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WITH MEMOIR OF THE AUTHOR, BY THOMAS ROSCOE;
PORTRAIT AND AUTOGRAPH.
No Author in the British language has enjoyed the extensive popularity of the celebrated Dean of St. Patrick's. Toe vivid
SIB WALTER SCOTT.
HENRY G. BOHN, YORK STREET, COVENT GARDEN.
(Various Specimens of Wood's Halfpenny, taken from the Originals preserved in the British Museum.)
The tracts relating to Ireland are those of a public nature, in which the dean appears in the best light, becanse they do honour to his heart, as well as to his head; furnishing some additional proofs that, though he was free in his abuse of the inhabitants of that country, as well natives as foreigners, he had their interest sincerely at heart, and perfectly understood it. His Sermon upon doing Good, though peculiarly adapted to Ireland, and Wood's designs upon it, contains perhaps the best motives to patriotism that ever were delivered within so small a compass.-BURKE.
“ ABOUT the year 1722, when Charles duke of Grafton was lordlieutenant of Ireland, one William Wood, a hardwareman and
LETTER THE FIRST. a bankrupt, alleging the great want of copper money in that TO THE TRADESMEN, SHOPKEEPERS, FARMERS, kingdom, procured a patent for coining 108,0001. to pass there
AND COUNTRY PEOPLE IN GENERAL., OP as current money. The dean, believing this measure to be a
THE KINGDOM OF IRELAND, cile job from the beginning to the end, and that the chief procurers of the patent were to be sharers in the profits which would CONCERNING THE BRASS HALFPENCE COINED BY ONE arise from the ruin of a kingdom, assumed the character of a
WILLIAM WOOD, HARDWAREMAN, WITH A DESIGN Draper, which for some reasons he chose to write Drapier; and
TO HAVE THEM PASS IN THIS KINGDOM : in the following LETTERS warned the people not to receive the
Wherein is shown the power of his Patent, the value of his Halfcoin which was then sent over.
pence, and how far every person may be obliged to take the “To judge by the accounts generally given of that trau saction,
same in payments, and how to behave himself, in case such it would appear a monster of despotism and fraud, that the
an attempt should be made by Wood, or any other person. halfpence were deficient in weight and goodness, and that the circulation of them would have been followed by the total ruin
(VERY PROPER TO BE KEPT IN EVERY FAMILY.) of Ireland. In fact, the inimitable humour of Swift, which
By M. B., DRAPIER. 1724. places the kingdom on one side and William Wood on the other, has misled our judgment and captivated our imagina- BRETHREN, FRIENDS, COUNTRYMEN, tion; and most persons have formed their opinion from his
AND FELLOW-SUBJECTS, Drapier's Letters and satirical poems, rather than from au
What I intend now to say to you is, next to your thentic documents or well-attested facts. The simple narrative of this transaction, stripped of the exaggerated dress in which duty to God and the care of your salvation, of the the malignant wit of the author has invested it, is reduced to a greatest concern to yourselves and your children: your short compass. There being great deficiency of copper cur. bread and clothing, and every common pecessary of life, rency in Ireland, the king, in virtue of his prerogative, granted to William Wood a patent for coining farthings and halfpence, entirely depend upon it. Therefore I do most earnestly to the value of 100,0001. sterling, on certain terms which the exhort you as men, as christians, as parents, and as patentee was bound to follow. William Wood, who in the lovers of your country, to read this paper with the utparty language of Swift is ridiculed under the denomination of a hardwareman and a low mechanic, was a great proprietor and
most attention, or get it read to you by others; which reuter of iron-works in England. "He had a lease of all the that you may do at the less expense, I have ordered the mines on the crown-lands in ihirty-nine counties, was proprietor printer to sell it at the lowest rate. of several iron and copper works, and carried on, to a very con- It is a great fault among you, that when a person sidérable amount, manufactures for the different preparations writes with no other intention than to do you good, of those metals. Among many proposals submitted to govern. ment, that which he delivered was accepted, and was considered you will not be at the pains to read his advices. One by all persons of judgment or capacity, not biassed by party or copy of this paper may serve a dozen of you, which national prejudice, as beneficial to Ireland. But natives will be less than a farthing a-piece. It is your folly did not see it in so favourable a light ; and before the
money that you have no common or general interest in your was circulated a general ferment was excited."-Coxe, Memoir's of Sir Robert IValpole.
view, not even the wisest among you ; neither do you VOL. II.