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favourable account, are for this year located ots were, of course, very awkward at first in on three farms, one at Errode, and two at the management of the plough, but a little Coimbatoor, having each 100 acres allotted practice soon reconciled them to its use, so to their charge. The ploughing and prepara- that they are now becoming even skilful in tion of the farm at Errode commenced earlier their vocation ; the planters declaring that than the others, and the plantations are, some portion of their land was as well ploughtherefore, more forward at that place, the ed as any they had seen in America. This is seeds having generally sprung up in them. cheering, and shows what can be done by the The young plants already show five or six energetic and skilful superintendence of pracleaves, and are promising most favourably. tical men.

The land obtained at Coimbatoor is pro- “The natives come in numbers to watch the nounced by the planters to be most excellent; agricultural operations going forward. It is it is a fine rich black soil, which the Ameri. of course premature to suppose they will can plough turns up with great effect. Some themselves adopt them, until their results are parts of the land is already sown, and, from ascertained, and their success placed beyond its superior quality, the planters anticipate a misgiving or doubt. They for the most the best results; the opinion of one of them, part acknowledge the method of cultivation Mr. Hawley, being, that for the cultivation now pursued superior to their own, considerof the New Orleans cotton, the soil and cli- ing however the expense of it beyond their mate of Coimbatoor are most favourable, means, forgetting that all new experiments, and that if the weather is seasonable, a fair especially when managed by the government, prospect of success awaits the object of his must necessarily be costly at the commenceexperiment. On this important head we may ment, and secondly, that if the produce is further observe, that not only is the climate greater, the outlay must keep pace with it. considered very congenial to the growth and “ It is asserted that the Ryots can produce staple of this product, but the soil itself is as good cotton when left to themselves, as stated nearly to resemble the rich alluvial any the Americans can bring forward ; and mould of the valley of the Mississippi. Hav- that provided advances of money are made ing thus established a fair presumption of the to them, cotton of the best quality and in any congeniality both of soil and climate, and quantity could be exported. The persons overcome the most prominent preliminary who hold these opinions, forget that they difficulties, the American system now bids have been long since tested by the Honourfair to make its way, nor need we again ad. able Court of Directors, who in their former vert to the importance of that extended extensive imports of this staple from Bomgrowth and export of cotton which seems bay, took every pains to ascertain the fact, now to be placed within our reach, both as whether Indian grown cotton, cleaned with regards the well-being of the native popula. the utmost care under European and native tion, the revenues of the country, and the superintendence in and out of the service, bonds of mutual interest which should unite could compete in price with that brought it with England.

from America, the results being stated in We extract from the letter of an able cor- their published reports; which proclaim the respondent, the following details, which- Court's continued disappointment despite though, perhaps, of less general interest than their earnest endeavours to improve the cultithe above striking facts-contains informa- vation and cleaning of this product, and the tion which, from its practical nature, will be heavy expense that had been incurred in carvaluable to many, while most encouraging to rying them out. those who may hereafter be inclined to fol. “In fine, to this hour, with the exception of low in the footsteps of the present innova- a few parcels here and there, Indian cotton, tion.

as is well known, is not valued by the manu“ The American ploughs have answered facturer, and sells at inferior prices, while admirably; one pair of bullocks, not greatly America still continues to pour in her milsuperior to the common cattle of the coun- lions of pounds. The greater portion of this try, dragging the plough with ease, working is raised from the Upland Georgian, or that generally from six a.m. to twelve, and from which is more prized—the New Orleans or two P.m, to sun-set. A new description of Melican seed (which latter is being planted yoke, manufactured under the superintend- at Coimbatoor, and which, although paying ence of one of the planters, Mr. Simpson, only 5d. or 6d. a pound, is found as profitable has been used for working the ploughs. (perhaps more so) as the cultivation of the These yokes are fastened to the bullocks with Sea Island, which sells at two shillings and yoke bows made of rattan, or of any wood upwards. The Bourbon cotton, which is that will bind, and which, keeping the bul. also a long-stapled cotton, very properly sells locks well together, have a great advantage for more than that raised from American Upover the country yoke, not only in this re- land, or from the indigenous seed of this spect but in laying out the lines. The Ry- country, the cost of its cultivation being

greater. Mr. Hughes, of Tinnevelly, a great authority in this matter, and who has written the best instructions on the culture of cotton in India, considers, that the Bourbon cotton scarcely pays a remunerating price, whilst the demand for it is limited."

From the now ascertained congeniality of soil and climate to the American staple, the interest taken by the natives in the experiment, and the speedy success of a mode of

Literature.

REVIEW OF NEW WORKS.

THE HOLY BIBLE, with Twenty Thousand

Emendations, from the most Celebrated Writers of the last two centuries, and from Three Hundred Ancient Manu. scripts. London: Longman and Co.

We have examined the above work, (two editions of which have appeared in 12mo and imperial 8vo,) and express it as our opinion, that it is eminently entitled to the approbation of every Christian and Biblical student ; and we are convinced, that it only requires publicity to be universally approved of and adopted.

Edwy; an Historical Poem. By J. BELL

WARELL. London: Houlston & Hughes.

The writer is likewise the author of “ Ed. gina,” the favourable reception of which, has induced him to publish the work under our notice. It is a matter of history, and is intended to illustrate the religion, manners, and spirit of that age. The volume is well got up.

LETTERS addressed by the Rev. HENRY

JAMES PRINCE to his Christian Brethren at St. David's College, Lampeter. Second Edition. Llandovery : William Rees ; London : J. Nisbet and Co.

We wish that these Letters were in the hands of, not only every collegian, but all men. They breathe the spirit of true Christianity.

LITERARY NOTICES.

PROPOSALS have been issued for publishing by subscription, in one vol. 8vo, 1. DANIEL AND His TIMES,” and “ ZECHARIAH AND His Times.” By the late Thos. WEMYSS, Author of “ Job and His Times,”! “ Biblical Gleanings,” &c. To which will be prefixed a Memoir of the Author.

operation new to their hands, we are induced to hope for the best results from this experiment, which, if it succeeds in opening the home market to this important product of our soil, and producing a large export of East India cotton to England, will prove one of the greatest benefits to this country, which has been extended to it under the English sway.

There has likewise been just published" A DEFENCE OF THE PERSONAL REIGN OF CHRIST.

By Mr. JOSEPH Tyso. Being Strictures on several works of a similar nature.

MUSICAL REVIEWS.

Melodia DIVINA ; a Sacred Companion for

the Pianoforte. By JOSEPH HART. Arranged by G. J. FAUCETT.

This delightful work embraces the most favourite tunes in general use, also selections from Handel, Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, &c., &c. To those who prefer this kind of music, the above will prove a treasure ; being, in fact, one of the best and most complete collections of the kind we have seen.

THE MESSIAH ; an Oratorio, composed in

the year 1741, by G. F. HANDEL. Newly arranged. By John BISHOP. London: R. Cocks and Co.

This is certainly a splendid volume; composed by one whose name is immortal in the annals of music. The present edition is superior to any that has preceded it; and not the least improvement is the addition of those texts of scripture from which the subjects have been extracted.

It is but requisite to say, that every thing necessary to make the work popular has been done, both as regards the excellence of the edition and lowness of price. The spirited publishers deserve no little praise for their production.

Hamilton's DICTIONARY OF A THOUSAND

Musical TERMS ; with an Appendix, of
Five Hundred other Words. By John
BISHOP. Fifteenth Edition. London :
R. Cocks and Co.

The immense sale of this little work is sufficient to show the esteem in which it is

held by the musical public. It is a work III. The moderate or low church party. that no musician ought to be without. IV. The evangelical or reforming clergy.

And first : of the “ How SWEET IS THE Night !" A Duet, for two voices; with an Accompaniment

OXFORD CATHOLICS, OR NEW HIGH for the Pianoforte. Also,

CHURCHMEN. “FAR, FAR FROM THE HOME OF HIS Child. The principles of this party have of late HOOD HE'D WANDERED." A Ballad.

been so pre-eminently brought before the noBy Mrs. GREYBELLE GLASS. London : tice of the public, that it is scarcely necessary Geo. Muntz ; Monro and May.

to enumerate their tenets. It must be underWe much admire these pieces.

stood, however, that in this Oxford school there are two divisions of a very different

character. At the head of the one we may MR. Wilson, of the theatre royal, has regard Mr. Pusey, Hebrew professor at Oxbeen delivering lectures on Scottish song, ford. There is a large body of the clergy of in the concert-room, Store-street, Bedford. similar tone of mind : with some spirituality; square, to crowded audiences. His manner but mystical, superstitious, illiberal, and of of reading we do not at all approve of, his limited education. By education I mean, not voice wanting that sweet soft melody, so mere classical and mathematical learning, and requisite in every reader of poetry. Several the greatly too limited amount of other knowof his songs, were rapturously applauded, ledge required in candidates for orders ; but and most richly did they deserve it. “Will I refer to knowledge of history, especially ye gang wi' me, Lizzie Lindsay,” “The Lass church history ; knowledge of the constituo' Gowrie,” and “A man's a man for a' tion and state of other protestant churches ; that,” were sung as they ought to be, whilst knowledge of the progress of science and his excellent imitation of the highland accent philosophy, and the great movements of the in the soul-stirring song of “Pibroch of human mind throughout the world; knowDonnil Dhu,” the poetry of which is by Sir ledge of various branches of a liberal educaWalter Scott, we are sure must have made tion which are taught in the protestant unithe heart of every Highlander present beat versities of other churches ;-in regard to all double quick time. We trust he will not these things the large body of the English discontinue his efforts in drawing attention clergy who follow Mr. Pusey are as profound. to our much neglected Scottish songs, as ly ignorant as if they had been educated in long as he continues to receive the same sup- the cloisters of a monastery of the dark ages. port he has hitherto had awarded him. Every These men, had they lived some centuries Scotchman in the metropolis, if he has any back, would have walked pilgrimages to patriotism left him since quitting his native shrines with peas in their shoes; or in darker soil, ought to consider it his duty to forward countries would be begging-friars, or monks Mr. Wilson's patriotic undertaking.

of austerest order, or self-torturing devotees before some degrading idol.

“The other section of the Oxford party is STATE OF THE CHURCH OF composed of men of a very different stamp. ENGLAND.

The Rev. Mr. Newman, vicar of St. Mary's,

Oxford, may be regarded as their representaWe are anxious to press upon the attention tive. Mr. Newman is the author of a History of our readers a very able and most interesting of the Arians, and other works, but is best tract published by Whittaker and Co., and known as the writer of the notorious pamSimpkin, Marshall, and Co., London, and phlet forming the last of the series of pubentitled “Present State of the Church of Eng- lications entitled, Tracts for the Times.' land Exposed, by a Member of the Church There are several able men in the English of Scotland.” It is written in a very en- church holding the same views with Mr. lightened and Christian style, with much Newman ; and it is difficult to conceive how force and clearness of statement, and contains their ability and learning are compatible with the very kind of information which it is de- belief in the dark and debasing superstitions, sirable that all the Christian people of this to the spread of which they are making their country should at present possess,-informa- talents subservient. The common explanation in regard to the actual state of the vari. tion is, that these men are Jesuits in disous parties in the Church of England. guise, and that their aim is the recovery of Of the latter he says:

the English chur to Romish faith. "The various divisions may be grouped This, of course, is a vulgar error (we are not under four great sections :

sure]; but certainly in all the black exposures I. The Oxford catholics, or new high of Jesuitical artifice, from the days of Paschurch party.

cal's Provincial Letters down to this time, II. The old high church party.

never has there anything more disgraceful

now

been offered to a Christian public than the bloodshed and persecution, they are defence of transubstantiation and the mass, equally vainly attempting to do by fomenting and others of the worst tenets of popery, in the divisions in the Scottish church, and difthese Oxford tracts. In the XXX Ist article fusing the principles of high church episcoof the church,“ of the one oblation of Christ

pacy.

All dissent from their own creed, all finished upon the cross," it is said that “the schism from the church of England, they sacrifice of masses,

in the which it is com- regard as crimes justly obnoxious to penal monly said, that the priest did offer Christ disabilities and annoyances. If dissenters for the quick and the dead, to have remission complain of any remaining grievances, the of pain and guilt, were blasphemous fables high churchman bristles up with indignation and dangerous deceits.” The Oxford com- at the unreasonableness and ingratitude of ment on which is, (I quote the words of Mr. not being content to escape positive punNewman): “Here the sacrifice of the mass ishment for their unorthodox and disloyal is not spoken of, in which the special ques- opinions. But we have good reason to be tion of doctrine would be introduced ; but thankful that this intolerance and bigotry can the sacrifice of masses ; certain observances, now find no outbreak in outward oppression. for the most part private and solitary, which And ever since the great Locke, in his • Letthe writers of the articles saw before their ters concerning Toleration,' put the grounds eyes.'

of religious freedom, and the reasons for After some other striking remarks he pro- liberty of conscience, upon an unanswerable ceeds to

foundation, the political influence of the high

church party has been gradually declining, THE OLD HIGH CHURCH PARTY.

and every friend of freedom and of the reli“The second great section of the establish- gion of the gospel longs for its increased dement is composed of the high church party. pression. These men, ever since the days of the bloody “ In respect to their religious tenets, the Laud, their venerated leader, have formed high church party differs little from the Ox. the most numerous and powerful section of ford school. They are too shrewd or too the church. They have always been more honest, however, to avow the extreme popish conspicuous as a political than as a religious doctrines which are denounced in the XXXIX. body; and as such, their principles are most articles. But the greater part of their creed familiarly known. It was the high church- is directly opposed to the system of gospel men who tormented and persecuted the godly truth. They hold absurd and unscriptural puritans of England. It was through them notions about apostolical succession-about that the non-conformists were driven out of the sacerdotal character—the authority of the establishment. It was they who perse- tradition-baptismal regeneration-and the cuted the pious covenanters of Scotland also. power and prerogatives of the church.” The same men have always oppressed their Our author illustrates each of these points fellow-subjects, whether protestant, dissent- in succession. In speaking of the arrogant ers, or catholics, by open persecution, or by and exclusive pretences of the high church penal disabilities and vexations. In short, clergy, he justly observes they have been the defenders of slavery and “ It is ludicrous in the eyes of other prooppression, and the enemies of civil and of testant churches to see one of their number religious liberty in every form. And why do thus aping the bigotry and exclusiveness of we recall these old principles ? It is because the old church of Rome, from which they the party at this moment breathes the same are fellow dissenters. Surely all intelligent spirit of bigotry and persecution. They can- laymen are disgusted with these illiberal sennot indeed persecute and injure their fellow timents towards other churches and denomiChristians in the same way as in former days, nations. Future ecclesiastical historians will but it is just because they are chained back marvel how such principles were retained in by the circumstances of the times. The spirit any sect of the reformation. And every Chrisof oppression still animates them. It is only tian heart is grieved to witness the pernicious by the force of public opinion that they have influence of what is called .church feeling,' been slowly beaten back inch by inch from even among many who are counted the good the ground now occupied by the friends of and evangelical' members of the establishreligious freedom. They have the will, ment. They will scarcely meet with brethren though not the power, to resume their old of other denominations in the most sound position of intolerance. In Ireland they and catholic objects of Christian benevolence. regret the passing of the Catholic Emancipa- Before they will labour along with their fel. tion Bill, and would gladly repeal it if they low servants of Christ in any work for the could. In England they would like to renew honour of their common Master, they must the Test Acts. In Scotland they would be ask what form of ecclesiastical government glad to see prelacy restored; and what they they approve of, and what sort of house they failed to effect in the seventeenth century by worship God in, and make a multitude of other mean sectarian inquiries, and if in these In regard to the moderate or low church preliminaries they agree not, they shrink party, our author says :from any further co-operation or intercourse The principles of this section are of a with them. None of the narrow views of any very cold and lifeless character. Their creed, sectarians are so pernicious and offensive as whether in matters ecclesiastical or matters this church feeling,' which thwarts and spiritual, is chiefly made up of negative procrosses every scheme of benevolence, and is positions. But unfortunately the negation one of the greatest impediments at this mo- refers to things good as well as evil. Their ment to the diffusion of the gospel. It is full opposition to the dangerous errors and arroof evil. It tends to exalt tradition above gant pretensions of high churchmen is very scripture ; human over divine authority in praiseworthy; but then they likewise oppose matters of religion; points that are indifferent any movement in the cause of truth, if it over truths that are essential. While both proceed beyond the lines within which they an outward call to the ministry and an in- have entrenched themselves. They have no ward call of the Spirit are necessary, it sets idea of discriminating between innovations of the former altogether in the front and room error and innovations of progress.” of the latter. It fosters pride among the Our author next proceeds to give some clergy, and exasperates differences among account of the evangelical and reforming protestants. It strengthens popery, because clergy : it concedes one of its most arrogant demands. “ The last division contains the true spi. It strengthens infidelity, because when minis- ritual members of the church, with the faith. ters of the gospel maintain dogmas, which, on ful and zealous ministers of the gospel, who being slightly sifted, are found to be so foolish are at once the pride and the preserving salt and fictitious as this, they impair their own of the English establishment. These men credit in proclaiming to men facts and doc- are the successors of Scott, and Newton, and trines which are founded in truth, and neces- Cecil, of the past generation ;-inheritors of sary to salvation."

the faith of Flavel and Howe, of Baxter and Such professions become painfully ludi- Owen, and the other sainted non-conformists; crous when it is remembered that,

-admirers of Latimer and Cranmer, and the Along with these we group that large glorious reformers; yet not so blind or preclass of the clergy, who are designated by the judiced in their admiration as to worship the people squires in orders ;' the sporting, work which they accomplished, and to desire pleasure-hunting ornaments of the establish- no further change or improvement. They ment. Of these, archdeacon Paley indig- know that the reformers were thwarted and nantly said—When a man draws upon the obstructed in many of their projected meafunds (of church property) whose studies and sures, and that many of the abuses they conemployment bear no relation to the object of tended against still deface their church's conit, and who is no further a minister of the stitution. They know that the Reformation Christian religion than a cockade makes a was a work of progress, and that its course soldier—it seems a misapplication little bet- was arrested in England before many of the ter than a robbery. The game certificate Romish corruptions of Christianity could be lists, and other documents, prove that these got rid of. They know too that the reformmen are still numbered by hundreds, if not ers were not infallible, but had errors and thousands, in the church of England. They weaknesses, both personal and belonging to are men without even the form of godliness ; the times. The Bible alone is the rule of appearing at balls, or on the hustings, but their religion,—the measure and standard of never at Bible or missionary or prayer meet- their faith. To it they bring all controverings-putting off the priest with the surplice, sies of religion; all decrees of councils ; all and the clergyman with the white neckcloth, opinions of divines ; all doctrines of men ; and returning to the world till required again aye, and of the church too, for determination. to perform service; when they read some dry They feel, as every man feels who is observmoral lecture (after the spirit of Blair's Ser. ing the passing events of ecclesiastical history, mons) out of a stock of purchased discourses. that some change must be effected in the What a wretched state of discipline is that views and tenets of the English church.” church in, where not only things unbecoming This class, unfortunately, is not very numethe clerical office are openly done, but world

We have heard it surmised that of the liness and profanity abound, and doctrines 15,000 or 16,000 ministers of the church of little differing from those of the Romish England, perhaps not above 2000 are in any church are preached without restraint or sense “evangelical,” and even all of these censure.'

are not reformers.

rous.

W. Tyler, Printer, Bolt-court, Fleet-street.

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