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but each on nearly the same principles. Much labor and ingenuity are bestowed to prove, that the entire strength of the Edinburgh Review has, from the commencement of that work, been expended in building up the aristocracy of the opposition, which, if it were on the throne, the Westminster reviewers affirm, would be no better than the aristocracy of the king and nobles Both these aristocracies are hostile to the interests of the people ; one is Scylla and the other Charybdis; a shipwreck is inevitable on either side ; and it is the generous purpose of these reviewers to steer the people's bark in safety amidst the perils to which it is exposed. In short, their work may be emphatically styled the People's Review; they are of the party of the people; but, after all, this is a party; and by the reviewers' own showing, it is a party marked by much stronger lines of distinction from the other two, than they are from each other.
In regard to America, the Review has taken a liberal and independent ground. In this country we have been so much accustomed to the studied injustice, and intemperate abuse of the English reviewers, when anything pertaining to America has come under their notice, that we have long ago been taught to regard with almost equal indifference their censure and their praise. In the present work are two articles bearing on this country, both of which are written with candor and fairness. They show less discrimination, and a smaller range of knowledge on American affairs, than could have been desired, yet the spirit is good, the intention honorable, and the general representations as accurate as could be expected from the materials on which the reviewers relied.
They make a formal attack on the late article in the Quarterly, which professes to be a review of Faux's travels in America. This article they treat as an American would have done it, expressing the utmost indignation at such a tissue of impotent malice and hardened falsehood, such a farrago of miserable spleen and nauseous slander, which, in the whole thirty two pages to which the venom of the author is spun out, contains not a hint to show that he knows anything of the subject on which he proposes to write, or has a regard for truth, character, or the common principles of human nature. The man, who could write such an article, is to be pitied for his imbecility, despised for his mean, malignant temper, and shunned as a scorner of truth, and an assassin of honest reputation. On this subject the Westminster reviewers speak as follows.
Now a more base and mischievous falsehood, than that conveyed by the totality of the article now under consideration, it is impossible to conceive ; base, because in the face of repeatedly conflicting statements contained in the very book referred to, the reader of the article is induced to believe, that the book contains none but unfavorable representations, and he is told (p. 368), that the reviewer has given “ but the smallest portion of the unfavourable account of the American population ;"-mischievous, because by every species of insolence and contempt, endeavors are made to exasperate against each other two nations, who have the strongest interest in preserving the relations of friendship.' p. 252.
Alluding to the kind of evidence on which the libeller in the Quarterly rested his slanders, the reviewer observes,
“Who-unless it be one whose intellect has been blinded by exjsting abuses—is ignorant of the leading principles which assign the various degrees of trustworthiness to the various species of evidence; of the difference between primary and secondary evidence, between direct testimony and hearsay? What child does not know, that in passing from mouth to mouth every story either gains or loses so much, that after a certain number of transmissions it is often difficult to recognise the original narrative ? Now at least one half of the facts, selected with such care by the Quarterly Review from Faux's journal, rest, not upon Faux's own observation and direct testimony, but upon no better evidence than mere hearsay, and that of the weakest and most unsatisfactory kind,—the babble of loose talkers, tavern companions, and disappointed projectors. Great reliance is placed by the Review on general assertions hazarded at random, collected from few or inconclusive particulars, and mixed up with the foolish opinions of foolish individuals, and yet after having been at the pains to devote four pages to the rendering contemptible and ridiculous an individual, whose opinions Faux details at the greatest length, the writer concludes his article by ascribing to the opinions of others, so repeated by Faux, greater credit than to the statements and opinions of Faux himself, whose integrity and understanding are highly vaunted at the beginning of the critique.' Ibid.
The reviewer then goes on to show, by a few apposite and striking examples, how easy it would be to make out a blacker catalogue of crimes, and wretchedness, and infamy in Great Britain, than the libeller has strung together about America, if any body could be found base and wicked enough to engage in the task. The whole examination on the part of the Westminster writers is fair and impartial, and in a spirit of good feeling towards this country, which presents a strong contrast to the tone, commonly assumed by the various fraternities of transatlantic reviewers.
We need hardly say, that we are glad to find a better spirit growing up in any quarter. A principal source of reproach and abuse thus far, has been ignorance of what America actually is. We do not remember having seen a volume, review, pamphlet, or newspaper notice of much length, printed in England on the subject of America, which did not contain numerous, and frequently gross errors, either in regard to our institutions, the practical routine of our politics, or our geography, and statistics. Even the Westminster reviewers, who devote several pages to a series of statements respecting the expenses of our government, the modes of taxation in the several states, and other particulars, quote as authority Warden's book on the United States, a work, which could only have been of value fifteen years ago, if ever, and a very great portion of which has nothing in common with the state of things among us during the last quarter of a century. The consequence is, that the reviewers' statements and calculations are full of errors, and some of their conclusions false. They seem to have read nothing on the subject, but Warden's book, and the President's last message. If they intend to devote a portion of their pages to the affairs of America, it would be an object worthy of their care, now and then to peruse our annual public documents, our geographies and works of statistics, some of our best political journals, and to take an occasional glance at our maps.
With knowledge from these sources, they may write on America, and tell their readers many truths of interest and value, which have never as yet found their way to the British public, because no channel has been open through which they could pass.
QUARTERLY LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
AGRICULTURE. The Massachusetts Agricultural Repository and Journal. No. 1. Vol. VIII.
A Compendium of Agriculture, or the Farmer's Guide in the most essential Part of Husbandry and Gardening. By William Brown. 1 vol. 12mo.
ARTS, SCIENCES, AND PHILOSOPHY. Silliman's American Journal of Science and the Arts. No. 2. Vol. VII. for Feb. 1824.
The Boston Journal of Philosophy and the Arts. No. V. January, 1824.
A Practical Treatise on Dying Woollen, Cotton, and Skein Silk, the Manufacturing of Broadcloth and Cassimere ; also, correct Process for Whitening and Sulphuring Woollens, and for Chemical Bleaching of Cotton. By William Partridge.
EDUCATION. The First Lines of English Grammar, being a Brief Abstract of the Author's larger Work. Designed for Young Learners. By Goold Brown. New York, 1823.
The author's larger work, entitled Institutes of English Grammar, we noticed in our last number. The present seems to be a judicious abridgment adapted to the first class of learners. We have seen a certificate signed by fifteen respectable teachers in the city of New York, speaking in high terms of Mr Brown's labors in the department of Grammar, and recommending his treatises as “deserving the attention and patronage of every person concerned in cultivating the science of the English language.' This Abstract possesses the merit of having a much larger number of examples and questions for exercising learners, than is usual in similar works.
A New Key to the Exact Sciences; or a New and Practical Theory, by which Mathematical Problems, or Algebraic Equations of almost every Description can be solved with Accuracy, and with
greater Facility and Simplicity, than they can be by any Method, that has yet been given by any other Author ; in which are also introduced a Variety of Useful and Interesting Problems, that have never before been proposed, and which it is believed cannot be solved by any Methods except those here laid down. By Francis Tillett. Winchester, Va. 8vo. pp. 64.
The Rational Guide to Reading and Orthography ; being an Attempt to improve the Arrangement of Words in English Spellingbooks, and to adapt the Reading Lessons to the Comprehension of those for whom they are intended. By William B. Fowle, Instructer of the Monitorial School, Boston.
Lindley Murray's Juvenile Grammar; being his own Abridgment entire, with an Appendix containing Exercises in Orthography, in Parsing, in Syntax, and in Punctuation. Revised, prepared, and adapted to the use of the English Exercises in Schools and Academies. By Israel Alger, Jr. A. M.
Walker's Critical Pronouncing Dictionary and Expositor of the English Language. Abridged for the Use of Schools. To which is annexed an Abridgment of Walker's Key to the Pronunciation of the Greek, Latin, and Scripture Proper Names. Boston Stereotype Edition.
Murray's English Reader, accented on a Plan similar to the Pronouncing Testament. By Israel Alger, Jr.
The Economy and Policy of a Christian Education, adopted as a Monitor and Directory for all Professors of Christianity, especially Governors and Directors of Children and Youth, in Families and Schools. By George Harris.
A Course of Study preparatory to the Bar and Senate; to which is annexed a Memoir on the Private and Domestic Lives of the Romans. By George Watterston. Davis & Force, Washington.
TOPOGRAPHY. Plan of the City of Baltimore, Enlarged and Drawn under the Direction of the Commissioners appointed by the General Assembly of Maryland, in February, 1818. By Thomas H. Poppleton, Surveyor to the Board. Baltimore, 1823.
A new Map of Greece, on a new Plan, handsomely Colored, eccompanied with a Geographical View of Greece, and a Historical Sketch of the recent Revolutions in that Country. By Sidney E. Morse, New Haven.
The Hudson River Port Folio, with Explanations accompanying the Views. The Plates are twenty one Inches by fourteen, and executed in the finest Style, both as to Engraving and Coloring. This work will be complete in Five Numbers, at $16 each.
A Concise View of the United States, their Situation, Extent, Boundaries, Population, Division, &c. By Samuel Parmenter.