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PUBLIC PAPERS.

THE

THE public papers which we for giving this report entire. We

present to our readers in this have also added that part of the ap. volume, though few in number, are pendix which gives an account of of great interest and importance. the state of the poor, and the mode They consist,

of supporting them, in Scotland. 1. Of the speech of the president What a contrast to the report reof the United States at the opening specting the English poor, and poor- . of congress. This speech is distin- laws and rates ? guished by profound and compre

Washington, Dec. 2. hensive, as well as just and liberal, This day the president of the views of the policy of the United United States transmitted to both States-by good sense and mode. houses of congress the following ration ; and the picture which it message: draws of the rising prosperity of the

Fellow citizens of the senate, and United States, is uncommonly flat- of the house of representatives, rering, and, we have no doubt, ac- At no period of our political excurate.

istence had we so much cause to fe. 2. The finance accounts of Great licitate ourselves at the prosperous Britain and of Ireland for the year and happy condition of our countending 5th January 1817. These try. The abundant fruits of the accounts have never before ap- earth have filled it wi.h plenty. An peared in our volumes; though no extensive and profitable commerce papers have a stronger claim to in- has greatly augmented our revesertion in an Annual Register. We The public credit has athoped to have been able to have tained an extraordinary elevation. given also the finance accounts for Our preparations for defence in the year ending 5th January 1818; case of future wars, from which, by but, in consequence of the consoli. the experience of all nations, we dation of the British and Irish fiought not to expect to be exempted, nances, they have not yet been pre- are advancing under a well-digested pared.

system, with all the dispatch which 3. The report on the poor-laws. so important a work will admit. The state of the poor, the conse- Our free government, founded on quences of the poor-laws, and the the interest and affections of the amount of the poor-rates, constitute people, has gained and is daily the besetting evil of England. No gaining strength. Local jealousies apology, therefore, seems necessary are rapidly yielding to more gene.

rous,

nue.

rous, enlarged, and enlightened have agreed in a report, by which views of national policy. For ad. all the islands in the possession of vantages so numerous and highly each party before the late war have important, it is our duty to unite been decreed to it. The commis. in grateful acknowledgements to sioners acting under the other ar. that Omnipotent Being from whom ticle of the treaty of Ghent, for the they are derived, and in unceasing settlement of the boundaries, have prayer that he will endow.us with also been engaged in the discharge virtue and strength to maintain and of their respective duties, but have hand them down, in their utmost not yet completed them. The difpurity, to our latest pusterity. ference which arose between the

I have the satisfaction to inform two governments under that treaty, you, that an arrangement, which respecting the right of the United had been commenced by my pre- States to take and cure fish on the decessor with the British govern- coast of the British provinces north ment, for the rednetion of the naval of our limits, which had been se. force by Great Britain and the cured by the treaty of 1783, is still United States on the Lakes, has in negotiation. The proposition been concluded; by which it is pro- made by this government, to extend vided, that neither party shall keep to the colonies of Great Britain the in service on Lake Champlain more principle of the convention of Lonthan one vessel ; on Lake Ontario don, by which the commerce bemore than one; and on Lake tween the ports of the United States Erie and the Upper Lakes more and British ports in Europe had than two; to be armed each with been placed on a foot of equality, one cannon only ;—and that all the has been declined by the British other armed vessels of both parties, government. This subject having of which an exact list is interchang- been thus amicably discussed be. ed, shall be dismantled. It is also iween the two governments, and it agreed, that the force retained shall appearing that the British govern. be restricted in its duty to the in- ment is unwilling to depart from ternal purposes of each party; and its present regulations, it remains that the arrangement shall remain for corgress to decide whether they in force until six months shall have will make any other regulations, in expired, after notice given by one consequence thereof, for the protecof the parties to the other of its de- tion and improvement of our navi. sire that it should terminate. By gation. this arrangement, useless expense The negotiation with Spain, for on both sides, and, what is still of spoliations on our commerce, and greater importance, the danger of the settlement of boundaries, re. collision between armed vessels in mains, essentially, in the state it those inland waters, which was held, by the communications that great, is prevented.

were made to congress by my preI have the satisfaction also to decessor. It has been evidently the state, that the commissioners under policy of the Spanish government the fourth article of the treaty of to keep the negotiation suspended; Ghent, to whom it was referred to and in this the United States have decide to which party the several acquiesced, from an amicable disislands in the bay of Passamaquody position towards Spain, and in the belonged, under the treaty of 1783, expectation that her government

would,

would, from a sense of justice, fi- been equally free to the other. nally accede to such an arrange. Should the colonies establish their ment as would be equal between independence, it is proper now to the parties. A disposition has been state, that this government neither lately shown by the Spanish go- seeks nor would accept from them vernment to move in the negotia. any advantage, in commerce or tion, which has been met by this otherwise, which would not be government; and, should the con- equally open to all other nations. ciliatory and friendly policy which the colonies will, in that event, has invariably guided our councils become independent states, free be reciprocated, a just and satis- from any obligation to or connecfactory arrangement may be ex- tion with us, which it may not then pected. It is proper, however, to be thcir interest to form on the basis remark, that no proposition has yet of a fair reciprocity. been made, from which such a re- In the summer of the present sult can be presumed.

year an expedition was set on foot It was anticipated, at an early against East Florida, by persons stage, that the contest between claiming to act under the authority Spain and her colonies would be of some of the colonies, who took come highly interesting to the possession of Amelia Island, at the United States. It was natural that mouth of St. Mary's river, near the our citizens should sympathize in boundary of the state of Georgia. events which affected their neigh- As this province lies east of the bours. It seemed probable, also, Mississippi, and is bounded by the that the prosecution of the conflict United States and the ocean on along our coast, and in contiguous every side, and has been a subject countries, would occasionally inter- of negotiation with the government rupt our commerce, and otherwise of Spain as an indemnity for losses affect the persons and property of by spoliation or in exchange for our citizens. These anticipations territory of equal value westward have been realized. Such injuries of the Mississippi, a fact well known have been received from persons to the world, it excited surprise that acting under the authority of both any countenance should be given the parties, and for which redress to this measure by any of the colohas in most instances been with, nies. As it would be difficult to held. Through every stage of the reconcile it with the friendly relaconflict, the United States have tions existing between the United maintained an impartial neutrality, States and the colonies, a doubt was giving aid to neither of the parties entertained whether it had been auin nen, money, ships or munitions thorized by them or any of them. of war. They have regarded the This doubt has gained strength by contest, not in the light of an or- the circumstances which have undinary insurrection or rebellion, folded themselves in the prosecubut as a civil war between parties tion of the enterprise, which have nearly equal, having, as to neutral marked it as a mere private unaupowers, equal rights. Our ports thorized adventure. Projected and have been open to both, and every commenced with an incompetent article, the fruit of our soil or of force, reliance seems to have been the industry of our citizens, which placed on what might be drawn, in either was permitted to take, has dehance of our laws, from within

our

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our limits; and of late, as their re- touch at such ports as they may sources have failed, it has assumed find most expedient for these pur. a more marked character of un- poses. With the existing authori. friendliness to us--the island being ties, with those in the possessica made a channel for the illicit intro- of and exercising the sovereignty, duction of slaves from Africa into must the comunication be held : the United States, an asylum for from them alone can redress for fugitive slaves from the neighbour- past injuries, committed by persons ing states, and a port for smuggling acting under them, be obtained; of every kind.

by them alone can the commisA similar establishment was sion of the like in future be premade, at an earlier period, by per- vented. sons of the same description, in the Our relations with the other gulph of Mexico, at a place called powers of Europe have experienced Galvestown, within the limits of the no material change since the last United States, as we contend, under session. In our intercourse with the cession of Louisiana. This en- each, due attention continues to be terprise has been marked, in a more paid to the protection of our comsignal manner, by all the objection- merce, and to every other object in able circumstances which charac. which the United States are interterized the other; and more parti- ested. A strong hope is entertained, çularly by the equipment of priva. that by adhering to the maxims of teers, which have annoyed our a just, a candid, and friendly policy, commerce, and by smuggling. we may long preserve amicable reT'hese establishments, if ever sanc. Jations with all the powers of Eutioned by any authority whatever, rope, on conditions advantageous which is not believed, have abused and honourable to our country, their trust, and forfeited all claim With the Barbary states and Into consideration. A just regard for dian tribes our pacific relations have the rights and interests of the United been preserved. States required that they should be In calling your attention to the suppressed ; and orders have ac- internal concerns of our country, cordingly issued to that effect. The the view which they exhibit is pecuimperious considerations which pro- liarly gratifying. The payments duced this measure will be explain which have been made into the trea. ed to the parties whom it may, in sury show the very productive state any degree, concern.

of the public revenue. After satisTo obtain correct information on fying the appropriations made by every subject in which the United law for the support of the civil goStates are interested; to inspire jnst vernment and of the military and sentiments in all persons in autho- naval establishments, embracing rity, on either side, of our friendly suitable provision for fortifications disposition, so far as it may com- and for the gradual increase of the port with an impartial neutrality; navy, paying the interest of the and to secure proper respect to our public debt,and extinguishing more commerce in every port, and from than eig! teen millions of the prin. every Aag, it has been thought pro- cipal within the present year, it is per to send a ship of war, with three estimated that a balance of more distinguished citizens, along the than six millions of dollars will resouthern coast, with instruction to main in the treasury on the first

day

day of January, applicable to the beyond the permanent authorized current service of the ensuing year. expenditure, of more than four mil

The payments into the treasury lions of dollars. during the year 1818, on account By the last returns from the deof imposts and tonnage, resulting partment of war, the militia force principally from duties which have of the several states may be esti. accrued in the present year, maymated at 800,000 men, infantry, ar. be fairly estimated at twenty mil. tillery, and cavalry. Great part of lions of dollars ; internal revenues, this force is armed, and measures at 2,500,000; public lands, at are taken to arm the whole. An 1,500,000; bank dividends and in- improvement in the organization cidental receipts, at 500,000: mak. and discipline of the militia is one ing in the whole, 24,500,000 dol- of the great objects which claims lars.

the unremitted attention of conThe annual permanent expendi- gress. ture for the support of the civil go. The regular force amounts nearly vernment, and of the army and to the number required by law, and navy, as now established by law, is stationed along the Atlantic and amounts to 11,800,000 dollars; and inland frontiers. for the sinking fund, to 10,000,000: Of the naval force, it has been making in the whole, 21,800,000 necessary to maintain strong squa. dollars ; leaving an annual excess drons in the Mediterranean and in of revenue beyond the expenditure the Gulf of Mexico. of 2,700,000 dollars, exclusive of From several of the Indian tribes the balance estimated to be in the inhabiting the country bordering treasury on the first day of January on Lake Erie, purchases have been 1818.

made of lands, on conditions very In the present state of the trea. favourable to the United States, and, sury, the whole of the Louisiana as it is presumed, not less so to the debt may be redeemed in the year tribes themselves. By these pure 1819; after which, if the public chases, the Indian title, with modebt continues as it now is, above derate reservation, has been extin. par, there will be annually about guished in the whole of the land five millions of the sinking fund un- within the limits of the state of expended until the year 1825, when Ohio, and to a great part of that in the loan of 1812, and the stock the Michigan territory, and of the created by funding treasury notes, state of Indiana. From the Che. will be redeemable.

rokee tribe a tract has been purIt is also estimated that the Mis- chased in the state of Georgia, and sissippi stock will be discharged, an arrangement made, by which, in during the year 1819, from the pro- exchange for lands beyond the Misceeds of the public lands assigned sissippi, a great part, if not the whole to that object; after which, the re- of the land belonging to that tribe, ceipts from those lands will an- eastward of that river, in the states nually add to the public revenue of North Carolina, Georgia, and the sum of 1,500,000 dollars, mak- Tennessee, and in the Albama tering the permanent annual revenue ritory, will soon be acquired. By ainount to twenty-six millions of these acquisitions, and others that dollars, and leaving an annual ex. may reasonably be expected soon cess of revenue, after the year 1819, to follow, we shall be enabled to

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