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and exasperated the Brahmans, who the Hindoo religion. And there was saw their craft in danger, the Bengal no design to forbid the native Chrisgovernment thought it necessary to tians conversing with their countryrestrain their liberty; and they were men on Christianity; only they must in one or two instances ordered to

not go

out under the sanction of the retire from the districts which they missionaries. The magistrates adhad entered. Shortly after the news mitted that no complaint had ever of the Vellore mutiny had reached been lodged against the missionaries, Calcutta, two fresh missionaries, by and that they were well satisfied with name Chater and Robinson, arrived their character and deportment.” in the American ship Benjamin Notwithstanding this, an order of Franklin, captain Wickes. On pre- council was passed, commanding senting themselves at the police office, Messrs. Chater and Robinson to resome difficulty was made as to per- turn to Europe, and refusing captain mitting them to proceed to Seram- Wickes a clearance unless he took pore. On the following day Carey them back with him. This order went to the office, and was told by being communicated to the missionaone of the magistrates that they had ries, they represented to government a message to him from the governour " that captain Wickes cleared out general, which was: “ That as go- from Rotterdam for Serampore; that vernment did not interfere with the his clearing out from England for Seprejudices of the natives, it was his rampore was no more than a necesrequest that Mr. Carey and his col. sary step to accomplish the first inleagues would not." This request, tended voyages; that Messrs. Chater as explained by the magistrates, and Robinson were then at Seramamounted to this : “ They were not pore, and had joined the mission to preach to the natives, nor suffer under their direction, and the protecthe native converts to preach. They tion of the king of Denmark." This were not to distribute religious tracts, representation produced an inquiry nor suffer the people to distribute “ whether the missionaries were acthem. They were not to send forth tually under the protection of the converted natives, nor to take any Danish government ; or whether step by conversation or otherwise they only lived at Serampore from for persuading the natives to em- choice, as being a convenient situabrace Christianity.” Carey inquired tion."--Even in the latter case it whether they had any written com- should seem that the Bengal governmunication from the governour ge

ment had no authority to insist upon neral to this effect; and was answered their removal. To this inquiry the that they had not. He then took his Danish governour sent an answer, leave, assuring them that neither he stating, “ that on the missionaries nor his brethren wished to do any first coming to reside at Serampore, thing disagreeable to government, the late governour had represented to from which they could conscientious- his court that their conduct was such ly abstain. These orders were sof- as he highly approved, and that their tened in a subsequent conversation residence there was likely to be useful between the magistrates and a friend to the settlement; that io this an anto the missionaries. “ It was not swer had been sent by the court of meant,” they said, “ to prohibit Copenhagen, approving of their setthem from preaching at Serampore, tling at Serampore, and requiring nor in their own house at Calcutta; him to extend his protection to the only they must not preach at the mission; that in virtue of this high Loll Bazar. It was not intended to authority, he had taken Messrs. Chaprevent their circulating the Scrip- ter and Robinson under the protectures; but merely the tracts abusing tion of his Danish majesty; and that

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the missionaries were not to be con- zeal, introduced some strong epithets sidered as persons in debt who were reviling Mahomed. A copy was conbarely protected, but as persons un- veyed to a person in office. The affair der the patronage of the Danish go- was taken up in the most serious vernment.” It should be remembered, manner, and proceedings were comthat this did not arise from any ap- menced which, had they been carplication on their part. Necessity, notried into execution, must have been choice, fixed em at Serampore. ruinous to the mission. In conse* They were refused permission to set- quence, however, of an explanation, tle in the British dominions, and and a respectful memorial presented when protection was offered them to the governour general, the most by the Danish government, they serious part of the proceedings was could not do otherwise than grate- formally revoked. And when two of fully accept it. When this answer the missionaries waited on the goof the governour of Serampore had vernour to thank him for the candour been presented, captain Wickes ap- with which he had attended to their plied at the police office for a clear- memorial, his lordship replied: “That ance, and was told that the order of nothing more was necessary than a council had been confirmed. But mere examination of the subject, on soon afterwards the magistrates sent which every thing had appeared in a for him, and they talked over the clear and favourable light." All the business amicably. He stated to them printed tracts were examined upon that, “ the missionaries were willing, this occasion ; and as two others were if fair and friendly representation objected to, the missionaries were could not prevail, to give up the two required not to print any in future brethren rather than oppose govern- till the copy had been submitted to ment.” And he added, “ that though the inspection of government. it might be a serious affair both with These were the occasions on which America and Denmark, if he and the the civil authority had been appealed missionaries were to be obstinate, yet to, or had interfered, and such were they each considered the peace and the restrictions under which the misgood understanding of nations to be sion had been placed when the last à matter of such importance, that periodical accounts were published. they would give up almost any thing There were then ten missionaries at rather than be the occasion of inter- Serampore, and they had baptized rupting it.”

On this statement cap- about a hundred natives ; and they tain Wickes was furnished with the

were printing the Scriptures in six necessary papers for his departure ; languages, and translating them in and as government appeared to be six more ;—but this part of their dissatisfied with the continuance of labours will be spoken of more fitly the two missionaries, a new mission hereafter. Meantime an outcry has was undertaken to the kingdom of been raised in England against this Burmah, and Chater went with ano- attempt at the conversion of the Hinther brother to Rangoon to see how doos. The mission at Serampore ; far it was practicable.

the proceedings of the Bible Society Twelve months afterwards govern- in promoting the translating, printment found it expedient to interfere ing, and distributing of the Bible in upon another occasion.

A tract, Asia; the Memoir of Claudius Buwhich had been printed in Bengalee, chanan on the Expediency of an Ecwas given to a native convert to be clesiastical Establishment for British Iranslated in Persick, and, through India, and the discussion which that the pressure of business, was printed gentleman excited in England upon before it had been inspected by the the subject, have been represented missionaries. The translator, in his as connected with the mutiny at Vel

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Jore, and the disaffection of the native The right honourable the governour troops. A controversy ensued, which in council therefore deems it proper had been carried on with more than in this publick manner to repeat to usual virulence and unfairness of po. the native troops his assurance, that lemical writing; because on the one the same respect which has been inside there is a wretched cause, and variably shown by the British goon the other such deplorable advo- vernment for their religion and for cates as the Evangelical Magazine, their customs, will be always conti&c. It is well to be right in any nued, and that no interruption will company-yet it is almost mortifying be given to any native, whether Hinto be right in such company. Envy, doo or Mussulman, in the practice hatred, malice, and uncharitableness of his religious ceremonies." are not, however, all on this side, as Here certainly is an official docuwill appear

from a little attention to ment imputing the disaffection of what has been maintained by the the native troops to an opinion pre. adversaries of the mission. They valent among them, that it was the insist upon the danger to which it wish of the British government to exposes the British government in convert them to Christianity by force. India, upon the utter impossibility What had the missionaries done, and of converting the Hindoos, and the what had the government done to utter unfitness of the persons who are

occasion this belief? There were no making the attempt.

missionaries in Mysore; none of them The massacre at Vellore took place had ever entered or approached that in July 1806. It was afterwards dis part of Hindoostan; none of their tracts covered that the disaffection of the had been distributed there; nor if they Seapoys was widely extended ; that had, could they have been understood, their plans were well laid ; and that not being in the language of that the consequences would, according country. But an order had been is. to all probability, have been far more sued for altering the turban of the dreadful, if the insurrection had not Seapoys into something like the hel. broken out so soon. In December, met of our light in fantry, and for prea proclamation was issued at Madras venting them from wearing on the beginning in these words : “ The forehead the distinguished mark of right honourable the governour in their cast; as direct an outrage of council, having observed that, in some their religious customs as it would late instances, an extraordinary de- be to prohibit baptism among Chrisgree of agitation has prevailed among tians, or circumcision among Mahoseveral corps of the native army of medans. Here then was a flagrant this coast, it has been his lordship's insult to their religion ; an overt act particular endeavour to ascertain the of intollerance. The Seapoys are acmotives which may have led to con- customed to respect the English. duct so different from that which They know nothing of that military formerly distinguished the native misconduct which has so often renarmy. From this inquiry it has dered our armies in Europe useless, appeared, that many persons of evil or worse than useless. That misintention have endeavolired for mali. conduct had never before extended cious purposes, to impress upon the itself to India. They necessarily innative troops a belief, that it is the ferred that an innovation so momento wish of the British government to ous had not been hazarded without convert them by forcible means to some adequate motive, and they did Christianity ; and his lordship in us the honour to impute that to zeal council has observed with concern, which proceeded from pure absurdithat such malicious reports have been ty. In whom did this measure origibelieved by many of the native troops. nate? That question has never yet been answered. It is not to this day doctrines have been preached so bold. made known whose folly provoked ly, and to such effect with so little the massacre of so many British sol. opposition. Yet at the commencediers. No inquiry has been instituted; ment of their career, the missiona. no person dismissed either from of- ries proceeded with a temerity which fice or command for this wanton, and experience and cooler years have most perilous attack upon the super- taught them to condemn. They instition and customs of the country. sulted the superstition which they atAnd lest the publick voice in India tacked, and ridiculed and reviled the and in England should call loudly for Brahmans in the streets, and at their investigation, a tub is thrown out to festivals, when the passions of the the whale. The missionaries must blinded and besotted populace were serve as scapegoats, and Christianity most likely to be inflamed. Andrew and the Bible be called to account for Fuller endeavours to disprove this what was occasioned solely by this charge, and dwells idly, with that inwise attack upon turbans and tou. tent, upon the mistranslation of a Benpees!

galee tract, which has been printed Enough of the mutiny at Vellore! by a “ Bengal officer.” The verse in Enough too of the Madras procla- question has been mistranslated, and mation, in which, be it remarked, most probably for the purpose of there is not a word about turbans misrepresentation. This he has satisand tupees; in which the whole and factorily shown. But however cau. sole cause of the mutiny is kept out tious the missionaries may generally of sight; and in which it is asserted, have been in their writings, their that the British government has in- journals contain abundant proofs of variably respected the customs of daring and imprudent language. This the native troops; though a direct never, in any one instance, occasionand wanton attack upon those cus- ed evil. They, however, themselves toms produced the massacre, which discovered that it could not produce occasioned this proclamation, and good, and they express themselves which is delicately hinted at by the thus upon the subject, in " a declaname of an agitation.

ration of the great principles upon Let us now examine whether the which they think it their duty to act, British government in India is expo- agreed upon at Serampore, October sed to any danger by its toleration of 7, 1805." “ It is necessary,” they

, the missionaries. For as that fierce say, " in our intercourse with the and fiery Calvinist, Andrew Fuller, Hindoos, that, as far as we are able, most truly says, the question in dis- we abstain from those things which pute is not whether the natives of In- would increase their prejudices dia shall continue to enjoy the most against the Gospel. Those parts of perfect toleration, but whether that English manners which are most toleration shall be extended to the offensive to them should be kept out teachers of Christianity?

of sight. Nor is it advisable at once The only instances in which the to attack their prejudices by exhibita civil authority has been called upon, ing with acrimony the sins of their are those which have already been gods; neither should we do violence fully stated. One native convert has to their images, nor interrupt their been tied up by the chief man of his worship.” It is their plan, as soon village, and his mouth crammed with as possible, to supersede themselves cow dung, by way of purifying him; by native preachers, to place them at and some of the others have been in- the head of such churches as may şulted and beaten by a mob. But no be formed, and let them go forth, where can it be found in the history acting themselves only as directors. of haman opinions, that any new Even Major Scott Waring admits

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the propriety of tolerating any mis- mark of their religion, still retained sionaries except English ones. And it in their hearts, and were acknowthough the British government in ledged as sons of the synagogue by India were to expel the Baptists up- their brethren in other parts of the on any of the frivolous pretexts which world. But by an absurdily unparalhave been recommended, these na- leled in any other system, the reli. tive preachers, on whom the work gion of a Hindoo does not depend will necessarily and naturally soon upon himself. It is something indedevolve, cannot be silenced in any pendent of his thoughts, words, acother manner than by an absolute tions, understanding, and volition, and persecution of Christianity by a Chris. he may be deprived of it by violence, tian government. Mr. Twining must as easily as of his purse or his walbe satisfied with this. He only hopes let. “ In the year 1766,says Major that the Hindoos will be permitted Scott Waring, “ the late lord Clive “ quietly to follow their own religious and Mr. Verelst employed the whole opinions until it shall please the Om- influence of government to restore a nipotent Power of Heaven to lead Hindoo to his cast, who had forfeited them into the paths of light and truth," it, not by any neglect of his own, but that is, he protests against any hu- by having been compelled, by a most man means, but will have no objec- unpardonable act of violence, to swaltion to a miracle. Now as this gen- low a drop of cow broth. The Brahtleman and the others of the same mans, from the peculiar circumopinion profess to believe that the stances of the case, were very anxious Hindoos are not convertible; when to comply with the wishes of

governthey hear of Hindoos not merely re- ment. The principal men among ceiving but preaching Christianity, them met once at Kishnagur and once it is to be hoped they will admit at Calcutta ; but after consultations that to be a miracle and be con- and an examination of their most antented.

cient records, they declared to lord From the cry which has been set Clive, that as there was no precedent up in England, and the angry argu- to justify the act, they found it imments by which it has been support- possible to restore the unfortunate ed, it might be supposed that the man to his cast, and he died soon af. missionaries and their advocates were ter of a broken heart.” The Major's persecuting the Hindoos instead of remark is not less curious than the preaching to them. Persecution may story. “ We were then,” he adds, excite rebellion; preaching can only “ as we are now, the sovereigns of excite riots. But though persecution Bengal; but too wise to attempt comhas been, in many instances, the pulsion, and not quite so mad as to cause of rebellion, none of those in- advise this poor creature to abandon stances are to be found in the history his ridiculous, idolatrous prejudices, of Hindoostan. Even persecution and to embrace the true religion." there has provoked no resistance One should have thought, in comfrom a people divided into so many mon humanity, this “ mad advice" races, nations, casts and sects, and would have been given him, if not to prepared for yielding, not merely by save his soul, at least for the sake of the miserable absurdity and untena- saving his life: but well may this ble doctrines of their superstition, poor man be called unfortunate. His bilt by its very institutions also. own religion had been taken from There is no other country in which him, and the sovereigns of Bengal it is possible to make converts by had none to give him in its stead! compulsion. The Jews in Portugal, Tippoo, at one time, like a true Mafor instance, who were compelled to homedan, resolved to convert his forego every outward and visible Pagan subjects to Islamism. The

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