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BROWNE THE AFRICAN TRAVELLER.

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Much favourable notice is made Ecbatana. He lived with Sir G.O. in memoranda relating to some time at Tebriz, who gave Browne, the African traveller, and him letters to Naserraddin Mirza, inany interesting conversations ap- son of Beg Ján, king of Boccara, pear to have taken place on the and to Ahmed Ali Mirza, the king subject of wbat he had actually ob- of Persia's son, the governor of served, as well as of the expeditions Khorasan, and residing at Meshhed. which he meditated. He bad the “ The Ambassador, moreover, enthusiasm of visiting remote and procured him passports and letters less known regiuns so suong upon from the king of Persia and his him, that the wonder is, he should ministers, and a Mehmander, who 80 long remain at home after his would have been responsible for his return from Africa, however tedious, life and property, as far as the Perperilous, and painful, his residence sian dominions extend. His impaat Darfour must necessarily have tience, however, to proceed, inbcen.

duced him to leave the king's camp “ No man, by his personal man- some hours before his Mehmander ners and appearance, his gravity, was ready, and being in a Turkish firmness, good sense, and judg- dress, and not known to be an Engment, appears to have been better lishman, he was murdered by some qualified for undertakings of the wandering tribe of Kurds or Turkind. His demeanour was pre- komans, near the Kafián Kub, or cisely that of a Turk of the better Tiger Mountain, after having crossed order. He conversed slowly and the river Kezel Ouzan, which sepa, sparing!y, never descended to fami- rates Azerbarján (Atropatera) from liarity, observed each and all of the Irak. company as if with jealousy and “ He had no English atiendant, suspicion. But when ibis wore off, but whilst he remained in Persia, and intimacy was established, he kept one groom and one valet, both was exceedingly communicative, Persians, and had two or three and readily discussed the subjects horses. about which he was most anxious, “ He left no papers or memoranda and best qualified, to impart infor, behind him when he departed from mation.

Tebriz, but a few dispersed frag" After much and long delibera- ments were collected at the spot tion upon the subject, be finally where the body was found. determined upon the expedition, in . “ He often avowed his intention the prosecution of which he lost bis of publishing his travels to Bokhara life. He proceeded by Malta to and Samarkand, and he purposed, Smyrna, and from thence through had it been practicable, to return by Asia Minor, Amasssa, Tokat and the northern end of the Caspian sea, Armenia to Tebriz. At this place as he was to have gone by the be remained a few weeks, expect- southern end of it. The ambasing the arrival of the English am, sador made such representations to bassador from Hamadan, the ancient the king of Persia, that both he and 1817

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his son Abbas Mirza took the great the wildest absurdities of the modern est pains to discover the assassins. French pbilosoplıy.

"Mr. B. was in appearance, and “ The following particulars conindeed in fact, one of the most re- cerning the latter part of the life of served men in the world-cold, Browne, are added by him who recautious, and wary; and yet, in vised and has superintended the this last journey, he was so impa- publication of these volumes. tient to proceed, that he not only His intention, as above slated, refused to wait for the escort, which was to procted froin Tebriz to kihothe ambassador undertook to pro- rasail, to the governor of which vide for him, but he made a display place he had the strongest recomof the gold which was to enable mendations froin the English amhim to accomplish bis purpose.

bassador, then resident at Tebriz “ This Jast fact, though strongly with the Persian monarch. This of asserted, is so incompatible with bis itself being a distarce of nearly a general habits and character, that thousand miles, through a barbarous it may well excite a suspicion of its country, was an adventure suffi. accuracy. True it certainly is, that ciently arduous to have deterred the same morning brought to Eng- any other individual, of a less perland the news of his safe arrival at severing and determined character. Tabriz, on bis way to Kurdistan, From Khorasan he purposed nererand of his being murdered by the theless to make his way to Samar. very band, who undertook 10 be cand, and thence to Turkistan, an his guides and protectors.

undertaking which even to the best "The intelligence of his death informed among the natives, apcame to England through Somnerat, peared to be full of difficulty, as the celebrated French traveller. It well as danger. is, however, to be hoped, that as “Sir Gore Ouseley, with ibe some of his papers remain in private greatest kindness and promptitude, hands, the public will have, sooner undertook to procure him the proor later, the benefit of his observa- section of a Mahmendar, an officer tions, as far as he was actually able of the king, under whose escort, as to proceed.

far as Chorasan, he not only would 1. The annotations relating to have had personal security, but Browne, in our manuscript, con, horses and provisions every where clude with a paragraph, in wbich at his command, at the expense of scrious regret is expressed at bis the Persian government. scepticism with respect to religious “ There was, however, some little subjects. Indeed he appears to bave delay in the equipment of this offibeen an avowed disciple of the cer appointed to attend him, occaschool of Volney, and the other mis- sioned partly by the tardiness of the creant writers of that stamp. man himself, and partly by the ne

“ He has deformed and defaced gociation then near a conclusion his otherwise valuable publications, between the courts of Russia and with some passages so bad as not to Persia, which necessarily occupied be transcribed ; and some remarks a considerable portion of the amwhich he has inserted on education, bassador's time. prove that he had adopted many of “ Browne accordingly becamcim

patient,

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patient, and left Tebriz with two accompanied bim in his mission,
attendants only, directing the Mab. passed this very spol without moles-
mendar to follow him. This officer talion.
having received his instructions, “ It is a sulyject of the deepest
and apprehensive of the English regret, and a most serious lose to
ambassador's resentment, lost no literature, that Browne did not live
time in his endeavour to overtake to fulfil the object of his expedition.
the traveller. Most unfortunately How well qualitied he was to in-
he found him within forty miles of crease our stores o geographical
the Persian monarch's camp, bar- information, his work on Africa
barously murdered. Plunder dues sufficiently attested. Of the coun-
not appear to have been the objeci, ties which he meditated to visit,
as Mr. Brownie's papers, pistols, with the view of describing, our
and effects, were recovered, and information is very scanty as well as
placed in the hands of Sir Gore unsatisfactory. These were more
Oureley. His money, of which he particularly the regions of Chorasari,
had not a great deal, was certainly Boccara, Samarcand, &c. concerning
seized by bis servant. But in all which regions, our best books of
probability, he owed bis death not geography communicate very little."
so much to any improper display of
his property, as to his invincible (Further particulars froin another hand.)
obstinacy with which he resisted all “Notwithstanding all that has
expostulation and remonstrance, in been said above, and the scenring
always wearing the Turkish dress. attention and assistance paid to the
Now it happens that the hordes, by English ambassador's endeavours to
some of whom Browne was mur- discover and punish Browne’s as.
dered, entertain the most deadly sassins, there is too much reason to
hatred and animosity against the apprehend that he fell a victim to
Turks, for one of whom in all pro. the jealousy of the Persian govero-
bability be was mistaken.

ment. People in those remote
“ Strict search was, however, countries, and the Mahometans
made after his assassins, and a more particularly, have no concep-
great number of the inhabitants of tion whatever of a person's under-,
the district, where he died, were taking the perils and fatigues of a
apprehended, upon whom the king long and distant journey, for the
of Persia, without any judicial pro- sake of intellectual or scientific im-
ceeding, expressed to the ambas- provement only. They invariably
sador bis determination of inflicting attach jealousy and suspicion to such
the sunimary punishment of death. a character wherever he appears,
This, however, Sir Gore Ouseiey and impute to him, either political
would not permit.

motives, or the desire of gain. The “ The surmise that he owed bis regions to which Browne directed death to the circumstance of his bis attention, were at the time in a appearing as a Turk, is somewhat very inquiet and unsettled state. confirmed by the fact, that within The Persian sovereign considered a few months preceding this melan- bis authority over them as precaricholy event, Sir William Ouseley, ous and insecure. The peace with brother to the ambassador, and who Russia was not definitirely conclude

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ed, and the government might, nos the news of Browne's death, and improbably, entertain a suspicion, determined, if possible, to obtain that Browne’s motive was political, his remains for burial. He accordand not the avowed one of curiosity ingly availed himself of the influence alone. Several subsequent inci- he possessed, and obtained from the dents, circumstantially considered, Persian ministers the necessary very much tend to corroborate the mandare, that Browpe's remains idea, that the Persian ininisters should be delivered to the Colonel's were not entirely innocent of the messengers. death of this uniortunate traveller. “He employed for this purpose a

“In the first place bis arms were trusty serjeant, who proceeded to not touched ; his gun, double-bar- the spot. On producing the minis. relled pistols, and weapons, were ter's orders to the principal person all preserved and carefully returned of the place, he was informed that to the English ambassador. So also the mandate was so peremptory, were his papers of every kind, and that it could not be resisted, but at indeed each article of his property, the risk of his head, and he would except his money, which ii was immediately give the necessary generally understood was seized by directions for the bones ic be colhis servant and secretary.

lected. Much evasion was never“ In the next place, one of our theless practised, and so much time artillery-men, who was stationed at lost, that the honest serjeant became Ispaban, on some provocation he impatient, and declared that if what had received, neglect of pay, pero he came for was not immediately sonal affront, or some other cause produced, he would return without of offence, abruptly left the place, them. At this moment, (wo men, and undismayed by the danger and with each a small burden, were the distance, endeavoured to make seen approaching, who were dehis way to Tebriz, where the am- clared to have with them what was bassador was then resident, in the wanted. court of the Persian monarch. He “ They were delivered to the then proceeded, in spite of every ob- serjeant, who, as directed, rewarded stacle, nearly to the spot where the parties, and hastened to return. Browne was murdered, when he The English gentlemen had intendwas stopped, as it should seem, by ed to come out in a body to meet some of the miscreants, who had the relics, had ordered a coffin imbrued their hands in the blood covered with black velvet to receive of his countryman. They insisted them, and intended to inter them upon his immediate return, which with the usual ceremonies of the for a long time he refused to do, till church. But the serjeant bad alat length they told him that if he did ready returned, and deposited the not, they would treat him as they charge in the officer's house. The did the Euglishman the other day. surgeon of the British establishment

Browne, when at Tebriz, had undertook to examine the bones, lived at the house of Colonel D**, and arrange them, but on closer inwho commanded the artillery sent spection it appeared that a gross imto Persia from this country. This position had been practised. There gentleman was greatly affected at was indeed a part of a skull, but

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the other bones were certainly not of the traveller, has obtained poshuman, but belonged to some ani- session of his papers, and of various mal.

documents relating to bim and “ Since the abore was written, in- his meditated journies. These are formation has been received, that a methodizing and preparing for the gentlenian, an intimate connexion press."

ARTICLB IV.-The Life and STUDIES of Benjamin West, Esq.

President of the Royal Academy of Londen, prior to his arrival in England; compiled from Materials furnished by himself. By John Galt,

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THIS work unites, in a very of Mr. Galt are evidently the result

high degree, the two peculiar of a vigorous and original mind, and most valuable purposes of sometimes perbaps borne beyond biography. It points out the cire the line of well-founded opinion cumstances in Mr. West's early life, and sound reasoning by a love of both of a personal and more general singular notions. His taste in the nature, that contributed to direct fine arts is grounded not more on his thoughts to the science and the just feeling than oncorrect principles, art of painting; and it blends a which he traces with much acuteconsiderable portion of interest ness in all their branches; and his with this information, by the cu- style is distinguished by its singular rious anecdotes which it contains adaptation to his subject, both when relative to the early state of society it is simply narrative, and when it in America, and the manners and rises to the eloquence of strong feelconduct of the first Quaker settlersing and pare taste, or to the digoity in Pennsylvania. The reflections of philosophical remark.

MR. West's EARLY YEARS.

"The first six years of Benjamin's in the garden, and committed the life passed away in calm uniformity; infant to the care of Benjamin duleaving only the placid remembrance ring their absence; giving him a of enjoyment. In the month of fan to flap away the flies from moJune 1745, one of his sisters, who lesting his little charge. After had been married some time before, some time the child happened to and who had a daughter, came with smile in its sleep, and its beauty her infant to spend a few days at attracted his attention. He looked her father's. When the child was at it with a pleasure which he had asleep in the cradle, Mrs. West in- never before experienced, and obvited her daughter to gather flowers serving some paper on a table, to

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