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thought it would be most desirable under-rated; for the average rate to increase the circulating medium, of wages was not more than 35. which would give a facility to the The petitions were brought up employment of the labouring cl sses and read. throughout the kingdom, and do March 12.-In a committee of more to restore prosperity than ways and means, the chancellor of any remedies which had been pro. the exchequer proposed a vote of posed.

18 millions of exchequer bills for Mr. Lockhart said, he was an. the service of 1817. The chancellor xious to correct an erroneous idea intimated that it was his intention which a noble lord (Cochrane) had to pay off the unfunded debt of Ireeither expressed or implied, namely, land by exchequer bills raised in that it was in contemplation, by this country, the interest of which way of reform in the poor's laws, would be only four per cent. while to propose to refuse relief to able. in Ireland it was five per cent.bodied men who were without em. Agreed to. ployment. No such idea was en- March 19.-Mr Brougham, after tertained, he believed, by any mem- a long and eloquent speech on ber of the house, and certainly not the state of the manufactures and by any member of the committee on commerce of the country, moved, the poor laws: the idea entertained “ Ist, That the manufactures of by the committee, was to encourage the country are in a state of unindustry, but by no means to refuse exampled difficulty, that demanded relief when industry was found un. the most serious aitention of the availing. He agreed in what had house. — 2d, That that difficulty been said by the noble lord (Castle. is materially increased by the sy. reagh), as to the bad effects of mix. stem of restrictive policy, pursued ing up poor's rates with the wages with respect to foreign powers, of labour, but he denied that this which ought to be rescinded.-3d, system had been voluntary on the That it is further increased by the part of the landlords.

severe taxation under which the Mr. Brougham protested as well country suffers, and which ought against the proposal of the noble to be removed by every possible lord (Cochrane) as that of the ho. means. Ath. 'l'hat the system of nourable baronet, who had pro- foreign policy pursued by the Brifessed so much abhorrence of the tish government has not been such noble lord's proposition. The dif. as to obtain for this country those ference between the noble lord's advantages with respect to trade project for reducing the interest of and manufactures, to which the just the debt, and the honourable ba. influence of Great Britain fairly ronet's proposal for increasing the entitled her." The first resolution quantity of the circulating medium, having been put from the chair, was only the difference between two The honourable F. Robinson saw modes of bankruptcy, or, as had that no possible good could result been well expressed by a celebrated from the adoption of this motion : writer on these gubjects, the diffe- he would beg leave to move, as rence between secret fraud and

an amendment, that the house open violence. The distresses in should pass to the other orders of the manufacturing districts were the day.

After

After the question upon the House of lords, March 18.-Lord amendment had been put from the Holland moved for papers connectchair, Mr. Brougham begged to ex- ed with the treatment of Napoleon plain, that in what he had said of Buonaparte at St. Helena. Humathe watch trade and unemployed nity alone, observed his lordship, tailors, he meant merely to advert might justify such a motion; but to them as developing some of the the chief, if not the only motive for general symptoms of prevailing di- bringing the subject before their stress.

lordships, was a regard to the chaMr. C. Grant thought that the racter of the country, of parliament, object of the motion was to crimi- and of the crown. The heads of nate his majesty's ministers on their complaint made by his lordship foreign policy. On this ground he were, Ist, that the liberty allowed to would oppose it.

Buonaparte of riding and walking Lord Castlereagh said he was to several parls of the island had of willing to go along with the ho late undergone considerable restricnourable and learned gentleman in tion. 2d, That he was not permitted admitting the existence of a great to receive such books, journals, degree of distress; but the latter newspapers, and public prints, nor part of his speech was rather die to subscribe for such publications rected to wound the government as he thoughc proper. 3d, That than to point out the mode of re. Buonaparte had been refused perlieving the people.

mission to send a sealed letter to After an able reply from Mr. the prince regent. 4th, That the Brougham, the house divided. For expense of Buonaparte's establishMr. Brougham's motion 63, against ment had been curtailed from it 118; majority 55.

20,0001. to 80001.; and he had been March 17.-In a committee of told that this country could afford the whole house on the East India no more, therefore he must find the trade act, Mr. Robinson submitted other 12,0001. - himself. His lord. a resolution that the privilege of ship then observed that if an extratrading to the East Indies should be ordinary expense was necessary, it communicated to Malta and Gib. should be kept in view, that it was raltar :-the resolution was read a owing to the place where Buona. second time.

parte was confined ; and it was un. Mr. R. Ward stated that the or. worthy of a great country, first to dinary and extraordinaries of the say, “ I will place you in a situaordnance estimates were in the ag. tion where a great expense is necesgregate 749,0001. The charge for sary;” and then to come like a begthe ordinary service was this year gar and say, “You yourself must 538,000), which was less than the for. be at the greater part of that exmer estimate by the sum of 135,0001. pense.” The noble lord concluded The extraordinaries amounted to by declaring, that documentary evi. 211,0001. leaving a reduction under dence would be the best confutation this head of expense of 104,0001. of the reports that had been spread, He concluded by moving for a and therefore he should not satisfy sum of 218,0001. for the service of his own mind without moving for, the ordnance till the 30th of June 1st, Copies of all the instructions to 1817.

the governor or governors of St.

F 3 Helena,

a

Helena, as to the personal treat- yearly. --Seeing no ground for the ment of Napoleon Buonaparte. 2d, motion, he should oppose it. Extracts of all such parts of the The marquis of Buckingham and correspondence as had passed be. .earl Darnley thought the statement tween Napoleon Buonaparte and of lord bathurst satisfactory. - The the secretary of state, relative to the motion was negatived without a diexpenses of Buonaparte's establish- vision. ment. 3d, Copies of such letters or House of commons, March 18.applications of Buonaparte to the Mr. Littleton reprehended the dangovernor or governors of St. He- gerous, immoral, and fraudulent lena, with the answers of the go. mode of raising money by lotteries. vernor, as had been received by the The gross sum accruing annually secretary of state. 4th, Copies of to the revenue from lotteries was all such dispatches as had been 500,0001. He characterized the transmitted to the secretary of state present scheme as being a fraud relative to the intercourse claimed upon the public: the chance of any by Napoleon Buonaparte to be al. great prize was about 71 to 1. He lowed between his place of residence feared that a certain degree of paand other parts of the island, with tronage formed one of the motives any remarks by Napoleon on that for supporting the present system subject. 5th, Copies of any dis- of lotteries. In England there were patches to the secretary of state four places of 5001. a year each at. relative to applications by Napo. tached to this institution, five of leon Buonaparte to the prince re- 3501., one of 3001., one of 2501., twen. gent.

ty-one of 2001., six of 1001. to 150).; Earl Bathurst contended at great and he had no hesitation in saying, length, that the restrictions impo- that these places were altogether sed on Buonaparte by Sir Hudson sinecures. In Ireland, there was the Lowe were justified by the instruc- first commissioner, sir A. Alexantions which he had received from der, at 3001. a year; four other ministers, and which were absolute- commissioners, at 2001. ; two cerly necessary to ensure his detention. tificated commissioners, at 1001. ; , He was, however, still allowed two comptrollers, at 1001. ; one about ten miles of airing ground. stamp comptroller, at 1417.; two His orders for books to the

clerks, at 601. ; two at 50%. There of 15001. had been executed ; but was Mr. Thompson, who had been some of them being on military an absentee 16 years, received 2501. subjects, and very scarce, could noi a year: in fact, no lotteries had been be procured either in England or drawn in Ireland for 16 years. The France. It had been thought pro. honourable gentleman concluded per to withhold newspapers from by proposing, 1st, That by the syhim, because attempts had been stem of state lotieries, a spirit of made to correspond with him gambling waspromoted, destructive through their medium. All letters to the morals of the people, and sent by him or his attendants were detrimental to the revenue of the previously read, not by subaltern country. 2d, That this house will officers, but by Sir Hudson Lowe no longer authorize the existence of himself, Government intended that state lotteries. his allowance should be 12,0001. The chancellor of the exchequer,

Mr.

amount

Mr. W. Ward, and lord Castle- fetters. He thought this bill pregnant reagh, contended, that the evils with danger to the liberty of the subflowing from lotteries had been ject, from the powers given by it to a greatly lessened ; and that, if this single magistrate to prevent, at his source of revenue was taken away, discretion, the right of petitioning it would be difficult to supply it by from being exercised, and that mafresh taxes.

gistrate appointed by the crown. The motion was negatived, by With these views of the subject, and 73 to 26.

considering this measure as calcuHouse of lords, March 24.-The lated to excite discontent, instead bill to prevent seditious meetings of allaying it, by the obsacles it being reported, viscount Sidmouth threw in the way of the fair and proposed a clause to prohibit public proper expression of public opinion meetings within a mile of the two by means of petition, by its leaving houses of parliament when sitting, to the discretion of a single magior of the courts of justice when sit- strate to prevent every kind of meetting at Westminster.

ing for that purpose, he felt it his Lord St. John thought the clause duty to oppose the bill.". tended to embarrass the right of

The duke of Sussex, following on holding public meetings.

the same side, contended that the The earl of Rosslyn observed, measure was a serious infringement that this clause would prevent the upon the rights and liberties of the inhabitants of Westminster from subject. exercising a privilege which was Viscount Sidmouth proposed to possessed by the inhabitants of every withdraw the clause brought forother part of London.

ward yesterday for the prevention The clause was agreed to. of public meetings within a mile of

March 25.—The third reading Westminster hall; for the purpose of the seditious meeting bill was op- of proposing an amendment, exposed at some length by lord Ers. cepting that part of the parish of kine, who concluded his speech with St. Paul's Covent-garden, and of the following declaration :-“ Just the borough of Southwark, within so was it with measures for keeping the distance described in the clause. down freedom-in the sagnation of He also proposed to have this clause public sentiment, in the destruction inserted in the permanent part of of its vivifying principles, you en

the bill. countered infinitely more danger The clause was agreed to; and than from its excesses. He did not the third reading of the bill was now hold the opinions that he did carried by 111 to 23. when he formerly signed a paper House of commons, March 27.upon the subject of parliamentary Mr. Gilbert brought up the first rereform; he did not now hold these port of the committee appointed by opinions to the same extent; and to the house to inquire into all the rethose who said he ought to be con- ductions which, consistently with sistent, he would say he was bound to the safety of the state, could be efnothing but a faithful discharge of fected in the public expenditure. his duties as a member of parliament. The report was read; and began But let every man have the same by stating that the subject was not freedom of opinions, and let not that new to the house, as in 1812 and freedom be shackled by unnecessary 1813 measures had been adopted

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in it. The committee had iuquired, ferred to them, and had made their Ist, what reductions it was possible report as early as possible; and had to make; 2dly, what compensations not omitted to attend to every meashould be given to persons holding sure of real and practical economy. high and effective offices; and 3dly, The clerk was proceeding to read

what offices might be reduced which the remainder of the report, but were considered in the nature of si- Mr. D. Gilbert suggested this was necures; and that all such offices not necessary, as what had been should be as soon as possible abo- read was sufficient to give the lished after the deaths of their re- members of that house an idea of spective holders. The committee what had been done, and of what recommended the abolition of the the committee intended still further chief justiceship north and south of to do. the Trent, of the auditorship of the The report was then ordered to exchequer, of the clerk of the pelis, be printed. the four tellerships of the exchequer, House of lords, March 31,The the lord warden of the Cinque Ports, royal assent was given by commisthe governor of the Isle of Wight, sion to the seditious meetings bill, and the commissary general of mus- and naval officers pay bill. . ters. The committee considered In the commons, the same day, such offices ought to be abolished. the chancellor of the exchequer moIn presenting this report the com- ved, that the house at its rising mittee stated, that they had lost no should adjourn till April 14 time in considering the matters re

CHAPTER III.

H

Lord Sidmouth's Circular Letter - Illness of the Speaker-Relief of the

Poor-Salt Duties-l hird Secretary of State-Catholic Emancipation Debate in the Lords on Lord Sidinouth's Circular Letter--Army Estimates-Poor Employment Bill - Financial State of Ireland

Sir Francis Burdett's Motion on Parliamentary Reform-- Resignation of the Speaker. TOUSE of lords, April 16.- ditious writings, moved for by earl

The house met, in pursuance Grey. of the vote of adjournment.

Lord Holland observed, that this Earl Grey moved that a copy of letter alone was not sufficient for lord Sidmouth's letter to the lords bringing the whole case before their lieutenant of counties, relative to lordships. When his noble friend the circulation of seditious pam- moved for this letter, he had stated phlets, be laid on the table. Or that it was his intention to move dered.

also, on another occasion, for the April 21.-Lord Sidmouth laid opinion of the law-officers of the on the table his circular letter to crown referred to in that letter, and che lords lieutenant of counties of for the case laid before these officers. England and Wales, relative to the His noble friend, he understood, apprehension of persons selling se- most undoubtedly meant to make

that

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