« PredošláPokračovať »
hus, and of Scanderberg. With such emergency, as in the expedition men properly disciplined, a general against Passwan Oglu, he has brought might do wonders, and could, per five and twenty thousand men into the haps, change the face of the oriental field; but then the additional expense world. In the decline of the empire, is amply repaid by the Porte. He the Albanese alone have maintained has, besides, in his dominions, the their true characteristicks; proud, elements of a most excellent militia ; and panting for battle, they are de- for the profession of arms is that of lighted, they are transported, at the every Albanese. They are found clashing of arms. The Albanese throughout the empire, in the service officers are generally accompanied of every pacha, whose guard they by a kind of squire, who, on a march, generally compose, and they take an carry their cuirass, and their arms. active and leading part in all the Their dress and mode of living, give commotions which desolate the em, some faint idea of
ancient pire. When by these means they knights.
have acquired what they consider a It would be useless here to detail competency, they invariably return the petty intrigues, the desultory to their native mountains ; and are warfare and the crimes of all kinds always ready to obey the call of their by which Ali gradually extended his pacha. Others prefer the profession dominions. They now comprise Epi- of hai douts, i. e. highway robbers, rus, Arcadia, the mountains of Pine and after having acquired a property dus, Phocida, a part of Etolia, Thes. by that course of life, they likewise salia, and some districts of Macedo- return, and are never thought the nia ; together with Crevesa, and other worse of, on that account. seaports formerly belonging to the are acquainted with the darkest passes Venetians, and which he has wrested of the country, they are most formie from the French.
dable in partial encounters, in which The pachas of Arta, Argyro-case the Mussulmen are known to be ge. tron, Ochrida, and Delvino, are, in nerally superiour to the disciplined fact, dependent on him, though he troops of Europe. suffers them to enjoy the show and To these natural means of defence trappings of authority; and even the and attack, Ali unites all the craft of fierce tribes which dwell in the crag- a politician ; as well in attaching men gy mountains of Epirus, have either to his interests, as in effecting the felt the power of his arms, or have ruin of those whose designs he susbeen subdued by his intrigues. pects. He never vexes his agas by
The revenue drawn by Ali from preventing their extortions. On the these countries, may be valued at contrary, he lets them act at their 400,000l. including the taxes, which own discretion; well convinced, that are collected with less severity than rogues will never seek for change, in the rest of the empire; the produce when they are assured of impunity; of his numerous flocks, and his pro- and from this conduct some of them fits on the sale of wool and timber, are fanatically devoted to him. and indeed on trade in general, for he He never lulls himself in dangeris the greatest trader and first mo- ous security ; and, always on the nopolist in his dominions. This sum watch for European news, as we have is sufficient to pay his tributes to the observed already, he never lets a foPorte; to defray the expenses of his reigner pass through his dominions, household; and to maintain his army, without summoning him into his
His forces may amount in peacea- presence ; not so much with a view ble times to six or eight thousand to extort present from him, Albanese ; though in cases of great though he is as greedy as any other
Turk, as to get information. He af- Italy. Their women,
whose greatest terwards compares the various intelli- finery is a gold-embroidered handgence that he has received; he cal. kerchief, receive gold and silver culates events ; and every thing in- thread from Vienna, Germany also, duces a belief that Ali will be one of supplies them with woollen cloth and the strongest supports of his master, hardware. though his services will be those of From the ports of Orta, Crevesa, a great feudatory, rather than of a Vallona, Durazzo, and from the devoted slave.
mouths of the Boïnna, they export The pachalick of Ali, like the rest annually in Sclavonian, or Ragusan of the Ottoman empire, having a po- vessels, five or six cargoes of oil, for pulation infinitely disproportionate to Trieste and Venice; three or four of its extent of territory, the land though wool, of all kinds, mostly unwashed, not remarkably fruitful or well cul. destined for Ancona and Genoa ; tivated, produces more than is ade- three or four of corn for Genoa; and quate to the wants of the inhabitants. one or two of tobacco, for Naples and With the surplus they procure the Messina. money
for paying their taxes; and to Before the revolution, France, purchase European manufactures, so which had a constant intercourse necessary in a country where even with Albania, monopolized most of the most common arts of civilisation that trade, with the addition of several are utterly unknown. Arms of every valuable cargoes of timber, much kind form an object essentially neces- superiour in quality to that of the sary to such a warlike people. They Baltick. It was employed in the even are an object of luxury among dock yards of Toulon ; and it has them. They generally prefer the been remarked that the finest frigates guns and pistols from the manufac- in the French navy were built of that tures of Brescia. They likewise im- kind of oak, which had been furnish port their glass and their paper from ed by the forests of Albania.
AN article in the foreign jour youths around him. In the course nals, under the head of Mersburgh, of his translating, he was also exaJune 10, says: “ A distinguished 'mined on the parts of speech, conprofessor in one of our colleges being cord, syntax, &c. which he analyzed desirous to excite emulation among and explained with a facility and achis pupils, brought before them a curacy which excited the astonishchild of only seven years and ten ment of all who were present. He months. He listened with attention construed, likewise, an Italian book, to the Greek lesson which the pro- which one of the company had fessor was expounding, and which brought with him, and conversed fahe desired the child to go on with. miliarly in that language. The seAll his astonished pupils heard the quel of the conversation proved his child construe, to the satisfaction of extensive knowledge in history, geoevery one, a passage in Plutarch with graphy, &c. Fortunately for this pro. which he was previously unacquaint- digy of learning, he is well formed, ed, and give every explanation that and enjoys perfect health. He poscould be required. Cesar's Commen- sesses all the playfulness, all the taries were next handed him, and modesty and simplicity of a child of he translated, readily and distinctly, his tender years, and is not even sentences which had puzzled the conscious that he is the object of
universal admiration. His father is excelled in knowledge at the tender
ON the 11th of last March, died fire of youthful genius, and the geat Tiverton, Devonshire, the place nuine effusions of filial gratitude. of her nativity, in the 66th year Mrs. Cowley's first dramatick Coup her age, Mrs. Hannah Cowley, an d'Essai, was the comedy of the Runauthoress, who may be justly said to away. This play, produced in March, have been celebrated in every walk 1776, was the last new piece brought of the drama, and in every measure out by Mr. Garrick, previous to his of poetry.
resigning the management of DruryThis lady was the daughter of the lane theatre. late Mr. Parkhurst, also of Tiverton; The first act of this play, verbaa gentleman as universally respected tim, as it now stands, is said to have and esteemed for his learning and been produced one morning before probity, as for a peculiar flow of dinner. It met the encouragement of humour which enlivened his conver- her husband, who wished to see it sation. Mrs. Cowley's genius may, finished. It was accordingly complein some respects, be considered as ted in a fortnight, and transmitted to hereditary. Her grandmother by the Mr. Garrick, at his then residence, father's side having been first cousin at Hampton court. to the celebrated poet Gay, by whom This comedy which was so favourshe was held in such high estima. ably received, that it first introduced tion, that he passed a considerable the practice of what, in dramatick portion of his time at her house in phraseology, is termed “ Running Barnstaple.
Plays," was performed a successive In addition to his other qualifica. number of nights, with distinguished tions, Mr. Parkhurst had attained a applause. And we may judge what proficiency in classical literature, must have been the receipts of the which gained him the reputation treasury of the theatre, when it proof having been an excellent scholar. duced to the fair authoress eight hun
Under such a tutor, was the ge- dred guineas. nius of our authoress inspired and Her next effo the drama, in cultivated ; and she presented him point of composition, though not of in return with the first fruits of her representation, was the tragedy of muse, by prefixing his name to the Albina, which was brought out by poem of the Maid of Aragon, in a Mr. Colman, at his summer theatre dedication, which evinced at once the in the Haymarket, on the 30th of
July, 1779. The farce of “ Who's gant numbers, we find inequalities, the Dupe," was performed at Drury, which prove that our fair authoress lane, in the month of April preceding, had been more intent upon seizing and it was received with that ap- the pictures of those images, which, plause, which, whenever performed, in the enthusiasm of genius, crowded it now never fails to obtain.
upon her mind, than in polishing what The Belles Stratagem, came out she had written. at Covent Garden, in February, 1780, This objection, indeed, may be apand it was received with such loud plied to most of her poems,
and and boundless acclamation, that it those passages which abound in anihad the honour of being patronized mated and impressive imagery, throw by the queen, before whom it was into stronger contrast the few lines performed once every season, for which
in harmonious and pro. twenty years after its first appear- saick.
It must still, however, be allowed, This play, when published, was by notwithstanding these objections, that express permission dedicated to her nothing can exceed the charms of majesty.
the poetry, in many of the passages; Stimulated by her favourable re- thus, in the Maid of Aragon, the ception with the publick, Mrs. Cow- Old Aragonian King, the Fair Os. ley continued to cultivate her ac- mida, the Moorish Prince, and the quaintance with the dramatick muses, French De Couci, are so many disand the Belles Stratagem was suc. tinct portraits, coloured by the vivid cessively followed by the comedies pen of genius; whilst in the tragedy of " Which is the Man,” “ A Bold of Albina, the characters of Old Stroke for a Husband,” &c.
Westmoreland and Gondibert, are The limits of this article will not portrayed in the grandest style, and permit us to dwell upon the merits of display an intimate acquaintance with several beautiful pieces of fugitive the age of chivalry. poetry; such as her specimens in The wonderful facility of this lady's imitation of Cowley, Monologue on pen, and the rapidity with which, if the death of Chatterton, the verses we may be allowed the term, the occasioned by lady Manners's Ode to flashes of her genius were transferred Solitude (which produced an intima- to her paper, is not less remarkable cy between the two ladies] her poem than the strength and variety of its entitled, Edwina, inserted in a late powers. Her productions, indeed, history of Cumberland, with some from that sprightliness and ease, by beautiful little poems, which appear- which they are characterized, exhibit
, ed in the newspapers of the day, those spontaneous coruscations of and which raised newspaper poetry genius, which all the laboured exerto an eminence it had never before tions of art must despair to accomattained. We proceed to notice her plish. flights in the higher regions of epic
Ipse volens facilisque sequetur, poetry.
Si te Fata vocant ; aliter non viribus ullis Her productions in this line, which Vincere, nec duro poteris convellere ferro. have yet been published, are the Maid In all the walks of the legitimate of Aragon, the Scottish Village, and drama, Mrs. Cowley has left ample the Siege of Acre.
specimens, to entitle her to rank with The poems which we have above the first dramatick authors of the day. alluded to, abound with beautiful and Scorning to attempt ephemeral fame, glowing imagery; but in critical jus to administer" to the perverted taste tice it must here be admitted, that of the times, to court the acclamaamidst the most luxuriant descrip- tion of the galleries, and implore the tions, and the most smooth and ele. aid of the grimacer, the painter, or
the machinist, Mrs. Cowley, like the quently within four and twenty hours
dramatick hue to all her composiEqually at home in the sublime tions; and we find her occasionally and pathetick, as in the humorous, assuming a fictitious signature, and she entered at once into the feelings answering or addressing some loveof a hero, or a monarch, with as sick youth, or despairing maid, where
a a much suceess as into those of a slop- existence to her was merely ideal. seller, or a coquette. Doiley, in the In this lady's conversation (and farce of Who's the Dupe, is perhaps the writer of this article has had the unrivalled on the stage; whilst Gra- pleasure of having been occasionally dus, Doricourt, Flutter, Hardy, lord: present) there was nothing of thať Sparkle, and the Pendragons, are proud superiority which persons, all distinct and highly coloured por possibly of more learning, but less. traits.
genius, sometimes assume to awe We must also here, in justice to and intimidate. Easy and affable in departed merit, notice her peculiar her manners, it was ever Mrs. Cowexcellence in colouring the female: ley's endeavour to raise to a level character. For proof of this we can with herself, those whose timidity safely rest our appeal to her Miss would have placed below it. Hardy in the Belles Stratagem, and Sometimes, indeed, she would'enOlivia in the Bold Stroke for a: Huse liven the topick under discussion band.
with some sprightly sallies; but these The last hurried effort of this lady's were bright without being dazzling, pen was in unison with the excel- the spontaneous effusions of genius, lence of her heart. It was a little emanating from an excellent heart, poem in aid of benevolence; an act and corrected by a well regulated of charity to one who moved in the mind. humble sphere of sexton of the pa- The same ease and affability which rish, and whose little property had distinguished her conversation, chaBeen swallowed up by the late floods. racterized her epistolary correspon
This little poent gives a pathetiek dence, where the case and familiarity picture of the poor, man's efforts, of the style soothed any sense of inFhilst his cottage was overwhelmed; feriority, and rendered her letters describes his losses ; and delicately probably not the least perfect of her claims attention towards one whose compositions, pride was in conflict with his pover. Mrs. Cowley was married at m; one whose situation claimed that my early period to a gentleman who assistance which he could not bring died in India, a captain in the compa. himself directly to beg.
ny's service, and brother to Mr. CowFrom her habits, Mrs. Cowley ley, an eminent merchant of Cateamight truly be termed a most disin. ton street terested votary of the muses. Her She has left a són, now at the bar, pen was not guided by mercenary and a daughter, married in India toviews. She wrote merely for the the Rev. Dr. Brown, provost of the pleasure she felt in writing. Tlie magnificent college of Calcutta poem of the Siege of Acre, was given The following is a list of her prin to a respectable bookseller', who ask. cipal known publications, vit. ed for it. She-reserved none of her, Epic poems-The Maid of Ara.' manuscripts, ner did she wait to cor- gon ;-, Scottish Village, and Siege of
Thus her newspaper Acre. poetry was written and sent off, free Tragedies--Albina, Fate of Sparta