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Arter the destruction of Ge- nia with the love of arms, and difneral Bradock's army, the Pennsyl. fused the principles of that military vanians being alarnied at the de- spirit which was afterwards exerted fericeless slate in which they were with so much effect against the placed by that calamity, the Assem- erroneous policy of the mother bly of the Province resolved to em- country. West, soon after his drillbody a militia force; and Mr. ing under young Wayne, visited Wayne, who has been already men- Lancaster ; and the boys of that tioned, was appointed colonel of town having formed themselves the regiment raised in Chester into a little corps. made choice of County. This defensive measure him for their commandant. Among announced that the golden age of others who caught the spirit of the the country was past, and the change time, was his brother Samuel, who felt by the peaceful Quakers indi- possessed a bold character and an cated an alteration in their harmless enterprising disposition. He was

West, among others, about six years older than the artist, went to view the first muster of the and, being appointed a captain in troops under the command of Co- Colonel Wayne's regiment, joined lonel Wayne, and the sight of men the troops under the command of in arms, their purpose and array, General Forbes, who was sent to warmed bis lively imagination with repair the disasters which had hapmilitary enthusiasm. In conjunction pened to the unfortunate Bradock. with a son of the Colonel, a boy of “ After the taking of Fort Duar.e, his own age, with whom he had to which the new name of Pittsburgh become acquainted, he procured a was given in compliment to the gun, and determined also to be a minister of the day, General Forbes soldier. Young Wayne was drilled resolved to search for the relics of by the diciplinarians of his father's Bradeck's army. As the European corps, and be, in turn, exercised soldiers were not so well qualified to West, who, being more alert and explore the forests, Captain West active, soon obtained a decided su- was appointed, with his company of periority ; but what different desti. American sharpshooters, to assist in nies were attached to them! West the execution of this duty; and a has attained, in the intellectual dis- party of Indian warriors, who had cipline of the arts of peace, an en- returned to the British interest, were viable reputation ; and Wayne, requested to conduct him to the who was inferior to him in the places where the bones of the slain manual of the soldier, became an il- were likely to be found. In this lustrious commander, and partook, solemon and affecting duly several as the companion in arms of Wash- officers belonging to the 42d regiington, of the glory of having es- ment accompanied the detachment, tablished the independence of Ame- and with them Major Sir Peter rica.

Halket, who had lost his father and . The martial preparations in- a brother in the fatal destruction spired all the youths of Pennsylva. of the army. It might have been


thought a hopeless task that he blackness of ashes amidst the relics, should be able to discriminate their the tremendous evidence of atroremains from the common relics of cious rites. the other soldiers ; but he was in- At length they reached a turn duced to think otherwise, as one of of the river not far from the priothe Indian warriors assured him that cipal scene of destruction, and the he had seen an officer fall near a Iodian who remembered the death remarkable tree, which he thought of the two officers, stopped ; the he could still discover ; informing detachment also halted. He then himļat the same time, that the in- looked around in quest of some cident was impressed on his memory object which might recall, disby observing a young subaltern, tinctly, his recollection of the who, in running to the officer's ground, and suddenly darted into assistance, was also shot dead on bis the wood. The soldiers rested their reaching the spot, and fell across arms without speaking. á sbrill the other's body. The Major had cry was soon after heard; and the a mournful conviction in his own other guides made signs for the mind that the two officers were his troops to follow them towards the father and brother, and, indeed, it spot from which it came. In the was chiefly owing to his anxiety on course of a short time they reached the subject, that this pious expedi- the Indian warrior, who, by his cry, tion, the second of the kind that had announced to his companions History records, was undertaken. that he had found the place where

Captain West and his com- he was posted on the day of battle. panions proceeded through the As the troops approached, be pointed woods and along the banks of the to the tree under which the officers river towards the scene of the batile. had fallen. Captain West halted The Indians regarded the expedi- his men round ihe spot, and with tion as a religious service, and Sir Peter Halket and the other guided the troops with awe, and in officers, formed a circle, while the profound silence. The soldiers were Indians removed the leaves which affected with sentiments not less thickly covered the ground. The serious; and as they explored the skeletons were found, as the Indian bewildering labyrinths of those vast expected, lying across each other. forests, their hearts were often The officers having looked at them melted with inexpressible sorrow ; some time, the Major said, that as for they frequently found skeletons his father had an artificial tooth, Jying across the trunks of fallen he thought he might be able to trees, a mournful proof to their ascertain if they were indeed his imaginations that the men who sat bones and those of his bro:her. there, had perished of hunger, in The Indians were, therefore, ordered vainly attempting to find their way to remove the skeleton of the youth, to the plantations. Sometimes their and to bring to view that of the old feelings were raised to the utmost officer. This was immediately done, pitch of horror by the sight of sculls and after a short examination, and bones scattered on the ground - Major Halket exclaimed, “ It is a certain indication that the bodies my father!” and fell back into the had been devoured by wild beasts; arms of his companions. The pio. and in other places they saw the neers tben dug a grave, and the bones being laid in it together, a shooters, undoubtedly furnished highland plaid was spread over topics capable of every effect which them, and they were interred with the pencil could bestow, or the imathe custoinary honours.

bones conducted to a savage.

gination require in the treatment of “ When Lord Grosvenor bought so sublime a scene. His lordship the picture of the death of Wolfe, admitted, that in possessing so Mr.' West mentioned to him the affecting an incident as the discofinding of the hones of Bradock's very of the bones of the Halkets, army as a pictorial subject capable it was superior even to that of the of beirg managed with great effect. search for the remains of the army The gloom of the vast forest, the of Varus ; the transaction, hownaked and simple Indians support- ever, being little known, and not ing the skeletons, the grief of the recorded by any historian, he thought son on recognizing the relics of his it would not be interesting to the father, the subdued melancholy of public. Other engagements have the spectators, and the picturesque since prevented Mr. West from atgarb of the Pennsylvanian sharp- tempting it on bis own account."



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Ir was on the 10th of July, tention and frankness was acknow. 1760, that he arrived at Rome. ledged as it deserved to be, and is The French Courier conducted him remembered by the Artist among to a hotel, and, having mentioned those fortunate incidents which in the house that he was an Ame- have rendered the recollection of rican, and a Quaker, come to study his past life so pleasant, as scarcely the fine arts, the circumstance to leave a wish for any part of it to seemed so extraordinary, that it bave been spent otherwise than it reached the ears of Mr. Robinson, At the hour appointed, Mr. afterwards Lord Grantham, who Robinson conducted him to the immediately found himself pos- bouse of Mr. Crispigné, an English sessed by an irresistible desire to gentleman who had long resided at see him; and who, before he had Rome, where the evening party time to dress or refresh himself,

was held. paid him a visit, and insisted that " Among the distinguished per. he should dine with him. In the sons whom Mr. West found in the course of dinner, that gentleman company, was the celebrated Carinquired what letters of introduction dinal Albani. His eminence, al. the Artist had brought with him; tbough quite blind, bad acquired, and West having informed him, he by the exquisite delicacy of bis observed it was somewhat remarka- toucb, and the combining powers ble that the whole of them should of his mind, such a sense of ancient be addressed to his most particular beauty, that he excelled all the vir. friends, adding, that as he was tuosi then in Rome, in the correctengaged to meet them at a party in ness of his knowledge of the verity the evening, he expected West and peculiarities of the smallest would accompany him. This at- medals and intaglios. Mr. Robinson


conducted the Artist to the inner ing morning they should accomapartment, where the Cardinal was pany Mr. Robinson and his protegé sitting, and said, “I have the bo"

io the palaces. nour to present a young American, At the hour appointed, the who has a letter of introduction to company assembled ; and a proyour Eminence, and who has come cession, consisting of upwards of to Italy for the purpose of study- thirty of the most magnificent ing the fine arts." The Cardinal equipages in the capital of Christen. fancying that the American must dom, and filled with some of the be an Indian, exclaimed, Is be most erudite characters in Europe, black or white ?" and on being conducted the young Quaker 10 told that he was very fair, “What view the master-pieces of art. It as fair as I am " cried the Car- was agreed that the Apollo should dinal, still more surprised. This be first submitted to his view, belatter expression excited a good cause it was the most perfect work deal of mirth at the Cardinal's ex- among all the ornaments of Rome, pense, for his complexion was of and, consequently, the best calcu. the darkest Italian olive, and West's lated to produce that effect which was even of more than the usual the company were anxious to witdegree of English fairness. For The statue then stood in a some time after, if it be not still in case, enclosed with doors, which use, the expression of “ as fair as could be so opened as to disclose it the Cardinal" acquired proverbial at once to full view. West was currency in the Roman conversa- placed in the situation where it was tions, applied to persons who had seen to the most advantage, and any inordinate conceit of their own the spectators arranged theniselves beauty.

on each side. When the keeper “ The Cardinal, after some other threw open the doors, the Artist short questions, invited West to felt bimself surprised with a sudden come near him, and running his recollection altogether different from hands over bis features, still more the gratification which he had exattracted the attention of the com- pected; and without being aware pany to the stranger, by the ad- of the force of what he said, exmiration which he expressed at llie claimed, “ My God, how like it is form of his head. This occasioned to a young Mohawk warrior." The inquiries respecting the youth ; and Italians, observing his surprise, and the Italiavs concluding that, as he hearing the exclamation, requested was an American, he must, of Mr. Robinson to translate to them course, have received the education what he said; and they were ese of a savage, became curious 10 wit. cessively mortified to find that the ness the effect which the works of god of their idolatry was compared art in the Belvidere and Vatican

Mr. Robinson menwould produce on him. The whole tioned to West their chagrin, and company, which consisted of the asked him to give some niore disprincipal Roman nobility, and tinct explanation, by informing him strangers of distinction then in what sort of people the Mohawk Rome, were interested in the event; Indians were. He described to bim and it was arranged in the course their education; their dexterity of the evening that on the follow. with the bow and arrow; the admirable elasticity of their limbs ; ness of the borse struck bim as exi and how much iheir active life ex- ceedingly preposterous. He had pands the chest, while the quick often examined it before the idea breathing of their speed in be occurred to him that it was prochace, dilates ihe nostrils with that bably reduced according to some apparent consciousness of vigour unknown principle of ancient art; which is so nobly depicted in the and in this notion he was cons Apollo. " I have seen them osten," firmed, by observing something of added he, “ standirig in that very the same kind in the relative proattitude, and pursuing, with an in- portion of human figures and ani, tense eye, ibe arrow which they mals, on the different gems and bashad just discharged from the bow." reliets to wbich bis attention was This descriptive explanation did not subsequently directed. The antient Jose by Mr. Robinson's translation. sculptors uniformly seemed to conThe Italians were deliglied, and sider the human figure as the chief allowed that a better criticism had object, and sacrificed, to give it rarely been pronouoced on the effect, the proportions of inferior merits of the statue. The view of parts. The author of the group on the other great works did not the Monte Cavallo, in the opinion awaken the same vivid feelings. of Mr. West, represented the borse Those of Raphael, in the Vatican, smaller than the natural size, in did not at first particularly interest order to augment the grandeur of him ; nor was it until he had often the man. How far this notiun, as visited them alone, and studied the principle of a rule, may be them by himself, that he could ap- sound, it would be unnecessary, preciate the fulness of their excel- perhaps impertinent, to inquire lence. His first view of the works here ; but its justness as applicable of Michael Angelo, was still less to the sculplures of antiquity, is satisfactory : indeed, he continued abundantly verified by the base always to think, that, with the reliefs brought from the Parthenon single exception of the Moses, that of Athens. It is, indeed, so adArtist had not succeeded in giving mitted a feature of antient art, as a probable character to any of his to be regarded by some critics as subjects, notwithstanding the mas- having for its object the same effect terly band and mind which pervade in sculpture, which is attained by tbc weakest of his productions. light and shadow in painting - In “ Among the first object which a picture, the Artist, by a judicious


, particularly interested Mr. West, obscurity, so veils the magnitude of and which he never ceased to re- the car in wbich he places a victor, visit day after day with increasing that notwithstanding its size, it may pleasure, were the celebrated sta, not appear ihe principal object; tues ascribed to Phidias, on the but this artifice is denied to the Monte Cavallo. The action of sculptor, who is necessitated to die the human figure appeared to minish the size of those things him so majestic, that it seemed which are of least importance, in to throw, as it were, a visible order to give dignity to the predokind of awe into the very at minant figures. Raphael, in making inosphere, and over all the surn the boat so small in the iniraculous founding buildings. But the small- draught of fishes, is thought to


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