On the Practice of Sociology

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University of Chicago Press, 15. 8. 1998 - 328 strán (strany)
Sorokin (1889-1968) rose from a peasant childhood in Russia to become one of the most erudite, insightful, and critical figures in the history of sociology. He was, however, considered both a pioneer and an outcast.

His early American works opened new vistas in rural sociology, social stratification, and theory. They provided an elegant standard for scientific sociology and won him the founding chairmanship of sociology at Harvard University. A continuous innovator, he next explored the vast expanse of human affairs, and outlined the surfacing crisis of modernity. At the Harvard Research Center for Creative Altruism he developed a blueprint for social reconstruction. Such interests combined with a prophetic and combative style of disagreement drove him to the margins of a discipline hungry for acceptance as a science. In the early1960s, his work was once again recognized, and he became president of the American Sociological Association.

Including essays that range from his early Russian years to his final works in the 60s, this collection provides a much-needed introduction to one of sociology's most controversial thinkers.

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Obsah

The Boundaries and Subject Matter of Sociology
59
Some Contrasts between European and American
71
Sociology as a Science
79
Retrospect and Prospect
88
Referential Principles of Integralist Sociology
104
Sociology of Yesterday Today and Tomorrow
115
EARLY WORK
131
At the Crossroads
151
THEORETICAL FRAMEWORKS
191
Social Space Social Distance and Social Position
206
Ideational Sensate Idealistic and Mixed Systems
215
Principle of Immanent Change of Sociocultural Systems
237
GLOBAL CONFLICT AND SOCIAL
255
The Cause and Factors of War and Peace
265
The Conditions and Prospects for a World without
279
Sociology and Ethics
295

An Experimental Study of Efficiency of Work under
157
Social Mobility
174
The Future of the Rural and Urban Worlds
183
Amitology as an Applied Science of Amity and Unselfish
302
Selected Publications by and about Pitirim
317
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O tomto autorovi (1998)

Pitirim A. Sorokin, a Russian-born American sociologist, wrote extensively on such subjects as the sociology of knowledge, the sociology of art, political sociology, social stratification, and methodology. A scholar of enormous learning, he attempted to analyze the processes of social organization, disorganization, and reorganization---all within a panoramic view of history that stressed periodic fluctuation as the heart of social change. Sorokin moved to the United States in 1922 after he was banned from the Soviet Union because of his opposition to the Bolshevik regime; during the revolution of 1917, he had been a member of the Constituent Assembly, the private secretary of Prime Minister Kerensky, and the editor of a newspaper. In the United States, he taught at the University of Minnesota and then at Harvard University. His Social and Cultural Dynamics (1937--41), contains his sociological interpretation of history. His Fads and Foibles of Modern Sociology and Related Sciences (1956) is a comprehensive methodological critique of the quantification and formalization of sociocultural phenomena that he believed characterized sociology in the United States.

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