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above general expenditure) for the tive calculations upon this subject ; reduction of debt, is 14,515,4731. ; but if, by the continued blessings of and that, in the latter, it may be peace, and a system of persevering estimated to be 15,104,1171:--by economy, the public credit of the which it will appear, that in the country, aided by the uninterrupted latter year the debt to be re- operation of the sinking fund, should deemed would exceed the debt to attain to the point at which it stood be probably incurred, by the sum in 1792, your committee observe of 2,392,8001.

with satisfaction, that a diminution “ In addition to this surplus of of charge might be effected by the income applicable towards the di- reduction of interest alone, which minution of the debt, your com- would be an annual saving of bemittee feel warranted by the im, tween two and three millions sterproved and apparently improving ling. Looking forward to this event, state of the public credit, and con- as the resource which promises the sequent increased value of the public greatest and most substantial relief securities, in directing the attention to our finances, and feeling that in of the house to the probability of a its attainment the country would reduction, at no distant period, of find at once the evidence of existing the interest on a part of the funded ease, and the pledge of growing debt ;---the result of which, besides prosperity, your committee cannot the incidental encouragement which better conclude this report than by every description of productive in- expressing their anxious hope that dustry and commercial enterprise nothing will arise either in the state could not fail to find, in the facility of our foreign relations, or in the of borrowing upon advantageous administration of the domestic conterms, would be a very considerable cerns of the empire, to call for ex. saving in the permanent charge of ertions which might tend to retard the national debt.

or disappoint the prospect of this “ Your committee do not think most desirable improvement." it necessary to submit any prospec:

CHAPTER V.

Debates on the further Suspension of the Habeas Corpus Act--on Copy

right-Ways and MeansLord Sidmouth's Circular Letter Treatment of the EransesNewfoundland Trade Finance ResolutionsSituation of the Country- Prorogation of Parliament.

THEI
remainder of the session of had been taken

up on charges of parliament was principaliy oc- high treason, &c.; and with reso. cupied with debates on the further lutions and debates respecting the suspension of the habeas corpus act; finances of the country. As the or with collateral and connected de- debates on the further suspension of bates on the state of the country, the habeas corpus act (with the ex. and the cases of some of those who çeption of that in the house of commons on the first reading of the bill not been appointed consul-general for that purpose) present little that at Malta. is interesting or novel, we shall Lord Castlereagh said several ju. merely notice all but that, which ries had given credit to Mr. Reywill require a more full account. nolds's testimony, and he did not With respect to the finances of understand why the honourable the country, as they appeared to member should attach infamy to ministers and opposition, they will Mr. Reynolds's character, unless it be most fully and clearly seen, in rendered a man infamous to be in. the debates on Mr. Tierney's resolu. strumental in the discovery of treations. The debate on the situation sonable practices. Mr. Reynolds had of the country, introduced by Mr. been employed in his majesty's ser. Brougham on the day preceding vice in Portugal, and also as postthe close of the session, though mise master-general; and had performed cellaneous and unconnected, de his duties with great integrity and serves a full account-not merely as credit; and therefore he (lord C.) illustrative of the opinions on that had no hesitation in recommending important topic entertained by mi- him as consul-general to Malta. nisters and their opponents, but as Sir F. Burdett said, he always displaying considerable eloquence understood that Mr. Reynolds was in several of the speeches.

mons posed

a man of notoriously infamous cha. House of commons, June 16– racter. It had been proved on a trial, The usury laws bill haring been in which he gave evidence, that he reported, Mr. Vansittart said he had been guilty of the most atroshould oppose it in a subsequent cious crimes. stage, being of opinion that we were Lord Castlereagh did not think not yet arrived at a state for passing Mr.Reynolds's character was taintsuch a measure.

ed with any thing more than rebel. Sir F. Burdett complained that lion, though that was a great taint; Oliver, a government spy, had gone but he had avowed his error, had down to the north, and endeavoured expressed his contrition, and had to excite persons to riot and sedi- manifested his sincerity in a court tion. He also stated, that an in- of justice, by bringing traitors to famous Irish spy, named Reynolds, deserved punishment. was flourishing under the auspices June 18.-Lord Folkestone again of government, and had sat on a adverted to the regulations at Read. late grand jury.

ing gaol, by order of the secretary Mr. W. Wynne interrupted the of state, by which, contrary to the honourable baronet by moving for 31st of the king, the magistrates the exclusion of strangers, upon were prevented from visiting the which Mr. Brougham moved an state prisoners confined there, and adjournment. The latter question concluded with moving for copies was, put three times, and was ne- of all instructions from the secretary gatived on the first division by 162 of state to all gaolers to whose custo 29, on the second by 157 to 26, tody persons had been committed and on the third by 180 to 26. under the act for the suspension of

In a committee of supply, Mr. the habeas corpus act. Bennet aksed ministers whether Mr. The attorney-general, solicitorReynolds, of infamous memory,bad general, and lord Castlereagh op;

posed the motion; and contended in the newspapers respecting Oliver that the care of state prisoners had contained much exaggeration. all times belonged to the secretary The third reading was carried, on for the home department, under a division, by 11.1 to 37, and the bill the prerogative of the crown, with passed. which it was not the intention of the In the commons, the same day, act of the 31st of the king to inter. sir E. Brydges, after some observa. fere.

tions, noved for leave to bring in a Sir S. Romilly, Mr. Brougham, bill to amend the act of the 43d of lord A. Hamilton, and Mr. Wynn, the king relative to copyrights; and maintained that there was no ex- so far as regards the act passed ception in the act, and consequently prior to queen Anne's act, giving that the secretary of state had ille. eleven copies of books published to gally assumed a dispensing power. the universities, &c., and also as

On a division, the motion was far as regarded limited editions of negatived by 85 to 56.

books. Mr. Lushington brought up a bill Mr. Peel and lord Palmerston opfor renewing the former acts for the posed the motion, which went to af. prevention of smuggling ; a bill for fect a regulation recently adopted allowing British goods to be ex. by the house, as one highly advanported to America on the same tageous to literature, after a very terms as to other friendly nations, full and ample consideration. according to the late convention; Sir S. Romilly and sir F. Bur. and a bill for securing the post-horse delt supported the motion before duties ;-which were severally read the house. They considered the act a first time.

lately passed as unjust and unfair, House of lords, June 19.-On the and as operating not to the advanorder of the day for the third read. tage, but to the discouragement of ing of the habeas corpus act suspen- learning. It took property from sion bill, a long debate took place. individuals to give it to large public "The duke of Bedford, lord Do- bodies, who, if they wanted books, noughmore, earl of Essex, lord St. could well afford to purchase them. John, marquis Wellesley, and lord Mr. Banks and Mr. Smith of Cam. Holland opposed the measure; and bridge also opposed the motion. the earl of Westmorland, viscount Mr. Ponsonby supported the mo. Sidmouth, marquis Camden, lord tion. He thought the argument, Somers, earl of Harrowby, and the that obliging the poor author to Bord chancellor, supported it.-Rey- give a certain portion of his pronolds, Castles, and Oliver, the in-perty to different corporate bodies, formers, having been mentioned in and to receive nothing in return, as terms of reprobation by the oppo. a way to encourage learning, was nents of the bill, it was stated on the the most extraordinary argument ministerial side, that Reynolds had he had ever heard. As to the wish saved Ireland by the information of the learned universities to get which he gave previous to the break their books for nothing, it did not ing out of the rebellion in 1798 ; surprise him at all. It was the chathat Castles had not informed until racter of all great corporate bodies, five weeks after the riots of the 2d learned or unlearned, to get all of December; and that the reports they could for nothing, and in re. 1817.

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turn to give away as little as pos- was to promote treason, when, being sible. He thought the universities called to order by the speaker, he should buy their books if they re-stated his question. wished to have them; or if they Lord Castlereagh said, if the bo, were to be given to the universities, nourable baronet's name had been they should be given them by the used in the way complained of, he public, and not at the expense of might ascribe it to other grounds individuals.

than the commands of ministers. Mr. Croker was against the mo. He was confident lord Sidmouth tion. He considered the bill which would never abuse the public conit was now sought to repeal, as one fidence reposed in him ; and as to greatly beneficial to authors. In re. himself, he should continue to take turn for the portion of property such measures as seemed necessary which an author thus parted with, to ensure the peace of the country, they had their copyrights, &c. well though such measures might disturb protected.

the peace of traitors, or even involve Mr. Ponsonby and Mr. Croker the honourable baronet's name. explained.

Mr. Brougham asked if measures Mr. Brougham supported the had been taken to bring Oliver to motion for bringing in the bill, and condign punishment, should the Mr. Findlay opposed it.

atrocities alleged against him prove Mr. C. Wynn was in favour of true ? the present motion. He thought Lord Castlereagh assured the that even those persons who were house, that lord Sidmouth had favourable to the bill formerly pass never authorized any improper con. ed, would agree that it required to duct in the person alluded to, and be revised. He saw no reason why if such had been the case, he doubted the author of a book should be sub. not it would meet with due repre, jected to a tax of eleven copies of hension. his work to the universities, any A motion by sir J. Newport, for more than a man who planted tim- an address to the prince regent to ber should afterwards be subject institute an inquiry into the state to a tax of eleven trees, from each of Ireland, was negatived by 59 plantation he might make, to the to 10. navy of the country.

House of lords, June 20,- The The house then divided, when royal assent was given by commis, the numbers for bringing in the billsion to the mutiny bill, watch and were 57-against it 58 — Majority, ward bill, agent-generals' bill, and 1!

others. Sir F. Burdett wished to know In the commons, the same day, whether the spy, Oliver, had been Mr. Stuart Wortley presented a peauthorized by ministers to make tition from Barber Beaumont, esq. the use, which he understood he against the alehouse licensing bill. had made, of his name, having in. Ordered to be printed. troduced himself to several indivi. The house, in a committee of duals with his (sir F. Burdett's) supply, voted several sums for the compliments. He was proceeding navy, and for miscellaneous services to animadvert upon the wickedness in Ireland. of employing men whose interest it The habeas corpus suspension

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bill was received from the lords, made by the committee of finance and was ordered to be read a first would supersede the necessity of his time on Monday.

going into a minute detail. He then Sir S. Romilly having presented stated the supplies under various a petition from Hull againt the bill, heads, amounting, in the aggrelord A. Hamilton took occasion to gate, to 18,001,3001. exclusive of censure the conduct of the lord ad- 4,1.36,503 l. for the discharge of vocate for Scotland, in framing a navy and transport debts, interest third indictment against Mackinlay, on exchequer bills, &c. He then who had already been twice before recapitulated the particulars of the a court of justice for the same of- ways and means already voted, fence. This observation gave rise amounting to 9,541,5371. and leave to a long conversation, in the course ing a sum to be provided for of of which Mr. Brougham, Mr. Aber. 12,600,000. This he proposed to cromby, Mr. Ponsonby, Mr. Cur- raise by issuing 9,000,0001. in exwen, and others, concurred in dis- chequer bills here, and treasury bills approving of the conduct com. for 3,600,0001. in Ireland.' The plained of; and the attorney-gene. money might have been raised by ral, Mr. Dundas, lord Castlereagh, loan on advantageous terms ; but and Mr. Canning, deprecated the he found an issue of exchequer bills agitation of the question in the ab- would be still better. Since he last sence of the lord advocate.

addressed the house on the financial Mr. B. Bathurst presented the re- state of the country, the funds had port of the committee of secrecy, improved 20 per cent. Cash paywhich was read. It is to the same ments were in the course of resumpeffect as that presented in the house tion, without any stock, and the of lords. On the motion for its lying remaining restrictions on the bank on the table, lord Milton stated that would be wholly removed by the he had been one of the committee. 5th of July next year. The result of The facts alleged in the report were the financial operations of last year in the main correct, but they were had been an actual diminution of too highly coloured ; and he differed the public debt to the amount of from the committee as to the re- 3,400,0001. In the course of this medy, which, instead of a general year he looked with confidence to suspension of the habeas corpus, a further diminution of at least ought, in his opinion, to be some- 500,0001. He then observed, that thing of a local nature, like the act the difficulties did not arise from by which Ludditism had been put any domestic circumstances, but down. After a general conversa- from the general state of depression tion,-in the course of which lord of the continental kingdoms, which Cochrane was called to order, for depression prevented the consumpcalling the report a scandalous libeltion of British articles. Yet, noton the people of England,—the mo- withstanding all this, the credit of tion was agreed to:

the country was looking up, and The house having gone into a our commerce improving. Under committee of ways and means, the all these circumstances, he trusted chancellor of the exchequer pro- he should hear no more of reducing ceeded to take a general view of the the interest of the national debt, or financial state of the country, pre- of breaking faith with the public mising that the report so recently creditor, but that the spirit and loy

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