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broad, greeting. 2. My brethren, a count it all joy when! ye fall into divers temptations ; 3. Knowing this, that the trying of your faith worketh patience. 4. But let pa tience have her perfect work, that ye may & be perfeet and a entire, wanting nothing. 5. If


h lack wifdom, :1 i let him ask * of God, that giveth to all men liberally, tå and upbraideth 1100 ; and it Thall be given him. 6. But 1 let him ask m in faith, nothing wavering : wavereth is like a wave of the fea, driven with the wind and toised. 7. For let not that mau think that he thal receive any thing of the Lord. 8. A n double-minded man: is unstable in all his ways. 9. (1) Let the brother of lower degree * rejoice [Or, glory] in that he is exalted :

10. But the rich, in that he is made low: because o as the flower

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29. 12. IO


2.4 + Mat. 5.12. † Heb. 10. ther yet haft asked long Life 34. See on A&ts 5.41.

but bat asked Wisdom and knowledge tu Pet. 1. 6. See on I Cor. for thy self, that thou may ft judge Jo. 13:

my People, over whom I have 3. Rom. 5. 3. See on Rom. s made thee King: Wisdom and 12. I 2.

Knowledge is granted unto chee, and ö See on Heb. 13. 21.

I will give thee Riches, and s.h Prov. 2. 3. If thou cries af- Wealth, and Honour. Jer. ter knowledge, and lifteft up thy

t 1 Joh. S. 14. See on Voice for Understanding.

Mat. 7.7,

8. + Mat. 21. 22. + Mar. 11. 24. 6.-..-Mar. 11. 24. What things Luk. II. 9. + Joh. 14. 13.

fuever ye desire when ye pray, be Joh. 15. 7. + Joh. 16. 23, 24. lieve that gue receive them, and yeSee on Mat. 7.7.

shall have them. ' 1 Tim. 2. 8. k Prov. 2. 6. The Lord givethis-Lifting up holy Hands, witbert'. Wisdom: out of his Mouth cometh Wrath and doubting. Knowledge and Understanding.

8. : Jam. 4. 8. Purifie 1 i Chron. I. II, 12.

God said your Hearts ye double-minded. to Solomon; Because this was in IO. +Joh. 14. 2.

+ Pfal. 103. thine Heart, and thou hast not 2015.

+ Ifa. 40.6.

6. t 1 Cor. 7.35. asked Riches, Wealth, or Honour, fi Pet. 1. 24.

+ 1 Joh. 2. 174 nor the Life of thine Enemies, nei- See on Jam: 4. 14.

(1) By the Brother of low Degree, is meant, one who has always lived in mean Circumstances, and in a poor Condition, he, notwithstanding his Sufferings for the sake of Chrift,' has great Reafon to rejoice ; for by his becoming a Chriftian, he is highly advanced, having such Opportunities of Improvement in Holiness and Virrue, which are much more valuable Goods than all the Riches and Honours of this World. On the other fide, he who was Rich before, has great Reason to rejoice, though for the fake of Christ, and by his embracing his Religion, he is deprived of all his Riches; for thereby he has a Title to fubftantial Good, the Promise of an eternal Inheritance, which is not subject to decay and per rilh, as all temporal Things are, even like the Flower of the Grals by the burning Heat of the Sun.

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the grass he shall pass away. 11. For the sun is ne mer rilen with a burning heat, but it withereth the grass, d the flower thereof falleth, and the grace of the faion of it perisheth: so also shall the rich man fade aay in his ways. 12. P Blessed is the man that endureth mptation : for when he is tried, he fhall receive the crowıı of life ' which the Lord hath promised to them lat love him. 13. Let no man say when he is tempt!, I am tempted of God : for God cannot be tempted ith * evil [Or, evils], neither tempteth he any maji. 4. But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away

his own luft, and enticed. 15. Then when luft hath onceived, it bringeth forth fin: and fin when it is fifhed, bringeth forth s death. 16. Do not err, my beved brethren. 17. u Every good gift, and every perfect ift is from above, and cometh down from the Father E f lights, - with whom is no variableness, reither shaow of turning. 18. Of his own will begat he us with he word of truth, o that we should be a kind of first-fruits

c f his creatures. 19. Wherefore, my beloved brethren, it every man be a swift to hear, flow to speak, llow

to † Job 5.17. † Prov. 3.


on Rom. 5.12. 1,12. Heb. 12. 5. Rev. 3. 17. " + Joh. 3. 27.


See on See on i Cor. 11. 32. It Jam. 2. 5. 1 2 Tim.4.8. * Mal. 3. 6. See on Heb,

† . 1 Pet. 5. 4.

| Rev. 2. 10. See 5.13. 8. 1 Cor. 9. 25.

18. + Joh. 1. 13. 1 Pet. 1. 23. r Exod. 20. 6. Shewing Mercy See on Joh. 3. 3. and on 1 Cor. nto Thousands of them that love e, and keep my Commandments.

Eph. 1. 12. † Jer. 2. 3. Sam. 2. 30. -Them that honour iot Rev. 14. 4. See on Heb. 12. ne, I will honour, and they that de. 23 bise me shall be lightly efteemed. 19. † Ecclef. 5. 1. -Be more rov. 8. 17. I love them that love

ready to hear, than to give the Sale, and those that seek me early crifice of Fools. Ecclesiasticus all find me. Mat. 5 3. Blessed 15 5. 11. Be Swift to hear, and let thy re the poor in Spirit: for theirs Life be sincere, and with Patience s the Kingdom of Heaven. ^ Mat. give answer. 0. 22. He that endureth to the e Prov. 10. 19 In the multitude nd, shall be saved. | Mat. 19. 29. of Words there wanteth not Sin: buc very one that hath forsaken 20 he that refraineth his Lips is wife. Houles, or Brethren, or Sisters, or Prov. 13. 3. He that keepeth his father, or Mother, or Wife, or Mouth keepech his Life : but he Children, or Lands, for my Name that openeth wide his Lips shall have Cake, hall receive an hundrede destruction. t Prov. 17. 27 He fold, and shall inherit everlasting 25 that hath Knowledge Sparcth his Life. : Jam. 2. 5.

Words.- Ecclef, s:3:- A Fools




s See

Cor. 4. 7.

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4.15: Eph. 1. 12.




to f wrath. 20. For the wrath of man worketh not the righteousness of God. 21. '

Wherefore 8 lay apart all filthiness, and fuperfluity of naughtiness, and receive with b meekness the engrafted word, which is able to save your souls. 22. But be yek doers of the word, and not hearers only, 'deceiving your own selves.

23. For if ac ny be a mhearer of the word; and not a doer, he is like unto a man beholding his natural face in a glass 24. For he beholdeth himself, and goeth his way, and straightway forgetteth what manner of man he was. 25 But whoso " looketh into the perfect o law of liberty, and continueth therein, he being not a forgetful hearer, but a doer of the work, this man fhall be p blessed in his * deed [Or, doing]. 26. If any man among you seem to be religious, and a bridleth not his tongue, but deceir


4. 26.



Voice is known by multitude of. o † Jam. 2. 12. Words.' Ecclefiafticus I, 29. Be P + Joh.'13. 17. If ye know these not an Hypocrite in the Sight of things, happy are ye if ye Men ; and take good becd what them. thou Speakeft.

5 26.9 + Pfal. 34. 13. Keep thy wiff Eccl. 7. 9. See on Eph. Tongue from Evil, and thy Lips from

Speaking Guile. † Pfal. 39. 1. § it Col. 3. 8. t 1 Pet. 2. laid I will take heed to my Ways, I. See on Rom. 6. 4:

that i sin not with my Tongue : I will h. Pfal. 25:9. The Meek will he 10 keep my Mouth with a Bridle, guide in Judgment : and the Meek while the Wicked is before me. will he teach his Way.

Prov.10.11,13,20,21. The Mouth of i Eph. 1. 13. In whom also ye a righteous Man is a Well of Life. trufted, after that 'ye heard the - In the Lips of him that hach Word of Truth, the Gospel of your 15 Understanding, Wisdom is found. Salvation.

The Tongue of the Just is 25 22: k 7 Luk. 11. 28. + Rom. 2. choice Silver.- The Lips of the 13: See on Mat. 7. 21, 24. ». Righteous feed many. Prov. 15. See on Rom. 16.18.

7. The Lips of the Wise dipa 23. m Luk. 6.47, &c. Who 20 Knowledge. — Ecclefiafticus 14.1. foever' cometh to me, and hcareth Blessed is the Man that barh kot my fayings, and doth them, I will fipt with his mouth.- Ecclefiaftithew you to whom he is like. He cus 19. 16. There is one that 9.9. is like a Man which built an peth in his Speech, but not from his House, and digged deep, and laid 25 Heart"; and who is he that ha: the Foundation upon a Rock, bc. not offended with his Tongue? Ec. Seet Jam: 2.14, &c.

clesiasticus 25. 8. Well is him that 25. 1. † 2 Cor. 3. :18. We all dwelleth with a Wife of Underwith open face; be holding as in a standing, and that hath not fired Glass the Glory of the Lord; are 30 with his l'ongine -- Mat. 15.15, 18. changed into the same Image, from Not thar which goeth into the Glory to Glory, even as by the Mouth defilerh a Man: but that Spirit of the Lord,


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th his own heart, this mans religion is vain. 27. Pure eligion, and undefiled before God and the Father, is this, Cot visit the fatherless and widows in their affliction, nd to keep himself unspotted from the world.

Y Brethren, have not the faith of our

sus Christ' the. a Lord of glory, with respect of ersons. 2. For if there come unto your (1) assembly a

Lord Je

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hich cometh out of the Month, this was sick, and ye visited me : I was filech a Man. Those things which in Prison, and ye came unto me. oceed out of the Mouth, come forth .:S

1 Joh. 5. 18. See on Joh. om the Heart, and they defile 17. 15. e Man. Jam. 3:2,-5, &c.

CH A P. II. : iy Man offend not in Word, the

1 Cor. ,2. 8. -Had they me is a perfect Man, and able al- known it, they would not have

to bridle the whole Body. — crucified the Lord of Glory. ehold how great a Matter a little b. Lev. 19. 15. -Thou shalt re kindlech. And the Tongue is a Io not respect the Person of the Poor, re, a World of Iniquity, &c. nor honour the Person of the 1 Pet. 3. 10. He that will love Mighty : but in Righteousness shalt fe, and fee good Days, let him thou judgethy Neighbour. + Deut. vain his Tongue from evil, and his 1.17. Ye shall not respect Persons in os that they Speak no guile. 15 Judgment, but you shall bear the 27. Exod. 22. 22, dc. Ye shall

Smal as well as the Great ; you It afflict any Widow, or Fatherless shall not be afraid of the Face of nild. Deut. 24. 17. Thou shalt Man, for the Judgment is Gods.It pervert the Judgment of the + Deut. 16. 19. Thou shalt: not ranger, nor of the Fatherless, 20 wrest Judgment, thou fhalt not rer take a Widows Raiment tó Spect Persons, neither take a Gift : edge. Deut. 27. 19. Cursed be for a Gift doth blind the Eyes of that perverteth the Judgment of the Wise, and pervert the Words e Stranger, Fatherless, and Widow : of the Righteous. f Prov. 24. 23d all the People fhall say, Amen. 25-It is not good to have respect of al. 68. 5. A Father of the Father- Persons in Judgment. Ecclefiafticus i, and a Judge of the Widows, is 42. 1. -- Accept no Perfox' to fin din bis holy Habitacion. Isa. 1. thereby. † Mat. 22. 16. -Thou.-Relieve the Oppressed; judge regardest not the Person of Men. e Fatherless, plead for the Widow.30 Jude ver. 16. Having Mens Perch. 7.10. Oppress not the Widow, fons in Admiration because of Adr the Fatherless, the Stranger, nor vantage. e Poor.- :: Mat. 25. 36. -I (1) The Word translated Allembly, is in the Greek, Synagogue, which, in e New-Testament, ftands not only for a Place of Publick Worship, buc r a Court of Judicæture. And the Circumstances here mentioned deter ine it to this Senfe. As, First, We are here forbidden to have refpect to rsons; that is, in Matters of Controversie about the Rights of Men, e must thew Fayour neither to Rich nor Poor, but judge according to



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man with a gold ring, in goodly apparel, and there come in also a poor man, in vile raiment; 3. And ye have respect to him that weareth the gay clothing, and fay unto him, Sit thou here in a good place; and say to the poor, Stand thou there, or fit here under my foot stool: 4. Are ye not then partial in your felves, and are become judges of evil thoughts? 5. Hearken, my beloved brethren, Hath not God chosen the poor of this world d rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which he hath • promised to them that love him? 6. But ye have f despised the poor. Do not rich men oppress you, and draw you before the judgment-leats? 7. Do not they



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$. of Joh. 7.48. See on 1 Cor.

of I Cor. 11. 22: What 1. 26. also the Note there.

have ye not Houses to eat and dt 1 Tim. 6. 18.

| Rev. 2. 9.

drink in ? or despise ye the See on Luk. I 2.21.

Church of God, and shame them the et Exod. 20. 6. † 1 Sam. 2. s have not ? 30. † Prov. 8. 17.

Jam 5. 6. Ye have come See on Jam. 1. 12.


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Mat. 5. 3.

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Truth and Justice. In other Cafes, respect to Persons is a Duty, as appears from Rom. 13. 7. Render -Honour" to whom honour is due. Secondly, The mention of a Footstool, Ver. 3. determines this Place to this Sense ; for Footstools are proper to great Men, to Princes Thrones, and the Seats where Judgese fit. Thirdly, The Faule they are charged with, Ver.

shews that this whole Passage is to be understood in this Sense, ly, that they were partial, and become Judges of evil Thoughts ; for the gay Attire of the rich Man, and the fine outward Appearance be made, inclined them to favour his Cause, while the poor Man was oppressid on the Account of his Poverty and mean Appearance. Add to this, Dr. Whitby cites a Canon of the Jews, by which it was provided, “That

when the Rich and poor have a Suit 'together in their consistories, either « both must fit, or both must stand, to avoid all Marks of Partiality. Those who would see a fuller Account of the Interpretation here giveo

, may consult Mr. Kettlewell's Treatise of the Holy Sacrament, Part

. III. ChaP. 4.

But though this Passage relates to publick Courts, yet thus much is evident from the Reason and Nature of Things, and a Duty which Cla ftian Charity lays upon the Rich, namely, to provide in Churches for pube lick Worship, decent Places to accommodate the Poor for hearing the Word of God, and performing other parts of Religious Worship. I have often, with Concern, observed, that, in great Congregations, fome have been by the Croud made uneafie, and almost ready to faint, who might have been received into Seats which had few, and sometimes none 6 all in them. The Souls of the Poor are as precious in the Sight of God, as the Souls of the Rich, and the Poor are obliged to attend the pu. lick Worthip, and therefore ought to be provided for in this respect.

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