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evils upon

majesty's forces, and of those of the have been felt, with greater or less
East India company, brought the severity, throughout all the nations
campaign to a speedy and success. of Europe ; and have been conside-
ful issue ; and peace lias been finally rably aggravated by the unfavour-
established upon the just and ho- able state of the season. Deeply
nourable terms of the original trea- as I lament the pressure of these
ty.

the country,

I am sen“Gentlemen of the house of com- sible that they are of a nature not mons, I have directed the estic to admit of an immediate remedy i mates for the current year to be but whilst I observe with peculiar laid before you. They have been satisfaction the fortitude with which formed upon a full consideration of so many privations have been borne, all the present circumstances of the and the active berevolence which country, with an anxious desire to has been employed to mitigate make every reduction in our esta- them, I am persuaded that the great blishments which the safety of the sources of our national prosperity empire and sound policy allow. I are essentially unimpaired, and I recommend the state of the public entertain a confident expectation income and expenditure to your that the native energy of the counearly and serious attention. I regret try will at no distant period sur. to be under the necessity of inform- mount all the difficulties in which ing you, that there has been a de- we are involved. In considering ficiency in the produce of the re. our internal situation you will, I venue in the last year ; but I trust doubt not, feel a just indignation that it is to be ascribed to tempo. at the attempts' which have been rary causes: and I have the con- made to take advantage of the disolation to believe that you will stresses of the country, for the purfind it practicable to provide for pose of exciting a spirit of sedition the public service of the year with. and violence. I am too well conout making any addition to the bur- vinced of the loyalty and good thens of the people, and without ad. sense of the great body of his

na. opting any measure injurious to that jesty's subjects, to believe them ca. system by which the public credit pable of being perverted by the of the country has been hitherto arts which are employed to seduce sustained.

them; but I am determined to omit “ My lords and gentlemen, I no precautions for preserving the have the satisfaction of informing public peace, and for counteracting you, that the arrangements which the designs of the disaffected : And were made in the last session of par. I rely with the utmost confidence liament, with a view to a new silver on your cordial support and cocoinage, have been completed with operation, in upholding a system of unprecedented expedition. I have law and government, from which given directions for the immediale we have derived inestimable adissue of the new coin, and I trust vantages, which has enabled us to that this measure will be productive conclude, with unexampled glory, of considerable advantages to the a contest whereon depended the trade and internal transactions of best interests of mankind, and which the country. The distresses conse- has been hitherto felt by ourselves, quent upon the termination of a war as it is acknowledged by other naof such unusual extent and duration tions, to be the most perfect that

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has ever fallen to the lot of any In the commons, the same day, people.”

the speaker having read the speech On the re-urn of the prince re- delivered that day from the throne, gent from the house of lords, the lord Valletort moved the address. life guards were insulted, and gra. His lordship considered that, al. vel and other missiles were thrown though the late war had thrown at the royal carriage. The parti- considerable burdens on the people, culars of these outrages were com- yet we ought to be gratified that all municated to both houses by lord the objects sought by it had been James Murray, the lord-in-waiting, attained ; nor ought we under the who was examined respecting them. pressure of temporary adversity to The debates on the usual addresses give ourselves up to despair. The in answer to the speech were al: expedition against the government journed'; and both houses unani- of Algiers, whether regarded with mously agreed to the following ad- respect to its motives or its end, dress :- We his majesty's most formed a subject of unmixed condutiful and loyal subjects, the lords gratulation; nor was a renewal of spiritual and temporal, and com. aggression from that quarter to be mons, in parliament assembled, beg apprehended. With respect to the leave to approach your royal high- wars in india, they had been forced ness, humbly to express our abhor. upon us by a series of aggressions ; sence of the outrage offered to your but the treatywith Nepaul,combined foyal highness on your passage with the wise arrangements of the from parliament-to assure your marquis of Hastings; promised to royal 'highness thrt we feel the secure the future tranquillity of the deepest concern and indignation peninsula of India. He agreed that that there should be found any in the house ought to enforce ceconodividual in his majesty's dominions my; but it ought to be borne in capable of an attack so daring and mind that the weight and dignity of flagitious ; and to express our ear- a powerful government must be nest wishes, in which we are confi. kept up; that this government was dent we shall be joined by all de- the guardian of social order ; that scriptions of his majesty's subjects, our empire was wide, and our colothat you will be pleased to order nies spread over the whole face of measures to be taken without delay, the globe. He would enforce on to discover and bring to justice the their consideration, that nothing aiders and abettors of this atrocious was so expensive as weakness, nos proceeding."

thing so prodigal as insecurity. The To this address his royal high- house must be sensible that the ness the prince regent returned the prince regent was sincerely desirous following most gracious answer :- of lessening the burdens of the peou This additional proof of your ple, and would adopt any plan, conduty and loyalty affords me the sistent with public security and pubhighest satisfaction. Relying on the lic faith, that the house might reaffection of the great part of his ma- commend. The deficiency of the jesty's subjects, I have nothing to revenue was no ground for depresregret but a breach of the laws. I sion; the present distress was but have ordered that the persons con- temporary, occasioned by the transcerned in that outrage should be ition from a state of war to a state brought before the proper tribunal.” of peace. The expenditure during

the

the last year of the war, among the deep and general in its causes, and labouring classes of the community, more difficult to be removed, than amounted to 130 millions ; in the that which has prevailed at the teryear after it was only 50 millions: mination of any former war. That this joined to the great discharge of we are firmly persuaded that the soldiers and sailors, effected a di. same exemplary patience and for minution of employment at the very titude with which all ranks have time when there was a greater de. hitherto borne the difficulties under mand for it than ever. A mischie. which they labour, will continue to vous spirit had been diffused among support them under such burdens the poorer classes for the worst pure as may be found indispensably neposes : they had been told that the cessary for the unavoidable exigensemedy for all their grievances cies of the public service ; but that would be annual parliaments; but to maintain this disposition it is in he trusted that the house had the cumbent on this house, by a severe will and power to defeat every at- and vigilant exercise of its powers, tempt to subvert the constitution, to prove to their fellow-subjects; which, in spite of clamour, was still that the sacrifices which it may be unrivalled, and acknowledged to be their painful duty to make, are the most perfect that had ever fallen strictly limited to the real necessito the lot of man.

ties of the state. That while we Mr. Dawson seconded the mo- acknowledge the gracious disposition.

tions announced in his royal highMr. Ponsonby moved the follow- ness's speech from the throne, we ing amendment :-“ That we have cannot help expressing our regret seen, with the deepest concern, the that his royal highness should not continued embarrassments of our have been sooner advised to adopt agriculture, manufactures, and com- measures of the most rigid æconomerce; the alarming deficiency of my and retrenchment, particularly the revenue ; and the unexampled with respect to our military estaand increasing distresses of all blishments; that a prompt and ef. classes of his majesty's faithful sub, fectual reduction in this and every jects. Of these facts he was sure other branch of our expenditure, his no one could have any doubt. That majesty's faithful commons most we are willing to indulge the hope naturally look to as the first step to that these distresses may be found, relieve the sufferings, and redress in part, to have originated from the grievances, of which the people circumstances of a temporary na- so justly complain ; and that to en ture, and that some alleviation of able themselves to assist his royal them may be produced by the con- highness by their advice in the tinuance of peace; but that we performance of a duty so imperia should ill discharge our duty to his ously called for by the present situ. royal highness, and be guilty of ation of the country, they will lose countenancing a most dangerous no time in instituting a strict in delusion, were we to conceal from quiry into the state of the nation.” him our opinion that the pressure Mr. Bragge Bathurst replied to that now weighs so heavily on the Mr. Ponsonby. resources of the country, is much The hon. Mr. Lambe said, our more extensive in, its operation, calamities were produced by the more severe in its effects, more war, though their complete presa sure was not felt till the arrival of supported with that firmness and peace : they were thus connected patience that could alleviate every with the peace in point of time, but calamity, instead of leading us to they could not be traced to the attempt plans and expedients which peace as their cause. In this situa- might aggravate temporary suffertion, the great object for us to pur. ings into irretrievable ruin, by desue was not to propagate a delusion stroying entirely public confidence with respect to the cause of our di- and national credit. But how were stress, but to take every means of we to support public credit if we alleviating it, or preventing its ex. did not resort to such expedients ? tension, by supporting and main. He would answer-By æconomy taining public credit. He stated and retrenchment. Parliament, he this opinion, not from any fear that hoped, was prepared for entering the recommendations of those who into economical reductions; miniattempted to justify a breach of sters, he hoped, were prepared for national faith would be attended to, the task; and the country, he hoped, but from a firm conviction, that was likewise prepared. He said, he breaking faith with the national hoped the country was prepared for creditor would bring no relief to it; for, although he meant no rethe people, or tend to remove, in fection against any particular india any degree, the embarrassments of viduals, he could not refrain from the country. On the contrary, be observing, that those who now was convinced that such conduct called for æcononiy and retrencha on the part of the legislature would ment would be sorry that they were aggravate and extend them. If we adoptet. A strict and rigorous were to trust the dictates of expe. attention to economy, and reducrience, we had it in support of this tion of all our establishments to the opinion. Some time ago the com. lowest possible scale, must be proplaints against the landholder were ductive of evils to certain indivi. as loud as they now were against duals, and he was not disposed to the fundholder : these complaints under-rate their sufferings; but the were now heard no more, for there national good and the public sewas no reason for them. Rents had curity were paramount to all other been reduced, the landed interest considerations. were straitened in their incomes, Mr. C. Grant argued that the but who had benefited by the transition from war to peace was change? The distresses of the ma. the cause of our present distresses; nufacturing and litbouring classes, and added, that the scarcity of the instead of being alleviated had been present season would lead to inincreased: they had been deprived creased cultivation the next, and of employment by the reduced cir- contribute to raise agriculture from cumstances of those who employed its depressed state. them; and found no advantage in The hon, member was proceed. the diminution of the income of ing, when he was interrupted by a those against whose wealth they message from the lords, announcing clamoured. Any interference with the attack on the regent, and dethe fundholder, he was convinced, siring a conference. would be productive of similar ef. agreed to, and a committee apfects, instead of relieving our di- pointed. Our situation should be House of lords, January 29,Their lordships, after going up he could not help adding some with the address to the prince re- doubt, whether the security and gent, proceeded to the considera- good effects which many expected tion of the speech from the throne, to result from this enterprise would The earl of Dartmouth moved the be of so permanent a nature as some address, which was seconded by the were sanguine enough to believe earl of Rothes.

sure This was

stress.

they would be: but while he sugEarl Grey.-Before he proceed- gested that doubt, he wished most ed to observe on those parts of the anxiously to guard himself against speech of the ministers delivered by being understood as having any dehis royal highness the prince re- sire to detract, in the slightest degent, and those parts of the speeches gree, from the merits of those who of the noble lords who moved and were employed in the execution, seconded the address with respect Another topic introduced into the to which it would be his painful prince regent's speech, and into the duty to dissent from their senti- speeches of the noble lords, was the ments, he would briefly advert to Nepaul war. Here, again, he most those parts of these speeches as to cordially concurred in the tribute which there could be no difference of applause paid to the officers and of opinion, First, then, no one men employed in the prosecution could more cordially and heartily and conduct of that war : but it than he did, join the noble mover would be 100 much to ask at preand the noble seconder of the ad- sent for any opinion of the house dress, in paying the highest tribute as to the causes and necessity of the of praise to the skill, enterprise, per- war, since on that head no inforseverance, and courage of the noble mation had, as far as he knew, been and gallant admiral who com- communicated to their lordships. manded the fleet in the attack on If any information had been laid Algiers: no one could more cor- before the house, he had not seen dially join in that just tribute of it; and he professed, that he at least applause paid to the courage, reso- was entirely uninformed on the sublution, and exemplary valour of the ject of the causes and necessity of oficers and seamen under his com- the Nepaul war, and was therefore mand; rejoicing, as he did, in this in no condition to give any opinion new accession of glory to the Bri- upon it: and so he must avouch, if tish arms, and particularly to that he were in the present state of his in. branch of our defensive force which formation, to be called upon to give ought always to be looked upon any opinion upon it. Thus much he with favour, as the best and most had stated on that point, because natural protection of this country. there were some appearances of an But while he concurred in these intention to call for an opinion of just and well-deserved praises, he the two houses of parliament on the could not help expressing his re. subject of the Nepaul war. But gret, considering the heavy pres, there was one thing in this part of sure under which the country law the speech which he must remark boured, that any necessity should upon, and which he had observed have arisen for adding even the with very considerable surprise expense of that expedition to our he alluded to the terms in which already almost intolerable burdens; the termination of this Nepaul war and while he expressed that regret, was introduced into the speech. It

was

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