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of a poet eminently inventive and head, heart, and 'habitual demeanpicturesque, he has surpassed him- our, which in bis carly manhood, selt in language and metre, in the and tirst controversial writings, construction of the whole, and in Milton, claiming the privilege of the splendor of particular passages. self-deience, asserts of himself, and

“ Here then shall I conclude? challenges his calumniators to disNo! The characters of the de- prove ; this will bis school-mates, ceased, like the encomia on tomb. bis fellow-collegians, and bis mastones, as they are described with turer friends, with a confidence religious tenderness, so are they proportioned to the intimacy of their read, with allowing sympathy in- knowledge, bear witness to, as again deed, but yet with rational deduc. realized in the life of Robert tion. There are men, who deserve Southey. But still more striking a higher record; men with whose to those, who by biography or by characters it is the interest of their their own experience are familiar contemporaries, no less than that of with the general habits of genius, posterity, to be made acquainted; will appear the poet's matchless inwhile it is yet possible for impartial dustry and perseverance in his pur. censure, and even for quick-sighted suits; the worthiness and dignity envy, to cross-examine the tale of those pursuits ; his generous sub-' without offence to the courtesies of mission to tasks of iransitory inhumanity, and while the eulogist terest, or such as his genius alone detected in exaggeration or false- could make otherwise; and that hood must pay the full penalty of having thus more than satisfied the his baseness in the contempt which claims of affection or prudence, he brands ihe convicted Halterer. Pub. should yet have made for himself licly has Mr. Southey been reviled time and power, to achieve more, by men, who I would feign hope and in more various departments for the honour of human nature) than almost any other writer has hurled fire-brands against a figure done, though employed wholly on of their own imagination, publicly subjects of his own choice and ama' have his talents been depreciated, bition. But as Soutbey possesses, bis principles denounced; as pub- and is not possessed by, his genius, licly do I therefore, who have even so is he master even of his known bim intimately, deem it my virtues. The regular and methodiduty to leave recorded, that it is cal tenour of his daily labours, Southey's almost anexampled feli- which would be deemed rare in the city, to possess the best gifts of ta- most mechanical pursuits, and might lent and genius free from all their be envied by the mere man of busicharacteristic defects. To those ness, loses all semblance of formality who remember the state of our pub- in the dignified simplicity of bis sic schools and universities some manners, in the spring and healthtwenty years past, it will appear no ful cheerfulness of his spirits. Alordinary praise in any man to bave ways enployed, his friends find him passed from innocence into virtue, always at leisure. No less punctual not only free from all vicious habits, in trifles, than stedfast in the perbut unstained by one act of intem. formance of highest duties, he inperance, or or the degradations akin Alicts none of those small pains and to intemperance. That scheme of discomforts which irregular men

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scatter about them, and which in band, father, master, friend, he the aggregate so often become for- moves with firm yet light steps, midable obstacles both to happiness alike unostentatious, and alike exand utility; while on the contrary emplary. As a writer, he has unihe bestows all the pleasures, and formly made his talents subservient inspires all that ease of mind on to the best interests of humanity, of those around him or connected with public virtue, and domestic piety; him, which perfect consistency, bis cause has ever been the cause of and (if such a word might be fram- pure religion and of liberty, of naed) absolute reliability, equally in tional independence and of national small as in great concerns, cannot illumination. When future critics but inspire and bestow : when this shall weigh out his guerdon of too is softened without being weak- praise and censure, it will be Soued by kindness and gentleness. I they the poet only, that will supply know few men who so well deserve them with the scanty materials for the character which an antieot at- the latter. They will likewise not tributes to Marcus Cato, naniely, fail to record, that as no man was that he was likest virtue, inasmuch ever a more constant friend, never as he seemed to act aright, not in had poet more friends and honourers obedience to any law or outward among the good of all parties; and motive, but by the necessity of a that quacks in education, quacks in happy nature, which could not act politics, and quacks in criticism otherwise. As son, brother, hus- were bis only enemies."

MR. COLERIDGE'S FIRST OUTSET AS AN AUTHOR.

" A LEARNED and exemplary old printing and publication of the clergyman, who many years ago work, and who was perfectly at bis went to his reward, followed by the ease, as the author was known to regrets and blessings of his flock, be a man of large property. At published at his own expense two length the accounts were written volumes octavo, entitled, a New for; and in the course of a few Theory of Redemption. The work weeks they were presented by the was most severely handled in the rider for the house, in person. My Monthly or Critical Review, I for- old friend put on his spectacles, and get which, and ibis unprovoked holding the scroll with no very firm hostility became the good old man's band, began-Paper, so much : 0 favourite topic of conversation moderate enough-not at all beamong his friends. Well! (he used yond my expectation! Printing, so to exclaim) in the second edition, ļ much : well! \moderate enough! shall have an opportunity of ex- Stitching, covers, advertisements, posing both the ignorance and the carriage, &c. so much.-Still nomalignity of the anonymous critic. thing amiss. Selleridge (for ortho. Two or three years however passed graphy is 'no necessary part of a by without any tidings from the bookseller's literary acquirements) bookseller, who had undertaken the 31, 3s. Bless me! only three gui

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neas for the what d'ye call it ? the curing customers, preaching by the selleridge? No more, Sir! replied way in most of the great towns, as the rider. Nay, but that is too an hireless volunteer, in a blue.coat moderate! rejoined my old friend. and white waistcoat, that not a rag Only three guineas for selling a of the woman of Babylon might be thousand copies of a work in two

For I was at that time volumes? O Sir! (cries the young and long after, though a Trinitarian traveller) you have mistaken the (i. e. ad normam Platonis) in philo. word. There have been none of sopby, yet a zealous Unitrian in them sold ; they have been sent religion; more accurately, I was back from London long ago; and a psilanthropist, one of those who this 31. 3s. is for the cellaridge, or believe our Lord to bave been tho warehouse-room in our book cellar. real son of Joseph, and who lay the The work was in consequence pre- main stress on ihe resurrection ferred from the ominous cellar of the rather than on the crucifixion. O! publishers', to the author's garret; never can I remember those days and on presenting a copy to an ac- with either shaine or regret. For I quaintance, the old gentleman used was most sincere, inost disinterested! to tell the anecdote with great hu- My opinions were indeed in many mour, and still greater good-nature. and most important poin's errone

“ With equal lack of worldly ous; but my heart was single. knowledge, I was a far more than Wealth, rank, life itself then seemed equal sufferer for it, at the very cheap to me, compared with the inoutset of my authorship. Toward terests of (what I believed to be) the close of the first year from the the truth and will of my Maker. I time, that in an inauspicious hour I cannot even accuse myself of having left the friendly cloisters, and the been actuated by vanity; for in the happy grove of quiet, ever-honoured expansion of my enthusiasm I did Jesus College, Cambridge, I was not ibink of myself at all. persuaded by sundry philanthropists "My campaign commenced at and anti-polemists to set on foot a Birmingham; and my first attack periodical work, entitled The was on a rigid Calvinist, a tallowWatchman, that (according to the chandler by trade. He was a tall general motto of the work) all dingy man, in whom length was so might know the truth, and that the predominant over breadth, that he truih might make us free! In might almost have been borrowed order to exempt it from the stamp- for a foundry poker. Of thar face! tax, and likewise to contribute as a face rat'eucari! I have it before little as possible to the supposed me at this moment. The lank, guilt of a war against freedom, it black, twine-like bair, pingui-niteswas to be published on every eighth cent, cut in a straight line along the day, thirty-two pages, large octavo, black stubble of his thin gunpowder closely printed, and price only four- eye-brows, that looked like a scorchpence. Accordingly with a fiaming ed after-math from a last week's prospectus, " Knowledge is Power," shaving. His coat collar behind in &c. to try the state of the political perfect unison, both of colour and atmosphere, and so forth, I set off lustre with the coarse yet glio cordon a tour to the North, from Bristol age, that I suppose he called his to Sheffield, for the purpose of pro, hair, and which with a bend inward

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at the nape of his neck (the only “ My taper man of lights listened approach to flexure in his whole with perseverant and praise-worthy figure) slunk in behind his waist- patience, though (as I was aftercoat; while the countenance lank, wards told on complaining of cer, dark, very hard, and with strong tain gales that were not altogeiber perpendicular furrows, gave me a ambrosial) it was a melting day dim notion of some one looking at with him. "And whai, Sir! (he me through a' used gridiron, all said after a short pause) might the soot, grease, and iron ! But he was cost be ? Only four-pence (O! bow one of the thorough-bred, a true I felt the anti-climax, the abysmal lóver of liberty, and (I was 'in- ' bathos of that four-pence!) only formed) had proved to the satisfac- four-pence, Sir, eachi number, to tion of many, that Mr. Pitt was be published on every eighth day. one of the horns of the second That comes to a deal of money at beast in the Revelation, that spoke the end of a year.

And how much like a dragon.

A person, to whom did you say there was to be for the one of my letters of recommenda- money? Thirty-two pages, Sir! tion had been addressed, was my large octavo, closely printed. Thirty introducer. It was a new erent in and two pages ? Bless me, why my life, my first stroke in the new except what I docs in a family way business I had undertaken of an on the Sabbath, that's more than I author, yea, and of an author irado ever reads, Sir! all the year round. ing on his own account. My com- I am as great a one as any man in panion after soine imperfect sen- Brumniagem, Sir ! for liberty and tences and a multitude of hums truth and all them sort of things, and baas abandoned the cause to but as to this (no offence, I hope, his client; and I commenced an Sir!) I must beg to be excused. barangue of half an hour to Phile- “ So ended' my first canvass : leutheros, the tallow-chandler, va- from causes that I shall presently rying niy notes through the whole mention, I made but one other apga nut of eloquence, from the ratio- plication in person. This took place cinative to the declamatory, and in at Manchester, to a stately and the latter from the pathetic to the opulent wholesale dealer in cottons. indignant. I argued, I described, I He took my letter of introduction, promised, I prophesied; and be- and having perused it, measured ginning with the captivity of na- me from head to foot' and again tions I ended with the near ap- from foot io head, and then asked proach of the millennium, finishing if I had any bill or inroice of the the whole with some of my own thing; I presented my prospectus verses describing that glorious state to him ; he rapidly skimmed and out of the Religious Musings : hummed over the first side, and still

Such delights,

more rapidly the second and conAs float to earthi, permitted visitants !

cluding page; crushed it within his When in some hour of soleinn jubilee

fingers and the palm of his hand;
The massive gates of Paradise are thrown then most deliberately and signi-
Wide open: andtorth come in fragments wild ficantly rubbed and smoothed one
Sweet echoes of unearthly melodies,
And odours snatch'd from beds of Ainaranth, part against the other; and lastly
And they that froin the crystal river of life

putting it into his pocket turned Springupoutreshen’d wings, arbrusial gales! his back on me with an "overrun Religious Musings, l. 350. with these articles !" and so without

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another syllable retired into his For here and thus I lay, my face counting-house. And I can truly like a wall that is white-washing, say, to my unspeakable amusement. deathy pale and with the cold drops

"" This I have said, was my of perspiration running down it second and last attempt. On re- from my forehead, while one after turning baffled from the first, in another there dropt in the different which I had vainly essayed to re- gentlemen, who had been invited peat the miracle of Orpheus with to meet, and spend the evening the Brummagem patriot, I dined with me, to the number of from with the tradesman who had intro- fifteen to twenty. As the poison duced me to him. After dinner he of tobacco acts but for a short time, importuned me to smoke a pipe I at length awoke from insensibility, with him, and two or three other and looked round on the party, my illuminati of the same rank. I ob- eyes dazzled by the candles which jected, both because I was engaged had been lighted in the interim. to spend the evening with a mic By way of relieving my embarrassnister and his friends, and because I ment ove of the gentlemen began had never smoked excepi once or the conversation, with “ Have you twice in my life-time, and then it seen a paper to day, Mr. Colridge :" was herb tobacco mixed with Oro- Sir! (I replied, rubbing my eyes) nooko. On the assurance however “ I am far from convinced, that a that the tobacco was equally mild, Christian is permitted to read either and seeing too that it was of a newspapers or any other works of yellow colour ; (not forgetting the merely political and temporary inJamentable difficully, I have always terest." This remark so ludicrously experienced, in saying, No! and in inapposite to, or rather, incongruous abstaining from what the people with, the purpose for which I was about me were doing) I took half a known to have visited Birmingpipe, filling the lower half of the ham, and to assist me in which they boll with salt. I was soon however were all then mtt, produced an compelled to resign it, in conse- involuntary and general burst of quence of a giddiness and distressful laughter ; and seldom indeed bare feeling in my eyes, which as I had I passed so many delightful hours, drank but a single glass of ale, must, as I enjoyed in that room from the I knew, have been the effect of moment of that laugh to an early the tobacco. Soon after, deeming bour the next morning. Never, myself recovered, I sallied forth to perhaps, in so mixed and numerous ny engagement, but the walk and a party have I since heard converthe fresh air brought on all the salion sustained with such animasymptoms again, and I had scarcely tion, enriched with such variety of entered the minister's drawing- information, and enlivened with room, and opened a small pacquet such a flow of anecdotę. Both then of letters, which he bad received and afterwards they all joined in from Bristol for me, ere I sank dissuading me from proceeding with back on the sofa in a sort of swoon my scheme; assured me in the rather than sleep. Fortunately I most friendly and yet most flattering had found just time enough to expressions, that the employment inform him of the confused state was neither fit for me, nor I'fit for of my feelings, and of the occasion. the employment. Yet if I had de.

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