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any form that taste or fancy may sug- has been proved, we think, that, in
gest. We are perfectly aware of the the case before us, there are mate-
difficulties that oppose such an appli. rials to work upon; and, whenever
cation of the gas; but we have un- this becomes the general opinion, we
bounded confidence in the skill and shall not be afraid of the best means
ingenuity of our countrymen, when being adopted to turn them to ac.
they are once fairly brought into ac- count. Whether ingenuity should be
tion. The gigantick steam engine has left to its own workings, and the sti.
been reduced to a convenient, and mulus of private gain, or restrained
even portable size; and its power and directed by the interference of
made so divisible, as to be dealt out government, is a question which we
in portions to petty manufacturers, do not feel ourselves called upon to
who know nothing of the machine, decide.
but by the power which they hire. It

FROM THE BRITISH CRITICK.

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Fragments in Prose and Verse. By a Young Lady, lately deceased. With some Ac

count of her Life and Character. By the Author of “Sermons on the Doctrines and Duties of Christianity.” Fourth Edition. 8vo. 227 pp. 1808.

AT certain protracted intervals could believe that a very young woof time, some extraordinary pheno- man should be, not superficially, but menon makes its appearance in the thoroughly and familiarly acquainted intellectual world, so gifted and so with Hebrew, Arabick, Persick, Ladistinguished above its fellows as to tin, Greek, Erse, and all, or almost excite one universal feeling of won- all, the languages of Europe ; that der and admiration. No one will she was expert in mathematicks; presume to deny that this has hap- perspective, musick, dancing, drawpened more frequently in one sex ing, and, to crown the whole, a than in the other; and that though charming poet. That she was not many females have appeared, whose equally and alike accomplished in all claims to genius and learning also these branches of art and science will never be denied, there have been may easily be imagined, and her no rivals to the illustrious names of warmest admirers may readily conHomer, Plato, Archimedes, to New- cede; but sufficient proofs remain fon, Locke, or Milton. Never, how. that she was elevated in powers of ever, since the time of madam Schur- mind, natural and acquired, above inan, have we heard of a woman general competition. whose endowments, natural and ac- Her life, we are sorry to add, was quired, have been equal to those of short, and checkered by misfortune. the individual, the Fragments of All that seems necessary on our part whose writings are here preserved, is, first, to thank the editor for the and edited with great modesty, part she has acted, in erecting this though with a becoming animation durable mausoleum to her friend ; of friendship.

and, in the next place, by a selection Of what kind they are, and how from the Fragments, to enable the generally acceptable, is sufficiently reader to judge how far the high apparent from their having already commendations which precede, are to passed through three large editions. be justitied. Who, from authority less strong and The first feature which presents less satisfactory than that which is in itself, is that of poetical taste and tathis small volume before the reader, lent. In these accomplishments,

ear;

Miss Smith, for so we understand Words such as ne'er were given to mortal this excellent young woman was

I tell the wos to morrow's sun shall bring, named, might, by cultivation, have

Cambria shall fall, shall lose her much. attained the greatest reputation. The loved king following ode will sufficiently prove, On Vaga's banks, near to where once that in making this assertion, we do Buillt stood, not pass the limits of truth.

O'erlooking fair Sabrina's silver flood,

Pierced with a spear ingloriously. he'll fall, “A supposed translation from a Welsh

Whence future times that spot shall Poem, lately dug up at Piercefield, in the

Piercefield call.' same spot where Llewellyn ap Gryffyd

So saying, like the meteor's blaze, was slain, Dec. 10th, 1281.

The spirit Aies; • Round Snowdon's shaggy brows grim

And while I gaze, darkness hung,

The dim red light in darkness dies ! Save that the moon, the gathered clouds

But, oh, my country! how shall I de. among,

plore Shot forth at times a dimly-gleaming ray,

Cambria shall be no Then watery, pale, turned her sad face Thy cruel doom?

more! away. In Merlin's cave I sate,

Llewellyn too, our guardian king, shall

fall, And marked her tearful eye:

In him we lose our only hope, our all ! Which seemed to mourn the fate Decreed for some on high.

Blow, ye winds; and roar, ye waves;

Rend the mountains' inmost caves ; “What fate's decreed by heaven, blest Let loose the spirits of the storm, beam of night,

Bid them rise in human form. That so disturbs thy sweetly-snriling light ?

“ More fierce than they, in human form No more it shines ;-Thou turn'st thy face with scorn,

appears

That barbarous prince, who causes afl And darkly leav'st me, wretched and for

our tears ; lorn. Dɔwn the steep the torrent roars,

A tiger's heart he bears beneath that face,

Which seems to promise honour, goodLoud the thunder rings from far,

ness, grace. Billows shake the rocky shores,

Let lightning flash,
All resounds the din of war.

And thunder growl, " But hark !-This elemental war is Let torrents dash, drowned

And the black tempest o'er me In one more great, and more terrifick

scowl ; sound;

This soul, in unison with every gust, A sound high Snowdon from his base to

Shall rage and burn till I be turned to tear,

dust; A sound the spirits of the dead shall fear! Ne'er shall I patient brook my country's Spirits of my sires, attend !

doom, Down from your clouds, ye blest ones, But sighing, sorrowing, sink into the tomb. bend !

“ DAUGHTERS OF CAMBRIA, with me Tell me, whence these shrieks of wo

mourn, With cries of death confusedly flow? Sing the sad wo-breathing strain ; “Great Merlin, thou, the chief of prophets, From your fair heads the ringlets torn hear !

Scatter round the ensanguined plain. To thy own cave 'mid stormy winds draw No more in summer's even tide

Your gentle flocks you'll lead
Pour on my darkened soul thy light divine, To where the brook, with flowery side,
And give it in fair truth's bright blaze to Slow wanders through the mead;
shine,

But soon to conquerors rude a prey,
He comes, he comes, in mist arrayed, You'll quit your native land,
Slow and solemn glides the shade !

And drag through life your mournful way,
And while he speaks, the earth stands A wretched, captive band !
still,

“ WARRIOURS; break the sounding mail, Listening to his mighty will.

Cast down the lance, the helm untie ; “ Heaven-favoured bard, my words at- Arms shall now no more avail, tentive hear,

For you before the foe shall Aty.

near ;

No more, in deeds of arms renowned, some went over it to the islands within You'll dare the single fight;

sight, which form the Eastern Archipelago; Or with exulting laurels crowned,

and others followed the coast northwards, Assert your country's right;

till they came to some point from whence But to the woods and marshes driven, they could see America. Thither some Ingloriously you'll sigh ;

of them went; while others spread themFor ah ! to you it is not giv'n

selves westward, and these people I take Amidst your friends to die !

to be the barbarians of the north, who “ To Piercefield's Cliffs I'll now a pilgrim afterwards overran all Europe, and who go,

were the same as the wandering Tartars, Shed o'er my prince beloved the tears of their brethren, now are. Thus the proWO;

phecy is fulfilled ; for Japhet is indeed exThere will I seek some deep and rocky tended, and at this

day inhabits the tents cell,

of Shem all over Europe. This theory Amidst the thick entangled wood to dwell ; seems to me to derive great force from There indulge my plaintive theme,

the similarity of manners between the To the wan moon's icy beam ;

wandering tribes of the north, the TarWhile the rocks responsive ring,

tars, and the Americans ; for though some To my harp's high-sounding string ;

nations of America, from a long residence Vaga stops her rolling tide,

in one place, have acquired a degree of Listening to her ancient pride ;

civilisation, yet there is always a tradition Birds and beasts my song attend,

of their having been in a wild state. It And mourn with me our country's fatal

is reasonable to suppose the descendants end!” p. 13.

of Japhet, in constantly travelling about,

would lose all the knowledge they had What next, and very strongly im- gained from Noah, except such as was pressed us in the perusal of this vo- absolutely necessary for their subsistence. lume, is the turn and employment of We find the descendants of Shem alone, the author's mind, in the general who remained nearly stationary, and the conciuci and occupations of her life. Egyptians and Chinese who settled soon This is apparent from her reflections

after they left Babel, had leisure to culti

vate the sciences before the elements of from time to time written down in

them were lost. From my ignorance of her little pocket books. Some of the Chinese language, I am at a loss to these also we transcribe.

determine whether the inhabitants of “ From the little information I can col.

China are descended from Shem or Japhet; lect by tracing languages towards their

the position of the country would incline source, it appears probable that when the one to believe the latter; though their inhabitants of the earth quarrelled at Ba

manners, so unlike their Tartar neiglibel, and dispersed in consequence, Ham

bours, seem to contradict it; yet this obturned, as is generally allowed, towards jection may be done away, by supposing Africa, where Egypt was afterwards

them to settle immediately after the discalled by his name, and by that of his persion, which appears probable from son Misraim. Shem remained in the west

their reckoning the cycle of sixty years ern parts of Asia, and spread from thence

from a period so remote as 2277 B. C. over Europe. This opinion is founded on

which answers exactly to the building of the very strong traces of the Persian lan

Babel. Their language consists entirely guage which yet remain in the Celtick

of monosyllables, which, with their known and all European tongues, not excepting clines me to think that it may, perhaps, dif,

dislike of innovation in every thing, inGreek and Latin; though the modern Persian, with which I compare them, is

fer less than any other from the original itself derived from the Pellevi, the an

language, or at least from that of Noah.” cient language.of Persia, which probably p. 52. had a much greater affinity with the Cel

Let those, and alas they form too tick. Noah says, in the 9th chapter of numerous a class of society, who Genesis ; May God extend Japhet, and spend their time either in idleness, or may he inherit the tents of Shem.” In in continually making good resoluthe 10th chapter it is said, that the islands tions, of which the seductions of the were peopled by the descendants of Japhet. From these circumstances I con.

world prevent the practice, read and clude that the family of Japhet went east

meditate on what succeeds. ward from Babel, till, coming to the sea,

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tones

F Being now arrived at what are called who are delighted with that species of xeats of discretion, and looking

back on composition, which we confess we are my past life with shame and confusion,

not. when I recollect the many advantages I have had, and the bad use I have made Some beautiful poetry is occasionof them, the hours I have squandered, ally interspersed with her reflections, and the opportunities of improvement I and the poem in blank verse at p. 97, have neglected ;-when I imagine what, with those advantages, I ought to be, and

on some remarkably sweet find myself what I am; I am resolved to en- issuing from the wood on the fire, deavour to be more careful for the future, if during a severe frost, exhibit a very the future be granted me; to try to make pleasing proof with what facility and amends for past negligence, by employing elegance the writer could diversify every moment I can command to some

her style and metre. Translations good purpose; to endeavour to acquire also from the German are occasionalall the little knowledge that human nature is capable of on earth, but to let the word ly introduced ; but what must ever of God be my chief study, and all others entitle Miss Smith to the highest subservient to it; to model myself, as far degree of praise, and occasion her as I am able, according to the gospel of “Jaudari a laudatis,” are her versions Christ; to be content while my trial from the Hebrew, which are consilasts, and when it is finished to rejoice, dered by those who are competent trusting in the merits of my Redeemer. I have written these resolutions to stand to decide on their merits, as being as a witness against me, in case I should remarkable for their accuracy. Per. be inclined to forget them, and to return haps the remarks on Locke, at p. to my former indolence and thoughtless. 141, et seq. may be pointed out as ness, because I have found the inutility the most striking and most satisfacof mental determinations. May God grant me strength to keep them !*** p. 57. tory example of precision of thought, Miss Smith, it appears, was, in the

and acuteness of reasoning, in the earlier part of her life, an admirer of whole volume. Enough, however, Ossian; but this partiality subsided af- has been said, and sufficient proofs, ter she became acquainted with the

we conceive, introduced to justify the learned languages. * An imitation of assertion, that this lady was no comOssian appears at p. 77, et seq. which mon character. And, when, in adcannot fail of being acceptable to all dition to all that has been said above,

it is remembered, that a spirit of *“Of this paper Mrs. S. says: 'I genuine Christian piety, faith, hope, firmly believe this prayer was accepted; and charity, untinctured by fanaticism for 1 do not recollect any instance in and undebased by affectation, characwhich she could justly be accused of terized her short but active life, who either indolence or thoughtlessness, ex

will not unite with us in the regret, cept on the subject of her health. On that point she trusted too much to the that such a light should be shown for strength of a naturally good constitution ; so short a time to the world? But and had so little confidence in human God seeth not as man seeth, and skill, that she neglected such means in his will be done. the commencement of her last illness, as in all probability would have removed it."

a

FROM THE LITERARY PANORAMA.

Récit Historique de la Campagne de Buonaparte en Italie. Historical Account of the

Campaign of Buonaparte in Italy, in the years. 1795 and 1796. By an Eye Witness. 8vo. London, 1808.

WHEN two opposite parties therefore, is founded on the uniform divide the world with fierce conten- tenour of the man's conduct, rather tion, the man who, from whatever than on the writer's testimony. The circumstances, is placed at the head charges he prefers against Buonaof one of them, can hardly be rightly parte are highly probable, but we appreciated by his contemporaries. could not record them as historians, While he pursues his triumphant ca- nor admit them as criticks. reer, he is a deity to his followers,

This work, the author informs us, who worship in him that fortune which is their idol, and shouts of victory written to confute another work, pub

in his introduction, was purposely drown the accusing voice of his injured, but conquered foe. On the pagne du Général Buonaparte en Ita

lished in Paris in 1797, entitled Camother hand, malignity too often preys lie, pendant les Années IV. et V. de la on exalted characters, and cankers that laurel which it could not blast. République Françoise, par un Officier

Général. Posterity alone, by comparing the several testimonies, when hope and In that performance, Buonaparte, fear, gratitude and resentment, have of course, derives his triumphs solely lost their sway, is enabled to form an from his own genius and bravery ; impartial judgment. In that trial of but in the publication before us he is fame, the character of the writers, represented in a different character, on both sides has necessarily a great indeed! With an immense supeweight:but, this is an anonymous riority of forces he purchases petty publication !

advantages by an immense sacrifice These reflections are rather meant of lives; all his conquests are preas general, than as applying to the pared by treason, and his frequent man whose deeds are the theme of blunders in the field are repaired by this work. Indeed, his offences are treachery. In the most critical mo“ too rank,” his crimes are too noto- ments, he pretends to capitulate, and rious, to admit of a doubt or of a pal- snatches victory froin the hands of liation. Besides, the same scenes of his loo credulous antagonist. Sometreachery, plunder, and devastation, thing like this, we have heard often, which were acted in Italy, are now from good authority ; but does the acting in Spain. There, too, generals author think that his unavowed puband officers have been seduced, others lication will convince the dazzled have been tampered with ; most enor- multitude, the mass who have not mous atrocities have followed deceit had the same means of information ? ful promises of friendship and protec- To tear the laurels, however unde. tion. We easily believe, that Buona- served, from the guilty head of a sucparte made use of the influence of cessful villain, indirect means are the archbishop of Milan to pacify the unavailing and unbecoming. Truth incensed inhabitants of Pavia, under scorns to be defended but by manlipromises of forgiveness, and that he Besides, we cannot reconcile afterwards disarmed them and gave it to our feelings as Englishmen, that the town to plunder (as our author officers of rank, however culpable in affirms, pp. 117, &c.) for the same appearance, should be accused of hahas been done in Madrid; the same ving sold themselves to the enemy of promises have been held out to the their country for money, without beinhabitants of Vittoria. Our opinion, ing afforded an opportunity of meet

ness.

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