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lafpheme that worthy name by the which ye are called? 1. If ye fulfil the royal law, according to the scripture,

Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thy self, ye do rell. 9. But if ye have i respect to persons, ye commit in, and are convinced of the law as transgressors. 10. or whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet (1) ofend in one point, k he is guilty of all. II. For * he that aid [Or, that law which said], Do not commit 1 adultery, aid also, Do not kill. Now if thou commit no adulery, yet if thou kill, thou art become a transgressor of

the enned and killed the Just ; and he 9. i See on Ver. 1. och not resist you.

10. k + Deut. 27. 26. * Mat. s. 8. + Lev. 19. 18. Mat. 22. 19. See on Gal. 3. 10. 9. † Rom. 13.9. ; Gal. 6. 2. See

See on Mat. 5.27. in Joh. 13. 34.

(1) The Meaning of the Apostle cannot be, that he who breaks one of the Laws of God is as great à Sinner, and liable to as great Punishment, s he who shall break many, or all the Divine Laws; but his Meaning s, that he who wilfully and purposely breaks one of the Laws of God, lespises and rebels against the Authority of God, by which the whole Law was made. The Apostle here, probably, intends to oppose that Principle which was commonly taught by the Jewish Doctors, and which I fear has infected many Christians, namely, that if a Man was but careil to keep some of the greater Precepts of the Law, he might, without incurring God's displeasure, break the rest. The Precepts which many of the Jewsace ounted the greatest, were some of these: The Law of the Sabbath, he Law of Sacrificing, and the Law of Tythes. For these might be obo ferved without doing Violence to their finful Lusts, and corrupt Passions, · which to bring. Men to, and to prevail with them to practile universal Holiness, are the great things aimed at by all Religion. When therefore the Jews come to our Lord with this question, Which is the first and - great Commandment ? He answers them with great Wisdom, telling them, the Love of God, and the Love of our Neighbour, were the great Commandments. The Practice of which includes and takes in every Daty we owe to God, and every Duty we owe to our Neighbour. How exact foever therefore they might be in keeping the Sabbath, or doing whatever else they accounted the great Commandment, this could never excuse them for their Injustice in Favouring the Rich, and Oppressing the Poor, or for the Neglect of any Duty commanded by God, or the Com. mission of any Sin forbidden by him ; for every part of the Law was enacted by the same Authority; A wise and good Christian will not oppose the Means of Religion to the End, he will not fet up one Part of Religion against another; bat he will lay a stress upon every Duty in Proportion to its subserviency to the great End of Religion, universal Holiness of Heart and Life, and practise every one in its proper Time and Place. The Apprehensions he has of the Goodness, Wifdom, and Love of God, makes him conclude, that external Dities would not have been -Tequired; had chey not been highly subfervient to promote the internal.

the law. 12. So speak ye, and so do, as they that shall be judged by them law of liberty, .

13. For he shall have in judgment without mercy, that hath shewed no mercy; and ° mercy * rejoiceth [Or, glorieth] against judy- . ment. 14. What doth it p profit, my brethren, though a man say he hath faith, and have not works?' can faith fave him? 15. If a brother or fifter be naked, and a deftitute of daily food; 16. And ' one of you say unto them, Depart in peace, be ye warmed, and álled: notwithstanda ing ye give them not those things which are needful to the body; what doth it profit? 17. Even so faith, if it hath not works, is dead, being * alone [Gr. by it self]. 18. Yea, a man may fay, Thou hast faith, and I have works: Shew me thy faith (1) without thy works, and I will shew thee my faith by my works. 19. Thou believest that there is - one God; thou dost well: the a devils also believe and tremble. 20. But wilt thou know, O vain man, that faith without works is dead? 21. Was not Abraham our father > justified by works, wlien' he had offered Isaac his son

22. * Seeft thou .[Or, thou feeft] how faith wrought with his works, and by works was faith made

upon the altar?




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Jam. 1.25.

14. P† Mat. 7. 26. Every one 13. " + Mat. 6. 15. If ye for- that heareth these sayings of mine, give not Men their Trespasses, and doth them not, shall be likened neither will your Father forgive unto a foolish Man, which built his your Trespasses. + Mat. 18. 35. So s House upon the Sand. † Jam. likewise shall my heavenly Father do

1. 23• also unto you, if ye from your

9. See on Luk. 3. II. Hearts forgive not every one - his


See on 1 Joh. 3. 18.
Brother their Trespasses. + Mat. 18. s.: Jam. 3. 13.
25.41, 42, doc.
Depart from me 10 19.

u See on Mar. 12. 29. ye curled into everlasting Fire, † Mar. 1. 24. Let us a!ore , prepared for the Devil and his An- what have we to do with thee, gels. For I was an hungred, and thou Jesus of Nazareth ? art thou ye gave me no Meat : I was thirsty, come to destroy us? I know the! and ye gave me no drink, &c. See 15 who thou art, the holy one of God. on Mat. 5.7.

What have I to do of 1 Joh. 4.17, 19. Herein is with thee, Jesus, thou Son of the our love made perfect, that we most high-God? may have boldness in the Day of 21. See the Notes on Rom. i 17. Sudgment: because as he is, so are 20 Rom. 3. 28, and the Authors there we in this world. There is no referr'd to, and on Rom. 4. 4. fear in Love; but perfect love ct Gen. 22. 9, 12. See on casteth out fear.-

Mar: 5.7.

Heb. II. 17.

(1) Some Copies read, by thy Works.

perfe&t? 23. And the scripture was fulfilled, which saiti,

Abraham believed God, and it was imputed unto him for righteousness: and he was called the e friend of God. 24. Ye see then how that by works a man is justified, and not by faith only. 25. Likewise also, was not * Rahab the harlot justified by works, when she had received the merfengers, and had sent them out another way? 26. For as the body without the * spirit [Or, breath] is dead, fo faith without works is dead also.


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See on Rom.4. 3.


11. 31.

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Y brethren, - be not many masters, 6 knowing that

we shall receive the greater * condemnation [Or, judgment]

2. For • in many things (1) we offend all. If any man offend not in word, e the same is a perfe&t man, Аа

and 23. Gen. 15. 6. *Gal. 3. 6. against thee (for there is no Manz

that finneth not) - Repeated + 1 + 2 Chron. 20.7. Isai. 41.8. Chron. 6.36. Job 9. 2. How See on Joh. 15. 14.

should a Man be juft, with God? 25. f + Josh. 2. 1. See on Heb. 5 f Prov. 20. 9. Who can say I have

made my Heart clean, I am pure from CH A P. III.

my fin? Eccl.7.20. There is not + Mat. 23. 8. Be not ye a just Man upon Earth, that doth called Rabbi : for one is your Ma.

good and sinneth not. + 1 Joh. i. fer

, even Christ, and all ye are 108. If we say that we have no fin, Brethren. † Rom. 2. 20, 21. An we deceive our selves, and the Truth inftru&ter of the Foolish, a teacher is not in us. of Babes. Thou therefore which † Pfal. 34. 13. t Ecclefiafticus Teacheft another, teacheft thou not

t Ecclesiasticus 19. 16. thy self ? thou that preacheft a Man 15 t Ecclefiafticus 25. 8. See on should not steal, doft thou steal? Jam. 1.26.

+ Luk. 6. 37.. See on Mat. † Mat. 12. 37. By thy Words 7. I.

thou shalt be justified, and by thy 2. c4 1 King. 8. 46. If they fin Words thou shale be condemned.

(1) Had Revelation been filent, Experience and Obfervation would have convinced us of this sad Truth, That we all in many Instances offend and fin against God. But those who from hence take occasion to indulge their Corruptions, not only deceive and cheat themselves, but their Sins are attended with this bigh Aggravation, that they abuse the holy Scriptures, which were written to teach Men, chac denying all Ungodliness and worldly Lusts, they should live soberly, righteously, and godly in the World. For though all Men are Sinners, yet all are not alike guilty. There is great difference with reference to the Nature and Kinds, the Number and Aggravations of the sins of Min. Some repent of and forlike their Sins, others live and continue in them. In fome Sin reigns, in others it is subdued and mortified. Some not only yield to most Tem. ptations that offer, but even go into the Way of Temptation, and feek



14. 1.



and able also to bridle the whole body. 3. Behold, we

f bits in the horses mouths, that they may obey us; and we turn about their whole body. 4. Behold also the thips, which though they be so great, and are driven of fierce winds, yet are they turned about with a very small helm, whithersoever the governour listeth. 5. Even so the 3 Tongue is a little member, and boafteth great things. Behold, how great * a matter (Or, wood] a little fire kindleth!' 6. And the tongue is a fire, a world of iniquity : so is the tongue amongst our members, that it i defileth the whole body, and setteth on fire the * course (Gr. wheel] of nature;

and it is set on fire of hell. 7. For every * kind [Or, nature] of beasts,and of birds, and of serpents, and things in the sea, is tamed, and hath been tamed of * mankind [Gr. nature of man]: 8. But the tongue can ro man tame; it is an unruly evil, full of k deadly poyson. 9. Therewith bless we God, even the Father; and therewith curse we men, which are made ! after the fimilitude of God. 10. Out of the m fame mouth proceedeth blessing and curfing, My brethren, these things ought not lo to be. II. Doth á fountain lend forth at the same * place [Or, bolc] sweet water and bitter ? 12. Can the fig-tree, my brethren, bear olive-berries ? either a vine figs? só can no fountain both yield salt water and fresh. 13. ^ Who



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3. † Pfal. 32.9. Be not as the set their Mouth against the HeaHorse or as the Mule, which have vens; and their Tongue walkera no underftanding: whole Mouth through the Earth. must be held in with Bit and Bridle, 6. it Nat. 15. II, 18. See on left they come near unto thee. 5 Jam. 1. 26. 5. $ + Prov. 12. 18. There is that

8. k See on Rom. 3. 13. speaketh like the piercings of a 9. It Gen. 1. 26. Let us make Sword: but the Tongue of the Wise Man in our Image after our Likeis Health. + Prov. 15. 2. The

nefs. Tongue of the Wife useth Knowledge 10 m Ecclefiafticus 28. 12. If aright: but the Mouth of Fools thou blow the Spark, it shall burn; poureth out foolishnefs.

if thou spit upon it, it shall be h + Pfal. 12. 3. The Lord shall quenched and both these come out

: cut off all flattering Lips, and the of thy Mouth.

Tongue that Speaketh proud things.

Gal. 6.

4. of Psal. 73.8, 9. They are corrupt, Man prove his own Work, and then and speak wickedly concerning Op- shall he bave rejoicing in himself pression: they speak loftily. They alone, and not in another. for Opportunities of committing Sin; others are seriously endeavouring to die unto Sin, and live unto righteousness, perfecting holinefs in the fear of God, which is indispensibly necessary to our being in a state of Salvation,

Let every



is a wise man and endued with knowledge amongst you? let him fhew out of a good conversation his works with meekness of wisdom.

14. But if ye have 9 bitter envying and strife in your hearts, glory not, and įlie not as gainst the truth. 15.This wisdom descendeth not from above, but is earthly, " * sensual [Or, natural], devilish. 16. For where : envying and ftrife is, there is * confuon [Gr. tumult, or, unquietness], and every evil work. 17. But the wisdom that is from above, is first pure,

then peaceable, gentle, and easie to be eritreated, full of mercy and good fruits, without * partiality, [Or, wrangling] and without hypocrisie. 18. And the d fruit of righteoulness e in peace of them that make peace.

C H A P. IV. OR whence come wars and * fightings [Or, bramlings]

* lusts [Or, pleasures], that a war in your members ? 2. Ye luft, and have not : ye * kill [Or, envy], and desire to have, and cannot obtain: ye fight and war, yet ye have not, A a 2


is sown


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:: Jam. 2. 18.

ther in Tongue, but in Deed and p.: Jam. 1. 21. See on 2 Tim. in Truth.

18. d .:: Phil. 1. 11. Being filled 14. ! See on Rom. 13. 13.

with the Fruits of Righteousness, * Rom. 2. 17, 23. Behold, thou s which are by Jesus Christ to the art called a Jew, and restest in the glory and praise of God.. Prov. Law, and makejt thy boast of God. 11. 18. Hof. 10. 12. See on Gal. Thou that makest thy boast of the 6.8. Law, through breaking the Law e :: Mat. 5. 9. Blessed are the dishonoureft thou God?

10 Peace-makers: for they shall be 15.5.: Jam. 1. 17. See I Cor. called the Children of God. + Heb. 7.

12. II. No chastning for the preu See on 1 Cor. 2. 14.

sent seemeth to be joyous but 16.2 t Cor. 3.3. Gal. s. 20. grievous: nevertheless afterward See

15 it yieldeth the Peaceable Fruits of 17.5+ 1 Cor. 2. 6, 7. We speak Righteousness.Wisdom among them that are per

CH A P. IV. fect : yet not the Wisdom of this 1. a + Rom.7.23. I see another World, nor of the Princes of this Law in my Members, warring aWorld, that come to nought. But 20 gainst the Law of my Mind. We speak the wisdom of God in a + Gal. 5:17. The Flesh luftech aMystery, even the hidden-Wisdom gainst the Spirit, and the Spirit awhich God ordained before, the gainst the Flesh: and there are World unto our glory.

contrary one to the other._ .: Joh 3. 18. My little Chil-25 Per. 2. 11. ---Abstain from fleshly dren, let us not love in Word, nei: Lusts which war against the Soul.


Rom. 13. 13.


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