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because ye ask not. 3. Ye ask, and b receive not; c be cause ye ask amiss, that ye may consume it upon your * lufts [Or, pleasures). 4. Ye adulterers and adulterelles, know ye not that the friendship of the world is en
e mity with God? whosoever therefore will be a f friend of the world, is the enemy of God. 5: (1) Do ye think that the scripture faith in vain, The & fpirit that dwelleth in us lufteth * to envy [Or, enviously] ? 6. But he (2) giveth more grace: 'wherefore he faith n God refift
eth 3. 5 + Job 27.9.: + Job 35.12.
The World bath hated them, because t. Pfal. 18. 41. f Ifa. 1.15. † Jer. they are not of the World.
II, II. f Zech. 7. 13.
5. 8 + See Gen. 6. 5. Every Joh. 9.31.
Imagination of the Thoughts of his ct Pfal. 66. 18. t Joh. 3 Heart was only evil continually. 22. t. Joh. 5. 14. See on Joh. + Gen. 8. 21. The Imagination of 9. 31.
Mans Heart is evil from his youth. à + Pfal. 73. 27. Lo, they that † Numb. II. 29. Moses said unare fær from thee shall perish : thou: to him, Enviest thou for my fake? haft destroyed all them that go a 10 + Prov. 21. 10. The Soul of the whoring from thee.
Wicked desireth Evil.| Gal. 1. 10. + 1 Joh. 2. 15.
6. ht Pfal. 138.6. Though the See on Mat. 6. 24.
Lord be high, yet hath he respect f + joh. 15. 19. If ye were of the unto the lowly : but the Proud he World, the World would love his knoweth afar off.
15 own : but because ye are not of the Surely he scornerh the Scorners: World, but I have chosen you out but he giveth Grace unto the lowly. of the World, therefore the World Pet. 5. 5, 6. See on Mat 23.
† Joh. 17. 14. (:) This 'Verse will be more clear, if we read, as some do, both Parts of the Verse by way of Question. Do we think that the Scriprer: Speaks in vain, when it so often represents such Friendship with the World as Enmity with God? Or, Does the Spirit which dwelleth in -us, if we be truly Friends of God, Luft, cr ftir us up to envy the worldly Dominion and Pleasure of others ?
(2) The Word Grace occurring often in the Old and New Testament, it may be of use to set down some of the most common Acceptations of it. First, The strict and primary Sense of it is, Favour, or, Free-bounty and Mercy, Gen. 6.8. Luk. 1.30. Eph. 1.7. Eph. 5. 24. See the References on Rom. 1.7. and on Rom. 16. 20. Secondly, Grace stands for the inward Operations of the Holy Spirit upon our Minds, inclining our Wills, helping our Infirmities, and affifting us in our Duty, 2 Cor. 1. 12. 1 Cor. 15. 10.
2 Cor. 12.9. For I cannot think that thefe Places are to be restrained to the miraculous Gifts of the Spirit. In the latter place especially, the Temptation the Apostle was under, and his praying thrice for the removal of it, shew that it ought not to be confined to that Sense only. Thirdly, The Word Grace is put for the Gospel, or the Religion caught and delivered to us in the New Testament, Ats 20. 24. Tit, 2.11. Heb. 13.9. Pet. 5, 12. Jude Ver. 4. Fourthly, It is put for
Prov. 3. 34.
th the proud, but giveth grace unto the humble. 7. Subnit your felves therefore to God; i resist the devil, and
, ve will flee from you: 8. k Draw nigh to God, and he vill draw nigh to you:
cleanse your hands ye finners, and yurifie your hearts, ye m double-minded. 9. * Be afflicted,
n nd mourni, and weep: let your laughter be turned to nourning, and your joy to heaviness. 10. · Humble your elves in the fight of the Lord, and he shall lift you up. 1. P Speak not evil one of another, brethren, He that peaketh evil of his brother, and a judgeth his brother, peaketh evil of the law, and judgeth the law: but if thou adge the law, thou art not a doer of the law, but a judge. 2. There is one law-giver, who is able to save, and to detroy: who art thou that judgest another? 13. Go to oiv, ye that lay, To day or to morrow we will go into
t Rom. 2. I,
7. if i Pet. 5.9. See on Eph. they that mourn : for they shall be 27.
comforted. 8. k t 2 Chron. 15. 2. - The 10.• + Luk. 14. 11. Luk. 18. ord is with you, while ye be with
See on Mat. 23. 12. im; if ye feek him, he will be s n
1. P See on Tit. 3. 2. und of you'; but if ye forfake
9 + Luk. 6. 37. im, he will forsaké you.
| Rom. 14. 4. t 1 Cor. 4. 5. See 17 Isa. 1. 16. Wash ye, make on Mat.7.1. ou clean, put away the Evil of your 13.
r* Prov. 27. 1. Boast not loings from before mine Eyes.- lothy self of to morrow; for thou
+ Jam. 1, 8. A double minded knowest not what a Day may bring Tan is unstable in all his Ways. foreh. † Luk. 12. 18. I will 9 ^ † Mat. 5. 4. Blessed are
pull loral Virtue and Goodness, such Graces as are styled the Fruits of the Spirit, Pet. 3.8. Fifchly, Grace stands for Liberality, Charity, a Gift, Alms, Cor. 8. 1,4,6,19. Sixthly, For Sufferings, and Afiictions for the tåke f Christ, Philip. 1.7. Seventhly, It signifies Edification, Comfort, and In, truction, Eph. 4. 29. Eighthly, It stands for the Glory and Happinefs of he future State, 1 Pet. 3. 7. Ninthly, It is put for the Office, or Calling
. f Apostleship, and such Gifts of the Spirit as fitted them for the Dil, harge of it.
Archbishop Tillotson, Vol. 10. p.449. obferves, That the Supernatural irace of Christ is that alone, which can enable us to perform what he quires of us. And this, says he, according to the several Uses and Ocasions cfit, is by Divines called by several Names. As it purs good Motions into us, and excites and stirs us up to that which is good, 'tis alled, preventing Grace; because it prevents any Morion or Desire on vur Parts: as it aslists and strengthens us in the doing of any thing hat is good, it is called alifting Grace: as it keeps us constant in a good Course, it is called persevering Grace : and may have several other Denominations, in several other refpects; for it is suited to all our Oce Safions and Neceflities.
such a city, and continue there a year, and buy, and sell
, and get gain: 14. Whereas ye know not what shall be on the morrow : For what is your life? s * It [Or, for it] is even a vapour that appeareth for a little time, and then vanisheth away,
15. For that ye ought to say, “ If the Lord will, we shall live, and do this or that. 16. But now ye rejoice in your boastings: a all such rejoicing is evil. 17. Therefore to him that • knoweth to do good, and doth it not, to him it is fin.
CH A P.
V. O a to now ye rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come upon you.
2. Your riches are corrupted, and your garments are moth-eaten. 3. Your gold and silver is cankered ; and the rust of them
pull down my Barns, and build World palleth away. † Jam. 1. greater ; and there will I bestow 10. --As a Flower of the Grass all my Fruits and my Goods.
he (the Rich) shall pass away. 1 Pet. 14. s + Job 7.7. O remember
1. 24. All Flesh is Grass, and all the that my Life is wind Job 14. 2.' s Glory of Man, as the Flower of He cometh forth like a Flower, Grass.- 1 Joh. 2. 17. The World and is cut down : he flecth also as passeth away, and the luft thereof: a shadow, and continueth not. Psal. but he that doth the Will of God, 37. 2. They shall soon be cut down abideth for ever. like the Grafs, and wither as the to 15."$ 1 Cor.4. 19. See on Ads green Herb. Pfal. 39. 6. Surely every Man walketh in a vain shew. 16. 4 t 1 Cor. 5. 6. Your glory-Pfal. 90. S, 6. Thou' carriest ing is not good. them away as with a Floud, they 17. " + Luk. 12. 47. Job. 9.
as a Sleep: in the Morning 1541.' † Rom. 1. 20, 21, 32, † Rom. they are like Grass which groweth 2. 17, 18, 23. See on Joh. 15. 22. , up. In the morning it flourisheth
CHA P. V. and groweth up ; in the Evening + Prov. 11. 28. Luk. 6. it is cut down and withereth. ::: Pfal.
See on i Tim. 6.9. 102. 3. For my Deys are consumed 20 2. :: Mal. 3. 2. Who may as like smoke: and 'my Bones are bide the Day of his Coming ? and burnt up as an Hearth. Pfal. 103. who shall stand when he appeare 15. As for Man, bis Days are as eth ? for he is like a Refiner's Fire, Grass : as a Flower of the Field, and like Fuller's Soap. + Mat.6. so he flourisheth. Ifa. 24.4. --The 20. Lay up for your selves Trex World languifleth and fadith a- 25sures in Heaven, where neither way, the haughty People of the Moth nor Rust doth corrupt, and Earth do languish. Isa 40.6. The where Thieves do not break thro' Voice faid Cry. And he said, ncr steal. : Jam. 2. 2. If there What shall I cry? All Flih is come into your assembly a Man Grafs, and all the goodliness there. 3° with a gold Ring, in goodly die of is as the Flower of the Grafs. parel.1 Cor. 7. 31. -The Fashion of this
hall be a witness against you, and shall eat your flesh as it were fire : « ye have heaped treasure together for the last days. 4. Behold the dhire of the labourers, which have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth; and the e cries of them which have reaped, are entred into the ears of the Lord of sabaoth. 5. Ye have lived in pleasure on the earth, and been vanton; ye have nourished your hearts, as in a day of laughter. 6. & Ye have condemned and killed the juít; udhe doth not resist you.
7. * Be patient [Or, be long vatient, or, suffer with long patience] therefore, brethren, uno the coming of the Lord. Behold, the husbandmanı 0 vaiteth for the precious fruit of the earth, anl hath long patience for it, until he receive the h' early and latter rain. 8. Be ye also patient ; ftablish your hearts: 1) for the i coming of the Lord draweth nigh. go
* Grudge 3. † Rom. 2. 5. After thy hard- the Labourer of his hire, is a bloodhefs and impenitent Heart, treasu- Thedder. "eft up unto thy self Wrath against the ef Deut.24.15. At his Day thou Day of Wrath, and revelation of the shale give him his hire, neither righteous judgment of God. shall the Sun go down upon it, 4. d t Lev. 19. 13.
for he is poor and settech his Heart of him that is hired, Thall not abide upon it : left he cry against thee unwith thee all Night until the to the Lord, and it be sin unto Morning. Jer. 22. 13. Wo unto thee. Ifa. 5.7. -He looked for im-that useth his Neighbours 10 Judgment, but behold Oppression; Service without Wages, and giveth for Righteousnefs, but behold a him not for his work. Mal. 3. Cry. 5. I will come near to you to judge
+ Luk. 16. 19, 25. See on ment, and I will be a swift Wit- i Tim. 5. 6. nefs meis -against those that oppress 15 6.6. Jam. 2.6. --Do not rich
: the Hireling in his Wages. - Ec- Men oppress you, and draw you clesiasticus 34. 10, 11. The Bread before the Judgment feats. of the Needy is their Life: he h :: Deut. 11. 14. :: Zech. 12, that defraudeth him thereof is a 1. See on Acts 14.17. Man of Blood. He that taketh 8. i : Phil. 4. 5. See on 1 Cor. way bis Neighbours living, flay. 7. 29. eth him ; and he that defraudeth
(1) These Words, and those in the following Verse, the Fudge Standith before the Door, seem immediately to refer to the Destruction of Jerusalem, and that Vengeance our Lord foretold thould come upon the Jews, which when this Epistle was writ, was not far of; for Jerusalem was destroyed about ren Years after. And this thews the fitness of the A postie's Argument to support the Jews who had embraced the Christian Religion, against the Perfecutions of their Brethren. If we understand them of the future Judgment, they are a powerful Argument to fupport good Christians under all the Troubles and Ami&ions of this Lite.
* * Grudge not [Grone, or, grieve not] one against another, brethren, left ye be condemned: behold, the judge' standeth before the door. 10. Take, my brethren, the prophets, who have spoken in the name of the Lord, for an example of suffering affliction, and of patience. 11. Behold, we count them m happy which endure. Ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end
n of the Lord : that the Lord is very P pitiful, and of ten
12. But above all things, my brethren, (1) swear not, neither by heaven, neither by the earth,
neither 9. : Jam. 4. II.
-O God, in the multitude of thy + Mat. 24. 33.
ye Mercy hear me, in the truth of thy fhall see all thele things, know that Salvation. t Psal. 103. 8, 13. The it is near, even at the Doors. :1 Lord is merciful and gracious, flow Cor. 4. 5. Judge nothing before s to Anger, and plenteous in Mercy
s the Time, until the Lord come.“ Like as a Father pitieth his Chilun See on Mat. 5. 10, 11.
dren: so the Lord pitieth them n + Job 1. 21, 22.
- Naked that fear him. Psal. 116. 5. Graci. came I out of my Mothers Womb, ous is the Lord, and righteous : and naked shall I return thither : 10 yea, our God is merciful. Jer. 3.12. The Lord gave, and the Lord hach --Return, thou backsliding Israel
, taken away ; blessed be the Name faith the Lord, and I will not cause of the Lord. In all this Job fin mine Anger to fall upon you : for
. ned nct, nor charged God foo. I am merciful, faith the Lord, and I lifhly.
will not keep anger for ever. Joel
15 ° 7 Job 42. 10. - The Lord 2. 13, 18. Rent your Heart, and gave job twice as much as he had not yoor Garments, and turn unto before.
the Lord your God: for he is graP t Numb. 14. 18. The Lord is cious and merciful, flow to Anger
, Long-suffering, and of great Mer- and of great Kindness, and repenicy. 2 Chron.33. 9. - The Lord eth him of the Evil.
Then will your God is gracious and merciful, the Lord be jealous for his Land, and will not turn away his Face and pity his people. Mich. 7.18.from you, if ye return unto him. He retaineth not his Anger for Neh. 9.' 17, 31. Thou art a God ever, because he delighteth in mercy. ready to pardon, gracious and mer- Luk. 1. 77, 78. To give know. ciful, flow to Anger, and of great ledge of Salvation to his people, kindness.- For Thy great Mercies by the Remission of their Sins, Sake, thou didst rot utterly con- Tirough the tender mercy of our God. lume them, ncr forsake them : for
Luk. 6.36. Be ye therefore mercia Thou art a gracious and merciful God. ful, as your father also is mercife! Pfal. 51. 1. Have mercy upon me, i Pet. 1. 3. Blessed be the God and O God, according to thy loving- Father of our Lord Jesus Chrift, kindness: according to the multi- which, according to his abundane tude of thy tender Mercies blot out 35 mercy, hath begotten us again unto my Transgressions. Psal. 09. 13. a lively hope.
(1) The Swearing hear forbidden, and that which our Lord condemns Mar. 5. 34. is profane and customary Oatus in common Conversation, ailo Sw:rr