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sired to see him. He was introduced the situation of Job, gave his bond to them ; but as he could not speak to Mr. Hunt for the payment of a one word of English, signs being certain sum on the delivery of him made to him, he wrote a line or two in England. On this Mr. Hunt before them; and when he had read wrote to Mr. Denton, who purchased it, pronounced the words Allah and him again for the same sum which Mahomed. By this, and his refusal he himself received for him of his of a glass of wine which was offered master, who, finding him no ways to him, it was discovered that he was fit for his business, was very willing a Mahomedan. But they were per- to part with him. fectly at a loss to ascertain of what The rivers of Maryland were then country he was, or how he came frozen up, so that no ship could sail there. It was easy to perceive, from for some time. In this interval, his affable deportment and the com- while Job resided with Mr. Denton, posure of his countenance, that he he ingratiated himself with many was not a common slave.
persons by his good nature and affa. After Job had been confined for bility; and, in particular, became acsometime, an old negro man who quainted with the rev. Mr. Henderlived in the neighbourhood, and could son, a gentleman of great learning, speak the Jallop language, which Job minister of Annapolis, and commisalso understood, went to see and con- sary to the bishop of London, who verse with him. From this negro gave Job the character of a man of the gaoler learnt to whom Job belong. great piety and learning. ed, and the cause of leaving his mas- In March 1733, he set sail in the ter; to whom, therefore, he wrote, William, captain George Uriel comand who soon after fetched him home, mander. Mr. Bluett, the gentleman and treated him with more atten- mentioned before, happened to be a tion and kindness than before, allow- passenger in the same ship. He and ing him a place to which he might the captain, from the character which retire for his devotions, and affording they had received of him at Annahim some other conveniences in or- polis, were induced, as he could der to make his slavery as easy as speak but few words, and those possible. But confinement and slavery scarcely intelligibly, in English, to to which he had never been used, teach him as much as they could of were by no means agreeable to him. the language. They applied them. In hope that some means of redeem- selves to this as soon as they were ing him might be found, he wrote a out at sea; and in about a fortnight's letter in Arabick to his father, giving time he had learnt is letters, and to an account of his misfortunes. This spell almost any single syllable, if letter he sent to Vachel Denton, de- distinctly pronounced to him ; but siring that it might be forwarded to he and Mr. Bluett falling sick, his Africa by captain Pike. He being progress was for that time impeded. gone to England, Mr. Denton en- When they arrived in England, the closed the letter in another to Mr. latter end of April, he had learnt Hunt, to be committed to the care of so much of the language, that he captain Pike. Previously to the re- was able to understand most of what ceipt of it, he had sailed to Africa. was said in common conversation ; Mr. Hunt, therefore, kept it in his and they who were used to his manown hands till a proper opportunity ner of speaking, could tolerably unof transmitting it should offer. In derstand him. the mean time the letter was seen by During the voyage, on no pretence, James Oglethorpe, Esq. who, accord- notwithstanding the weather, during ing to his wonted goodness and gene- all the time, was very tempestuous, rosity, moved with compassion for would he ever omit his devotions. As he eat no flesh, unless he had pleased with his company, and con. killed the animal with his own hands, cerned for his misfortunes. He reor knew that it had been killed by ceived several handsome presents, a Mussulman, he was often permitted and a subscription for the payment of to kill the fresh stock of the ship, the money to Mr. Hunt was proposed. that he might partake of it himself. The night before they set off again He had no scruple about fish, but for London, the footman of Samuel would not eat pork, as it was express. Holden, Esq. brought a letter directo ly forbidden by his religion. By his ed to sir Bigby Lake. This was degood nature and affability, he conci- livered at the African house ; upon liated the good will of all the sailors, which the house was pleased to order who, not to mention other kind ser- that “ Mr. Hunt should bring in a vices, showed him all the way up the bill of the whole charges which he channel, the headlands, and remark. had been at about Job, and be there able places; the names of which he paid." This was done, and the sum carefully wrote down, and the ac- amounted to 591. 68. 11 1-2d. On counts that were given him about the payment of this amount, Mr. them.
Oglethorpe's bond was delivered up to On their arrival in England it was the company. Job's fears of being told them, that Mr. Oglethorpe was sold again as a slave were now regone to Georgia, and that Mr. Hunt moved : but yet he could not be perhad provided a lodging for him at suaded but that, when he got home, Limehouse. There Mr. Bluett, after he must pay an extravagant sum for he had paid a visit to his friends in his ransom. Mr. Bluett, as the sum the country, went to see him. He was great and Job's acquaintance in found him very sorrowful: for he had England was very limited, had also his been informed that Mr. Hunt had doubts concerning the success of a been applied to by some persons to subscription. He, therefore, to give sell him, under the pretence of their Job's mind ease, spoke to a gentleintention to send him home. This man who had been all along in a reexcited his fears, that they would markable manner his friend. This either sell him again as a slave, or if gentleman, so far from discouraging they sent him home, would expect the measure, began the subscription
unreasonable ransom for him. himself with a handsome sum, and Mr. Bluett took him to London, and promised his further assistance at a waited on Mr. Hunt to request his dead lift. Several other friends, both permission to carry him to Cheshunt, in London and in the country, readily in Hertfordshire, which was granted. added their charitable contributions. He owned that he had received such Yet there was a deficiency of 201. applications as Job suggested, but de- but the worthy and generous gentleclared that he did not intend to part man who opened the subscription with himn without his own consent ; made up the defect, and the sum was but as Mr. Oglethorpe was out of completed. England, if any friends would ad- Mr. Bluett, being desired, went to vance the inoney, he would accept it, the African company and stated the on condition that they would engage matter.
When he had made his reto send him to his own country; and port, the orders of the house were he also promised that he would not shown him. These were, “that Job dispose of him till he heard again should be accommodated, at the comfrom Mr. Bluett.
pany's expense, till one of their ships Job, during his abode at Cheshunt, should sail for Gambia, in which he had the honour of being invited to
should be sent back to his friends their houses by most of the gentry without any ransom.” The company of that place. They were greatly then asked Mr. Bluett, if they could
do any more to make Job easy ; and he embarked on board a ship of the upon his desire, they ordered “ that African company bound for Gambia. Mr. Oglethorpe's bond should be Job's stature was five feet and cancelled," which was immediately ten inches; his limbs were straight, done ;
" and that Job should have his and his constitution naturally good; freedom in form." This he received though the fatigues he underwent, handsomely engrossed, with the com- and his practice of religious abstipany's seal affixed. After which, nence gave him a weakly and lean the full sum of the whole charges, appearance. His countenance, though viz. 591. 68. 11 1-2d. was paid in to grave and composed, was exceedingtheir clerk, as was before proposed. ly pleasant. His hair, very different Job's mind was now perfectly easy, from that of the negroes commonly and he cheerfully visited his friends brought from Africa, was long, black, in town and country. One day, at and curled. sir Hans Sloane's, he expressed a His natural parts were remarkably great desire to see the royal family. good; his head clear; his judgment Sir Hans promised to get him intro- solid ; and his memory tenacious and duced when he was provided with a quick in recollection. There was proper dress. Job knew how kind nothing overstrained, trifling, or disa friend he might apply to on the oc- sembling in his reasonings : but his casion; and he was soon furnished manner of arguing and debating was with a rich silk habit, made after the marked by strong sense, joined with fashion of his country, and introduced an innocent simplicity, a strict reto their majesties and the royal fa- gard to truth, and a desire to find it. mily. Her majesty was pleased to Notwithstanding it was natural for present him with a rich gold watch. him to have prejudices in favour of On the same day he had the honour his own religious principles, it was to dine with the duke of Montague very observable that he would reason and others of the nobility, who, after upon any question of that kind in dinner, made him handsome pre- conversation with great temper and sents. His grace, afterwards, often impartiality ; at the same time he took Job into the country with him, framed his replies in a manner caland showed him the tools necessary culated at once to support his own for tilling the grounds, both in fields opinion, ard to oblige or please his and gardens; and directed his servants opponent. It was a considerable disto teach him how they were used. advantage to him in company, that He also furnished Job with all sorts he was not sufficiently master of our of implements and other rich pre- language ; yet they who were accussents, which he ordered to be care- tomed to his way, by making proper fully packed up in chests, and put on allowances, always found themselves board for his use. The favours which agreeably entertained by him. he received from the duke and other The acuteness of his genius apnoblemen and gentlemen were too peared upon many occasions. He many to be enumerated. They dis- readily conceived the mechanism of played a singular generosity; and most of the ordinary instruments the goods and articles, which he subjected to his inspection. When carried over with him from these do- a plough, a grist mill, or a clock was nations, were worth upwards of 5001. taken to pieces before him, he was Besides this he was liberally furnish- able to put them together again withed with money to meet any accident out any further direction. It is a proof which should oblige him to go on of the powers of his memory, that shore, or occasion particular charges age
of sixteen he could say the at sea. About the latter end of July, whole Koran by heart. While he
was in England he wrote three copies siring to be drawn in his own coun, of it without the assistance of any try dress, the artist replied, that other copy, and without so much as unless he had seen it, or it were delooking to one as his guide in wri- scribed by one who had, he could not ting the others. He would often draw it. Joh remarked upon this : laugh at his friend, Mr. Bluett, on “ If you can't draw a dress you never hearing him say he had forgotten any saw, why do some of you painters thing. He told him, “ that he hard presume to draw God, whom no one ly ever forgot any thing in his life, ever saw ?” Many of his repartees and wondered that any body should.” in company showed him to be a man
There was a happy mixture of the of wit and humour. He expressed a grave and cheerful in his natural disapprobation of Christianity as not temper. His gentle mildness was allowing divorces. It was once obguarded by a proper warmth. To all served to him, that a Christian takes in distress he was kind and compas- a wife for better or for worse. Job sionate. He was commonly very replied: " What, if she prove all pleasant in conversation ; and would worse ?" every now and then divert the com- Though he was a Mahomedan, he pany with some witty turn or agree. did not believe in a sensual paradise, able story, but never to the prejudice nor did he adopt many other ridicuof religion and good manners. It lous and vain traditions, which pass was visible that, notwithstanding his current among the generality of the usual mildness, he had on necessary Turks. He was very constant in his occasions sufficient courage. A sto- devotion to God. He called one af. ry which he told showed this. Pass. ternoon on the learned Dr. David ing one day on his way home through Jennings, an eminent dissenting mithe country of the Arabs, with four nister, after the family had dined. It servants and several negroes which was found that he had not broken he had bought, he was attacked by his fast that day. Some pastry was fifteen of the wild Arabs, the com- procured and set before him, but he mon banditti or robbers in those would not partake of it till he had parts. On the sight of this gang, Job retired into another parlour for de prepared for defence; and, setting votion. He said, that he never prayed one of his servants to watch the ne. to Mahomed, nor did he think it law. groes, he, with the other three, stood ful to address any but God himself on his guard. One of his men was in prayer. He was so fixed in the killed in the fight, and Job himself belief of one God, that it was not was run through the leg with a spear. possible to give him any notion of a However, two of the Arabs, together Trinity. A New Testament in his with their captain and two horses own language was put into his hands. being killed, the rest fled, and Job When he had read it, he told Mr. secured his negroes.
Bluett he had “ perused it with a His aversion to pictures of all sorts great deal of care, but could not find was exceedingly great; and with one word in it of three Gods, as some great difficulty was he prevailed on people talk.” On all occasions he to sit for his own. He was assured discovered a singular veneration for that pictures were never worshipped the name of God, and never pro. in this country, and his was desired nounced the word Allah without a for no other end but to preserve the peculiar accent, and a remarkable remembrance of him. He at last pause. His notions of God, Provi, consented, and it was drawn by Mr. dence, and a future state, were indeed Hoare, who, when the face was finish- very just and reasonable. ed, asked in what dress it would be His learning, considering the dismost proper to draw him ? Job, de- advantages of the place from whence
he came, was far from being con- God's care of all his creatures, and temptible. The books in his country, particularly of the remarkable chanamounting to not more than thirty in ges in his own circumstances, all of number, and all on religion, were in which, he piously ascribed to an unArabick and in manuscript. The seen hand. He frequently compared Koran, he said, was originally writ- himself to Joseph. And when he was ten by God himself, not in Arabick, informed that the king of Futa had and God sent it by the angel Gabriel killed a great many of the Mandinto Ababuker before Mahomed's birth. goes on his account, he said with a The angel taught Ababuker to read it; good deal of concern : “ If he had and no one can read it but those who been there he would have prevented are instructed after a different man- it; for it was not the Mandingoes, ner from that in which the Arabick but God, who brought him to a is commonly taught.* Job was well strange land." acquainted with the historical part of Job had heard, by vessels from our Bible, and spoke very respect- Gambia, that after captain Pike sail. fully of the good men who are men- ed, his father sent down several tioned in it, particularly of Jesus slaves to purchase his redemption ; Christ, who,” he said, “ was a very and that Sambo, king of Futa, made great prophet, and would have done
war upon the Mandingoes, and cut much more good in the world if he off great numbers of them, upon achad not been cut off so soon- by the count of the injury they had done to wicked Jews, which made it neces- his school-fellow. sary for God to send Mahomed to It was an instance of Job's good confirm and improve his doctrine." sense and foresight, that the reason
Job, in his captivity, comforted of his learning from the sailors and himself with reflections on the pro- writing the names of the headlands vidence of God directing all events; on the English coast was, as he told and would,on proper occasions, speak Mr. Bluett : « That if after his rein conversation justly and devoutly of turn he should meet with any En
glishman in his own country, he * The difference, in Mr. Bluett's opi-' might be able to convince him that nion, depended only upon the pointing he had been in England." the Arabick, an invention of late date.
SIR E. BRYDGES, K. J. AND ROBERT BLOOMFIELD, PASTORAL POET."
TURNING over, accidentally, that any thing more contemptible iî the Censura Literaria for February, the form of ten-syllable lines, cannot I happened to stumble, at p. 91, be penned by a man of common upon some blank verse of Robert sense. I will justify this assertion by Bloomfield's, introduced by a strong two or three extracts. encomium of sir E. Brydges, K. J.
“ Relick of affection, come; Of the critical faculties of sir E.
Thou shalt a moral teach to me and mine. Brydges, K. J. I have not a very ex- The hand that wound thee smooth is cold and alted notion; and I turned, therefore, spins to the poem itself, there to form my
No more !!!!” own opinion. It is addressed to a This last line is as pure prose as Spindle, once in the possession of ever fell from the pen of sir E. BrydMr. Bloomfield's mother. And much ges, K. J. himself; and it is as pureas I may be inclined to praise the ly bathos as any thing to be found in motive of the verse, yet I do believe, English literature.