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YORKSHIRE.

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The following are the Particulars of the Execution of Mary Bateman, and Jahn

Brown. MARY BATEMAN, the aban- stars favourable to her in a sweete doned creature who was executed, heart. She carried on this religious was a follower of the principles of mummery to the last. It is a dread. Joanna Southcote-only improving ful thought, that this wretch, by the deception into robbery, barbarity, and same means, and by a complete murder, she affected the visions- knowledge of poisons, had before the trances--the thumpings--the se. destroyed the lives of two innocent cond sight of that wretched sect: women, whom she robbed of every large bodies of whom, from Leeds, thing they had ; and that had Perigo attended the execution, on Monday died as well as his wife, this would se’nnight; the more simple part of have been the fourth life a victim to whom imagined that a miracle would her infernal arts. be worked in her favour, and that she The child, which had been suckwould be saved by the interposition ing for a year past, at her breast, of Heaven ! Notwithstanding all the was taken from her some little time prayers and exhortations of the cler- before her execution. Strange to tell! gyman, she obstinately persisted in she gave it up without a pang-She denying that she had poisoned the parted from it without one emotion ! woman, for whom she suffered, and -Brown was given to be dissected died extremely hardened and unre- and anatomized at York: and Mary penting.–Brown, the soldier of the Bateman conveyed in a cart to the York rangers, and who was one of the infirmary at Leeds. The road from worst looking fellows ever seen, ex- York to Leeds, on Monday, was pired equally unaffected; denying, thronged the whole of the afternoon to the last, the murder he had before with foot passengers, horses, and gigs £onfessed, and which was clearly returning from the execution; and proved on his trial! At eleven o'clock, notwithstanding the lateness of the these two culprits were brought on hour, eleven in the evening, when the scaffold, and after praying a short the cart, with her body approached zime with the ordinary, were con- the town, it was met by a number ducted to the drop, and were launch- of people. On the following day, ed, by the instantaneous falling of Tuesday, the body was exhibited in it, into that state where repentance the surgeon's room at the infirmary, comes too late. It is a curious matter at 3d. each person, and an immense to state, that so ingrained and assi- number of people were admitted to milated to her disposition had become view her remains; the greater part Mary Bateman's taste for plunder of whom evinced predominant superand witchcraft, that from the poor stition, by touching part of the body woman who had attended on herself before they left the room, to prevent and child in the prison, she con- her terrifick interference with their trived to steal a guinea, by telling the nocturnal dreams. woman's fortune, and making the April, 1809.

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VOL. II.

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THE LATE GENERAL PAOLI. Questo grand’uomo mandato per Dio a liberare la Patria.** SIGNOR PASQUALE PAOLI of colonel in the service of the king was born at Rostino, in the island of of France ; but who was publickly Corsica (as would appear from a va. poniarded in the midst of his followriety of circumstances) in the year ers, by a Genoese. The assassin ha1726. He was the second son of ving been cut in pieces by the indigHiacinte Paoli, who had always been nant multitude, the senate decreed attached to the popular cause; and that the expenses of a funeral cereconsequently was a sworn enemy to mony should be defrayed by the pubthe Genoese ; for they had attempted lick ; and at the same time proposed, to subjugate his native country, both that a statue should be erected to his by fraud and by arms; and, instead honour in the hall of the ducal palace, of endeavouring to acquire the ata by the side of that of $Andrew Dotachment of the nation, had planted ria! the seeds of an unconquerable hatred, In 1725, the Genoese having inby their rapaciousness, their cruelty, sisted that, instead of tithes in kind, and their injustice. Uniting a narrow, the full value in money should be commercial jealousy with a fondness paid by the islanders, a new revolt for fiscal tyranny, a capitation, a tithe, broke out, and the standard of liberty and a hearth-tax, three of the most was once more unfurled by those odious imposts that could be devised, hardy islanders. On this, the prewere levied with an uncommon de tensions of their oppressors, instead gree of strictness, and that too on a of being diminished, were increased. nation totally devoid of wealth ; while They insisted that all the commodities they were, at the same time, desti. of the country should be sold to them tute of the means of supporting their alone. They seized on a lake for their new burthens, by being deprived of own use, called stagno di Diana ; the trade and manufactures. But this waters of which were converted into was not all; for the poor Genoese salt by the rays of the sun, while the nobles, who had modestly appended families of the Ciaccaldi and Raffaelli the royal crown of Corsicat to the were deprived of their estates, in arms of the republick, were sent over, consequence of the most frivolous from time to time, to enrich them- pretexts. selves with the spoils of an impove- On this, Pompiliani and Fabio Firished people ; and like the Baillis of linghieri were elected the leaders of Switzerland, pay their debts, and re- the insurgents; and, although the deem their castles, by means of every latter was put to death by the poniard species of oppression.

a new war was prevented only by the An avenger was at length found, intervention of the emperour in 1732, in the person of Sampiero, a native who had sent prince Louis of WirCorsican, who had obtained the rank temberg to Corsica, with a body of

6000 men, to the assistance of the A Corsican proverb, applied to Paoli republick. by his countrymen.

Notwithstanding the concordat that † The bank of St. George had a much followed, the Genoese governed with better claim to the honour of emblazoning their usual injustice, and the Corsia crown on its paper money, as it actually cans obeyed with the same reluctance advanced the whole of the treasure for the extinction of certain claims on the part of the kings of Naples and Aragon, in this place, that the memory of this

It may not be unnecessary to observe and received in return the island of Cor. sica, by way of mortgage.

great man was never disgraced by giving him an assassin for a colleague.

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as before. In a short time after, the eight nobles, at the head of whom former having found means to seize we find the marquis Hiacinte de on and imprison those whom they Paoli, with the rank of marshal getermed the ringleaders during the neral. late insurrection, a new war broke Soon after this, the king of France forth in consequence of so gross a

ordered a body of men,

under general breach of faith.

de Maillebois, to land in Corsica, for This event gave birth to the pro. the express purpose of assisting the jects of Anthony, baron de Neuhoff, Genoese. But as the natives were in one of the most extraordinary men no small degree formidable, this comrecorded in history. After having mander offered his mediation. It studied politicks under the celebrated however was refused on the part of Swedish minister, baron Goertz, and the marquis de Paoli, but accepted served during some time along with by his countrymen. On this, he imthat great warriour, Charles XII. he mediately left his native island, in entered into the service of the empe- company with his two sons, and rerour; resided during a short period paired to the continent. Having obat Florence, in the capacity of his tained the countenance of one of the imperial majesty's minister; and ha- neighbouring princes, into whose ving received an offer of the crown of service (we believe) he entered, Hia. Corsica, provided he would place cinte settled at Naples. While there, himself at the head of the insurgents, he soon perceived the seeds of extrahe accordingly repaired to Aleria, on ordinary talents in his second son, board a vessel mounting 24 guns, and Pasquale ; and being determined to carrying an English flag. Soon after bestow a good education on him, he this (in March, 1736) he was con- placed his favourite child under the ducted to Corte, the capital of this Jesuits, then esteemed the best masisland; and, in a general assembly of ters in Europe. Thus confided to the inhabitants, was immediately their tuition, he attained an extraorelected *king of Corsica and Capraja, dinary degree of proficiency in the under the name of Theodore I. learned languages. Active, sober,

But, as the natives have ever been never indulging idleness, or abanimpatient of superiority, they soon doning either his mind or body to the became to the full as tired of their grosser pleasures of sensuality, he, new sovereign then, as they were of at an early period of life, conceived the English about half a century af- the bold idea of placing himself at terwards; and both were accordingly the head of his nation, and becoming obliged to abdicate. The retreat of its deliverer. Meanwhile, he was the former, however, must be allow- introduced at court, obtained a comed to have been more honourable, as mission in the service of Naples, and his majesty, king Theodore, withdrew endeavoured to make himself acfor the express purpose of obtaining quainted with the art of war. supplies, after having convoked a At an early period of his life, he consulta, in which he took a solemn displayed a lofty port, and exhibited and publick leave of the nation. He what he himself was pleased to term also established a regency, and, by an “ Una superbia indicibile.” edict published at Sartene, conferred His mind, at the same time, be. the provisional governmenton twenty- came deeply imbued with all the an

cient precepts relative to liberty ; * Theodore I. coined money, establish- and when spoken to respecting the ed laws, instituted the Order of Deliver- dangers that must be necessarily enance, and created a number of nobles, among whom was the father of Paoli, who countered in attempting to enfranobtained the dignity of a marquis, and the chise his country, he was accustomed post of grand treasurer.

nere,

to reply by means of a line from ers and supplications to heaven for Virgil :

your prosperity and protection." “ Vincit amor patriæ laudumque immensa Having repaired to his native island, cupido."

he found a sudden change in respect Meanwhile, his father, who appears to the difference of manners. For to have been a man of talents,* the people there were still rude, unbrought him up with the most noble couth, and, in some respects, savage. notions, and carefully inculcated the They seemed, however, admirably practice of all the heroick virtues. In fitted for war; and exhibited, at the addition to this, his own mind being same time, a steady determination filled with important objects, his pas. either to recover their lost indepen. sions, instead of being wasted in igno- dence, or perish in the attempt. ble pursuits, were occupied solely As it was impossible, on account of with important objects. Accustomed his extreme youth, that he should to contemplate and to reason on the all at once aspire to the honour of practires of former times, he took being one of the chiefs of his nation, part with the stoicks in preference to Paoli officiated for a considerable the epicureans and was eager to re- time as secretary to Caffori, a phy. mark, that while the former had sician, who happened to be one of produced but one great man, the other his own kinsmen, and who was at could boast of a multitude.”+

this period at the head of the mal. Hi mor-s, hæc duri immota Catonis contents. At length, on the assassi. Secta fuitservare modum, finemque te. nation of that leader, he presented

himself as his successour ; but he Naturamque sequi, patriæque impendere vitan,

was opposed by signor Matra, the Nec sibi sed toti genitum se credere

son of a marquis of the same name, mundo."

who, like Paoli's own father, had been Lucan. Pharsal. lib. ii. 1. 380. attached to the popular cause, and At length the time arrived when formed, in conjunction with him, one Paoli was to carry his schemes into of the council of regency. Being a execution. He accordingly took leave man of noble sentiments, and uniting of his father, who, after embracing the patriot and the warriour in his him with affection, expressed himself own person, he formed a formidable as follows:

rival to Pasquale ; and the adherents " My dear son,

I
may possibly

of both parties having armed on the never see yon again ; but in imagina- occasion, the Paolists were defeated, tion, I shall ever attend on your foot- and obliged, with their chief, to take steps. Your design is great and no- refuge in a convent, where they were ble, and I doubt not but God will bless closely blockaded. But Matra soon and assist you in it. The little which after experienced the same tragical remains io me of life,” adds the end as his two predecessors, Samhoary chief, “ I shall consecrate to pieri and Caffori. On this, his comyour cause, by offering up my pray. petitor was immediately liberated

from his confinement, and publickly

canvassed for the chieftainship, now * There is a sonnetto still in existence written by Hiacinte Paoli to celebrate the

become once more vacant. exploits of his colleague, general Giafferi, Paoli appears to have been formed who afterwards retired, like himself, to by nature to attain the hearts and Naples, during the siege of Cordone. It suffrages of his countrymen ; for his begins with the two following lines :

deportment was grave and prudent, “ A coronar i'Eroe di Cirno invitto, Morte descenda e se l'nchini il fato, &c.” reflection rather than by age, while

and his judgment was matured by + A Tour to Corsica, by James Boswell, his patriotism was unquestioned, and Esq: p. 304.

his eloquence superiour to that of

was

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any of his rivals. He was according- actually laid the foundation of a ma. ly unanimously chosen generalissimo, ritime power; or, at least, what was in a full assembly of the people, considered as such in that part of the when he had attained but the 29th Mediterranean, although it only conyear of his age. This joyful event sisted, in 1760, of a few feluccas,

immediately announced, by under the command of count Perys, means of a proclamation, “ in the who was henceforward designated name of the supreme and general under the pompous title of high adcouncil of Corsica, addressed to the miral of Corsica. beloved people of that nation,” dated In 1761, the doge and senate of from St. Antonio of the White House, Genoa, perceiving the change lately July 15, 1755. It was there stated, effected among the natives, by the " that having determined on the elec- good conduct of one man, sent a detion of one political and general chief, putation to a general consulta, con. the voices had been unanimous in fa- voked at Vescovato, for the express vour of Pasquale Paoli, a man whose purpose of proposing terms of acvirlues and abilities rendered him commodation ; but as the pulse of particularly worthy. He had ex- liberty now beat high, it was unani. pressed great reluctance," it was mously resolved never to make any added, “to accept of the command, peace with the enemy, unless on the but had at length been prevailed upon express condition of Corsica being to take upon himself the government; guarantied in the full enjoyment of in the conduct of which he was to its independence. A memorial to the be assisted by two counsellors of same effect was also addressed, at the state, and one of the most reputable same time, to all the sovereigns of persons from each district, all of Europe. whom were to be changed once a At length, in 1768, this petty and inonth

tyrannical republick, being now in Paoli was accordingly intrusted despair of ever bending the Corsicans with the sole management of publick again to its yoke, actually determined affairs, both civil and military, and to dispose of the island to the best soon obtained such an ascendency bidder. Accordingly, the sovereignty over the minds of the people, that was transferred to France (at least, they implicitly assented to every

so far as such a transfer can be es. thing proposed in his name. As teemed legal) for the sum of forty his patrimony* was extremely slen- millions of livres, a large portion of der, it became absolutely necessary which was, however, deducted as an that he should obtain a settled reve antecedent debt. nue. His expenses were accordingly But Paoli, although greatly alarmprovided for, by means of an annual ed, was not utterly dismayed by this tax, called “ Il pane del generale." cession. On the contrary, he aroused

The situation of the island, in re- and prepared the spirit of his followspect to its internal government, ers for a fresh contention, and anima. being very unpromising, this chief ted them to persevere, with additional new modelled the laws, discouraged zeal, in the defence of their liberties assassinations, imported arms, and and independence against all opposers. established the appearance, if not He, at the same time, solemnly proreality, of subordination. In addi. mised never to abandon the cause ; tion to all this, he instituted schools, but either to triumph or fall at the erected a university at Corte, and head of his countrymen !

This heroick resolution, coupled It consisted solely, as has been con- with the justice of the cause in which fidently said, of a house and garden at he had embarked, obtained for him Rostino, the place of his birtlr.

the esteem and regard of every lover

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