, and the Sacramental Absolu-

tion of penitent Sinners, practised in the Primitive Ages .... 162

The Fast of Lent, an Apostolical Institution, observed, in the

earliest ages of the Christian Church, as a duty of conscientious

Obligation ..........................

.............................. 167

Holy Orders, Matrimony, and extreme Unction, were adminis. .

tered, in the earliest ages of the Church, as Sacraments or

Institutions of Christ, by which grace was conferred ........ 169

In the primitive times it was held necessary that all Churches,

and the faithful Disciples of Christ, wherever they were dis-

persed, should be in communion with the particular Church of

Rome, as the first Church in the Christian World, and the

centre of Unity ...................................... 173

The Bishops of Rome have ever been acknowledged, from the

earliest ages of Christianity, as the supreme Rulers on Earth

of the whole Church of Christ; and have exercised an acknow- .

ledged primacy of Spiritual Jurisdiction, as of Divine Right,

over all other particular Christian Churches.................. 174

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CHRISTIANITY is that form of Religion, which was taught and instituted by CHRIST. It embraces the doctrines of faith, which Christ revealed; the supernatural moral precepts, which he delivered; the sacred rites, which he instituted; and the form of constitution, which he founded, for the government of his Church. Its doctrines are most sublime, and consoling; and, at the same time, most true and certain. Its moral precepts are most pure, and perfect; prescribing the renunciation of all sin, and the exercise of every virtue. Its religious rites are most holy, and salutary, being the divinely established means of offering an acceptable worship to God, and of communicating the graces of sanctification to the souls of men. To those who embrace the Christian Religion with sin. cerity, and observe its injunctions with fidelity, it imparts peace and spiritual consolation in life, and ensures the enjoyment of a glorious immortality, after death.

Christianity is the work of God; a magnificent work, in the establishment and support of which, he has displayed his power, his wisdom, his mercy and goodness, even in a stronger light, than in the creation and preservation of the world. Its end is the glory of God, and the renovation and eternal happiness of man. ..

The institution and propagation of the Christian Religion, was a great public Fact; no less so, than the establishment, and extension of any temporal kingdom, or empire on earth. By its uniform laws of faith, and general discipline, it united together the nations of Europe, in one large society, and continued to regulate their religious, and moral conduct, from its early introduction into them, till the changes and divisions, in matters of Religion, which took place, in the sixteenth century. His ..!! ..

At that eventful period, the authors of these changes and divisions introduced the principle of determining what are the doctrines, and precepts, which Christ delivered, and commanded all to believe and observe, not by the authority of the Church, but by the judgment of every individual, or by his private interpre tation of Scripture. The consequence naturally resulting from this principle was, that according to each one's judgment or interpretation of Scripture, different, and not unfrequently contradictory, doctrines were held, as the revealed doctrines of Christianity ; and articles of Christian faith, which had been uniformly and : universally believed, as revealed doctrines, for fifteen centuries, began to be rejected as not revealed. Still, the divine revelation of a doctrine was considered as a proof of its being true.'; . : -> But it was not long before this principle of private judgment was carried further; and was made the rule of deciding, not merely the question, de facto, whether the doctrine was divinely revealed or not; but also the question, de jure, whether the doctrine, considered in itself, was true or not. By this system, the


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