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effected by giving a slight diagonal pine is the most conspicuous tree on
direction to each fold. The lower the island, growing to a great height
orders occasionally tie a coloured and size, which we infer from see-
cloth or handkerchief round the ing canoes built with planks several
head; this they call “sadjee:" feet wide; the trees, however,
next the body they wear a thio cot- the temple at Napakiang were not
ton dress. The men wear no orna- above ninety feet high, and from
ments through their flesh, nor are three to four in giri. The banyan-
they tattooed : we saw, indeed, tree of India was seen at several
some fishernien who had fish spears places; the finest one overhung
marked on their arms, but this does the small temple at Napakiang,
not prevail generally. An etching which circumstance led to the in-
of these marks is given by Mr. quiry whether, as in India, this tree
Clifford in the second part of the is held sacred, but we could gain no
Vocabulary.

information on this subject.
“The cattle on this island, which “ In a little plot of ground in the

a are of a small black breed, are used temple garden, Mr. Phillips, purser exclusively for agricultural purposes of the Alceste, sowed mustardHogs, goats, and poultry, with rice seed, peas, and a variety of other and a great variety of vegetables, seeds, the natives taking his direcform the food of the inhabitants; tions for their culture. Our total milk is never used. We saw no ignorance of botany prevented our geese, so that those left by Captain making any observations on this Broughton most probably did not subject while at Loo-choo; but to thrive. They have no shrep nor supply this deficiency, we collected

Their horses are of a small specimens of every plant at the slight make, and the natives are place. These were preserved bevery fond of riding. We saw no tween sheets of brown paper, and carts or wheeled carriages of any given afterwards to Mr. Abel, the kind, horses being used to carry naturalist of the embassy, in order loads; for this purpose the roads are to be arranged ; but they were subnumerous, and kept in excellent sequently lost, along with the whole order, being from six to ten feet of that gentleman's collection. wide.

“ Of their manufactures it is dif. * Their mode of dressing the ticult to speak with certainty. By ground is neat, and resembles the their own account the silks which Chinese, particularly in manuring they wear are Chinese, but the and irrigating it. This is most at- cotton cloths are made op this and tended to where the sugar-cane is the neighbouring islands; the printcultivated : they have, besides, to- ed patterns of these are not without bacco, wheat, rice, Indian corn, elegance. We saw no weaving millet, sweet potatoes, brinjals, and looms, but as we were only in a many other vegetables. The fields, few houses, this is not surprising : which are nicely squared, have con- the webs are thirty-six feet long, venient walks on the raised banks and fourteen inches broad. Tobacrunning round each. Along the co-pipes and fans are made at Loosides of the hills, and round the choo; as well as the sepulchral villages, the bamboo and rattan vases, of which there is a manufacgrow to a considerable size. The tory at Napakiang, from whence

they

asses.

they are exported to Oonting, and at a small hole, it is a very strong other parts of the island. Some of brine; this is reduced to salt by the pouches of the chiefs were made being boiled in vessels about three of cloth, which they say comes feet wide and one deep. The cakes from China ; it is exactly like our resulting from this operation are an broad cloth. We tried in vain to inch and an half in thickness. learn what goods they send to China Of the population of this island in exchange for silks : perhaps sul- we know nothing satisfactory: the phur fornis a part, which these natives invariably pleaded ignorance islands are said to produce, as well themselves; and as we had no preas tin. From the number of vessels cise data, our estimates were made constantly sailing out and in, it ap at random, and as they never agreed pears that they must have some with each other, they are not worthy trade, but our inquiries on this of notice. From the south point of and many other topics, though se. this island, to five or six miles north dulously pursued, led to nothing of Napakiang, an extent of sixteen satisfactory, owing probably rather or eighteen miles, the country is 10 our ignorance of the language, highly cultivated, and is almost en. than to any wish on their part to tirely covered with villages. All withbold information ; because, on round Port Melville too there are topics which had no reference to the populous villages, but the north, royal family or the women, they in north-east and eastern places are general spoke freely.

thinly peopled, and not cultivated to “We had frequent opportunities any extent. We saw nothing like of seeing their method of making poverty or distress of any kind : salt, and an accouni of it may, per- every person that we met seemed haps, be interesting. Near the sea, contented and happy.

We saw no large level fields are rolled or beat deformed people, nor any who bore so as to have a hard surface. Over indications of disease, except a few this is strewn a sort of sandy black who were marked with the small-pox. earth, forming a coat about a quar- " The style of living of those ter of an inch thick. Rakes and with whom we associated is geneother implements are used to make rous and free; their custom of carit of a uniform thickness, but it is rying about their dinner in boxes, not pressed down. During the heat and making little pic-nic parties, is of the day, men are employed to peculiarly striking, and they apbring water in tubs from the sea, peared fully sensible of the advan. which is sprinkled over these fields iage of bringing people together in by means of a short scoop. The this way, and expressed much satisheat of the sun, in a short time, faction at the ready way in which evaporates the water, and the salt is we fell into a custom from which left in the sand, which is scraped up all formality was dismissed. They and put into raised receivers of ma- shewed, moreover, a good deal of sonry about six feet by four, and five discernment, and could adapt them. deep. When the receiver is full of selves to the character of the parthe sand, sea water is poured on the ticular person they happened to be top, and this, in its way down, in company with, in a manner very carries with it the salt left by eva- remarkable ; but this was evidently poration. When it runs out below the result not of cunning, but of

correct

correct feelings, and of a polite fidence. But if he should betray habit of thinking.

any impatience, or be at all barsh in “Of their manners, little need be treating with them, he may rest added here to what every page of assured that he will lose much time, the narrative will show. It ought and in all probability fail at last in to be particularly noticed, however, his attempts to establish an unrethat they are an exceedingly timo- served and friendly intercourse. rous people, and naturally suspici- " As Loo.choo, however, lies ous of foreigners. A stranger visit- quite out of the track of trading ing Loo-choo ought therefore to ships, and does not appear to pro. keep these features of their charac- duce any thing of value itself, and ter constantly in mind. By imitar- as the inhabitants seem indifferent ing Captain Maxwell's wise plan of about foreign commodities, and if treating the natives with gentleness they wished to possess them, are and kindness, and shewing every without money to make purchases, consideration for their peculiarities, it is not probable that this island he will stand the best chance of will be soon revisired." gaining their good-will and con

BELLES

BELLES LETTRES,

AND

Antiquities.

ARTICLE 1.-Character of Shakespear's Plays : BY WILLIAM

Hazlitt.

А

LL the works of this Author seems to us to possess no clear,

are so characteristic of him, comprehensive, and fixed principles in almost every sentence, that he on which his praise or bis censure could never expect to conceal him- proceeds. Those passages in this self by publishing anonymously; and all his works, in which he atand there is scarcely any author of tempts to lay down such principles, the present day, about whose merits

are vague and obscure. He is also there is such a decided difference of unequal to the regular developeopinion. By some he is held up as ment of his thoughts; and is more a most original, profound, and elo. anxious, or better able to surprise quent critic, endowed with great the reader into his own opinions, power of language ; by others, he is by the singularity of his remarks, scouted as a man full of conceit or of the style in which they are and affectation, with taste, judg- conveyed, than to lead bin grament, and principles alike erro- dually to coincide with bim, by the

force of his reasoning, or to win The truth seems to be, that his him over, by an appeal to his excellencies and his faults as feelings. author are both equally glaring and His style is often pertly fainiliar, obtrusive; and that whichsoever and sometimes offensively egotistiof these, from prepossession, preju- cal; and a great many of his redice, or other circumstances, strikes marks are well suited to such a the reader first, fills bis mind so style. At other times, his style is completely, and fixes on it so power- overloaded with metaphorical lanfully, that he cannot perceive, or guage, to such a degree, that the will not acknowledge the opposite ihought, if good or original, is so qualities.

concealed as not to be seen, or so We must confess, that we do not disfigured as not to be recognised. entertain a very high opinion of This style however has its advanMr. Hazlitt's powers as a critic: he tages; for it often deceives the

reader

neous.

an

reader into a belief that he has met of intellect; a vivid but not a pure with something new, acute, or pro- perception of the powers and beaufound, whereas no such thing ex- ties of genius, and occasionally an ists; and we strongly suspect that originality of thought; all of which if the outrageous admirers of Mr. would appear to much greater adHazlitt would examine into the vantage if they were accompanied, source of their adiniration, they aided, and directed by greater simwould find it to spring much more plicity of mind, and a more chaste from the manner than the substance and refined taste ; and if they were of his writings. At the same time, not degraded and weakened by conwe are decidedly of opinion, that ceit, affectation, pertness, illibehe possesses considerable acuteness rality, and prejudice.

CRITICISM ON HAMLET.

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“ Tuis is that Hamlet the Dane, in the reader's mind. It is we who whom we read of in our youth, are Hamlet. This play has a proand whom we may be said almost phetic truth, which is above ihat to remember in our after-years; he of history. Whoever has become who made that famous soliloquy on thoughtful and melancholy through life, who gave the advice to the his own mishaps or those of others; players, who thought “ this goodly whoever has borne about with him frame, the earth, a steril pronon- the clouded brow of reflection, and tory, and this brave o'er-hanging thought himself “ 100 much i th' firmament, the air, this majestica sun;" whoever has seen the golden roof fretted with golden fire, a foul lamp of day dimmed by envious and pestilent congregation of va- mists rising in his own breast, and pours; wbom man delighted could find in the world before bim not, nor woman neither;" he who only a dull blank with nothing left talked with the grave-diggers, and remarkable in it; whoever has moralised on Yorick's skull; the known "the pangs of despised school-fellow of Rosencrantz and love, the insolence of office, or the Guildenstern at Wittenberg; the spurns which patient merit of the friend of Horatio; the lover of unworthy takes ;" he who has felt Ophelia; he that was mad and sent bis mind sink within him, and sad. to England ; the slow avenger of ness cling to his heart like a malady, his father's death ; who lived at the who has had his hopes blighted and court of Horwendillus five hundred his youth staggered by the appariyears before we were born, but all tions of strange things; who cannot whose thoughts we seem to know be well at ease, while he sees evil as well as we do our own, because hovering near bin like a spectre; we have read them in Shakespear. whose powers of action have been

“ Hamlet is a name ; bis speeches eaten up by thought, he to whom and sayings but the idle coinage of the universe seems infinite, and the poet's brain. What then, are himself nothing; whose bitterness they not real ? They are as real as of soul makes him careless of conour own thoughts. Their reality is sequences, and who goes to a play

as

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