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sage of Koenigsburg are to my own merit. One day he was struck knowledge injurious and mistaken ; with the idea of what could be and so far is it from being true, done in this way he kept his that his system is nou given up; room a whole day, even weni withthat throughout the Universities of out bis dinner, and found that in Germany there is not a single pro the evening he had written twentyfessor who is not either a Kantean, three hexameters, versitying a part or a disciple of Fichte, whose sys- of what he had before written in tem is built on the Kantean, and prose. From that time, pleased presupposes its truth; or lastly, with his efforts, he composed no who, though an antagonist of Kant more in prose. To-day be informed as to his theoretical work, has not me that he had finished his plan embraced wholly or in part his before he read Milton. moral system, and adopted part enchanted to see an author whe of his nomenclature • Klopstock before him had trod the same path. having wished to see the Calvary of This is a contradiction of what he Cumberland, and asked what was said before. He did not wish to thought of it in England, I went to speak of his poem to any one till it Remoant's (the English bookseller) was finished: but some of his where I procured the Analytical friends who had seen what he had Review, in which is contained the finished, tormented him till he had Teview of Cumberland's Calvary. consented to publish a few books in I remembered to have read there a journal. He was then I believe some specimens of a blank verse

very young, about twenty-five. The translation of the Messiah. I had rest was printed at different periods, mentioned this to Klopstock, and four books at a time. he had a great desire to see them. tion given to the first specimens I walked over to bis house, and was highly flattering. He was put the book into his hands. On nearly thirty years in finishing the adverting to his own poem, he told whole poem, but of these thirty me be began the Messiah when he years not more than two were emwas seventeen: he devoted three ployed in the composition. He entire years to the plan without only composed in favourable mocomposing a single line.

ments; besides be had other occugreatly at a loss in what manner Pations. He values himself upon to execute his work.

There were the plan of his odes, and accuses no successful specimens of versifi- the modern lyrical writers of gross cation in the German language deficiency in this respect. I laid before this time. The first three the same accusation against Horace: cantos he wrote in a species of he would not hear of it-but measured or numerous prose. This, waived the discussion. He called though done with much labour Rousseau's Ode to Fortune a moral and some success, was far from sa- dissertation in stanzas, I spoke of tisfving him. He had composed Dryden's St. Cecilia ; but he did hexameters both Latin and Greek not seem familiar with our writers. as a school exercise, and there had He wished to know the distinctions been also in the German language between our dramatic and epic attempts in that style of versification. blank verse. He recommended me These were only of very moderate to read his Hernian before I read

The recep

he was

either the Messiah or the odes. guage: that in this respect Goethe He Hattered bimself that some time could not be compared to him, or or other his dramatic poems would indeed could any body else. He be known in England. He had not said that bis fault was to be fertile heard of Cowper. He thought to exuberance. I told him the that Voss in his translation of the Oberon had just been translated Iliad had done violence to the idiom into English. He asked me if I of the German, and had sacrificed was not delighted with the poem. it to the Greek, not remembering I answered, that I thought the sufficiently that each language has story began to flag about the seits particular spirit and genius. He venth or eighth book; and observed said Lessing was the first of their that it was unworthy of a man of dramatic writers. I complained of genius to make the interest of a Nathan as tedious. He said there long poem turn entirely upon animal was not enough of action in it; but gratification. He seemed at first that Lessing was the most chaste of disposed to excuse this by saying, their writers. He spoke favourably that there are different subjects for of Goethe ; but said that his “Sor- poetry, and that poets are not wilrows of Werter” was his best work, ling to be restricted in their choice. better than any of his dramas: he I answered, that I thought the preferred the first written to the rest passion of love as well suited to the of Goethe's dramas. Schiller's purposes of poetry as any other “Robbers” he found so extravagant, passion ; but that it was a cheap that he could not read it. I spoke way of pleasing to fix the attention of the scene of the setting sun. of the reader through a long poem He did not know it. He said on the mere appetite. Well i but Schiller could not live. He thought said he, you see, that such poems Don Carlos the best of his dramas; please every body. I answered, but said that the plot was inexiri- that it was the provinee of a great cable. It was evident, he knew poet to raise people up to bis own little of Schiller's works : indeed, level, not to descend to theirs. He he said he could not read them. agreed, and confessed, that on no Burgher be said was a true poet, account whatsoever would he have and would live; that Schiller, on written a work like the Oberon. the contrary, must soon be forgot. He spoke in raptures of Wieland's ten; that he gave himself up to the style, and pointed out the passage imitation of Shakespeare, who often where Retzia delivered of her was extravagant, but that Schiller child, as exquisitely beautiful. I said was ten thousand times more so. that I did not perceive any very He spoke very slightingly of Kotze- striking passages; but that I made bue, as an immoral author in the allowance for che imperfections of a first place, and next, as deficient in translation. Of the thefts of Wiepower. At Vienna, said he, they land, he said, they were so exquiare transported with him; bat we sitely managed, that the greatest do not reckon the people of Vienna writers might be proud to steal as cither the wisest or the wirtiest he did. He considered the books people of Germany. He said Wie- and fables of old romance writen land was a charming author, and a in the light of the ancient mythosovereign master of his own lan- logy, as a sort of common property,

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from which a man was free to take “ The same day I dined at Mr. whatever he could make a good use Klopstock's, where I had the pleaof. An Englishman had presented sure of a third interview with the him with the odes of Collins, which poet. We talked principally about he had read with pleasure. He indifferent things. I asked him knew little or nothing of Gray, ex- what he thought of Kant. He said cept his Essay in the Church-yard. that his reputation was much on He complained of the fool in Lear. the decline in Germany. That for I observed, that he seemed to give his own part he was not surprised a terrible wildness to the distress; to find it so, as the works of Kant but still he complained. He asked were to him utterly incomprehenwhether it was not allowed, that sible—that he had often been pes. Pope had written rhyme poetry with tered by the Kauteans ; but was more skill than any of our writers rarely in the practice of arguing I I said, I preferred Dryden, because with them. His custom was to his couplets had greater variety in produce the book, open it and point their movement. He thought my

to a passage, and beg they would reason a good one; but asked explain it.

This they ordinarily whether the rhyme of Pope were attempted to do by substituting their not more exact. This question I own ideas. I do not want, I say, understood as applying to the final an explanation of your own ideas, terminations, and observed to him, but of the passage wbich is before that I believed it was the case ; but In this way I generally bring that I thought it was easy to excuse the dispute to an immediate consome inaccuracy in the final sounds, clusion. He spoke of Wolfe as the if the general sweep of the verse first Metaphysician they had in was superior. I told him that we Germany. Wolfe had followers ; were not so exact with regard to but they could hardly be called a the final endings of lines as the sect, and luckily till the appearance French. He did not seem to know of Kant, about fifteen years ago, that we made no distinction between Germany bad not been pestered by masculine and feminine (i. e. single any sect of pbilosophers whatso

. or double) rhymes : at least be put ever ; but that each man had sepainquiries to me on this subject. He rately pursued bis inquiries unconseemed to think, that no language trolled by the dogmas of a Master. could ever be so far formed as that Kapt had appeared ambitious to be it might not be enriched by idioms the founder of a sect; that he had borrowed from another tongue. I succeeded; but that the Germans said this was a very dangerous prac- were now coming to their senses tice; and added, that I thought again. That Nicolai and Engel Milion had often injured both bis had in different ways contributed prose and verse by taking this li- to disenchant the nation ; but above berty too frequently. I recom- all the incomprehensibility of the mended to him the prose works of philosopher and his philosophy. Dryden as models of pure and na. He seemed pleased to hear, that as tive English. I was treading upon yet Kant's doctrines had not met tender ground, as I have reason to with many admirers in England suppose that he has himself liberally did not doubt but that we had too indulged in the practice.

much wisdom to be duped by a : 1817.



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writer who set at defiance the com- reasonable, but calumnious. Se. mon sense and common understand- condly, I attribute little other inings of men. We talked of tragedy. terest to the remarks than wbat is He seemed to rate highly the power derived from the celebrity of the of exciting tears--I said that nothing person who made them. Lastly, if was more easy than to deluge an you ask me, wbether I have read audience, that it was done every the Messiah, and what I think of day by the meanest writers.

it? I answer—as yet the first four “I must remind you, my friend, books only: and as to my opinion first, that these notes, &c. are not (the reasons of which hereafter) you intended as specimens of Klopstock's may guess it from what I could not intellectual power, or even col. help muttering to myself, when the loquial prowess," to judge of which good pastor this morning told me, by an accidental conversation, and that Klopstock was the German this with strangers, and those too Milton- a very German Milion foreigners, would be not only un- indeed !!!"



LTHOUGH this work is very D'Israeli confines himself to this

miscellaneous, and we shall department of Literature, he must extract from it, under this division always be an amusing and instrucof our selections, only one article, tive author ; but in his attempts at yet it may be proper to characterize original works, and even when he it here.

interweaves his own reflections or All the volumes of the Curiosities reasoning, he must not expect to of Literature exhibit careful re- satisfy a reader of sound judgment search into little known and scarce and pure taste : for his language is books, and considerable judgment often finical, and sometimes ex. in the use made of them to illustrate tremely loose and incorrect; bis the manners, customs, and character thoughts are either very obvious of the age in general, or of cele and superficial, or do not follow in brated individuals, or of particular a train ; and his reasoning is incon. classes of men.

And when Mr. sequent.


“ PRINCE Henry, the son of he ascended the throne, the whole James I. whose premature death face of our history might have been was lamented by the people, as well changed; the days of Agincourt as by poets and historians, unques. and Cressy had been revived, and tionably would have proved an he- Henry IX. bad rivalled Henry V. roic and military character. Had It is remarkable that Prince Henry


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resembled that monarch in his fea. nurse of James I. and to her care tures, as Ben Jonson has truly re- the King intrusted the Prince. She corded, though in a complimentary is described in a manuscript of the verse, and as we may see by his times, as an ancient, virtuous, and picture, among the ancient English severe lady, who was the Prince's ones at Dulwich College. Merlin, governess from his cradle." At the in a masque by Jonson, addresses age of five years the Prince was Prince Henry,

consigned to his tutor, Mr. (after“Yet rests that other thunderbolt of war, wards Sir) AdamNewton, a man of

Harry the Fifth; to whom in face you are learning and capacity, whom the So like, as fate would have you so in prince at length chose for his sec. worth."

retary. The severity of the old “A youth who perished in his countess, and the strict discipline eighteenth year bas furnished the of his tutors were not received subject of a volume, which even the without affection and reverence ; deficient animation of its writer has although not at times without a not deprived of attraction. If the shrewd excuse, or a turn of pleajuvenile age of Prince Henry has santry, which latter faculty the proved such a theme for our ad- princely boy seems to have possessed miration, we may be curious to in a very high degree. learn what this extraordinary youth The prince early attracted the was, even at an earlier period. attention, and excited the hopes of Authentic anecdotes of children are those who were about his person. rare; a child has seldom a biogra- A manuscript narrative has been pher by his side. We have indeed, preserved, which was written by been recently treated with “ Anec- one who tells us, that he was dotes of Children," in the Prac- attendant upon the prince's person,

“ tical Education" of the literary since he was under the age of three family of the Edgeworths; but we years, having alway diligently obmay presume, that as Mr. Edge- served bis disposition, behaviour, worth delights in pieces of curious and speeches." It was at the earnmachinery in his house, these auto- est desire of Lord and Lady Lumley, matic infants, poets, and metaphy- that the writer of these anecdotes sicians, of whom afterwards we drew up this relation. The manu. have heard no more, seem to have script is without date, but as Lord tesembled so many looking-glasses, Lumley died in April 1609, and or echoes in a whispering-gallery, leaving no heir, his library was then merely reflecting those objects purchased for the prince, Henry which they had caught around could not have reached his fifteenth them; and like other automata, year; this manuscript was evidently moring indeed, but from no native composed earlier : so that the latest impulse.

anecdotes could not have occurred " Prince Henry at a very early beyond his thirteenth or fourteenth age, not exceeding five years, evinced year-a time of life, when few a thoughtfulness of character, singu- children can furnish a curious misJar in a child: something in the cellany about themselves. formation of this early character - The writer set down every may be attributed to the Countess little circumstance be considered of Mar. This lady had been the worth noticing, as it occurred. I



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