Herodotus, with a Comm. by J. W. Blakesley

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General Books LLC, 2013 - 142 strán (strany)
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1854 edition. Excerpt: ...the normal subjunctive, but contains the with of the speaker for the contemplated re-sult, over and above the sense which would follow from the subjunctive; "or fall (as the gods grant he may I) under ut Tov ruy Toix e....?x1' "one of the walls of which communicated with the outside of the house." For the use of the word iatxt'y, see note on 138. rtxvAffaxro OlKoboflttOV rby dTJffCtVpbvrovssaaiXios. Muller (Orchomeiiue, pp. 95, seqq.) endeavours to show that the story of the two brothers robbing the treasury of the king, and the escape of one of the two by the bold expedient of decapitating the other who was caught, is an ancient Minytean tradition, which was carried (he conceives) like many others to Egypt, and afterwards reproduced by the i(-i yriTai as a native Egyptian story. The grounds of this opinion consist mainly in the existence of a story, almost identical in its circumstances, in which the two brothers are Agamedes and Trophonius. Paukani As found it current at Orehomemu in Bceotia, where Hyrieus (the eponymous founder of Hyrea) was made the owner of the robbed treasurehouse (ix. 37. 3). Charax of Pergamus related a similar adventure in the treasure-house of Augeas at Elit. He made Agamedes king of Stymphalus in Arcadia, and Trophonius his son; and the victim who lost his head Cercyon, another son of Agamedes; and he added the further circumstance that Daedalus, who happened to be at the court of Augeas, both devised the snare in which Cercyon was taken and put Augeas on the track of the fugitives (ap. Schol. ad Arittoph. Nub. 608). But, although an ethnical connexion between the Minyaeans and the Epeans (Augeas's subjects) may be al lowed, and the names of..

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Herodotus was the inventor of universal history. Often called the Father of History, his histories are divided into nine books named after the nine muses. A native of Halicarnassus on the coast of Asia Minor (modern Bodrum, Turkey), he traveled extensively, writing lively descriptions of the lands he saw and the peoples he encountered. Herodotus set out to relate the story of the conflict of the Greeks of his own time against the "barbarian" Asiatic empire of Achaemenid Persia. His long narrative, titled by modern convention The Histories, begins with the earliest traditions he believed reliable. It ends with a highly colored account of the defeat of the Persian emperor Xerxes and his immense army of slaves by a much smaller number of Greeks fighting to preserve their freedom. Herodotus wrote history, but his methods and assumptions were not those of a modern historian, and his work was unjustly rejected by his successor Thucydides as factually highly unreliable and full of inappropriate romance. By his own admission, Herodotus retold the stories of other peoples without necessarily believing them all. This allowed him total artistic freedom and control to create a picture of the world that corresponded entirely to his own view of it. The result is a picture of Herodotus's world that is also a picture of his mind and, therefore, of many other Greek minds during the period known as "late Archaic." During this period, the Greek mind was dominated by reason, the domain of the first philosophers and the observant and thoughtful medical theorists of the Hippocratic school. Traditional beliefs in the gods of Homer and in their Oracles, especially the Oracle at Delphi, also dominated during this period. The literary genius of Herodotus consisted in the art of the storyteller. The stories he chose to tell, and the order in which he told them, provide his readers with a total view of his world and the way in which the will of the gods and the ambitions of humans interacted to produce what is known as history. For this reason the ancient critic Longinus justly called Herodotus "the most Homeric of all authors." Like Homer, Herodotus strove to understand the world theologically---a goal that makes his work difficult for the reader to understand at first. But, in place of Homer's divine inspiration, Herodotus used his eyes and ears and wrote not poetry but prose. Rejecting what is commonly known as myth, he accepted instead "oral tradition" about remembered events. For example, although he believed that the Trojan War had been fought, he could not investigate it beyond what the poets had said. In his view this "ancient history" of the Greeks and the peoples of Asia was not like contemporary history, because the heroes of old who had created it were beings of a different and superior order who had had a different, direct, and personal relationship with the gods. In recognizing this distinction, Herodotus defined for all time the limits of the historian's discipline.

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