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rule, peace be on them, and mercy, and upon the ” Israel of God. 17. From henceforth let no man trouble me; for I bear in my body the marks of the Lord Jesus. 18. Brethren, the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be p with your Spirit. Amen.

T Unto the Galatians, written from Rome.






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'1. 7.

Year of our Lord 6.
AUL an Apostle of Jesus Christ, by the 2 will of

God, to the faints which are at Ephesus, and to the t faithful in Christ Jeius: 2. ^ Grace be to you, and peace from God our Father, and from the Lord Jesus Christ. 3. Ble led be the f God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who hath blessed us with all fpiritual blessings in keavenly * places [Or, thing:] in Christ: 4. According as he hath 5 chosen , us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be b holy, and without blame before him in love: 5. Having predestinated us uito

the t. Gal. 3.), 29. So then they

+ Gal. i. 3. See on Rom, which be of Faith are blessed with faithful Abraham. If ye be Christs, 3. + 2 Cor. 1.3. ti Pet. 1. 3. then are ye Abrahams Sced, and See on Rom. 15. 6. Heirs according to the Promise.'s 't Mat. 27. 46. Jesus cried, #Rom. 2. 29. Rom. 4. 12. My God, my God, why halt thou for

Phil., 3; 3. See on Acts faken me? Joh. 3c. 17. Jesus 7. 51.

faith, Go to my Brethren, and 17. 7 ? Cor. 4. 10.

say unto them, I ascend unto my Kcm. 8. 35.

10 Father, and your Father, and to my 18. P See on s Thef. 5. 23. God, and your God. Ver. 17. СНА Р: 1.

.: , Pet. I. 20. Şee on: 2 Cor. 1, 1. See on i Cor. 1. I.

h :: Luk. 1175, Eph. 2. 10. of Rom. 1.7. See on 2 Cor.15t Col. 1. 22. See on

I. 8. : 1 Cor. 4.17.-Timotheus,

5. f Rom. 8. 29, 30. Whom wlio is my beloved Son, and faith- he did foreknow, he allo did pre. ful in the Lord. : Eph. 6. 21. destinate to be conformed to che -Tychicus a beloved Brother and 20 Image of his Son. - Moreover,

faithful Minister in the Lord. - whom he did predeftinate, them be

Col. 1. 2. To the Saints and allo called. faithful Brethren in Chriít.

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Tim. 1.9.

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1 Cor.

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the * adoption of Children by Jesus Christ to himself, according to the good pleasure of his will, 6. To the praile of the glory of his grace, 'wherein he hath made us accepted in n the beloved : 7. n In whom we have rełemption through his blood, the forgivene's of fis, according to the ° riches of his grace; 8. Wherein he hath abounded towards us in all wisdom and prudence, 9. Having made known unto us the P myftery of his will according to his good pleafure, which he hath 9 purpoled in himself: 10. That in the dispensation of the fulness of times he might

" * gather together in one ? all things in Chrift, both which are in * heaven [Gr. the heavens], and which are on earth, even in him : II. In whom allo we have obtained an a Inheritance, being (1) predestinated according to the pur

pore See on Rom. 9. P Col. 1. 26. See on Roma

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k7 Gal. 4. S.



8. 19.

16. 25.


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in Rom, 2.

6.1.: Rom. 3. 24. Being jufti- :9: Eph. 3. IB. See on 2 Tim. fed freely by his Grace, through the Redemption that is in Jesus Christ. 5

1o. r + Gal. 4. 4. + Heb. 1. I. in † Mat. 3. 17. This.is my be

† Pet. 1. 201 See on Mar. bved Son in whom I am well-plea- I. 15. ed. t Joh. 3. 35. The. Father s Gen. 49. 10. -Unto him (Shia overh the Son, and hath given all loh) fall the gathering of the Peo. hings into his Hand. + Joh. 10.10 ple be. Isa. 42. 3. -The iflas shall 7. Therefore doth my Father love wait for his Law. Hag.2.,7. --The pe, because I lay down my Life, Defire of all Nations shall come.--hat I might take it again.

::: 1 Cor, u.3. -The iiad of even 7. Drop Col 1.14. Heb. 9. 12. ry Manis Christ, 1 Pet 1. 18. See on Acts 20. 28.15

† Col. I. 20. By him to of Rom. 9. 23. Eph. 2. 7. reconcile all things unto himself.-Eph. 3. 8, 16. f Phil. 4. 19. See. * II. 2. + A&ts 26.18. Col. I.

12. See on Acts 20. 32. (1) Divire Predestination is a very comfortable Do&rine ; but it is of. en misunderstood. It respects those, and those only who believe in Christ

, and seriously apply themselves to perform the conditions on whiclo ałvation is offered by him, which God is ever ready to assit and enable Il thofe to do, who diligently use the Means of Grace, and are not wanting o themselves. On the contrary, those, and those only, are under a Sena sace of Reprobation, who, living an ungodly Life, will not be prevailed vith

to comply with the Terms of Salvation. And this Senfe of Predeination I take to be consistent with the 17th Article of our Church; and greeable to what; not only the holy Scripturesbut the most evident 'rinciples of natural Religion, deliver concerning the Justice, Holiness, nd Goodness of God. There is not any thing here, or ellewhere in hoc Scripture, when it is rightly understood, to fupport the Opinion of hofe, who fancy that a fixe, certain, and determinare Number of Men ad Women are in such a Senfe predeftinased to Salvation, that they can.





I. pose of him who worketh all things after the counsel of his own will: 12. That we fhould be to the praise of his glory, who first * trusted [Or, hoped] in Christ

. 13. In whom ye also trusted after that ye heard the d word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: 'in whom also after that ye believed, ye were • sealed with that holy Spirit of promise, 14. Which is the f earneft of our inheritance, uptil the 5 redemption of the purchased poffeffion, unto the praise of his glory. 15. Wherefore I also, h after I heard of your faith in the Lord Jesus, and love unto all the saints, 16. i Cease not to give thanks for you, making mention of you in my prayers; 17. That the k God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, ' may give unto you the Spirit of wisdom and revelation * in the knowledge [Or, for the acknowledgement] of him: 18. The m

eyes of your under

standing Ver. 6. 14. Joh. 15. 8. thanks to God, and the Father of :: Phil. 1. 11. See on i Cor.10.31. our Lord Jesus Christ, praying alc: Jam. 1. 18. See on Heb.

ways for you: since we heard of 12.23.,

your Faith in Christ Jesus, and of 13. d Joh. 1. 17. The Law was s the love which ye have to all given by Mofes, buc Grace and the Saints. Philem. Ver. Truth came by Jesus Christ... Cor.

Hearing of thy Loveand Faith, which 6.7. By the Word of Truth, by, the thou haft toward the Lord Jesus, Power of God, by the Armour of and toward all Saints, Righteousness.

16. Phil.1.3-4. t 1 Thel. 11 et 2 Cor. 1. 22. f Eph. 4. 30. 2. t 2 Thef. 1. 3.

See on Rom See on Rom. 8.16. † 2 Cor. s. 5.

17.5+ Joh. 20. 17. See on Rom. 8. 16. st Luk. 21. 28. When these 15

1 Cor.

12. 8. To one: is gir things begin to come to pass, then en by the Spirit the Word of wisdom Jook up, and life up your Heads, to another the Word of knowledge, by for your Redemption draweth nigh. the fame Spirit. Cor. 14. 6.† Rom. 8. 23. Our Selves also What shall I profit you, except which have the first Fruits of the fhall speak to you either by Reveal Spirit, even we our felves groan lation, or by Knowledge, or by prou within our selves, waiting for phecying, or by Doctrine ? t Coll the Adoption, to wic, the Reo 1.9. -We do not cease to pray demption of our Body ; Eph. 4. for you, and to desire that ye jo. Grieve not the holy Spirit of 25 might be filled with the Knowledge God, whereby ye are sealed unto of his Will, in all Wisdom and fpiri the Day of Redemption,

tual Understanding. 15.1 † Col. 1, 3,4: We give 18. m See on Acts 26. 18. not possibly miss of it, and that the residue are left in fuch a deplorable Condition, that notwithstanding all their Endeavours, they cannot pos fibly obrain it, but muft inevitably perifh. Those who are miferable are made 10, not by any peremptory Decree of God's, but their own Vices ad Follies. See the Note on Rom. 8, 28,


1. 8,9;



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Ver. 3.

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kanding being enlightned; that ye may know what is the hope of his calling, and what the riches of the glory of his inheritance in the faints, 19. And what is the exceeding greatness of his power to us-ward who believe, “ according to the working * of his mighty power [Gr. the might of bis Pomer], 20. Which he wrought in Christ when he raised him from the dead,and let him at his own P right hand in the heavenly places, 21. 9 Far above all ' principality, and power, and might, and dominion, and every name that is named, not only in this world, but also in that which is to come : 22. And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church, 23. Which is his body, the fulness of him that b filleth all in all.

ND you hath he quickned who were · dead it

a . trespalies and fins, 2. Wherein in time past ye pe walked according to the course of this world, according

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19. 'n Gal. 2. 8. He that wrought

Name than they. ofe&ually in Peter to the Apostlea

I Col. 1.16. Col. 2. 15. See thip of the Circumcision, the fame on Rom. 8. 38. was mighry in me, towards the

† Pfal. 8. 6. f 1 Cor. 15. Gentiles. Eph.3.7. Whereof I 5 27. Heb. 2. 8. See on Mat. 11. was made a Minister, according to 27. and Mat. 28. 18. the Gift of the Grace of God given af Eph. 4.15,16. See on Rom. anto me, by the effeftual Working of 12.5. his Power. Col. 2. 12. Buried 23.

t 1 Cor. iz. 27. † Epir with him in Baptism, wherein al- 104.12. Eph. 5.23, 30. + Col. %. so you are rifen with him through 18. See on Rom. 12,5. the Faith of the Operation of God,

Joh. 1. 16. Of his Fulness have who hath raifed him from the all we received, and Grace for Grace. Dead.

t 1 Cor. 12 6. It is the fame o See on A&ts 2. 24.


God which worketh cell in all. Eph. See on Mat. 3. 19. - That ye might be fillede

with all the painefs of God, 21. 9 t Phil. 2, 9, 10. God also t Eph. 4. 10. He that defcendhath highly exalted him, and given ed, is the same also that afhim a Name which is above every 20 cended up, far above all HeaName : That at the Name of Jesus

he might fill all very Knee should bow, of things in things. † Col. 3. 11. -Chrift Heaven, and things in Earth, and is all and in all. things under the Earth + Col. 2.

CH A P. II. 10. We are complete in him, which 25 1. a Col. 2. 13. See on Joh. is the Head of all Priszcipality and

S. 25. Power, Heb. 1. 4. Being made :: Eph. 4• 22. Cel. 3a 7, la much better than the Angels, as See on i Cor. 6. il. he hath obsained anore excellens


P Pfal, 110. 1.


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vens, that

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to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that 110w worketh in the children (1) of disobedience.

3. Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past, in the lufts of our flesh, fulfilling the * desires (Gr. wills] of the flesh and of the mind; and were f by (2) nature the children of wrath, even as others. 4. But God, who is s rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us,

5: E

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c't Eph. 6. 12. See on Joh. which is born of the Spirit, is Spi12. 31.

rt. Wisd: 23. 1. Surely vain are at Eph. 5 6. + Col 3.6. See all Men by Nature, who are ignoon Rom. 1. 18.

rant of God.

+ Rom. 5. 13, 14R 3." ct Tit. 3. 3.

See on i 5 As by one Man fin entred into the Cor. 6. II.

World, and Death by sin ; and so Job 14. 4. Who can bring a. Death paired upon all Men, for c'ean thing out of an unclean ! not

that all have finned. Death reignone. | Pfal. 51. 5. Behold, I was ed from Adam to Mofes, even shapen in Iniquity : and in Sin rover them that had not finned after did my Mother conceive me. Pfal. the fimilitude of Adam's Tranf. 58. 3. The Wicked are estranged greflion.- Gal. 2. 15. We who from the Womb, they go aftray, as are Jews by Nature. Toon as they be barn, Ipeaking 4.

8 + Rom, 10, 12.

See on Ljes. Joh. 3. 6. That which is us Rom. 2. 4. born of the flesh, is Hub: and that .:(1) The proper rendring of the Greek here is, Children who would not fit perfuaded, that is, fuch Perfonsas would not suffer themselves to be prevailed with by fufficient Motives to believe and obey the Gospel. O. ver these the evil Spirit has great Power.

(2). That by the Sin and Fall of our first Parents, humane Nature is very corrupt ; that we all, as foon as we come to Age and Understanding fine against. God, by consenting to evil Thoughts, by speaking evil and wicked Words, and doing evil Actions: That in order to our become ing the Children of God, and Heirs of eternal Life, it is necessary that there should be a Change wrought in us by the Holy Spirit of God, which the Scriptures express by Repentance; by Conversion; by turning from Sin to God by being born again ; by dying to Sin, and living unto Righteousness; pare ting off the old Mar, and putting on the new Man: These are Trucks which cannot reasonably be denied. But that we are formally guilty of Adam's sin, and on that Account Children of Wrath, does not appear to me from this Text. For no Man is properly guilty of fin, but by his own Choice, and by the Consint of his own Will. It is indeed here faid,

Chat we are by Nature Children of Wrath; but by Nature is often meant Cr Stom, or Practice; and that it is to be interpreted fo here, is manifest from the Expressions in this Verse, and the Verses before it, which denote Persons who by their own atual Sins had made themselves Children of Wrath. Such as were dråd in Trefpoles and Sins ; luch as walked according to the Course of this prefent evil World; such as fulfilled the Defret of the Flesh, and of the Miod. I will mention but onge Place where the Word Nature manitently fignifies Custom or Practice, i Cor. 11.14 15. Here Nature, that is Cultum, is faid to teach, that Men are to cut their Hair, but Women are not to cut their Hair.

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