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under the name of another which may put the world in opinion I might steal them from him, and he, to do himself right, hath since published them in his own name : but as I must acknowledge my lincs not worthy his patronage under whom he hath published them, so the author I know much offended with M. Jaggard that (altogether unknown to him) presumed to make so bold with his

These, and the like dishonesties, I know you to be clear of; and I could wish but to be the happy author of so worthy a work as I could willingly commit to your care and workmanship.

name.

" Yours ever,

" THOMAS HEYWOOD."

Jaggard, upon the publication of this, appears to have been compelled to do some sort of justice to Heywood, however imperfect. He cancelled the title-page of the edition of The Passionate Pilgrim of 1612, removing the name of Shakspeare, and printing the collection without any author's name. Malone had a copy of the book with both title-pages. This transaction naturally throws great discredit on the honesty of the publisher; and might lead us to suspect that Ileywood's was not the only case in which Shakspearo was “much offended with M. Jaggard, that (altogether unknown to hir) presumed to make so bold with his name.” There are other pieces in The Passionate Pilgrim that have been attributed on reasonable grounds to other authors than Shakspeare. It may be well, therefore, that we should run through the whole collection, offering a few brief observations on the authenticity of these poems.

The two first Sonnets in Jaggard's edition of The Passionate Pilgrim are those which, with some alterations, appear as the 138th and the 144th in the collection of Sonnets published in 1609. The variations of those Sonnets, as they appeared in The Passionate Pilgrim, are given in our foot-notes at pages 216 and 219. The third Sonnct in the collection (the first in our reprint) is found in Love's Labor 's Lost. The fourth is one of the four Sonnets on the subject of Venus and Adonis. In Malone's first edition of these poems (1780) he followed the order of the original, as we now do; but in his posthumous edition, by Boswell, that order is changed, and the four Sonnets on the subject of Venus and Adonis are placed together, the first in the series. Malone's opinion, which he did not subsequently alter, was, that “ several of the Sonnets in this collection seem to have been issuys of the author when he first conceived the notion of writing a poem on the subject of Venus and Adonis, and before the scheme of his work was completely adjusted.” Boswell justly says that some doubt is thrown upon Malone's conjecture by the circumstance that one of these four Sonnets, with some variations, is found in a volume of poems published before The Passionate Pilgrim, namely, “ Fidessa more Chaste than Kinde," by B. Griffin, 1596. In Grifhn's little volume, which has been reprinted, the Sonnet stands as follows:

" Venus, with young Adonis sitting by her,

Under a myrtle shade began to woo hin;
She told the youngling how god Mars did try her,

And as he fell to her, so fell she to him.
Even thus, quoth shc, the wanton god embraced me;

And thus she clasped Adonis in her arms :
Even thus, quoth she, the warlike god unlaced me,

As if the boy should use like loving charms.
But he, a wayward boy, refused her offer,

And ran away, the beauteous queen neglecting;
Showing both folly to abuse her proffer,

And all his sex of cowardice detecting.
O, that I had my mistress at that bay,
To kiss and clip me till I ran away!"

The variations between this Sonnet and that printed in the Passionate Pilgrim are very remarkable; but there can be no doubt, we should think, that the authorship belongs to Griffin. This volume was not published anonymously; and it is dedicated “ to Mr. Wm. Essex, of Lambourne, Berks, and to the Gentlemen of the Inns of Court.” It is not likely that he would have adopted a Sonnet by Shakspeare floating about in society, and made it his own by these changes.

The fifth poem in Jaggard's collection is Biron's Sopnet in Love's Labor 's Lost. The seventh, “ Fair is my love," stands as Shakspeare's, without any rival to impugn Jaggard's authority. The eighth is not so fortunate. It would be pleasant to believe that the Sonnet, commencing

“ If music and sweet poetry agrec,"

was written by Shakspeare.* It would be satisfactory that the

* We have previously expressed an opinion that it was written by Shakspeare: it has been generally attributed to him; and we had adopted the reccived opinion, looking chiefly at the character of the Sonnet. See pag!

gicatest dramatic poet of the world should pay his homage to that great contemporary from whose exhaustless wells of imagination every real lover of poetry has since drawn waters of " deep Jelight.” But that Sonnet is claimed by another; and we believe that the claim must be admitted. There was another publisher of the name of Jaggard -- John Jaggard ; and he, in 1598, printed a volume bearing this title : “ Encomion of Lady Pecunia; or, the Praise of Money : The Complaint of Poetrie for the Death of Liberalitie : i.e. The Combat betweene Conscience and Covetousness in the Minde of Man : with Poems in divers Humors." The volume bears the name, as author, of Richard Barnfield, graduate of Oxford, who had previously published a volume entitled “Cynthia.” The volume of 1598 contains a Sonnet " addressed to his friend Master R. L., in praise of Music and Poetry." This is the Sonnet that a year after William Jaggard prints with the name of Shak. speare. But Barnfield's volume contains another poem, which the publisher of The Passionate Pilgrim also assigns to Shakspeare, amongst the “Sonnets to Sundry Notes of Music" the last in the collection,

“ As it fell upon a day."

It is remarkable that, after the publication of Barnfield's volume in 1598, and The Passionate Pilgrim in 1599, a large portion of this poem was, in 1600, printed in "England's Helicon," with the signature of “ Ignoto." It there follows the poem which is the 18h in The Passionate l'ilgrim,

“My flocks feed not."

That poem bears the title of “ The Unknown Shepherd's Complaint,” and is also signed, in “ England's Helicon," “ Ignoto.” “ As it fell upon a day” is entitled “ Another of the same Shepherd's.” Both the poems in “ England's Helicon” immediately follow one bearing the signature of " W. Shakespeare,” the beautiful Sonnet in Love's Labor 's Lost,

"On a day, alack the day,” —

which is given as one of the Sonnets to Music in The Passionate Pilgrim.

For the following poems in The Passionate Pilgrim no claim of authorship has appeared further to impugn the credibility of W. Jaggard :VOL. VIII.

32

“ Sweet rose, fair flower."
“ Crabbed age and youth.”
“ Beauty is but a rain and doubtful good."
“Good night, good rest.”
“Lord, how mine eyes."
“ It was a lording's daughter."
“Whenas thine eye.”

But there is a poem, imperfectly printed in The Passionate Pilgrim, (and which we have reprinted, that the reader may have before him what that work originally contained,) of a higher reputation than any poem in the collection.

“ Live with me, and be my love"

is printed in “England's Helicon” with the signature of “Chr. Marlow," and the copy there given is as follows:

THE PASSIONATE SHEPHERD TO HIS LOVE.

Come live with me, and be my love,
And we will all the pleasures prove
That valleys, groves, hills, and fields,
Woods, or steepy mountains yields.

And we will sit upon the rocks,
Seeing the shepherds fced their flocks,
By shallow rivers, to whose falls
Melodious birds sing madrigals.

And I will make thee beds of roses,
And a thousand fragrant posies,
A cap of flowers, and a kirtle
Embroidered all with leaves of myrtle.

A gown made of the finest wool,
Which from our pretty lambs we pull ;
Fair linéd slippers for the cold,
With buckles of the purest gold :

A belt of straw, and ivy buds
With coral clasps and amber studs.
And if these pleasures may thee move,
Come live with me, and be my love.

The shepherd swains shall dance and sing
For thy delights each May-morning;
If these delights thy mind may move,
Then live with me, and be my love.

CHR. MARLOW.

In that collection it is ingeses sosseeded bastie: poen,
almost equals celebrated, beers besarzec - 1909:"

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