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Is. Ixiii. ll.

c Keil.

B.C. 1452.

he accounts life a continual warfare, and his prayers then best “The bra vest tro

become him when armed cap-à-pie. He utters them like the phy ever man ob- great Hebrew general, on horseback. He casts a smiling contempt tained, is that upon calumny; it meets him as if glass should encounter adamant. which o'er him. He thinks war is never to be given over but on one of these three gain'd.”—Earl of conditions,-an assured peace, absolute victory, or an honest Sterling. death. Lastly, when peace folds him up, his silver head should d Sir T. Overbury. lean near the golden sceptre, and die in the prince's bosom. Joshua is 18–23. (18) a .. spirit,a not insight, wisdom : but spiritual selected and endowment requisite for the office he was called to fill. (19) charged

charge .. sight,d that he might feel his responsibility, and a De. xxxiv. ?; they own his authority. _(20) honour, eminence, dignity, autho

rity. (21) Urim, see Ex. xxviii. 30. (22, 23) and .. congrei Knobel. gation, elders.

A leader's qualifications (v. '18).—I. It may be useful to a De. xxxi. 7.

note that the qualifications of Joshua were not overlooked in his e Nu. xi. 17; Jo.

II. He had exercised his gifts before he was appointment. i. 16, 17.

appointed to the command. III. His crowning qualification

that from which all other elements of fitness grew—was his f De. xxxiii. 8; 1 S. xxviii. 6; Ezra possession of the Spirit of God. ii. 63; Pr. iii. 5, A good man.-A good man, though unlearned in secular 4; Jos. ix. 34: knowledge, is like the windows of the temple-narrow without

. ; Ps. lxxiii. 24.

and broad within; he sees not so much of what profits not abroad; "A man ought to

but whatsoever is within, and concerns religion and the glorificarry himself in cation of God, that he sees with a broad inspection ; but all the world as an human learning without God is but blindness and folly. One orange-tree man discourses of the sacrament, another receives Christ; one walk up and

discourses for or against transubstantiation ; but the good man down in the gar- feels himself to be changed, and so joined to Christ that he only den, - swinging understands the true sense of transubstantiation, while he becomes perfonie

to Christ bone of His bone, and flesh of His flesh, and of the every little censer it holds up to same spirit with his Lord. From holiness we have the best the air."-Beecher. instruction. For that which we are taught by the Holy Spirit of “A just person God, this new nature, this vital principle within us, it is that

to which is worth our learning; not vain and empty, idle and insigsecure his own nificant notions, in which, when you have laboured till your eyes

blemishing are fixed in their orbs, and your flesh unfixed from its bones, you another's by dis- are the reproof of heresies, for the detection of no better and no covering his wiser. If the Spirit of God be your teacher, He will teach you saults, "--Quesnel. such truths as will make you know and love God, and become 9 J. Taylor.

like to Him, and enjoy Him for ever, by passing from similitudes to union and eternal fruition.i

would if it could


knows how



1–8. (1, 2) offering, etc., see Le. ii. 1, 2. in .. season, at continual the prop. time. (3—8) offering .. Lord, a sce Ex. xxix. 38—42. burnt

The morning and crening sacrifice.Let us consider-I. The offering

matter of which this offering consisted. 1. The lamb: the type 13; 1 Pe. i. 19, of Christ ; 2. The meat-offering and the drink-offering. II. The ii. 22; 18. liii. 7 manner in which it was presented. Many offerings were only Ge. xxii. 8; He occasional; but this was stated, and was renewed daily throughout ix. 14; 20: . 29; the year. The things we should particularly notice are-1. The . xiii. 8,

union of the different materials ; 2. The frequency with which

a Le. i, 1, 2, 10


B.C. 1452.

Word for offer



they were offered ; 3. The increase of them on the Sabbathday.

Safety in Christ.—We lately read in the papers an illustration ing here is corof the way of salvation. A man had been condemned in a ban; see Mk. vii. Spanish court to be shot, but being an American citizen, and also 11.

v. 7. "Strong of English birth, the consuls of the two countries interposed, and wine, Heb. she declared that the Spanish authorities had no power to put him to car, not intoxideath. What did they do to secure his life when their protest cating drink, but was not sufficient? They wrapped him up in their flags, they dis. tř. water as

strong drink as covered him with the Stars and Stripes and the Union Jack, and simple drink."defied the executioners. “ Now fire a shot if you dare, for if you Keil.

“The Targum do so you defy the nations represented by those flags, and you

here understands will bring the powers of those two great empires upon you." it of old wine. There stood the man, and before him the soldiery, and though a Put the explanasingle shot might have ended his life, yet he was as invulnerable tion prob. is that as though encased in triple steel. Even so Jesus Christ has taken the Israelites in

the wild. had, in my poor guilty soul ever since I believed in Him, and has wrapped their around me the blood-red flag of Hisatoning sacrifice, and before God wine, substituted can destroy me or any other soul that is wrapped in the Atonement, shecar made fr. He must insult His Son and dishonour His sacrifice, and that He barley for it."—

. will never do, blessed be His name !c

6 C. Simeon, M.A.

c C. H. Spurgeon. 9–15. (9, 10) sabbath, etc., " the Sab. offering here appointed sabbath and for the first time. (11-15) in ..months, i.e. at the new moons. new moon This off. here commanded for the first time.

offering Sabbath offerings.-I. They pointed to Him who, by the sacri- a Le. xix. 3; Ex. fice of Himself, obtained a Sabbath of rest for all. II. They xx. 8-10; Le. indicated the right spirit of real Sabbatarians in the old time. xxiii. 3; Is. lvi.

2, lviii. 13, 14; Trust in the Messiah whom the lambs prefigured. III. They Ne. xiii. 15–22; kept constantly in mind the Great Deliverer, through whom they Ez. xlvi. 4. would enjoy the rest of heaven.

Origen, Op. ii. 356. Mercy better than sacrifice. When the Romans had ravaged In aft. times the the province of Azazene, and seven thousand Persians were new brought prisoners to Amida, where they suffered extreme want, came Acases, bishop of Amida, assembled his clergy, and represented pended (Am. viii.

susto them the misery of these unhappy prisoners. He observed, 5);

the pious that as God had said, “I love mercy better than sacrifice," He sought instrucwould certainly be better pleased with the relief of His suffering tion (2 K. iv. 23);

some presented creatures, than with being served with gold and silver in the yearly thankchurches. The clergy were of the same opinion. The consecrated offering (1 S. xx. vessels were sold ; and with the proceeds the seven thousand 6, 29). Somo abPersians were not only maintained during the war, but sent home ing; hence ref. to at its conclusion with money in their pockets. Varenes, the by prophets as a Persian monarch, was so charmed with this humane action, that feast resembling he invited the bishop to his capital, where he received him with the Sabbath (Is.

i. 13; Hos, ii, 13; the utmost reverence, and for his sake conferred many favours on Ez. xlvi. 1). the Christians. 16–25. passover, see on refs. Offerings of wh. particulars offerings at

the passover not bef. prescribed, the same as that of new moon.

a Ex. xii. 6, 18; Christ's sacrifice.-We have read of Leonidas and his brave Le. xxiii. 5; Ex. three hundred stopping the ravaging march of the Persians at xii. 27,, 43-49;

De1--8; Thermopylæ, and devoting themselves to the salvation of their Ex. xiii. 6–10, country. We have read of the King of the Locrians, who when xxxiv. 18. his son had broken the laws, the demand of which was that both vv. 15–21. Saueyes should be put out, mitigated the punishment by giving, in rin, ii. 519.

0. 21. J. Glas., exchange for one of them, an eye of his own ; thus enduring, iii. 168.

moon beа feast

stained fr. fast

B.C. 1452.

xv. 19-21. * As




self-devotedly, a part of the suffering allotted to his child. “Among the

We have read of the queen who sucked the poison from the Jews, the wave

wound of the king, her consort, though convinced that death offering was would be the consequence of her heroic act. And numerous waved horizon- have been the instances wherein soldiers have caught the deathpoints, and the blows intended for their commanders, not merely risking, but heave' - offering devoting, their own lives for the salvation of a life which they heaved up, and held to be more important than their own. And is such conduct that He was Lord reprobated by the general mass of mankind ? Far from it. Why of heaven and then should the sacrifice of Christ be?. earth."-Boues.

26–31. also .. firstfruits,a see Le. xxiii. 15, 22. 6 T. Ragg.

The doctrine of sacrifice.-All nations have offered sacrifice to firstfruits

some beings whom they have deified. There is no region where a Ex. xxiii. 16, the pilgrim's foot can travel where you will not find offerings, xvi. 9, 10; Nu some sanguinary, some libidinous, some foolish, but all to pro

pitiate the anger, or secure the protection, of some fancied object flowers of worship. There comes a cry groaning out of the great heart carry dewdrops, of humanity, What is the acceptable sacrifice?” Strange divitrembling on the edges

nations and streaming altars ; cakes for the queen of heaven, petals, and ready and prostrations before the brazen image ; children for the to fall

at the first insatiate Moloch passing through the scorching fire—these are waft of wind or brush of bird, 80

the responses from classical and pagan times. African Feticism, the heart should Hindoo immolations, and Burman cruelties, and the atrocities carry its beaded of savage cannibalism—these are the hollow answers from the giving; and at

uninstructed consciences of heathens. Cold morality and rubrical the first breath exactitude, and sacramental efficacy, and ascetical self-denialof heavenly fla- these are the polite and conventional theories of modern forvour, let down malism. And so they are successively offered, and the worfumed with the shippers look and strain their eyes eagerly for the accepting fire. heart's grati- All is silent. The clouds are dark above, and there is no voice, tude;”.– A. W. nor any that regardeth the cold, and proud, and cruel sacrifice. Beecher.

But yonder, crouching in very humbleness of attitude, with eye men's souls that that he almost fears to lift, but that yet, struggling through their are so thin, so tears, fasten their far, deep gaze upon the Crucified, there is a of what is the poor contrite sinner without an offering, save that he offers himtrue idea of soul, self ; without a plea, save that he is guilty, and that Christ hath that were not the died; without a hope, save in the multitude of God's tender guardian angels mercies ; and clouds roll harmlessly away, and the sky clears, so keen-sighted, and the lambent fire leaps down, and the voice speaks from the gether overlook Man at the right hand, “The sacrifices of God are a broken and them."

· H. W. a contrite spirit; a broken and a contrite heart God will not Beecher.


words of thanks

" There are some

6 Dr. Punshon.


feast of

1–6. and.. month, etc., a see Le. xxiii. 24, 25. trumpets Trumpets. Look at some of the modern trumpets. These may a Nu. x. 1.-10; be divided into-I. The censurable. These are many-very loud, Ps. xxxi;. 3; Is. and, we fear, very popular. There is the trump of–1. Bigotry; . ;

2. Adulation ; 3. À corrupt evangelism ; 4. Vanity ; 5. Cant; ** The first mo. of 6. Officialism. II. The commendable. There is the trump ofthe civil yr., cor- 1. Genuine philanthropy; 2. Reverent devotion ; 3. Spiritual responding

incentive. our Sept. It was, in fact, the new The fulness of the Atonement.-Oh! who shall measure the

lxxxix. 15.


flourish of trum



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heights of the Saviour's all-sufficiency !—first tell how high Cir. B.C. 1452. is sin, and then remember, that as Noah's flood prevailed over the tops of earth's mountains, so the flood of Christ's redemp- had been cele

year's day wh. tion prevails over the tops of the mountains of our sins. In brated among the heaven's courts there are to-day men that once were murderers, Heb. and other and thieves, and drunkards, and whoremongers, and blasphemers, nations with and persecutors ; but they have been washed, they have been great festivity sanctified. Ask them whence the brightness of their robes hath and joy, and come, and where their purity hath been achieved, and they, with ushered in by a united breath, tell you that they have washed their robes, and pets. This ordimade them white in the blood of the Lamb.c- Meaning of the nance Atonement.In Acts vii. 26, occurs the expression “set them at signed to give a one." To set at one is to reunite, reconcile : the familiar word religious charac" atonement,” at-one-ment, is derived from this, and meanssion by associmaking at one, reconciling." The Christian atonement is the ating with great Sacrifice for sin made by Jesus Christ, by which God is some solemn ob

servances."-Port, made at one-to us, and by accepting which we are made at one Comm. with God.

b Dr. Thomas. 7–11. tenth . . month,a the great day of atonement, see c C.H. Spurgeon. Le. xvi. and xxiii. 26–32.

day of The doctrine of the Atonement.-If the doctrine of atonement humiliation by the cross of Christ be a Divine truth, it constitutes the very a Is. lviii. 3—7, substance of the Gospel, and consequently is essential to it. The liii. 6; 1 Co. xv.

56, 57 ; 1 Jo. ii, 2; doctrine of the cross is represented in the New Testament as the

Ro. viii, 32. grand peculiarity and the principal glory of Christianity. It

6 T. Fuller. occupies a large proportion among the doctrines of Scripture, and is expressed in a vast variety of language. Christ “was delivered for 0.7—10. R. Sherour offences, wounded for our transgressions, bruised for our ficiis Joma, Codex

ingham, De Sacriiniquities ;" “He died for our sins," &c. In fine, the doctrine Talm. of the cross is the central point in which all the lines of evan

mind is gelical truth meet, and are united. What the sun is to the never right but system of nature, that the doctrine of the cross is to the system when it is at of the Gospel ; it is the life of it. The revolving planets might peace within it

self; the soul is as well exist and keep their course without the attracting in- in heaven even fluence of the one, as a gospel be exhibited worthy of the name while it is in the that should leave out the other. 6— Atonement above law.–Atone- flesh, if it ment is not an expedient contrary to law, but above law. It is purged

corrupwhat law, as law, cannot contemplate. It is introduced into an tions, and taken administration, not to execute the letter of the law, but preserve up with Divine " the spirit and the truth” of the constitution. The death of thoughts and Christ is an atonement for sin committed, it is a public expres- Seneca.

contemplations." sion of God's regard for the law which has been transgressed ; and it is an honourable ground of showing clemency to the trans

kyn. gressors.

12–34. fifteenth . month, feast of tabernacles, see feast of Lev. xxii. 34-36, 39–43. Dist. above all the other feasts of the tabernacles yr. by the gt. num. of burnt-offerings, wh. raised it into the

" The offs. regreatest festival of joy. . The reason for this multiplication quired at in the num. of burnt-offerings is to be sought for in the nature feast were of the F. itself. Their living in booths had already visibly repre. They amounted

largest all. sented to the people the defence and blessing of their God; and to 14 rams, the foliage of these booths pointed out the glorious advantages lambs, and of the inheritance received fr. the Lord. But this festival less than 70 foll . the completion of the ingathering of the fruits of the bullocks; being

twice as orchard and vineyard, and therefore was still more adapted, on lambs, and four


be its



c Dr. T. W. Jen


this the

98 no times as many bullocks as en



B.C. 1452. acc. of the rich harvest of splendid and costly fruits wh. their

inheritance had yielded, and wh. they were ab. to enjoy in peace

now that the labour of agriculture was over, to fill their hearts joined for the with the greatest joy and gratitude towards the Lord and giver passover.

The of them all, and to make this festival a speaking representation F. of tab.

of the blessedness of the people of God when resting from their esp. one of thankfulness to God for labours." the gift of the Vain sacrifice.He that offers in sacrifice, O Pamphilus ! a fruits of

the multitude of bulls and of goats, of golden vestments, or purple earth, and quantity and the garments, or figures of ivory, or precious gems, and imagines by nature of the offs. this to conciliate the favour of God, is grossly mistaken, and has were determined

no solid understanding ; for he that would sacrifice with success accordingly."— ought to be chaste and charitable, no corrupter of virgins, no a Keil.

adulterer, no robber or murderer for the sake of lucre. b From the Greek.

35–40. (35—38) eighth, etc., see Le. xxiii. 36. (39) vows, the eighth

see Le. vii. 16. peace-offerings, see Le. iii. 1. (40) told, day of the feast

minutely. all.. Moses,a in ref. to sacrifices, etc., of this and

previous chapter. a 2 Ch. xxxi. 3; Christian fidelity. There have been men on this earth of Ezra iii. 5; Ne. God's, of whom it was simply true that it was easier to turn the x. 33 ; He. ix, 1. sun from its course than these from the paths of honour. There -14, x, 10–12 ; have been men like John the Baptist who could speak the truth Jo. i. 17.

which had made their own spirits free, with the axe above their You say you are neck. There have been men, redeemed in their inmost being by full of business; Christ, on whom tyrants and mobs have done their worst, and but remember

when, like Stephen, the stones crashed in upon their brain, or

great business of life when their flesh hissed or crackled in the flames, were calmly is to serve the superior to it all.”6 Lord Jesus Christ The reward of fidelity.faithfully.

Servant of God, well done, well hast thou fought “The good are

The better fight, who single hast maintained Heaven's pecu.

Against revolted multitudes the cause liar care." - Ovid.

Of truth, in word mightier than they in arms;

And for the testimony of truth hast borne b F. W. Robertson.

Universal reproach, far worse to bear

Than violence; for this was all thy care, c Milton.

To stand approved in sight of God, though worlds
Judged thee perverse.

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on vows

145. (1) heads, etc., see i. 4-16, vii. 2. (2) vow,engage a De. xxiii. 21;

to give, or do, something for God. bond, deny himself some Ec. v. 4—6; Ps. pleasure or privilege. (3) being .. youth, under her father's lxxvi.11; Na.i.15; power: i.e. not betrothed or married. (4) father .. her, i.e. not Ps. xxii. 15, lxvi. forbid the fulfilment of her vow. (5) father, with his wider 13, 14, 3CXXI. 14; experience and knowledge. disallow, forbid. forgive, the Ju30, 35

non-performance of her vow. 61 Ti. iii. 4; Ep. vi. 1-3; Col. iii.

Religious rows.-I. Vows made to the Lord should be made 20; He.'xii. 5, 6. thoughtfully, as befits the nature of Him to whom they are made. On v.2, see Serm. and the circumstances of him who makes them (contr. Jephthah's by Bp. Sanderson rash vow). II. Vows so made should be religiously observed. He Squire; 1. M. who breaks a vow with God may not be trusted to keep his word Wynyard, B.D.

with man.

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