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B.C. 1490.




you, and hence they were cast out. (25) visit, punish. vomiteth, a bold rhetorical figure : the very land represented Ro. i. 27; Le. xx. as loathing the people.

13; 1 Co. vi. 9Bestiality.The crimes here prohibited might-1. Seem in- 1 1 Ti. i. 9, 10; credible, were it not for well-attested facts. Thus Lucrezia Ge. xix. 5; Jude Borgia forsook her husband Giovanni Sforza, Lord of Pesaro, and lived in incestuous intercourse with her two brothers and 5 Yet see the lealso her own father. The Bible also records various instances. ine passion of II. Might be deemed impossible did not these laws assume it, Puriphae for the and facts, as Sodom, prove it. Old legends (Europa, for example)

beautiful paintings, sculptures, etc. (vide Naples Museum), also reveal the and the birth of hideous possibilities of corrupt human nature. Passages in the c 1 Co. iii. 17; Le. Pauline Epp. are also confirmatory of the corruptions of the xx. 23; De. xviii. heathen world.

12; Ps. cxxxix. The power of appetite.-A king, according to an Eastern fable,

• Be assured that once permitted the devil to kiss him on either shoulder. Imme- when once a wodiately two serpents grew from his shoulders, who, furious with man begins to be

ashamed of what hunger, attacked his head, and attempted to get at his brain.

she ought not to The king pulled them away, and tore them with his nails. But be ashamed of, he soon saw, with indescribable horror, that they had become she will not be parts of himself, and that, in wounding them, he was lacerating sham-d of what

she ought." his own flesh. Such is the deplorable condition of every victim Livy. of appetite and lust.

26–30. (26) keep, etc.,a lit. keep my keepings, i.e. charge. doom of (27) all .. done, the destr. of Canaanitish tribes a judicial act. sensuality (28) land .. also," for great sins bring great plagues. (29) a 1 Co. v. 9—13. souls, persons. (30) customs, “ Their evil customs bec. as 6 Je. ix, 10; Ez. laws ; that tyrant of three letters, Mos, had made them so.”. xxxvi. 13, 17.

The door of licentiousness.—This is certain -I. From the c Trapp. antagonism of nature : "The land itself vomiteth,” etc., v. 25. - Not the mounLicentiousness induces effeminacy, sloth, land becomes non- tain ice, conproductive. An effeminate and luxurious people the prey of the yealed to crystals foreigner (Persia, Turkey). II. From social retributions. “Cut

isso frosty chaste

it thy victorious off from among their people.” The libertine and the courtesan soul, which conare stamped with universal opprobrium. IIJ. From the fiat of quers man and Omnipotent Holiness. “I am the Lord your God.” God arms man's proud

trant-passion." nature, providence, conscience, against the corrupt in heart and

- Dryden.
The sanctity of chastity.-

So dear to Heaven is saintly chastity,
That when a soul is found sincerely so,

late chastity; the

excellences of the A thousand liveried angels lacquey her, Driving far off each thing of sin and guilt,

1) dy im preg-
And in clear dream, and solemn vision,
Tell her of things that no gross ear can hear ;

Till oft converse with heavenly visitants,

25. Joseph Begin to cast and teem on the cutward shape,

Extirpation of the
The unpolluted temple of the mind,
And turn it by degrees to the soul's essence,

sidered, i. 293. Till all be made immortal.d

d Milton.

There needs not

to be added to invio

mind make the

nulle." - Sir P.

Nichol Scott.





B.C. 1490.


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1–4. (1, 2) holy,a (sce on xi. 44) separated. (3) fear, tion of duty honour. mother,

because usually slighted.". a 1 Pe. i. 16; Joh sabbaths,d the seventh and all appointed days. (4) idols, 37: 'Ge. v. 24; nonentities, nothings, vanities. molten, as the golden calf. Phi. iii. 20, 21. Ritualism : the ceremonial Gospel.-I shall maintain that the 6 Ex. xx. 12 ; De. system known as Ritualism is fairly chargeable with idolatry. v. 16; Ep. vi. 1- Let us look at some of its leading characteristics, and see what 3; Lu. ii. 51,

it offers us. I. The view which it takes of the Christian ministry. с Trapp. . In all ritualist writings, you will find the minister spoken of as d Ex. xx. 8, xxxi. " the priest.' The use of this word only concerns us with regard 13; Mk. iv, 27, 28. to the grave questions hidden beneath it. Consider what it e Ex. xx. 4,5; Le. implies. A priest is one-1. Who offers sacrifice. Notwithstand. xxvi. l; 1 Co. x. ing the teaching of the New Testament, we are told that the 14; 1 Jo. v. 21.

Lord's Supper is a sacrifice : that the priest offers the very body “ The heart in and blood of Christ for the people ; 2. Who is an authorised that new kind of medium of grace and teacher of truth. We are told that the pavement which clergy are the only authorised teachers of religion. Look at the we see laid down doctrine of Apostolic succession; and at the asserted power of first it is a's sort the priest to give pardon. Note how the latter sets aside the

mud, and direct dealing of God with souls; and as such is idolatry. II. "very little leaf Its relation to what is called tradition, the history of the beliefs at first makes an of former ages. Mark how this leaning on the crutch of tradition bs-and-by it gets involves a disbelief in the power and willingness of God to speak so hard that a to human souls; in which we find the core of idolatry to consist. whole troop of III. The place which the sacraments hold in the ritual scheme. gallop over it A ritualist clergyman once held up an infant before baptism without leaving among the Sunday-school children, and asked, “What do I hold ?the slightest in. They replied as they were taught, “ A child of wrath.” After lentation."-Rev.

the rite, he held up the infant again, “ What do I now hold ?" i J. F. Sterenson, They answered, “ A child of God.” If these answers be true, the

difference between a child of wrath and a child of God is, in • The Christian more senses than one, undiscernible to mortal eyes. IV. The parent ought to sensuousness of the whole system. Ritualism means, in fact, a be a living ex

sensuous worship. It falls in with the worst and weakest tenemplification of Christianity. His dencies of the day. There is nothing at all in it which is not house, his habits, given us in nobler and more life-giving forms.f his family, his

Cowper's memory of his mother. That great and good poet, pursuits, his re- Cowper, expressed in the most impressive language an uncommon creations, ought affection for the memory of his mother (who died when he was all to be so regu- only six years old), when his cousin, Mrs. Bodham, presented lated as to evince him with her picture, long after her death. In a letter to the indeed, the parent lady who sent it, he said, “I had rather possess that picture than of order, the in. the richest jewel in the British crown; for I loved her with spirer of good

an affection that her death, fifty-two years since, has not in the sense, the wellspring of good | least abated." The following is an extract from the poem written humour, the on that occasion :teacher of good manners, and the Thy nightly visits to my chamber made, perennial source That thou might'st know me safe and warmly laid ; of happiness and Bishop

Thy morning bounties ere I left my home, jcbb.

The biscuit, or confectionery plum ;

James Bolton.

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membrance of
v. 2. J. Jones,


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of reAnd

The fragrant waters on my cheeks bestow'd

B.C. 1490. By thy own hand, till fresh they shone and glow'd :

“ Children sweetAll this, and more endearing still than all,

en labours, but Thy constant flow of love, that knew no fall,

they make m'sNe'er roughen'd by those cataracts and breaks,

bitter; they inThat humour interposed too often makes ;

crease the cares All this still legible in memory's page,

of life, but they And still to be so to my latest age,

mitigate the re-
Adds joy to duty, makes me glad to pay
Such honours to thee as my numbers may ;
Perhaps a frail memorial, but sincere,

M.A., Bamp. Lec., Not scorn'd in heaven, though little noticed here. 5–8. (5) offer .. Lord, not only to reject idols, but to freewill worship God. at .. will, lit. that ye may be accepted. (6—8)

offering See on vii. 15–18. The lan of the offering.-I. The heart was to be willing. 1. is the stillest ; so,

deepest where it Feeling its need of peace with God ; 2. Anxious to be at peace where with Him. II. Not only to offer willingly, but in exact obedience most silent in

threatening, and to rule. 1. A whole sacrifice; 2. The penalty of disobedience.

patient in sparSin increased, penalty inflicted.

ing, there He is Blasphemous defiance of God. It was near the close of one of most inflamed

with those storms that deposit such a volume of snow upon the earth,

anger and that a middle-aged man, in one of the southern counties of Vermont, seated himself at a large fire in a log-house. He was therefore the crossing the Green Mountains from the western to the eastern fewer the judgside; he had stopped at the only dwelling of man in a distance ments be that are of more than twenty miles, being the width of the parallel ranges upon the wicked of gloomy mountains ; he was determined to reach his dwelling in this life, thon the eastern side that day. In reply to a kind invitation to more are retarry in the house, and not dare the horrors of the increasing for them in the storm, he declared that he would go, and that the Almighty was life to come.”— not able to prevent him. His words were heard above the howl. Cawdray. ing of the tempest. He travelled from the mountain-valley

"Some fancy a where he had rested, over one ridge, and one more intervened God made up al

together between him and his family. The labour of walking in the snow

mercy, a childish must have been great, as its depth became near the stature of a mercy,--as if His man; yet he kept on, and arrived within a few yards of the last mercy had nosummit, from whence he could have looked down upon his dwell-thing else to do ing. He was near a large tree, partly supported by its trunk ; His other perfechis body bent forward, and his ghastly intent features told the tions, to make stubbornness of his purpose, to overpass that little eminence. Him belie His The Almighty had prevented him,--the currents of his life's Bis justice, disblood were frozen. For more than thirty years that tree stood card His wisdom, by the solitary road, scarred to the branches with names, letters, and enslave Bis and hieroglyphics of death, to warn the traveller that he trod power." – Charover a spot of fearful interest.

9-12. (9) not.. field," covetously thinking and caring only harvest law for thyself. gather .. harvest, let the fallen ears remain for the poor. (10) vineyard, fruit-garden of any kind. grape, 21; Ru. ii. 15, 16. fruit, esp. fallen fruit. (11) steal,- see Ex. xx. 15. neither falsely, a another form of dishonesty. lie, dishonest speech. in handfuls the

Glean, to gather (12) swear . : false,' ref. to judicial oaths : false witness. corn left by the neither .. God, 9 profane swearing.

The meanness and danger of falsehood.-I. The various modes glanerglane, in which the guilt of falsehood may be contracted. 1. The direct thered.


a De. xxiv. 19%



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B.C. 1490.

lie ; 2. The indirect lie : partial truth, truth exaggerated, silence yilm, a handful kept when one ought to speak out, the tone of the voice, or of corn.

motion of the body. In particular, we notice—(1) The mercenary 6 Ma. xxvi. 11;

lie; (2) The lie of flattery ; (3) The lie of censoriousness or Ga. ii. 10; Ps. x. slander. II. Some of the qualities which constitute the mean. 2, 11, 12

ness of falsehood. III. The dangers that result from this evil, c De. v. 19. Note its effects on-1. The present life: the force of habit; d Ps. xxxvii. 21.

circumstances connected with this habit, the peculiar temptations e Ep. iv. 25; Col. to which all who indulge in it will be exposed, the suspicion that iii. 9; Re. xxi. 8.

will attach to them : its influence on the Church, and on society; f Ex. xx. 7; De. 2. The life to come : this is “the abominable thing” which God v. 11; Ma. v. 33. hates. Questions :-(1) How can we account for the prevalence g Ja, v. 12.

of this evil ? (2) How may it be counteracted ?h hR. Vaughan, D.D. - See what pro

Ilarvest.-It is remarkable that while spring, summer, winter, vision the Lord have all their Anglo-Saxon names, we designate the other maketh for His quarter of the year by its Latin title "autumn ; the word wh. poor, commanding'that the should have designated it,“ harvest, hearfest” (=the German fuller cups of the

* herbst”), having been appropriated to the ingathering of the richer sort muy fruits of this season, not to the season itself. In this indeed we overflowminto sare truer to the proper meaning of " harvest ” than the Germans, dishes. . . . James

who have transferred the word fr. the former to the latter ; for V. of Scotland it is closely related with the Gk. kaptós and the Lat. carpo. was for his Occasionally, however, as in the passage wh. follows, “ harvest" charity, the poor man's

assumes with us the signification of autumn. king; much more There stood the spring-time with a crown of fresh and fragrant God."

flowers ; Trapp.

There waited Summer, naked stark, all save a wheaten hat; i Golding, Ovid's Meta. ii.

And Harvest smeared with treading grapes late at the pressing k Trench.

And, lastly, quaking for the cold, stood Winter all forlorn.ik social laws 13—16. (13) defraud, oppress. rob, do violence. wages, a Ja. v. 4; De. the poor have no reserve capital : live fr. hand to mouth. (14) xxiv. 14, 15; Mal. curse, disparage, defame. deaf, if he does not hear thee, God iii. 5.

does : this applies to the absent also. blind, either in sport or 6 Ja. ii. 1, 9, 10; malice. but .. God, the all-seeing and all-merciful ; who has Ps. lxxxii. 1, 4.

given thee ears and eyes. (15) do .. judgment, not pervert Plato would have justice, either as judge or witness. respect .. mighty, in him paid double that is not paid

courts of law there should be no partiality. but.. neighbour, in due time.

acc. to merits of the case. (16) talebearer, pedler, petty " Of all fowls we

trafficker in scandal. neither .. neighbour, either falsely most hate and accuse, or be silent where life is endangered : thus be in any way detest the crows; the cause of the loss of his life. and of all beasis

Lan the bond of social morality.-Consider here the details of jackals, a kind of foxes in social law. I. The law of trade, forms of fraud. II. The law of Barbary; because hiring, prompt and frequent payment of the labourer's wages. the one digs up III. The law for the infiim, considerate care for the deaf, blind ; the graves and devours the flesh, and, by inference, for all who suffer from natural defects. IV. the other picks The law of equity in administration of justice. Righteousness out the eyes of the and neither person nor position to be regarded. V. The law of dead."— Tropp.

social intercourse. Government of tongue. Honourable regard “As a ped er, for family secrets, etc. that first fils bis pack with Cursing the diaf.- Mr. Philip Henry used to remind those who ports and ru- ssoke evil of people behind their backs, of that law.-" Thou mours. and then shalt not curse the deaf." Those that are absent are deaf, they goes peddling up cannot right themselves, and therefore say no ill of them. A and down, dropping a tale here! friend of his, inquiring of him concerning a matter which tended


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to retlect upon some people ; he began to give him an account of the story, but immediately broke off, and checked himself with these words—“But our rule is to speak evil of no man,and would proceed no farther in the story. The week before he taking away of died, a person requested the loan of a particular book from him. the good name,

and sometimes of Truly," said he, “I would lend it to you, but that it takes in the

the life of anotaults of some which should rather be covered with a mantle of ther."— Trapp. live."

17-22. (17) hate .. heart, or withhold proper love : or simplicity conceal thy anger. This against nursing a spirit of revenge. of manners shalt .. neighbour, reprove plainly. not.. him, lit. not lear sin on his account : i.e. contract sin by withholding reproof. ii. 8; 1 Pe. ii. 22; (8) not.. grudge, no smothered ill-will. love .. thyself, iii. 8–12: 1 Jo. i.. really, truly (19) ye.. statutes, however trivial in ap

iii. 10–18; 1 Th. pearance, yet Divine. shalt.. kind, not think to improve the hysical order of the world. not.. seed, causing confusion in 6 Ma. vi 22, 24. he harvest ; and injury of one kind. garment .. woollen, c De. xxii. 9–11. prob. a ref. to weaving profane uses into God's ordinances. (20) a De. xxii. 23– bondmaid .. husband,d bec. a slave she was not to be injured; 25; He: vii

. 19 ; nor the man, though a slave, to be insulted through his betrothed.

"The person (21) he, who has done this wrong. (22) the .. offering, see


extremely Simplicity of manners.—This is suggested by the law relating fine, I am to mixtures. I. Designed to keep the inventiveness of human apt to consider

as not being posingenuity within reasonable bounds. The thirst for “ witty in

sessed of auy suventions in the antediluvial age was certainly somehow con- periority of fornected with corruption of manners. II. To prevent the absorp- tune, but resemtion of too much time by worldly fashions, etc. III. To teach bling those

Indians who are purity in the ceremonies of religion and treatment of Divine found to wear all ruth. These things admit not of human innovations.

the gold they Old law relating to linen.-In 1721, a statute was passed im- have in the world sosing a penalty of $5 upon the weaver, and £20 upon the seller nose." – Goldf a piece of calico. Fifteen yrs. later this statute was so far hodified that calicoes manufactured in Gt. Britain were allowed, 0.17. T. Manton, provided the warp thereof was entirely of linen yarn.". In iv. 1195; J. Wesley, 774, a statute was passed allowing printed cotton goods to be M.A., vi. 296; C. sed on the payment of 3d. a yard duty; wh. in 1806 was raised G. Finney, Lec., 34.

Beauty gains 13}d. This was done to prevent the use of calicoes from inter

little, ad hometring with the demand for linen and woollen stuffs. The law liness and defortr burying in woollen was of a similar character. The foll. ex. mity li se much, 1 a London news-letter, Aug. 2, 1768, will ill. the spirit of the by gaudy attire. thes :-"Yesterday three tradesmen's wives of this city were this was in part avicted bef. the Rt. Hon. the Ld. Mayor for wearing chintz true, ad refused gwns on Sunday last, and ea. of them was fined £5. These the nke eighty who have been convicted of the above offence within ments hat the telve months past. There were several ladies in St. James's Pk. proffered to his o the same day with chintz gowns on, but the persons who gave uaughters, sayišormation of the above three were not able to discover their ing they

were tit only to pnes or places of abode. Yesterday a waggon loaded with

unhappy £000 worth of chintz was seized at Dartford in Kent by some faces ctom-house officers. Two post-chaises loaded with the same markavlo." — comodity got off with their goods by swiftness of driving.

3–25. (23) and when, etc., a was this precept not a first years in mnorial of the forbidden tree of Paradise ?” (24) holy .. whal, when partaken with gratitude, etc. (25) ye.. there. De. xiv. 28.

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